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as to Slavery, it really declared a principle which condition of society, either to go to Kansas as inunsettled all those where Slavery had been pro- habitants, and by their votes to help settle this hibited, and rendered it proper, and only proper, good condition of that Territory; or if they canto declare such prohibitions all“ inoperative and not so go and settle, is it not their duty, by all lawvoid." The spirit and feeling which thus per- ful means in their power, to promote this object verted those Compromise laws, and made them by inducing others like-minded to go ?. I'his the direct instrument of renewed disturbance, right becomes a duty to all wbo follow their concould not be expected then to leave the result to victions. All who regard an establishment of the decision of the people of Kansas with entire Slavery in Kansas as best for that Territory, or inactivity and indifference.
as necessary to their own safety by the political The slaveholding States, in 1820, secured the weight it gives in the national government, admission of Missouri as a slaveholding State, should use all lawful means to secure that result; and all the region south of 36° 30' to the same and clearly, the inducing men to go there to bepurpose, by agreeing and enacting that all north come permanent inhabitants and voters, and to of that line should be forever free ; and hy this vote as often as the elections occur in favor of they obtained only a sufficient number of votes the establishment of Slavery, and thus control from the Free States, as counted with theirs, to the elections, and preserve it a Slave State foradopt it. In 1850, they agreed that if New-Mexico ever, is neither unlawful nor censurable. It is, and Utah were made Territories, without a pro- and would be highly praiseworthy and commendahibition of Slavery, it would, with the laws al ble, because it is using lawful means to carry
forready made for the rest of our territory, settle ward honest convictions of public good. All lawforever the whole subject. This proposition, for fully-associated effort to that end is equally such a termination, also secured votes from the commendable. Nor will the application of opFree States, enough, with their own from the probrious epithets, and calling it propagandism, slaveholding States, to adopt it. In 1854, in utter change its moral or legal character from whatever disregard of these repeated contracts, both these quarter or source, official or otherwise, such epiarrangements were broken, and both these com- thets may come. Neither should they deter any promises disregarded, and all their provisions for man from peaceably performing his duty by fol. freedom declared inoperative and void, by the lowing his honest convictions. yote of the slaveholding States, with a very few On the other hand, all those who have seen and honorable exceptions, and a minority of the votes realized the blessings of universal liberty, and beof the Free States. After this extraordinary and lieve that it can only be secured and promoted by inexcusable proceeding, it was not to be expected the prohibition of domestic Slavery, and that the that the people of the slaveholding States would elevation of honest industry can never succeed take no active measures to secure a favorable where servitude makes labor degrading, should, result by votes in the Territory of Kansas. Nei. as in duty bound, put forth all reasonable exerther could it be expected that the people of the tions to advance this great object, by lawful Free States, who regarded the act of 1854 as a means, whenever permitted by laws of their coundouble breach of faith, would sit down and make try. When, therefore, Kansas was presented, no effort, by legal means, to correct it.
by law, as an open field for this experiment, and It has been said that the repeal of this provision all were invited to enter, it became the right and of the Missouri Compromise, and breach of the duty of all such as desired, to go there as inhabitCompromise of 1850, should not be regarded as a ants for the purpose, by their numbers and by their measure of the slaveholding States, because it votes lawfully cast, from time to time, to carry or was presented by a Senator from a Free State. control, in a legal way, the elections there for
The actions or votes of one or more individual this object. This could only be lawfully effected men cannot give character to, or be regarded as by permanent residence, and continued and refixing a measure on their section or party. The peated effort, during the continuance of the Teronly true or honest mode of determining whether ritorial government, and permanently remaining any measure is that of any section or party is, to there to form and preserve a Free State constitu. ascertain whether the majority of that section or tion. All those who entertained the same sentiparty voted for it. Now, a large majority-in- ments, but were not disposed themselves to go, deed, the whole, with a few rare exceptions of had the right and duty to use all lawful means to the representatives from the slaveholding States encourage and promote the object. If the pur. voted for that repeal. On the other hand, a ma- pose could be best effected by united efforta, by jority of the representatives from the Free States voluntary associations or corporations, or by voted against it.
State assistance, as proposed in some Southern This subject of Slavery in the Territories, States, it was all equally lawful and laudable. which has violently agitated the country for This was not the officious intermeddling with the many years, and whịch has been attempted to be internal affairs of another nation, or State, or the settled twice by compromise, as before stated, Territory of another people. The Territory is does not remain settled. The Missouri Com- the property of the nation, and is, professedly, promise and the supposed finality by the acts of open to the settlement and the institutions of 1850, are scattered and dissolved by the vote of every part of the United States. If lawful means, the slaveholding States ; and it is not to be dis- so extensive as to be effectual, were used to peoguised that this
uncalled for and disturbing meas- ple it with a majority of inhabitants opposed to ure has produced a spirit of resentment, from a Slavery, is now considered as a violation of, or feeling of its injustice, which, while the cause an opposition to, the law establishing the Terricontinues, will be difficult to allay.
tory, then the declarations and provisions of that This subject, then, which Congress has been law were but a premeditated delusion, which not unable to settle in any such way as the Slave only allowed such measures, but actually invited States will sustain, is now turned over to those them, by enacting that the largest number of the who have or shall become inhabitants of Kansas settlers should determine the condition of the to arrange; and all men are invited to partici- country; thus inviting efforts for numbers. Such pate in the experiment, regardless of their charac- an invitation must have been expected to pro. ter, political or religious views, or place of na- duce such efforts on both sides. tivity.
It now becomes necessary to inquire what has Now, what is the right and the duty of the in fact taken place. If violence has taken place people of this country in relation to this matter? as the natural, and, perhaps, unavoidable, conseIs it not the right of all who believe in the bless-quences of the nature of the experiment, bringing ings of slaveholding, and regard it as the best into dangerous contact and collision inflamma
ble elements, it was the vice of a mistaken law, its own, no act or neglect of the governor, could and immediate measures should be taken by legalize or sanctify it. Its own decisions as to Congress to correct such law. If force and vio- its own legality are like its laws, but the fruits lence have been substituted for peaceful meas of its own usurpation, which no governor could ures there, legal provisions should be made and legitimate. executed to correct all the wrong such violence They passed an act altering the place of the has produced, and to prevent their recurrence, temporary seat of government to the Shawnee and thus secure a fair fulfillment of the experi- Mission, on the border of, and in near proximity ment by peaceful means, as originally professed to, Missouri. This act the governor regarded as and presented in the law.
a violation of the organic law establishing the A succinct statement of the exercise and pro- Territory, which fixed the temporary seat of gress of the material events in Kansas is this : government, and prohibited the legislative asAfter the passage of this law, establishing the sembly from doing anything inconsistent with Territory of Kansas, a large body of settlers rap. said act. He, therefore, and for that cause, idly entered into said Territory with a view to vetoed said bill; but said assembly repassed permanent inhabitancy therein. Most of these the same by a two-thirds majority, notwithstandwere from the Free States of the West and North, ing said veto, and removed to said Shawnee who probably intended by their votes and influ- Mission. They then proceeded to pass laws, ence to establish there a Free State, agreeable to and the governor, in writing, declined further the law which invited them. Some part of those to recognize them as a legitimate assembly, sitfrom the Northern States had been encouraged ting at that place. They continued passing and aided in this enterprise by the Emigrant Aid laws there, froin the 16th day of July to the Society formed in Massachusetts, which put 31st day of August, 1855. forth some exertions in this laudable object, by On the 15th day of August last, the governor open and public measures, in providing facilities of said Territory was dismissed from office, and for transportation to all peaceable citizens who the duties devolved upon the secretary of the desired to become permanent settlers in said Ter- Territory; and how many of the laws passed ritory, and providing therein hotels, mills, etc., with his official approbation does not appear, for the public accommodation of that new coun- the laws as now presented being without date try.
