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Thanks to the Speaker.

H. OF R.

MARCH, 1821.

after the word Territories, where it first occurs in An engrossed bill, entitled "An act to continue the second section, these words: “not incompati- in force an act entitled 'An act regulating the curble with the Constitution and laws of the United rency within the United States of the gold coins States ;" so that the civil, military, and judicial of Great Britain, France, Portugal, and Spain," powers exercised by the Spanish authorities with passed the 29th day of April, 1816, so far as the in the territories of East and West Florida, and same relates to the crowns and five-franc pieces of which are established by the said bill for the gov- France," was read the third time, and passed. ernment of said territories until otherwise provided, The House resolved itself into a Committee of shall not be incompatible with the Constitution the Whole on the bill to establish the salaries of and laws of the United States."

the commissioners and agents appointed under the And the question being taken to agree to this Treaty of Ghent. The bill was reported with amendment, it was determined in the negative. sundry amendments, which were concurred in by The bill was then ordered to be engrossed, and the House; and the bill was ordered to be enread a third time to-day:

grossed, and read a third time to-day. The House again resolved itself into a Commit- A message from the Senate informed the House tee of the Whole on the state of the Union; and, that the Senate have elected Gales & Seaton after some time spent therein, the Speaker resumed printers, on their part, in pursuance of the resoluthe chair, and Mr. COBB reported that the Com- tion of Congress of the 3d of March, 1819. They mittee bad again had the state of the Union under have passed the bill, entitled "An act making apconsideration, and directed him to report the bill propriations for the military service of the United thereto committed on the 26th of February ultimo, States for the year 1821," with an amendment, in to authorize the President of the United States to which they ask the concurrence of this House. borrow a sum not exceeding four millions five The amendments proposed by the Senate to the hundred thousand dollars, without amendment. bill “making appropriations for the military ser

Ordered, That the said bill be engrossed, and vice of the United States for the year 1821," were read a third time to-day.

read, and committed to a Committee of the whole Engrossed bills of the following titles, viz: House to-day. “An act for carrying into execution the treaty

The House then resolved itself into a Commitbetween the United States and Spain, concluded tee of the Whole on the said amendments; and, at Washington, the 22d of February, 1819;" and after some time spent therein, the Committee re"An act to authorize the President of the United ported their disagreement to the same. The quesStates to borrow a sum not exceeding four million tion was then taken to concur with the Commitfive hundred thousand dollars," were severally read tee of the Whole in their disagreement to the said a third time, and passed.

amendments, and passed in the affirmative. A motion was made by Mr. EDWARDS, of North A message from the Senate informed the House Carolina, that the several orders of the day which that the Senate have passed a bill of this House precede the bill from the Senate, entitled "An act of the following title, viz: “An act to continue in to provide for the due execution of the laws of the force an act entitled 'An act regulating the curUnited States within the State of Missouri,” be rency within the United States of the gold coins postponed for the purpose of taking that bill'into of Great Britain, France, Portugal, and Spain," consideration. This motion was negatived by the passed on the 29th day of April, 1816, so far as the House.

same relates to the crowns and five-franc pieces of Ordered, That the Committee of the whole France,” with an amendment, in which they ask House, to which is committed the bill to continue the concurrence of this House. in force an act, entitled "An act regulating the Another message from the Senate informed the currency within the United States of the gold House that the Senate have passed a bill of this coins of Great Britain, France, Portugal, and House of the following title, viz: “An act 10 auSpain,” passed the 29th day of April, 1816, so far thorize the President of the United States to boras the same relates to the crowns and five-franc row a sum not exceeding four millions five hunpieces of France, be discharged from the consider- dred thousand dollars," with amendments, in which ātion thereof, and that the said bill be engrossed, they ask the concurrence of this House. and read a third time to-day.

An engrossed bill, entitled "An act establishing The House proceeded to consider the bill from the salaries of the commissioners and agents apthe Senate, entitled “An act for the relief of Gen-pointed under the Treaty of Ghent,” was read the eral Robert Swartwout.” Whereupon, it was third time, and passed. ordered that the bill be committed to a committee of the whole House to-day.

