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PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES

OF THE

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES,

AT THE SECOND SESSION OF THE SIXTEENTH CONGRESS, BEGUN AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1820.

MONDAY, November 13, 1820.

This being the day fixed by law for the meeting of Congress, Thomas Dougherty, the Clerk, and the following members of the House of Representatives, appeared and took their seats, viz:

From New Hampshire-Joseph Buffum, jr., Josiah Butler, Clifton Clagett, William Plumer, jr., and Nathaniel Upham.

From Massachusetts-Benjamin Adams, Samuel C Allen, Joshua Cushman, Timothy Fuller, Mark L. Hill, Jonas Kendall, Enoch Lincoln, Marcus Morton, Jeremiah Nelson, James Parker, and Henry Shaw. From Rhode Island-Samuel Eddy, and Nathaniel Hazard.

From Connecticut-Henry W. Edwards, Samuel A. Foot, Jonathan Q. Moseley, Elisha Phelps, John Russ, James Stevens, and Gideon Tomlinson.

From Vermont-Samuel C. Crafts, Rollin C. Mallary, Ezra Meech, Mark Richards, and William Strong.

From New York-Nathaniel Allen, Caleb Baker, Walter Case, Robert Clark, Jacob H. De Witt, John D. Dickinson, John Fay, William D. Ford, Ezra C. Gross, Aaron Hackley, jr., George Hall, Henry Meigs, Robert Monell, Nathaniel Pitcher, Jonathan Richmond, Henry R. Storrs, Randall S. Street, James Strong, John W. Taylor, Caleb Tompkins, Albert H. Tracy, Solomon Van Rensselaer, Peter H. Wendover,

and Silas Wood.

From New Jersey-Ephraim Bateman, Joseph Bloomfield, Charles Kinsey, John Linn, and Bernard Smith.

From Pennsylvania-Henry Baldwin, William Darlington, Samuel Edwards, Thomas Forrest, Samuel Gross, Joseph Hemphill, Jacob Hibshman, Jacob Hostetter, William P. Maclay, David Marchand, Robert Moore, Samuel Moore, John Murray, Thomas Patterson, Robert Philson, Thomas J. Rogers, John Ser geant, and James M. Wallace.

From Delaware-Louis McLane.

Peter Little, Samuel Ringgold, Samuel Smith, and From Maryland-Stephenson Archer, Joseph Kent, Henry R. Warfield.

From North Carolina-John Culpeper, Weldon N. Edwards, Thomas H. Hall, Charles Hooks, Lemuel Sawyer, Jesse Slocumb, James S. Smith, Felix

Walker, and Lewis Williams.

From South Carolina-Joseph Brevard, William Lowndes, John McCreary, James Overstreet, and Starling Tucker.

From Georgia-Joel Abbot, and Thomas W. Cobb. From Kentucky-Richard C. Anderson, jr., William Brown, Alney McLean, Thomas Metcalfe, George Robertson, and David Trimble.

From Tennessee-Newton Cannon, Francis Jones, and John Rhea.

From Ohio-Philemon Beecher, Henry Brush, John W. Campbell, and John Sloan.

From Louisiana-Thomas Butler. From Indiana-William Hendricks. From Illinois-Daniel P. Cook. From Alabama-John Crowell. The following new members also appeared, to wit: room of Edward Dowse, resigned : From Massachusetts, WILLIAM EUSTIS, in the

in the room of David Fullerton, resigned: From Pennsylvania, THOMAS G. McCULLOUGH,

From Virginia, JOHN C. GRAY, in the room of James Johnson, resigned; EDWARD B. JACKSON, in the room of James Pindall, resigned; and THOMAS L. MOORE, in the room of George F. Strother, resigned :

From Kentucky, THOMAS MONTGOMERY, in the room of Tunstall Quarles, resigned; and FRANCIS JOHNSON, in the room of David Walker, deceased:

Who severally produced their credentials, and took their seats.

JOHN SCOTT, the Delegate from the Territory of Missouri, and JAMES WOODSON BATES, the Delegate from the Territory of Arkansas, also appeared, and took their seats.

the House was present, said that he had received The Clerk having announced that a quorum of From Virginia-Mark Alexander, William S. Ar-á letter from the Hon. HENRY CLAY, late Speaker cher, William A. Burwell, Robert S. Garnett, James of this House, which, with the leave of the House, Jones, Charles F. Mercer, Hugh Nelson, Thomas he read as follows: Newton, John Randolph, Ballard Smith, Alexander Smyth, Thomas V. Swearingen, George Tucker, and Jared Williams.