or authentication. The governor of Kansas, having, in pursuance As by the law of Congress organizing said of law, divided the Territory into districts, and Territory it was expressly provided, that the procured a census thereof, issued his proclama- people of the Territory were to be " left perfect. tion for the election of a legislative assembly ly free to form and regulate their domestic in. therein, to take place on the 30th day of March, stitutions in their own way," and among these 1855, and directed how the same should be con- institutions Slavery is included, it was, of course, ducted, and the returns made to him agreeable implied that thať subject was to be open and to the law establishing said Territory. On the free to public and private discussion in all its day of election, large bodies of armed men from bearings, rights, and relationships. Among the State of Missouri appeared at the polls in these must, of course, be the question, What most of the districts, and by most violent and tu. was the state of the existing laws, and the modimultuous carriage and demeanor overawed the fications that might be required on that subject? defenseless inhabitants, and by their own votes The law had declared that its “true intent and elected a large majority of the members of both meaning was not to legislate Slavery into the houses of said assembly. On the returns of said Territory, or exclude it therefrom.” This would, election being made to the governor, protests of course, leave to that people the inquiry, and objections were inade to him in relation to What, then, are the existing rights under the a part of said districts; and as to them, he set Constitution? Can slaves be holden in the abaside such, and such only, as by the returns ap- sence of any law on the subject? This question, peared to be bad. In relation to others, cover- about which so much difference of opinion exing, in all, a majority of the two houses, equally ists, and which Congress and the courts have vicious in fact, but apparently good by formal never settled, was thus turned over to the peoreturns, the inhabitants thereof, borne down by ple there, to discuss and settle for themselves. said violence and intimidation, scattered and dis- This territorial legislature, so created by couraged, and laboring under apprehensions of force from Missouri, utterly refused to permit personal violence, refrained and desisted from discussion on the subject; but, assuming that presenting any protest to the governor in rela- Slavery already existed there, and that neither tion thereto ; and he, then uninformed in relation Congress nor the people in the Territory, under thereto, issued certificates to the members who the authority of Congress, had or could prohibit appeared by said formal returns to have been it, passed a law which, if enforced, utterly proelected.
hibits all discussion of the question. The eley. In relation to those districts which the govern- enth and twelfth sections of that act are as fol. or so set aside, orders were by him issued for lows: new elections. In one of these districts the same proceedings were repeated by men from Missou: publish or circulate, or cause to be brought into:
“Sec. 11. If any person print, write, introduce into, ri, and in others not, and certificates were issued prioted, written, published or circulated, or shall to the persons elected.
knowingly aid or assist in bringing into, printing, This legislative assembly, so elected, assem- publishing or circulating within this Territory, aby bled at Pawnee, on the second day of July, 1855, book, paper, pamphlet, magazine, hand-bill or circular, that being the time and place for holding said containing any statements, arguments, opinions, meeting, as fixed by the governor, by authority sentiments
, doctrines, advice or innuendo, calcolated of law. On assembling, the said houses pro- affection among the slaves in this Territory, or to
to promote a disorderly, dangerous or rebellious disceeded to set aside and reject those members induce such slaves to escape from the service of their so elected on said second election, except in masters or to resist their authority, he shall be guilty the district where the men from Missouri had, of a felony, and be punished by imprisonment and at said election, chosen the same persons they hard labor for a term not less than five years. had elected at the said first election, and they writing, assert or maintain
that persons have
"Sec. 12. If any free person, by speaking or by admitted all of the said first-elected members. A legislative assembly, so created by military duce into this Territory, print, publisn, write, circu
right to hold slaves in this Territory, or sball introforce, by a foreign invasion, in violation of the late, or cause to be introduced into this Territory, organic law, was but a usurpation. No act of written, printed, published or circulated in this Territory, any book, paper, magazine, pamphlet or circu- 1 litical history, the people of a Territory have lar, containing any denial of the right of persons to been authorized by an act of Congress to form hold slaves in this Territory, such person shall be deemed guilty of felony, and punished by imprison a State constitution, and after so doing, were ment at "hard labor for a term of not less than two admitted by Congress. It is quite obvious that years.'
no such authority could be given by the act of
the territorial government. That clearly has no And further providing, that no person “con power to create another government, paramount scientiously opposed to holding slaves' shall sit to itself. It is equally true, that, in numerous as a juror in the trial of any cause founded on a instances in our history, the people of a Territobreach of the foregoing law. They further pro- ry have, without any previous act of Congress, vided, that all officers and attorneys should be proceeded to call a convention of the people by sworn not only to support the Constitution of the their delegates ; have formed a State constituUnited States, but also to support and sustain tion, which has been adopted by the people, the organic law of the Territory, and the fugi- and a State legislature assembled under it, and tive-slave laws; and that any person offering to chosen Senators to Congress, and then have vote shall be presumed to be entitled to vote presented said constitution to Congress, who has until the contrary is shown, and if any one, approved the same, and received the senators when required, shall refuse to take oath to sus- and members of Congress who were chosen untain the fugitive-slave laws, he shall not be per- der it before Congress had approved the same. mitted to vote. Although they passed a law Such was the case of Tennessee ; such was the that none but an inhabitant, who had paid a tax, case of Michigan, where the people not only should vote, yet they required no time of resi- formed a State constitution without an act of dence necessary, and provided for the immediate Congress, but they actually put their State gov: payment of a poll-tax; so providing, in effect, ernment into full operation and passed laws, and that on the eve of an election the people of a it was approved by Congress by receiving it as neighboring State could come in, in unlimited a State. numbers, and, by taking up a residence of a day constitution without any act of Congress there
The people of Florida formed their or an hour, pay, a poli-tax, and thus become for, six years before they were admitted into the legal voters, and then, after voting, return to Union. When the people of Arkansas were their own State. They thus, in practical effect, about forming a State constitution without a preprovided for the people of Missouri to control vious act of Congress, in 1835, the territorial elections at their pleasure, and permitted such governor applied to the President on the subject, only of the real inhabitants of the Territory to who referred the matter to the Attorney-Genevote as are friendly to the holding of slaves.
ral, and his opinion, as then expressed and pubThey permitted no election of any of the offi. lished, contained the following: cers in the Territory to be made by the people thereof, but created the offices and filled them, Arkansas to pass any law for the purpose of electing
"It is not in the power of the general assembly of or appointed officers to fill them for long periods, members to a convention to form a Constitution and and provided that the next annual election should state government, nor to do any other act, directly be holden in October, 1856, and the assembly to or indirectly, to create such government. Every such meet in January, 1857; so that none of these law, even though it were approved by the governor of laws could be changed until the lower house the Territory, would be pull and void ; if passed by might be changed, in 1856 ; but the council, them notwithstanding his veto, by a vote of twowhich is elected for two years, could not be thirds of each branch, it would still be eqnally void.” changed so as to allow a change of the laws or
He further decided that it was not rebellious officers until the session of 1858, however much or insurrectionary, or even unlawful, for the the inhabitants of the Territory might desire it. people peaceably to proceed, even without an
These laws, made by an assembly created by act of Congress, in forming a constitution, and a foreign force, are but a manifestation of the that the so forming a State constitution, and so spirit of oppression which was the parent of the far organizing under the same as to choose the whole transaction. No excuse can be found for officers necessary for its representation in Conit in the pretense that the inhabitants had carried gress, with a view to present the same to Conwith them into said Territory a quantity of gress for admission, was a power which fell Sharp's rifles—first, because that, if true, formed clearly within the right of the people to assemno excuse; secondly, it is untrue, as their ble and petition for redress. The people of Sharp's rifles were only obtained afterwards, Arkansas proceeded without an act of Congress, and entirely for the purpose of self-defense, the and were received into the Union accordingly. necessity for which, this invasion and other acts If any rights were derived to the people of Arof violence and threats clearly demonstrated. kansas from
the terms of the French treaty of These laws were obviously made to oppress and cession, they equally extended to the people of drive out all who were inclined to the exclusion Kansas, it being a part of the same cession. of Slavery; and if they remained, to silence them In this view of the subject, in the first part of on this subject, and subject them to the will and August, 1855, a call was published in the public control of the people of Missouri. These are the papers for a meeting of the citizens of Kansas, laws which the President says must be enforced irrespective of party, to meet at Lawrence, in by the army and the whole power of this nation. said Territory, on the 15th of said August, to
The people of Kansas, thus invaded, subdued, take into consideration the propriety of calling oppressed, and insulted, seeing their territorial a convention of the people of the whole Territogovernment (such only in form) perverted into ry, to consider that subject. That meeting was an engine to crush them in the dust, and to de- held on the 15th day of August last, and it profeat and destroy the professed object of their or-ceeded to call such convention of delegates to ganic law, by depriving them of the “perfect be elected, and to assemble at Topeka, in said freedom” therein provided ; and finding no Territory, on the 19th day of September, 1855, ground to hope for rights in that organization, not to form a constitution, but to consider the they proceeded, under the guaranty of the propriety of calling, formally, a convention for United States Constitution, “ peaceably to as- that purpose. The proceedings of this meeting semble to petition the government for the re- of the 15th of August were as follows: dress of (their) grievances.". They saw no
State Constitution. earthly source of relief but in the formation of a State government by the people, and the accept
" LAWRENCE, KANSAS TERRITORY, ance and ratification thereof by Congress.
August 16, 1855. It is true that in several instances in our po- “Pursuant to a published call, signed . Many Citi
tens,' to take into consideration the propriety of feating the object of the organic act, in consequence calling a Territorial convention, preliminary to the of which the Territorial government became a perfect formation of a state government, and otber subjects failure, and the people were left without any legal of public interest,' a convention of the citizens of government until their patience has become exhaust. Kansas Territory, irrespective of party, met, and upon ed, and endurance ceases to be a virtue;' and they motion of O. K Holliday, Dr. A. Hunting was called to are compelled to resort to the only remedy left--tbat the chair, G, W. Brown, E. D. Ladd, C. E. Blood, L P. of forming a government for themselves; therefore, Lincoln, James Christian, and Dr. J. D. Barnes elect- Resolved by the people of Kansas Territory in deleod vice-presidents, and J. K. Goodın, and J. P. Fox, gate convention assembled, That an election shall be secretaries.
held in the several election precincts of this Territory "On motion of J. Hutchinson, esq., a committee of on the second Tuesday of October next, under the five were appointed to prepare business for the conven- regulations and restrictions hereinafter imposed, for tion, Messrs. G. W. Smith, C. K. Holliday, C. Robin-members of a convention to form a constitution, 800, John Brown, jr., and A. F. Powell were chosen adopt a bill of rights for the people of Kansas, and that committee.
take all needful measures for organizing a State gov“During the absence of the committee, the conven- ernment preparatory to the admission of Kansas into tion was addressed by Rev. - Lovejoy, G. W. Brown, J. the Union as a State, Hutchinson, and M. F. Conway. After which, Mr. G. " Resolved, That the apportiopment of delegates to W. Smith, chairman, submitted the following as the said convention shall be as follows: two delegates report of the committee :
for each representative to which the people were enti: * Whereas the people of Kansas Territory have tled in the legislative assembly by proclamation of been, since its settlement, and now are, without any Governor Reeder, of date 10th March, 1855. law-making power; threfore, be it
“Resolved, That a committee of seven be appointed Resolved, "That we, the people of Kansas Territory by the chair, who shall organize by the appointment in mass meeting assembled, irrespective of party dis- of a chairman and secretary. They shall keep a retinctions, influenced by a common necessity, and cord of their proceedings, and shall have the general greatly desirous of promoting the common good, do superintendence of the affairs of the Territory so far hereby call upon and request all bona fide citizens of
as regards the organization of a State goverriment, Kansas Territory, of whatever political views or predi- which committee shall be styled 'the executive comlections, to consult together in their respective elec- mittee of Kansas Territory.' tion-districts, and in mass convention, or otherwise, “ResolvedThat it shall be the duty of the execu. elect three delegates for each representative to wbich tive committee of Kansas Territory to advertise said such district is entitled in the House of Representa election at least fifteen days before the second Tuestives of the the legislative assembly, by proclamation day of October next; and to appoint three judges of Governor Reeder of date 10th March, 1855; said thereof for each precinct, and the said judges of each delegates to assemble in convention at the town of precinct shall appoint two clerks, all of whom shall Topeka, on the 19th day of September, 1855, then and be duly sworn or affirmed to discharge the duties of there to consider and determine upon all subjects of their respective offices impartially, and with fidelity ; public interest, and particularly upon that having ref- and they shall have power to administer the oath or erence to the speedy formation of a State constitu- affirmation to each other, and the said judges shall tion, with an intention of an imediate application to open said election at 10 o'clock a. M., at the place be admitted as a State into the Union of the United designated in each precinct by the said executive States of America.'
committee, and close the same at 4 o'clock P. M. And “After the discussion of the resolution by Mr. in case any of the officers appointed fail to attend, Stearns and others, the report of the committee was the officer or officers in attendance shall supply the adopted with but one dissenting voice,
vacancy or vacancies; and in the event of all of them "On motion, it was ordered that the proceedings of failing to attend, ten qualified voters shall supply this convention be published in the newspapers of the their places. And the said judges shall make out Territory, and Messrs. J. Speer, R. G. Elliot, and G. duplicate returns of said election, seal, up, and transW. Brown, were appointed a committee to publish and mit one copy of the same within five days, to the circulate the call for the convention to be holden at chairman of the executive committee, to be laid beTopeka.
fore the convention, and they shall, within ten days, "Oa motion, the convention adjourned sine die. seal up and hand the other to some member of the "A. HUNTING, Presidont.
executive committee. " G. W. BROWN,
“ Resolved, That the chairman of the executive comE. D. LADD,
mittee of Kansas Territory shall announce, by pro. C.E. BLOOD,
clamation, the names of the persons elected delegates L. P. LINCOLN,
to the said convention; and in ase the returns from JAS. CHRISTIAN,
any precinct should not be completed by that day, as J. D. BARNES,
soon thereafter as practicable; and in case of a tie, a Vice-Presidents,
new election shall be ordered by the executive com" J. K. GOODIN,
mittee, giving five days' notice thereof, by the same J. P. Fox,
officers who officiated at the first election. Secretaries."
" Resolved, That all white male inhabitants, citizeng
of the United States, above the age of twenty-one Agreeable to these proceedings, the people of ritory of Kansas for the space of thirty days imme
years, who have had a bona fide residence in the Terthe different districts did, as therein recommend- diately preceding the day of said election, shall be ed, proceed to appoint delegates to this meeting entitled to vote for delegates to said convention; and at Topeka, to be bolden on said 19th day of Sep- all white male inhabitants, citizens of the United tember, 1855. The delegates so appointed did States, above the age of twenty-one years, who have assemble at Topeka on said day, and proceeded resided in the Territory of Kansas for the space of to consider said subject, and they took the fol three months immediately preceding the day of lowing proceeding
election, shall be eligible as delegates to said con. vention.
"Resolved, That if at the time of holding said election “ Proceedings of the State Constitutional Convention, it shall be inconvenient, on account of Indian hostili. held at Topeka, Kansas Territory, September 19-20,
ties or any other cause whatever that would disturb 1855.
or prevent the voters of any election-precinct in the " Whereas the Constitution of the United States Territory from the free and peaceable exercise of the guarantees to the people of this republic the right of elective franchise, the officers are hereby authorized assembling together in a peaceable manner for the to adjourn said election into any other precinct in the commoo good, to establish justice, ingure domestic Territory, and to any other day they may see proper, tranquillity, provide for the common defense, promote of the necessity of which they shall be the exclusive the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liber- judges, at which time and place the qualified voters ty to themselves and their posterity,' and whereas may cast their votes. the citizens of Kansas Territory were prevented from * Resolved. That said convention shall be held at electing members of a legislative sembly, in pursuance Topeka on the fourth Tuesday of October next, at 12 of the proclamation of Goveruor Reeder, on the 30th o'clock, A. M., of that day. of March last, by invading forces from foreign States "Resolved, Thata majority of said convention shall coming into the Territory and forcing upon the peo- constitute a quorum, and that the said convention shall ple a legislature of non-residents and others, inimical determine upon the returns and qualifications of its to the interests of the people of Kangas Territory, de- ! members, and shall have and exercise all the rights, 15th district to Walnut-Creek), quainted with our wants, and hostile to our best at the house of Dr. G. A. Cutler, in Doniphan, Wolf interests -- some of them never residents of our Ter- river precinct, at the house of Aaron Lewis ritory-misnamed laus passed, and now attempting to
privileges, and immunities incident to such bodies, and are requested to meet at your several precincts in said may adopt such rules and regulations for its govern. Territory, hereinafter mention d, on the second Tuesment as a majority thereof may direct. Ifa majority of day of October next, it being the ninth day of said said convention do not assemble on the day appointed month, and then and there cast your ballots for meme therefor, a less number is hereby authorized to ad- bers of a convention, to meet at Topeha on the fourth journ from day to day.
Tue-day in October Dext, to form a Constitution, " Resolved, That in case of the death, resignation, or adopt a bill of rights for the people of Kapsas, and pon-attendance of any delegate chosen from any dis- take all peedful measures for organizing a State gov. trict of the Territory, the president of the convention ernment preparatory to the admission of Kansas into shall issue his writ ordering a new election, on five the Union as a State. days' potice, to be conducted as heretofore directed. “Resolved, That no person shall be entitled to a stat
" Places for Polls. in the convention at iis organization except the members whose names are contained in the proclamation
“ First election-district - Lawrence precinct, at the
office of John Hutchinson, in Lawrence. of the chairman of the executive committee. But after the convention is organized, seats may be con precinct, at the house of J. B. Abbott, in Blanton. tested in the usual way.
Palmyra precinct, at the house of H. Barricklow, in * Resolved. That the members of the convention Palmyra--Wakarusa river the dividing line between shall receive, as a compensation for their services, the the two precincts. sum of three dollars per day, and three dollars for
" Second election-district.-Bloomington precipct,
house of Harrison Burson, on the Wakarusa, Beevery twenty miles' travel to and from the same, and that Congress be respectfully requested to appropriate vicia precinct, house of J. J. Cranmer, East Douglas. a sufficient sum to defray the necessary expenses of
" Third election district.-Topeku precinct, house said convention.
of F. W. Giles, Topeka. Big Springs precinct, at the ** Resolved, That on the adoption of a Constitution precinct, at the hous- of Mr. Hoagland, in Tecumseh.
house of Wesley Frost, in Wasbington. Tecumseh for the State of Kansas, the president of the convention shall transmit an authenticated copy thereof to
“ Fourth election-district.-Willow Springs precinct, the President of the United States, to the President
at the house of Dr. Chapman, on the Santa Fe road, of the Senate, and to the speaker of the House of Springfield. Representatives; to each member of Congress, and
* Fifth election-district.-Bull-Creek precinct, at
the house of Baptiste Peoria, on to the governor of each of the several states in the Union ; and adopt such other measures as will secure
Creek. Pottawatomie precinct, at the bouse of Henry to the people of Kansas the rights and privilege of a
Sherman. Osawatta mie precinct, at the house of Bovereign State.
Wm. Hughes, in Osawattamie. Big Sugar-Creek “On motion, the committee on address was vested precinct, at the housh of Elijah Tucker, at old Potta
watomie Mission. with authority to notify the people of the several
Little Sugar-Cretk precinct, at districts of the Territory of the coming election, by store of Hamilton Smith, in Neosho. "Hampdun pre
the house of Isaac Stockton. Neosho precinct, at the handbills, public addresses, and otherwise as they may think proper
cinct, at the house of W. A. Ela, in Hampden • The Territorial executive committee was appoint- house of Mr. Johnson, or a suitable building in Fort
" Sixth election-district.- Fort Scott precinct, at tbe ed by the chair, consisting of the following persons :
Scott. Scott's J. H. Lane, C. K. Holliday, M. J. Parrott, P. C.
own precinct, at the house of Mr.