THANKS TO THE SPEAKER. The House then resolved itself into a Commit- Mr. Clay rose, and addressed the House to the tee of the Whole on the said bill; which was re-following effect : ported without amendment, read the third time, I rise to submit a motion, which, if it should and passed.

conciliate the general concurrence of this House, The House resolved itself into a Committee of I shall be extremely glad. The present session the Whole on the bill from the Senate, entitled was commenced under very unpleasant auspices. “An act for the relief of Thomas Shields and In the appointment of a presiding officer of the others;" which was reported without amendment, House, the first manifestation was made of that read the third time, and passed.

unfortunate division of opinion which has been

H. OF R.

Military Appropriations.

MARCH, 1821.

the peculiar characteristic of the session. The [The following is the substance of Mr. Simkins's storm has happily subsided, and we have the great remarks on the motion to insist on the disagreesatisfaction to behold the ship of our Confederacy ment of the House to the Senate's amendments of unimpaired by its rage; her hull, her rigging, and the military appropriation bill.] her patriotic crew completely fit for a long and I hope, Mr. Speaker, that neither the extraordiglorious voyage, under the star-spangled banner nary zeal of the member from Kentucky (Mr. which proudly floats aloft.

Hardin) or of the member from Maryland (Mr. The moral of that agitating drama, of which for Smith) against the amendments to this bill, made more than two years past our country has been by the Senate, will prevent the House giving them the theatre, is that, whilst our Federal Union is that most serious and deliberate consideration to admirably fitted to accomplish all the national which they are entitled. Sir, it has been somepurposes for which it was intended, there are deli- what fashionable, in this House, not only to discate subjects, exclusively appertaining to the sev- trust a co-ordinate branch of the Government, but eral States, which cannot be touched but by them, to reject their acts, with a haste and an impatience without the greatest hazard to the public tranquil- bordering on contempt. I do not think that a lity. They resemble those secluded apartments in body so grave and dignified has deserved such our respective domicils, which are dedicated to treatment. On the contrary, it must be admitted, family privacy, into which our nearest and best by all impartial men, that for two years past its neighbors should not enter. Let us terminate the wisdom and firmness have rescued this nation from session by making that officer the depository of the most disastrous measures. Dislike as we our entire reconciliation, whose election first eli- may the opposition of this branch of our Legislacited our divisions, and whose situation has been ture to certain favorite doctrines and favorite meaextremely arduous and difficult. For my part, I sures impetuously urged upon us by the majority have great pleasure in testifying to the assiduity, of this House, yet we shall be compelled to respect impartiality, ability, and promptitude, with which it, as a barrier to great evils, and as a body to he has administered the duties of the Chair since which the people look with anxious and increasI was able to take my seat. I move the following ing solicitude. resolution:

The member from Kentucky (Mr. Hardin) says, Resolved, That the thanks of this House be given to that every thing wears the appearance of bustle the honorable Joux W. Taylor, for the assiduity, and activity of preparation, as if we were about promptitude, and ability, with which he has adminis- to be involved in war. Nothing, sir, can be furtered the duties of the Chair.

ther from the fact. The Senate amend our bill Mr. Nelson, of Virginia, (who was temporarily $200,000, for carrying on the most indispensable in the Chair,) having stated the question

Mr. Rhea said he hoped this resolution would fortifications of our country, placed with the most obtain an unanimous vote. He had been long a perfect skill, and after accurate and skilful surveys member of this House, and he had never seen the on our exposed points ; a sum altogether but little duties of the Chair discharged more satisfactorily more than one half of what has been appropriated than by the present Speaker.

for a series of years; and the gentleman calls this Mr. Hardin said, that it was with great satis- a great preparation for war. Sir, so far from prefaction he should vote for this resolution, because paring for those perilous exigencies which must it met his entire approbation. To be candid, the arise, we are retrograding into a state of apathy Speaker had, in the discharge of the duties of the most alarming to every American who can extend Chair, far outgone his expectations; and he would his views beyond the present moment. We asvote him the thanks proposed with a great deal of sume to ourselves a wisdom which brands with pleasure.