LEXINGTON, Kr., October 28, 1820. SIR: I will thank you to communicate to the House of Representatives, that, owing to imperious circum

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stances, I shall not be able to attend upon it until after the Christmas holidays, and to respectfully ask it to allow me to resign the office of its Speaker, which I have the honor to hold, and to consider this as the act of my resignation. I beg the House also to permit me to reiterate the expression of my sincere acknowledgments and unaffected gratitude for the distinguished consideration which it has uniformly manifested for me.“

I have the honor to be, with great esteem, your faithful and obedient servant,

THOMAS DOUGHERTY, Esq.,

H. CLAY.

Clerk of the House of Representatives.

On motion of Mr. NEWTON, the letter was ordered to lie on the table, and to be inserted in the Journal of the House.

On motion of Mr. N., the House then proceeded to the election of a Speaker.

The Clerk declared that, as this was an election to be made from amongst members of the House, no previous nomination was necessary. No nomination, therefore, was made.

Messrs. NEWTON and MOSELEY being appointed a committee to count the ballots, reported that the votes were For John W. Taylor 40; for William Lowndes 34; for Samuel Smith 27; for John Sergeant 18; for Hugh Nelson 10; scattering 3. Sixty-seven votes being necessary to a choice, and no member having the requisite majority, a second ballot took place; when the votes were thus reported For Mr. Taylor 49; for Mr. Lowndes 44; for Mr. Smith 25; for Mr. Sergeant 13; scattering 1.

No choice being yet made, the House proceeded to a further ballot, when the votes given in were as follow: For Mr. Lowndes 56; for Mr. Taylor 50; for Mr. Smith 16; for Mr. Sergeant 11; scattering 1.

NOVEMBER, 1820.

TUESDAY November 14.

Several other members appeared and took their seats, to wit:

from Massachusetts, MARTIN KINSLEY; from New
From New Hampshire, ARTHUR LIVERMORE;
Jersey, HENRY SOUTHARD; from Pennsylvania,
CHRISTIAN TARR; from Maryland, RAPHAEL
NEALE; from Virginia, WILLIAM LEE BALL,
PHILIP P. BARBOUR, and WILLIAM MCCOY; from
South Carolina, ELIAS EARLE; from Tennessee,
JOHN COCKE; and from Ohio, THOMAS R. Ross.

The House then proceeded forthwith to ballot again for a Speaker of the House, in the place of Mr. CLAY, resigned. The votes having been counted, Mr. NEWTON reported, that the whole number of votes was 149; of which 75 were necessary to a choice; that the votes were: For Mr. Taylor 64; for Mr. Lowndes 54; for Mr. Smith 33; scattering 1.

No one having a majority of all the votes, the House proceeded to ballot the ninth time; when it appeared that the votes were: For Mr. Taylor 66; for Mr. Lowndes 47; for Mr. Smith 33; scattering 1.

No election having yet taken place, the House proceeded to ballot for the tenth time; and the result was declared as follows: For Mr. Taylor 64; for Mr. Smith 50; for Mr. Lowndes 25; scattering 1.

No election having yet taken place, the House proceeded to ballot for the eleventh time; when the following result was pronounced: For Mr. Taylor 61; for Mr. Smith 50; for Mr. Lowndes 31; for Mr. Sergeant 5; scattering 1.

No election having yet taken place, the House proceeded to ballot for the twelfth time; and the result was as follows: For Mr. Smith 53; for Mr. Taylor 47; for Mr. Lowndes 23; for Mr. Sergeant 19; for Mr. Tomlinson 3; scattering 3.

No choice having been yet made, the House proceeded to ballot a fourth time, when the following result was reported: For Mr. Lowndes 61; for Mr. Taylor 60; for Mr. Smith 11; scatter-geant 32; for Mr. Lowndes 30; scattering 3. ing 3.

The thirteenth ballot resulted as follows: For Mr. Smith 48; for Mr. Taylor 32; for Mr. Ser

No one having yet a majority of all the votes, a fifth ballot took place, which resulted as follows: For Mr. Taylor 65; for Mr. Lowndes 63; for Mr. Smith 8; scattering 2.

A motion was then made that the House do now adjourn; and the question thereon being put by the Clerk, it was decided in the negative.

The House then proceeded to ballot a sixth time; and the votes, being counted, stood thus: For Mr. Taylor 67; for Mr. Lowndes 61; for Mr. Smith 7; scattering 1.

No election having yet taken place, another motion was then made to adjourn, and the vote thereon was for adjourning 65, against it 68.

So the House refused to adjourn, and another ballot was held, which resulted as follows: For Mr. Taylor 62; for Mr. Lowndes 57; for Mr. Smith 15; scattering 1.

No choice having yet been made, a motion was made to adjourn, and decided in the affirmativeayes 71. And the Clerk adjourned the House to 12 o'clock to-morrow.

The fourteenth ballot resulted as follows: For Mr. Smith 42; for Mr. Lowndes 37; for Mr. Sergeant 35; for Mr. Taylor 27; scattering 3.

The fifteenth ballot resulted as follows: For Mr. Lowndes 55; for Mr. Sergeant 32; for Mr. Smith 27; for Mr. Taylor 26; scattering 6.

No one yet having a majority of the votes, a further ballot was declared necessary; when (it being half-past 3 o'clock,)

A motion was made to adjourn, and negatived. The sixteenth ballot then took place, and was as follows: For Mr. Lowndes 68; for Mr. Taylor 30; for Mr. Sergeant 24; for Mr. Smith 23.

This ballot having been also ineffectual; another motion was made to adjourn, but without success.

The House then proceeded to the seventeenth ballot, which resulted as follows-73 necessary to a choice: For Mr. Lowndes 72; for Mr. Taylor 44; for Mr. Smith 17; for Mr. Sergeant 11.

No election being made, the House went into the eighteenth ballot, when the following result was announced-73 necessary to a choice: For

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Mr. Lowndes 66; for Mr. Taylor 55; for Mr.
Smith 21; for Mr. Sergeant 2.

No one having yet a majority of the votes, the
House proceeded to the nineteenth ballot, which
resulted as follows-73 necessary to a choice: For
Mr. Taylor 66; for Mr. Lowndes 65; for Mr.
Smith 14.

This ballot being also ineffectual; a motion was made to adjourn, which motion prevailed, ayes 76 and, about five o'clock, the House adjourned.

WEDNESDAY, November 15.

Several other members appeared, and took their

seats, to wit:

H. OF R.

the Clerk, the Speaker's, Chair being vacant, or from himself, if he thought proper.

Other gentlemen, Mr. STORRS, Mr. LITTLE, Mr. SERGEANT, Mr. MERCER, and Mr. LIVERMORE, expressed their opinions, and the following rule of the House was read:

"In all other cases of ballot than for committees, a majority of the votes given shall be necessary to an election; and, when there shall not be such a majority on the first ballot, the ballot shall be repeated until a majority be obtained."

Mr. LITTLE, asserting his right to make the motion, yet, not desiring to prolong discussion in fegard to it, waived the moving of it himself.

The House then proceeded to ballot the twentysecond time. The whole number of votes was From Vermont, CHARLES RICH; from Penn-148-75 necessary to a choice. The votes weresylvania, GEORGE DENNISON; from Maryland, For Mr. Taylor 76; for Mr. Lowndes 44; for Mr. THOMAS BAYLY; from North Carolina, CHARLES Smith 27; scattering 1. FISHER; and from South Carolina, ELDRED SIM

KINS.

ELECTION OF SPEAKER.

So JOHN W. TAYLOR, Esq., a Representative from the State of New York, was elected Speaker; and, having been conducted to the Chair by Mr. NEWTON and Mr. MOSELEY, addressed the House as follows:

The House, having been called to order at twelve o'clock, proceeded to ballot, the twentieth time, for a Speaker, in the place of Mr. Clay, re-favor invites me, greatly distrusting my ability to Gentlemen: I approach the station to which your signed.

The votes having been counted, it appeared that the number of votes given in was 141-necessary to a choice 71. Of which there were: For Mr. Taylor 67; for Mr. Lowndes 65; for Mr. Smith S; scattering 1.

the Chair have become less arduous by improvements fulfil your just expectations. Although the duties of in its practice during the administration of my distinguished predecessor, I should not venture to assume their responsibilities without a firm reliance on your indulgent support. In all deliberative assemblies, the No choice having been made, the House pro-preservation of order must depend in a greater degree ceeded to ballot the twenty-first time; when the upon the members at large than upon any efforts of result was declared as follows: Whole number of a presiding officer. The forbearance and decorum votes 147-necessary to a choice 74; of which which characterized this House in its former session, there were: For Mr. Taylor 73; for Mr. Lowndes at a period of peculiar excitement, afford of their con42; for Mr. Smith 32. tinued exercise a happy anticipation. For the confidence with which you have honored me, be pleased to accept my profound acknowledgments. In my best Mr. LITTLE rose, and, remarking on the extra-endeavors to merit your approbation, which shall not ordinary aspect of the present proceedings of the House; the necessity for choosing a Speaker; the uncertainty, under present appearances, when a choice would be made; the weariness of the House at these repeated ballotings, &c.-moved, that the House do come to a resolution, that the lowest on each ballot should be dropped at the succeeding ballot, and that any votes given for such lowest person should not be taken into account.

No choice having yet been made, the House was about to ballot again; when

The CLERK of the House, after reading the resolve, expressed doubts of the power of the House to pass such a resolution, consistently with the rules established for its government.

Mr. RANDOLPH made it a point of order whether the Clerk had any right to express to the House his opinion of their powers, or to decide for them what was, or was not, in order.

The CLERK declared, that, under the rules of the House, which prescribe the mode of election by ballot, he could not receive this motion.

Some brief debate took place on the point of order, Mr. RANDOLPH protesting against what he pronounced an assumption of power on the part of the Clerk, and asserting the right of any member to propound any question to the House through

be intermitted, I can promise nothing more than diligence, and a constant aim at impartiality. I can hope for nothing greater than that these endeavors may not prove altogether unavailing.

The new members having been sworn inA message was received from the Senate, informing the House that a quorum thereof was formed, and that they were ready to proceed to business.

On motion of Mr. NELSON, of Virginia, a similar message was returned to the Senate.

On motion of Mr. NELSON, also, a committee was appointed, jointly with such committee as should be appointed by the Senate, to wait upon the President of the United States, and inform him of the organization of the two Houses, and of their readiness to receive any communication he may have to make to them.

The resolutions of the Senate for appointing a Joint Committee of Enrolled Bills, and for the appointment of a Chaplain for each House, were agreed to; and, on motion of Mr. SLOCUMB, 10morrow at twelve o'clock was assigned as the hour for proceeding to appoint a Chaplain on the part of this House.

H. OF R.

Standing Committees-President's Message.

STANDING COMMITTEES. On motion of Mr. LITTLE, the House proceeded to the appointment of the Standing Committees, pursuant to the rules and orders of the House: whereupon the SPEAKER appointed the following committees, viz:

NOVEMBER, 1820.

THURSDAY, November 16.

Several other members appeared and took their seats, to wit:

From Massachusetts, WALTER FOLGER, Jr.; from North Carolina, HUTCHINS G. BURTON; and from Georgia, JOEL CRAWFORD and ROBERT RAYMOND REID.

Committee of Elections-Mr. Trimble, Mr. Tarr, Mr. Tucker of South Carolina, Mr. Sloan, Mr. Mr. SCOTT laid before the House a manuscript Clark, Mr. Hooks, and Mr. Moore of Virginia. attested copy of the constitution formed on the Committee of Ways and Means--Mr. Smith of 19th day of July, 1820, by the convention assemMaryland, Mr. McLane of Delaware, Mr. Bur-bled at St. Louis, in the Territory of Missouri, for well, Mr. Shaw, Mr. Tracy, Mr. Ross, and Mr. Jones of Tennessee.

Committee of Claims-Mr. Williams of North Carolina, Mr. Rich, Mr. McCoy, Mr. Samuel Moore, Mr. Hackley, Mr. Edwards of Connecticut, and Mr. Metcalfe.

Committee of Commerce-Mr. Newton, Mr. Tomlinson, Mr. Mallary, Mr. Nelson of Massachusetts, Mr. Hill, Mr. Wendover, and Mr. Abbot.

Committee of the Public Lands-Mr. Anderson, Mr. Hendricks, Mr. Cook, Mr. Ballard Smith, Mr. Stevens, Mr. Monell, and Mr. Brush.

the government of the contemplated State of that name; which was referred to a select committee, and Mr. LOWNDES, Mr. SERGEANT, and Mr. SMITH, of Maryland, were appointed the said committee. Mr. BLOOMFIELD submitted the following resolution :

Resolved, That in all cases where petitions were presented at the last session of this House, and referred to committees, but not finally acted upon, both by the committees and the House, the said petitions shall be considered as again presented and referred to the same committees, respectively, without special order to that effect. And it shall be the duty of the said com

Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads-Mr. Livermore, Mr. Culpeper, Mr. Russ, Mr. Tomp-mittees respectively, upon application in behalf of any kins, Mr. Kinsley, Mr. Johnson, and Mr. Gray.

Committee for the District of Columbia-Mr. Kent, Mr. Mercer, Mr. Neale, Mr. Swearingen, Mr. Smith of N. J., Mr. Meigs, and Mr. McCullough.

Committee on the Judiciary-Mr. Sergeant, Mr. Beecher, Mr. Robertson, Mr. Brevard, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Tucker of Virginia, and Mr. Plumer.

Committee on Pensions and Revolutionary Claims— Mr. Rhea, Mr. McClay, Mr. Brown, Mr. Allen of Mass., Mr. Linn, Mr. Street, and Mr. Jones of Va. Committee on Public Expenditures-Mr. Simkins, Mr. Slocumb, Mr. Rogers, Mr. Cobb, Mr. Adams, Mr. Ford, and Mr. Montgomery.

Committee on Private Land Claims-Mr Campbell, Mr. Butler of Louisiana, Mr. Robert Moore, Mr. Eddy, Mr. Pitcher, Mr. Jackson, and Mr. Crowell.

Committee on Manufactures-Mr. Baldwin, Mr. Allen of New York, Mr. Little, Mr. McLean of Kentucky, Mr. Parker of Massachusetts, Mr. Kinsey, and Mr. Fisher.

Committee on Agriculture—Mr. Forrest, Mr. Clagett, Mr. Meech, Mr. Richmond, Mr. Ringgold, Mr. Garnett, and Mr. Earle.

Committee of Revisal and Unfinished BusinessMr. Morton, Mr. Butler of New Hampshire, and

Mr. Ball.

Committee of Accounts-Mr. Smith of North Carolina, Mr. Bateman, and Mr. Upham.

The committee appointed to wait on the President of the United States reported, that they had performed that service, and received for answer that a message would be transmitted by the President immediately.

petitioner whose petition was presented and referred as aforesaid, to consider and report thereon, in the same manner as if it were referred to such committee by special order of the House.

The said resolution was read and ordered to lie on the table.

PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.

The House resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, to whom had been referred the Message of the President of the United States, transmitted yesterday, Mr. NELSON, of Virginia, being called to the chair.

On motion of Mr. COBB, the following resolutions were agreed to by the Committee, reported to the House, and concurred in, viz:

1. Resolved, That so much of the Message of the President as relates to the subject of the late treaty between the United States and Spain; to the condition of the independent governments of South America, and all other subjects of foreign affairs, be referred to a select committee,

2. That so much of the President's message as relates to the commercial intercourse between the United States and British colonial ports, and between the United States and France, and all other subjects in relation to commerce, be referred to the Committee of Commerce.

3. That so much of the President's message as relates to fortifications and other military subjects, be

referred to a select committee.

4. That so much of the President's message as re-. lates to the navy, and the increase thereof, and to the protection of our commerce, be referred to a select

committee.

Accordingly, about three o'clock, the Message 5. That so much of the President's message as rewas received and read, and referred to the Com-lates to the suppression of the slave trade, be referred mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union, to a select committee. and five thousand copies thereof ordered to be printed for the use of the members of this House. See Senate Proceedings, ante page 11, for this Message.]

6. That so much of the President's message as relates to the subject of revenue, be referred to the Committee of Ways and Means.

7. That so much of the President's message as re

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lates to the sales of the public lands, and to granting relief to the purchasers thereof, be referred to the Committee on the Public Lands.

8. That so much of the President's message as relates to the civilization of and trade with the Indian tribes, be referred to a select committee.

9. That the said several select committees have leave to report by bill or otherwise.

Mr. Lowndes, Mr. Randolph, Mr. Moseley, Mr. Nelson, of Virginia, Mr. Dickinson, Mr. Reid, and Mr. Archer, of Maryland, were appointed a committee pursuant to the first resolution.

Mr. Alexander Smyth, Mr. Van Rensselaer, Mr. Cocke, Mr. Cushman, Mr. Burton, Mr. Robert Moore, and Mr. Russ, were appointed a committee pursuant to the third resolution.

Mr. Barbour, Mr. Fuller, Mr. Warfield, Mr. Case, Mr. Hall, of North Carolina, Mr. Dennison, and Mr. Crawford, were appointed a committee pursuant to the fourth resolution.

Mr. Hemphill, Mr. Mercer, Mr. Strong, of New York, Mr. Edwards, of Pennsylvania, Mr. Rogers, Mr. McCreary, and Mr. Folger were appointed a committee pursuant to the fifth resolution.

Mr. Southard, Mr. Bayly, Mr. Wallace, Mr. Walker, Mr. Williams, of Virginia, Mr. Baker, and Mr. Gross of Pennsylvania, were appointed a committee pursuant to the eighth resolution.

On motion of Mr. CROWELL, the Committee on the Public Lands were instructed to inquire into the expediency of providing by law some relief to the purchasers of the public lands in the United States previous to the 1st day of July, 1820.

Rev. Mr. Allison Rev. Mr. Campbell Rev. Mr. Sparks Rev. Mr. Post

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So the Reverend J. NICHOLSON CAMPBELL was chosen on the third trial. And the House adjourned.

FRIDAY, November 17.

lative Council and House of Representatives of Mr. BATES presented the petition of the Legisthe Territory of Arkansas, praying that a surveyor may be appointed for that Territory, who shall keep an office within the same.-Referred to the Committee on Public Lands.

habitants of the Third Congressional District of The SPEAKER presented a petition of sundry inKentucky, praying for the encouragement of doon goods imported into the United States; which mestic manufactures, by imposing higher duties petition was referred to the Committee on Manufactures.

The SPEAKER laid before the House a letter

from the Governor of Pennsylvania, enclosing the certificate of the election of THOMAS G. McCULLOUGH, as a member of this House from that State, tion of David Fullerton; which was referred to the to supply the vacancy occasioned by the resigna

Commitiee on Elections.

The SPEAKER laid before the House a letter from the Commissioner of the General Land Office, Mr. Foor moved the following resolutions, transmitting copies of the reports, from No. 1 to 9 which were read and agreed to by the House, viz: inclusive, of the land commissioners at Jackson 1. Resolved, That the subject of organizing and dis- Courthouse, and a copy of a letter which accomciplining the militia be referred to a select committee.panied them; which were referred to the Commit2. Resolved, That the subject on roads and canals be referred to a select committee.

3. Resolved, That the subject of the public buildings

be referred to a select committee.

4. Resolved, That the subject of Revolutionary pen

sions be referred to a select committee.

5. Resolved, That the said select committees have leave to report by bill, or otherwise,

Messrs. CANNON, GROSS, of New York, STRONG, of Vermont, PATTERSON, SAWYER, OVERSTREET, and HOSTETTER, were appointed a committee pursuant to the first resolution.

Messrs. STORRS, CRAFTS, MARCHAND, EDWARDS, of North Carolina, STREET, MONTGOMERY, and HENDRICKS, were appointed a committee pursuant to the second resolution.

Messrs. WOOD, KENDALL, ALEXANDER, HALL, of New York, Murray, Crafts, and BUFFUM, were appointed a committee pursuant to the third resolution.

Messrs. BLOOMFIELD, EDWARDS, of North Carolina, DEWITT, HIBSHMAN, HAZARD, FAY, and ALEXANDER, were appointed a committee pursuant

to the fourth resolution.

The House proceeded to ballot for a Chaplain on the part of this House.

The following exhibits the result of three successive ballots:

tee on Private Land Claims.

Mr. GROSS, of New York, offered for consideration the following resolve:

be instructed to prepare and report to this House, as Resolved, That the Committee of Ways and Means soon as may be, a list of all the expenditures, under their proper heads, authorized by the existing laws of the United States, with an opinion respecting the reduction, which, consistently with the public interest, may be made in each of them respectively.

Mr. G. said the motion related to a subject which ought, in his opinion, to receive the early and earnest consideration of the House; but, not wishing to take the House by surprise, he should move for it to lie on the table for the present.

It was ordered to lie on the table accordingly. Mr. Foor submitted the following resolution: Resolved, That the following addition be made to the standing rules and orders of the House, viz:

A committee of three members shall be appointed, whose duty it shall be to examine all bills, amend

ments, resolutions or motions, before they go out of the possession of the House; and to make report that they are correctly engrossed, which report shall be entered on the Journal.

The resolution was read and laid on the table for one day.

The House adjourned to Monday.

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