Page images
PDF
[ocr errors]

The following table contains a list of twenty counties in which the poor-house system is in fair operation, and shows the average expense of supporting a pauper for a year and for a week; and also the proportion which the whole number of paupers relieved or supported during the year, as well as those in the poor-houses on the 1st December 1830, bear to the whole population of the several

counties:

[ocr errors]

Average sum Average sum Proportion which Proportion which actually expen-actually expen the whole number the persons in poor ded for each ded for cacb|of paupers relieved houses Dec.1, 1830, person during person per during the year, bear to the whole counties year. week. bear to the whole population of the *opulation in the county. county. Albany city, ........ $39 26 $00.75%l 1 to 40 || 1 to 98 Cayuga, . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 06 .31 1 to 227 1 to 794 Chenango, .........] 25 22 .47# 1 to 435 | 1 to 1039 Clinton, ............] 24 95 .48 1 to 131 1 to 449 Columbia, .......... 18 60 .35 | 1 to 117 | 1 to 259 Delaware, ..........| 43 16 .83 1 to 434 || 1 to 750 Erie, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 16 .83 || 1 to 124 || 1 to 605 Greene, ............] 30 85 .59 1 to 158 I to 248 Jefferson, ..........| 41 07 .79 || 1 to 135 | 1 to 950 Madison, ...........] 18 46 .35; 1 to 339 1 to 1000 Monroe, . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 68 .59 || 1 to 151 || 1 to 1346 Montgomery, ....... 19 22 .86; 1 to 206 || 1 to 414 New-York, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 1 to 43 || 1 to 101 Oneida, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 70 .64 || 1 to 189 || 1 to 572 Ontario, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 24 .50 || 1 to 198 1 to 566 Oswego, . . . . . . . . . . . 22 88 .44 || 1 to 315 || 1 to 1084 Otsego, . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 49 .51 || 1 to 282 || 1 to 618 Saratoga, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 || 1 to 184 || 1 to 342 Tompkins, ...... ...} 86 19 , 69 || 1 to 292 || 1 to 745 Washington, ........| 26 37 . 51 || 1 to 173 || 1 to 455 General average, ....] $29 92 || $00.56%. 1 to 208?! 1 to 623 3

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

ALBANY.

The only report from this county is from the superintendent of the alms-house of the city of Albany. The salary of the superintendent, $500, is placed in the table A. under the head of “allowanee to su

erintendents.” The living of the superintendent is estimated at

50 dollars besides his salary. The allowance of 328 dollars is for keepers and assistant farmers, &c. There is a school attached to the alms-house in which an average of about 20 children are taught 12 months in the year.

CAYUGA.

The sum of $1,903.08 cents includes the transportation of paupers, their boarding, clothing and physicians bill, and all other experses incurred excepting the superintendents, overseers and justices, for as these last named were contracts away from the poor-house, (except a very small proportion of the superintendent's eharges,) it was thought best to put the expense actually incurred at the establishment by itself.

We take the liberty of calling your attention to a particular grievance which we think ought to be remedied, in the hope you will concur with us in opinion and suggest some means to have it done. The present law requiring all paupers to belong to the county where they become such, makes it incumbent on this county to sup.

rt all who are diseharged from the state prison under circumstances which disable them from maintaining themselves: . Of this description there have been a number discharged since our county-house was established, some with long continued chronic complaints which will probably disable them for life and accompany them to their graves; others are lunatics, and others are idiots, and probably were discharged for these causes from prison. These according to the existing law must be supported by this county, thereby taxing us with an expense which we think is unjust, and that we ought to be relieved from it.

CHENANGO.

The estimate of labor is made on the amount of hired help, male and female, necessary to perform the labor done in the various departments of the establishment which is now performed by the paupers, and not from any mechanical trade or business carried on therein. The children have been instructed in the district school, adjoining the poor-house farm, at the expense of the county without aid from public money.

CLINTON. The difference between the actual value of the labor of the paupers and the amount stated in the report as saved in the expense of their

support, arises from part of the labor having been applied to making improvements upon the farm to the amount of $229.40. On this subject the superintendents differed in opinion: A majority were of opinion that the part of the earnings of the paupers that was ** directly towards their support only, should be deducted from the expenses of supporting them, and this mode was adopted, making the expense of each pauper 48 cents a week. Others were of opinion that the whole labor of the paupers should be deducted, which would have reduced the expense of each to 40 cents a week, or $22.62 a year. There has been paid out during the year preceding the first of October, for temporary relief and expenses of justices and poor-masters in the several towns, $656.13 cents. We have made our report from October to October, as the superintendents then have to make up and settle all the accounts with the supervisors. It would be difficult to ascertain the exact amount from December to December, as specified in the forms.

COLUMBIA. The average expense of supporting such only as have been maintained at the eounty-house, is twenty-seven cents the week; the sum of 35 cents contained in the report, includes such as could not be removed to the eounty poor-house, as well as those supported there. A school house has been kept the whole year, and the average number taught has been twenty-five for the children of the house.