“ Seventh election-district.-Titus precinct, at the
house of J. B. Titus, on the Santa Fe road. “On motion, the proceedings of this convention were ordered to be published in all the papers of the
“ Eighth election-district.- Council Grove precinct, Territory.
at Council Grove Mission House. Waubonsa precinct, A vote of thanks was passed to the president and at some suitable building in Waubopsa. Mill-Creek officers of the convention.
precinct, at the house of G. E. Hobeneck, on Mill“ Adjourned, with three enthusiastic cheers for the
Creek. Ashland precinct, at the house of Mr. Adams,
in Ashland. new government of Kansas. “WM. Y. ROBERTS, President.
" Ninth election-district.—Pawnee precinct, at Low
den and Shaw's store, in Pawnee. "E. D. LADD, J. H. NESBITT,
“ Tenth election-district.-Big Blue precinct, at the M. W. DELAHAY,
house of S. D. Dyer, in Juniatta. Rock. Creek pre
cinct, at the house of Robert Wilson. Secretaries."
" Eleventh election district.–Vermillion precinct, at " CONSTITUTIONAL PROCLAMATION.
the house of John Schmidt, on Vermillion branch of
Blue river. “ To the Legal Voters of Kansas:
Twelfth election-district.-St. Mary's precinct, at “ Whereas the Territorial government, as now con.
the house of B. F. Bertrand. Silver Lake precinct, at stituted for Kapsas, has proved a failure-squatter the house of Joseph Leframbois. sovereignty under its workings a miserable delusion,
“ Thirteenth election-district.-Hickory Point prein proof of which it is only necessary to refer to our
cinct, at the house of Charles Hardt. Falls precinct, past history and our present deplorable condition, our
at the house of “Mill Company,' at Grass-hopper ballot-boxes have been taken possession of by bands Falls. of armed mop from foreign States-our people forcibly
• Fourteenth election-district.-Bur-Oak precinct, at driven therefrom-persons attempting to be foisted the house of Benjamin Harding: Doniphan precinct, upon us as members of a so-called legislature, unac (including part of the
“ Fifteenth election-district. - Walnut-Creek prebe enforced by the aid of citizens of foreign States of cinct (south Walnut Creek), at the house of Charles the most oppressive, tyrannical, and insulting charac. Hays, on Military road. ter-the right of suffrage taken from us-debarred
"Sixteenth election-district.-Leavenworth precinct, from the privilege of a voice in the election of even at the store of Thomas Doyle, in Leavenworth City. the most insignificant officers-the right of free speech Easton precinct, at the house of Thomas A. Maynard, stified- the muzzling of the press attempted ; and
on Stranger-Creek. Wyandot precinct, at the coun. whereas longer forbearance with such oppression and cil-house, in Wyandot City. Ridge precinct, at the tyranny has ceased to be a virtue; and whereas the house of Wm. Pennock. people of this country have heretofore exercised the “ Seventeenth election-district.- Migsion precinct, at right of changing their form of government when it the Baptist Mission-building. Wakarusa precinct, at became oppressive, and have at all times conceded this the store of Paschal Fish. right to the people in this and all other governments;
Eighteenth eleclion-district.-California precinct, and whereas a Territorial form of government is un
at the house of W. W. Moore, on the St. Joseph and known to the Constitution, and is the mere creature California road. of necessity awaiting the action of the people ; and
INSTRUCTION TO JUDGES OF ELECTION. whereas the debasing character of the slavery which now involves us impels to action, and leaves us as the “The three judges will provide for each poll, ballotonly legal and peaceful alternative the immediate boxes for depositing the ballots cast by electors ; shall establishment of a state government; and whereas appoint two clerks, all of whom shall be sworn or afthe organic act fails in pointing out the course to be firm to discharge the duties of their respective offices adopted in an emergency like ours Therefore you impartially and with fidelity; and the judges and