the imputation of folly and extravagance every The question was then taken on agreeing to the session of Congress since the late war. Eight resolution, and decided in the affirmative, one hundred thousand dollars annually has been most negative voice only being heard.

deliberately resolved upon as the sum necessary for A message from the Senate informed the House these important works for several years, and now that the Senate insist on their amendments to the you reduce it down to $300,000, without a solitary bill

, entitled "An act making appropriations for reason to justify you. I say without a shadow of the support of the military service of the United reason; for who will say that these works are less States for the year 1821, except the latter part important with an exhausted Treasury than they of the last of the said amendments, from which were with a full one? You last year appropriated latter they recede.

$800,000, and allow the Secretary of War to make

contracts for this year, in some degree, at least, MILITARY APPROPRIATIONS.

proportioned to a similar appropriation. After he The House proceeded to consider the message has made the contracts, and pledged the faith of from the Senate informing this House that they the nation, you desert' him, by offering a small insist on certain of their amendments to the bill, sum which will not cover them, and but little entitled "An act making appropriations for the more than preserve the works and materials. You military service of the United States for the year break the faith of the nation, ruin public contrac1821.”' Whereupon, it was, on motion of Mr. tors, and send them petitioning at your heels, for Hardin, resolved that this House doth insist on years, for damages sustained by your conduct; their disagreement to the amendments aforesaid. and which you will be compelled in the end to MARCH, 1821.

Closing Business.

H. OF R.

pay. This is not all. You so prostrate the Uni- pay! It is, bowever, matter of joy that our essented States' credit that nobody will work for you tial preparations may be preserved for many years without double price. Besides this, you impede, to come, and perfecied without the imposition of and finally will endanger, the important defences a single additional tax of any kind, notwithstandof the country, Fortifications placed at proper ing the eternal noise made about taxes. points, and well built, have been determined, by Sir, a single hour will put an end to my existthe universal consent of all ages and nations, to ence as a member of this body; but I cannot take be of infinite moment; and yet it is found out by my leave without expressing my most unfeigned the talent and wisdom of ihis Congress, and of sorrow at the ruinous fluctuating policy now purthis Congress alone, that they are of little import-sued by the representatives of the people. I hope ance, and have been pronounced by some gentle and the hope is indeed faint) that we shall agree men to be absolutely worthless! This Congress to the amendments made by the Senate. may be the wisest of any, but its policy is diametrically opposed to the policy of every session since

CLOSING BUSINESS. the war. Indeed, we have heard some gentlemen The House proceeded to consider the amendpinning their whole faith on the Committee of ments proposed by the Senate to the bill, entitled Ways and Means, and have given a decided pref- "An act to authorize the President of the United erence to the sweeping judgment of this commit- States to borrow a sum not exceeding four miltee, not a member of which will pretend even to lions five hundred thousand dollars;" and the have become scientifically acquainted with the sub- same being read twice, were disagreed to. ject of engineering, against the opinions of all That portion of the said biil to which the third your officers, and particularly against some of the amendment proposed by the Senate applies, reads first engineers thai ever adorned the scientific an- thus, viz: “reiinbursable at the will of the Govnals of any country on earth!

ernment, and at the will of the creditor, at any The chairman of that committee has boldly time after the first day of January, 1835." taken upon himself the responsibility of condemn

The third amendment of the Senate proposes ing the fort on Dauphin Island as utterly useless. to strike out the words, and at the will of the creditor. I will not detain the House further on this point Mr. BARBOUR moved to amend the said third than to say, that it has been demonstrated by the amendment so as to make the aforesaid clause in gentlemen from Louisiana and Kentucky (Messrs. the bill read thus: “reimbursable at the will of the BUTLER and Johnson) that this fort will effec-Government at any time before the first day of tually command the waters of a spacious and deep January, 1835; and at the will either of the Govbarbor, which a naval enemy would instantly pos- ernment or the creditor, at any time after that sess, and, with it, seize Dauphin Island, which period." would give them a secure and perfect foot-hold, And the question being taken to agree to this from which they would not only destroy our trade amendment, it was determined in the negative; up the bay, but annoy the whole adjacent country, and the said amendment was then concurred in stop the communication to New Orleans by the by the House. lake, and materially injure Pensacola. This is no The amendment proposed by the Senate to the dream; the facts are palpable to every man who bill, entitled "An act to continue in force an act, has actually examined the country, and yet such entitled 'An act regulating the currency within men are flatly contradicted by members here, not the United States of the gold coins of Great Britdistinguished for military science, and who have ain, France, Portugal, and Spain, passed on the never for a moment placed their eyes on the spot! 29th day of April, 1816, so far as the same relates

The gentleman from Kentucky (Mr. HARDIN) to the crowns and five-franc pieces of France," says the best means of defence is to make the people was read and concurred in by the House. easy and happy, by lightening their burdens. Sir, A motion was made by Mr. Cannon, that the we have never imposed any burdens; and, from the several orders of the day which precede the bill temper of this House, can it be supposed that any from the Senate, entitled “An act for the relief of ever will be imposed ? In truth, it seems that the officers and volunteers engaged in the late camevery institution would be prostrated, destroyed, paign against the Seminole Indians” be postponed, and sunk, sooner than tax the people; although for the purpose of taking that bill into considthey would never hesitate to pay taxes indispen-eration. sable to the due and vigorous and proper support And the question being taken thereon, it was of the Government. Taxes present no such fright- determined in the negative. ful and hideous monster to the people as they are Mr. Sergeant moved that the several orders of represented here. They are, to be sure, the con- the day which precede the bill authorizing Benjastant, never ceasing bugbear presented to our view, min H. Rand to import a certain piece of plate whenever an army, navy, or fortifications, are to free of duty, be postponed, for the purpose of takbe preserved and perfected. It seems to be no ing that bill into consideration. This motion was crimne to make the people pay taxes indirectly, by rejected by the House. way of impost; whilst it is horrible, and unpar- Mr. Nelson, of Virginia, moved that the sevdonable, past endurance, to ask these same people eral orders of the day, which precede the bill to to pay taxes directly levied upon them. It is lau- abolish imprisonment for debt, be postponed, for dable, if you can cheat them into the payment, the purpose of taking the bill into consideration. but past forgiveness, if you openly tell them to This motion was rejected by the House.

H. OF R.

Closing Business.

MARCH, 1821.

A Message was received from the PRESIDENT | Committee of the Whole, to which is committed OF THE UNITED States, as follows:

the bill from the Senate, entitled "An act for the To the House of Representatives of the United States : relief of the officers and volunteers engaged in the

The treaty concluded between the United States late campaign against the Seminole Indians,” be and the Kickapoo tribe of Indians, on the 30th of discharged from the consideration thereof. July, 1820, having been ratified, by and with the ad- And the question being taken thereon, it was vice and consent of the Senate, I now lay a copy of determined in the negative. the said treaty before the House of Representatives, An engrossed bill, entitled "An act authorizing in order to such legislative provisions being made as the settlement of the accounts of the late Le Roy may be necessary to carry into effect the stipulations Opie,” was read the third time, and passed. therein contained, on the part of the United States. A motion was made by Mr. Johnson that the

JAMES MONROE. Committee of the Whole to which is committed Washington, March 3, 1821.

the bill from the Senate, entitled "An act to proThe Message was ordered to lie on the table. vide for the due execution of the laws of the Uni

The House proceeded to consider the bill from ted States within the State of Missouri,” be disthe Senate, entitled "An act to continue in force charged from the consideration thereof. for a further time the act, entitled 'An act for And the question being taken thereon, it was establishing trading houses with the Indian tribes.” determined in the negative.

A motion was made by Mr. STORRS to amend Mr. COBB then moved that the several orders the said bill, by striking out June, and inserting of the day which precede the said bill be postponed, February, so as to limit the continuance of the said for the purpose of taking the same into consideraact to the 1st day of February, 182–, instead of tion. This motion was also negatived by the the 1st day of June, 182–, as provided for in the House. said bill.

A message from the Senate informed the House The question being taken to agree to this amend that the Senate insist on their amendments disment, it was determined in the negative.

agreed to by the House to the bill, entitled The bill was then read a third time, and passed. "An act authorizing the President of the United

The Committee of the whole House, to which States to borrow a sum not exceeding four milis committed the bill authorizing the settlement of lions five hundred thousand dollars, and ask a the accounts of the late Le Roy Opie, were dis- conference upon the subject-matter of the disacharged from the consideration thereof, and the greeing votes of the two Houses on the said bill was ordered to be engrossed, and read a third amendments; to which conference they have aptime to-day.

pointed managers on their part. The Senate Mr. FULLER moved that the several orders of further insist on their amendments to the bill, entithe day, which precede the bill to incorporate the tled "An act making appropriations for the miliUnited States Naval Association, for the relief of tary service of the United States for the year 1821,". the families of deceased officers, be postponed for and ask a conference upon the subject-matter of the purpose of taking that bill into consideration. the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the This motion was rejected by the House.

said amendments ; to which conference they have Mr. Rhea moved that the several orders of the appointed managers on their part. day, which precede the bill concerning invalid The House proceeded to consider the message pensioners, be postponed, for the purpose of taking from the Senate informing this House that they ihat bill into consideration. This motion was insist on their amendments, disagreed to by this rejected by the House.

House to the bill, entitled “An act to authorize Mr. SAMUEL Moore moved that the several the President of the United States to borrow a orders of the day, which precede the bill from the sum not exceeding four millions five hundred Senate, entitled "An act explanatory of the act thousand dollars ;" whereupon, for the relief of James Leander Cathcart," passed Resolved, That this House do recede from their May 15, 1820, be postponed for the purpose of disagreement to the said amendments. taking that bill into consideration. This motion The House proceeded to consider the message was rejected by the House.

from the Senate asking a conference upon the Mr. CULPEPER moved that the several orders subject of the disagreeing votes of the two Houses of the day, which precede the bill from the Sen- on the amendments proposed by the Senate to the ate, entitled “An act for the relief of Ebenezer bill, entitled "An act making appropriations for Stevens, and Austin L. Sands, legal representa- the military service of the United States for the tives of Richardson Sands, deceased, and others,” year 1821 :" whereupon be postponed, for the purpose of taking that bill Resolved, That this House doth agree to the into consideration. This motion was rejected by conference asked by the Senate upon the subject the House.

of the amendments depending to the said bill, and Mr. SMITH, of Maryland, moved that the sev- that managers be appointed to attend the same on eral orders of the day, which precede the bill from their part. the Senate, entitled "An act for the relief of Wil- Mr. Hardin, Mr. Tracy, and Mr. COBB, were liam Whitehead and others,” be postponed, for appointed managers in pursuance of the foregoing the purpose of taking that bill into consideration. resolution. This motion was rejected by the House.

Mr. Wood moved that the several orders of the A motion was made by Mr. Cannon, that the day which precede the bill from the Senate, en

March, 1821.
The Speaker's Address-Adjournment.

H. of R. titled “An act for the relief of Ebenezer Stevens, to the bill, entitled "An act making appropriations and Austin L. Sands, legal representatives of Rich- for the military service of the United States for ardson Sands, deceased, and others,” be postponed, the year 1821." for the purpose of taking that bill into considera- A message from the Senate informed the House tion. This motion was again rejected by the that the Senate have passed a resolution for the House.

appointment of a joint committee to wait upon Mr. CANNON moved that the several orders of the President of the United States, and inform the day which precede the bill from the Senate, him that the two Houses of Congress are about to entitled "An act for the relief of the officers and adjourn, if he has no further communications to volunteers engaged in the late campaign against make to them, and have appointed a committee the Seminole Indians,” be postponed, for the pur- on their part. pose of taking that bill into consideration. This The resolution was read, and concurred in by motion was again rejected by the House.

the House ; and Mr. Smith, of Maryland, and Mr. BEECHER moved that the bill from the Sen- Mr. Cushman, were appointed of the said comate, entitled "An act supplemental to an act, enti- mittee, on the part of this House. tled 'An act to authorize the appointment of commissioners to lay out the road therein mentioned,"

THE SPEAKER'S ADDRESS. be now read the second time; and the question Mr. TAYLOR, the Speaker, rose and addressed being taken thereon, it was determined in the neg- the House, as follows: ative.

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : Ordered, That the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union be discharged from the fur- liberality, which, in terms, and from a source the most

Deeply penetrated with a sense of the kindness and ther consideration of the bills from the Senate, Aattering, have dictated the recent expression of your entitled "An act providing for the adjudication approbation, I shall ever esteem it the bighest reward and payment of claims arising under the Treaty of my public services. If the duties of the Chair of Amity, Settlement, and Limits, between the have been discharged in any degree to your satisfacUnited States and His Catholic Majesty ;” and tion, it is attributable chiefly to those feelings of gen. "An act to authorize the President of the United erosity which have covered my numerous errors, and States to take possession of East and West Flor- which have rendered to purity of motive the deference ida, and establish a temporary government there- due to superior merit. My inexperience has been comin ;" and that the said bills lie on the table. pensated by your prudent counsels, and by a dignified

A motion was made, by Mr. Rhea, that the sev-deportment, which has seldom required the interposieral orders of the day which precede the bill from tion of a presiding officer. the Senate, entitled “An act for the relief of the Entertaining, gentlemen, for every member of this officers and volunteers engaged in the late cam- House no other sentiment than respect and friendship; paign against the Seminole Indians,” be postponed, endeared to many by recollections of united delibera. for the purpose of taking that bill into considera- tion and effort, in a period of great national embarrass. tion. This motion was again rejected by the ment; and grateful to all for the magnanimous supHouse.

port which constantly has been afforded me, I shall the part of this House to attend a conference with families and friends my best wishes for your

prosperity, Mr. Hardin, from the managers appointed on never cease to rejoice in your individual welfare.

Carry with you, gentlemen, to the bosom of your the managers appointed on the part of the Senate, upon the subject of the disagreeing votes of the and, under the protecting care of a benign Providence, two Houses on the amendments depending to the the wise and good, and largely contribute to perpetu

may each of you enjoy the continued confidence of bill, entitled “An act making appropriations for ate the union and glory of our common country. the military service of the United States for the year 1821," reported, that they had met the man- Mr. Smith, of Maryland, from the joint comagers on the part of the Senate, and conferred mittee appointed to wait on the President of the freely upon the subjects committed to them; that United States, and inform him that the two Houses they had agreed to recommend to the House of of Congress are about to adjourn if he has no furRepresentatives to recede from their disagreement ther communications to make to them, reported to the residue of the fourth amendment of the that the committee had waited upon the President Senate, containing an appropriation for carrying of the United States, and was informed by him into effect the treaty concluded on the 30th of July that he had no further communications to make last, between the United States and the Kickapoo to Congress at the present session. tribe of Indians; and that they could come to no

A message from the Senate informed the House agreement whatever upon the subject of the other that the Senate, having completed the Legislative amendments depending to the said bill.

business before them, are now ready to adjourn. Mr. Hardin then moved that this House adhere A message was then sent to the Senate, by the to their disagreement to the said amendments, with Clerk to inform them that the House is also ready the exception of the residue of the fourth. Pend- to adjourn. ing the question on this motion, a message was The Clerk having gone with the said message, received from the Senate informing the House and being returned, the Speaker adjourned the that the Senate recede from all their amendments House sine die.

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