CORTLAND. The town poor at the poor-house are on special contract. None reckoned in the report except those at the poor-house. The poorhouse and land rented and added to the amount of expense. Commenced poor-house, Jan. 16, 1830.

- DELAWARE.

We purchased one pair of oxen at $75 to work the farm; one ox cart and one fanning mill, for which we paid $52, which is not deemed an annual expenditure. We have three paupers out of the poor-house who are not able to be removed to it: The expenses of outstanding paupers and the amount paid for temporary relief, is $299.44, all of which is included in the report: The distinction between town and county poor was abolished in November, 1828. Our poor-house has been in operation two years : In consequence of our poor-house establishment the county has saved, at a moderate calculation, over two thousand dollars per year.

DUTCHESS.

The county of Dutchess has as yet made no county poor-house: As the reports of the supervisors give no information of the town paupers subsequent to the first of April last, the superintendents can make no return of the number of town paupers to whom relief has been furnished since that time; they have therefore reported the facts aeeording to the best information in their possession for the year ending on the first of April, 1830.

ERIE.

The superintendents state that the amount paid for transportation of paupers and the allowance to overseers and justices has not been audited by them, and they do not know the amount of the charges in those cases: Among the 286 paupers relieved are included 80 vagrants.

The superintendents have employed an instructor, and have sustained a school about three-fourths of the past year.

ESSEX.

The board of superintendents of the poor of the county of Essex, respectfully report, that the members of the board were appointed by the board of supervisors of said county, at their annual meeting in November last; notice of which appointment was received by said members after the adjournment of said board, with a notice to meet, &c. on the 6th instant; on which day said board met and organized: That said board have made no formal adjudication or determination as yet, who are or how many are county paupers at this present time in said county, but have allowed charges for sustenance of thirtythree persons since the first of January last, amounting in the whole to the sum of seven hundred ninety-five dollars and three cents. And further, that this board has not received from the Secretary of State, a form for this report. And further, that this board has received no abstracts from the clerk of supervisors, as required by the Revised Statutes of this State, or other means of ascertaining the number of paupers relieved in said county since the first of January last, or any means of distinguishing the number of town from county

unders. pa he supervisors of several towns have made the returns which follow :

The supervisor of Jay reports, Expense of 1 county pauper, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $17 00

& 4 of 1 town do • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 00 To overseers, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ 10 00

$79 00

The supervisor of Essex reports, Expense of 4 county paupers, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $46 85 40 of 6 town do * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * - - - 216 37 To overseers of the poor, . . . . . . . . .................... 9 00 Supervisor and town clerk, auditing, &c. ............... 2 50

$274 72 The supervisor of Willsborough reports, Expenses of 1 town pauper, . . . . . . ..................... $1 50 4& 4 county do. amount unknown.

The supervisor of Moriah reports,

Expenses of 8 county paupers, ... . . . . . . . . . . . .......... $78 40 To overseers of poor,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .......... 10 00

Carried forward,. . . . . . . . $88 40 - Brought forward, ....... $88 40 To justices, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 00 To other officers, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 00

[ocr errors]

FRANKLIN.

The superintendents were appointed on the 9th of February 1880, with power to rent a tenement and provide for the support of the poor. The house was ready for the reception of paupers on the first of May, 1830. The returns embrace the expenses from May to November. The expense of supporting the paupers has been greatly enhanced in consequence of fitting up a house, procuring furniture, &c. The superintendents have no doubt but a great saving has already accrued to the county from the adoption of the system, in consequence of its preventing many applications for relief.

GREENE.

The number of town and county paupers relieved out of the poorhouse during the year preceding the first of April 1830, was 94; of these, 38 were county paupers. The whole expense of the support of these county paupers was $260.29 cents: of this sum, there was paid for transportation, $9; allowed to overseers, $36; to justices, $7. The number of town paupers relieved was 56, at an expense of $699.99 cents: of this sum, $19.25 cts. was paid for transportation; $106.28 cents allowed to overseers, and $78.25 cents to justices. Total paid for the support of paupers out of the poor-house, $960. 28 cents.

GENESEE.

It will be seen that $141.61 cents has been paid for the support of paupers who could not be removed; so that the number supported in the poor-house will not cost quite as much by the year or week as is stated in the report. The superintendents have not been able to employ the paupers at labor to any advantage. They are generally quite advanced, sick, infirm, lunatic, or unable to labor on a farm. They are generally discharged when they become able to labor on a farm, and we have not the means of employing them which are resorted to at some other places. We have no town paupers.

JEFFERSON. The report of the superintendents includes returns from the supervisors, from March 1, 1829, to March 1, 1880, and are as follows: 74 town paupers, expense, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1,248 28 Paid to overseers, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 91 Paid to justices, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 25 “ transportation, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 63

$1,430 07

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »