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pecially when they had a claim in the Territory, and wagons about the town, “ like a camp meet. gave them a right to vote under that construc- ing" (18). They were in companies or messes of tion of the law they readily, when required, swore ten to fifteen in each, and numbered in all several they were “residents" and then voted. By this hundred. They brought their own provisions evasion, as near as your Committee can ascer and cooked it themselves, and were generally tain from the testimony, as many as 50 illegal armed. Many of them were known by the witvotes were cast in this District out of 153, the nesses, and their names given, and their names whole number polled.

are found upon the poll-books. Among them The election in the XVth District was held at were several persons of influence where they rePenseman's, on Stranger Creek, a few miles sided in Missouri, who held, or had held, high from Weston, Missouri. On the day of the elec- official positions in that State. They claimed to tion a large number of citizens of Platte County, be residents of the Territory, from the fact that but chiefly from Weston and Platte City, came they were then present, and insisted upon the in small parties, in wagons and on horseback, to right to vote, and did vote. Their avowed purthe polls. Among them were several leading pose in doing so was to make Kansas a Slave citizens of that town, and the names of many of State. These strangers crowded around the them are given by the witnesses (14). They polls, and it was with great difficulty that the generally insisted upon their right to vote, on the settlers could get to the polls (19). One resident ground 'thut every man having a claim in the attempted to get to the polls in the afternoon, but Territory could vote, no matter where he lived was crowded and pulled back. He then went (15). All voted who chose. No man was chal- outside of the crowd and hurrahed for Gen. lenged or sworn. Some of the residents did not Whitfield, and some of those who did not know vote. The purpose of the etrangers in voting was him said, “that's a good Pro-Slavery man," and declared to be to make Kansas a Slave State lifted him up over their heads so that he crawl. (16). We find by the poll-books that 306 votes ed on their heads and put in his vote. A person were cast-of these we find but 57 are on the who saw from the color of his ticket that it was census-rolls as legal voters in February follow not for Gen. Whitfield, cried out, “He is a ing. Your Committee is satisfied from the testi- damned Abolitionist-let him down;" and they mony that not over 100 of those who voted had dropped him (20). Others were passed to the any right so to do, leaving at least 206 illegal polls in the same way, and others crowded up votes cast.

in the best way they could. After this mockThe election in the XVIth District was held at ery of an election was over, the non-residents Leavenworth. It was then a small village of returned to their homes in Missouri. Of the three or four houses, located on the Delaware | 312 votes cast, not over 150 were by legal Reservation (17). There were but comparative voters. ly few settlers then in the district, but the num- The following abstract exhibits the whole num. ber rapidly increased afterward. On the day ber of votes at this election, for each candidate ; before and on the day of the election, a great the number of legal and illegal votes cast in many citizens of Platte, Clay, and Ray counties each district; and the number of legal votes in crossed the river-most of them camping in tents each district in February following:


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Thus your Committee find that in this the first | Missouri, in violation of the organic law of election in the Territory, a very large majority the Territory. Of the legal votes oast, General of the votes were cast by citizens of the State of Whitfield received a plurality: The settlers took

but little interest in the election, not one-half of (14) J. B. Crane, Francis M. Peter, John W. How, Phineas Skinner, H. B. Gale. (15) J. B. Crane. (16) H, B. Gale. (17) George H. Keller, and John (18) Geo. H. Keller. (19) John A. Lunday, I. L. A. Lunday.

Easdreau. (20) John A. Lunday.

them voting. This may be accounted for, from did not change the result of the election, was a the fact that the settlements were scattered over crime of great magnitude. Its immediate effect a great extent--that the term of the Delegate was to further excite the people of the Northern to be elected was short-and that the question States--induce acts of retaliation, and exaspeof Free and Slave institutions was not general-rate the actual settlers against their neighbors ly regarded by them as distinctly at issue. Un in Missouri. der these circumstances a systematic invasion In January and February, A. D. 1855, the from an adjoining State, by which large numbers Governor caused an enumeration to be takof illegal votes were cast in remote and sparse en of the inhabitants and qualified voters in settlements for the avowed purpose of extend the Territory, an abstract of which is here ing Slavery into the Territory, even though it given:

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On the same day the census was completed, ) by your Committee, are so voluminous that we the Governor issued his Proclamation for an can here state but the leading facts elicited. election to be held on the 30th of March, A. D. 1855, for Members of the Legislative Assembly 1st District—March 30, 1855.–LAWRENCE. of the Territory. It prescribed the boundaries of Districts ; the places for polls; the names of The company of persons who marched into Judges ; the appointment of members ; and re- this District, collected in Ray, Howard, Carroll, cited the qualification of voters. If it had been Boone, La Fayette, Randolph, Saline, and Cass observed, a just and fair election would have Counties, in the state of Missouri. Their exreflected the will of the people of the Territory, penses were paid-those who could not come Before the election, false and inflammatory ru contributing provisions, wagons, etc. (21). Promors were busily circulated among the people of visions were deposited, for those who were ex. Western Missouri. The number and character of pected to come to Lawrence, in the house of the emigration then passing into the Territory William Lykins, and were distributed among were grossly exaggerated and misrepresented. the Missourians after they arrived there (22). Through the active exertions of many of its lead. The evening before and the morning of the day ing citizers, aided by the secret societies before of election, about 1,000 men from the above referred to, the passions and prejudices of the counties arrived at Lawrence, and encamped people of that State were greatly excited. Seve in a ravine a short distance from town, near the ral residents there have testified to the character place of voting. They came in wagons-of which of the reports circulated among, and credited by, there were over one hundred-and on horsethe people. These efforts were successful. By back, under the command of Col. Samuel Young, an organized movement, which extended from of Boone County, Missouri, and Clayborne Andrew County in the north to Jasper County F. Jackson, of Missouri. They were armed in the south, and as far eastward as Boone and with guns, rifles, pistols, and bowie-knives, and Cole Counties, companies of men were arranged bad tents, music, and flags with them (23). They in regular parties and sent into every Council. brought with them two vieces of artillery (24). District in the Territory, and into every Representative District but one. The numbers were 80 distributed as to control the election in each (21) F. P. Vaughan, Jourdan Davidson. (22) Wm. district. They went to vote and with the avowed Tates, o. W. Babcock, Dr. John Day, (23) E. D. design to make Kansas a Slave State. They G. w. Dietzler, C. W, Babcock, Lyman Allen, 8. N.,

Ladd, Norman Allen, Wm. Yates, Wm. B. Hornsby, were generally armed and equipped, carried with

Wood, E. Chapman, Robert Elliott, N. W. Blanton. them their own provisions and tents, and so Jourdan Davidson, Wm, Lyon, J. B. Abbott, Ira. W, marched into the Territory. The details of this Ackley, Dr. John Day, A. B. Wade, John M. Banke invasion from the mass of the testimony taken H. W. Buckley. (24) E. Chapman, Jourdan Davidson loaded with musket-balls (25). On their way to house (40). Afterward a passage-way through Lawrence some of them met Mr. N. B. Blanton, the crowd was made, by two lines of men being who had been appointed one of the Judges of formed, through which the voters could get up Election by Gov. Reeder, and after learning to the polls (41). Col. Young asked that the old from him that he considered it his duty to de- men be allowed to go up first and vote, as they mand an oath from them as to their place of re- were tired with the traveling, and wanted to get sidence, first attempted to bribe, and then threat back to camp (42). ened him with hanging, in order to induce him to The Missourians sometimes came up to the dispense with that oath. In consequence of these polls in procession, two by two, and voted (43). threats, he did not appear at the polle the next During the day the Missourians drove off the morning to act as Judge (26).

ground some of the citizens, Mr. Stevens, Mr. The evening before the election, while in camp, Bond, and Mr. Willis (44). They threatened to the Missourians were called together at the tent shoot Mr. Bond, and a crowd rushed after him of Captain Claiborne F. Jackson, and speeches threatening him, and as he ran from them some were made to them by Col. Young and others, shots were fired at him as he jumped off the bank calling for volunteers to go to other districts of the river and made his escape (45). The citiwhere there were not Missourians enough to zens of the town went over in a body, late in the control the election, and there were more at afternoon, when the polls had become comparaLawrence than were needed there (27). Many tively clear, and voted (46). volunteered to go, and the morning of the elec- Before the voting had commenced, the Mislion, several companies, from 150 to 200 men sourians said, if the Judges appointed by the each, went off to Tecumseh, Hickory Point, Governor did not receive their votes, they would Bloomington, and other places (28). On the choose other Judges (47). Some of the voted morning of the election, the Missourians came several times, changing their hats or coats and over to the place of voting from their camp, in coming up to the window again (48). They said bodies of one hundred at a time (29). Mr. Blan. they intended to vote first, and after they had ton not appearing, another Judge was appointed got through then the others could vote (4.9). in his place-Col." Young claiming that, as the Some of them claimed a right to vote under the people of the Territory had two Judges, it was organic act, from the fact that their mere prenothing more than right that the Missourians sence in the Territory constituted them residents, should have the other one, to look after their in- though they were froin Wisconsin, and had homes terests (30); and Robert E. Cummins was elect- in Missouri (50). Others said they had a right ed in Blanton's stead, because he considered to vote, because Kansas belonged to Missouri, that every man had a right to vote if he had and people from the east had no right to settle in been in the Territory but an hour (31): The Mis- the Territory and vote there (51). They said they sourians brought their tickets with them, (32) ; came to the Territory to elect a legislature to but not having enough, they had three hundred suit themselves, the people of the Territory more printed in Lawrence ou the evening before and persons from the east and north wanted to and the day of election (33). They had white elect a legislature that would not suit them (52). ribbons in their button-holes to distinguish them. They said they had a right to make Kansas a selves from the settlers (34).

Slave State, because the people of the north had When the voting commenced, the question of sent persons out to make it a Free State (53). the legality of the vote of a Mr. Page was raised. Some claimed that they had heard that the Emi. Before it was decided, Col. Samuel Young stepped grant Aid Society had sent men out to be at the up to the window where the votes were received, election, and they came to offset their votes; but and said he would settle the matter. The vote the most of them made no such claim. Col. of Mr. Page was withdrawn, and Col. Young Young said he wanted the citizens to vote in offered to vote. He refused to take the oath order to give the election some show of fairness prescribed by the Governor, but swore he was a (54). The Missourians said there would be no resident of the Territory, upon which his vote difficulty if the citizens did not interfere with was received (35). He told Mr. Abbott, one of their voting, but they were determined to voto the Judges, when asked if he intended to make peaceably, if they could, but vote any how (55). Kansas his future home, that it was none of his They said each one of them was prepared for business; that if he were a resident then, he eight rounds without loading, and would go the should ask no more (36). After his vote was re- ninth round with the butcher knife (56). Some ceived, Col. Young got up in the window-sill and of them said that by voting in the Territory, they announced to the crowd that he had been per- would deprive themselves of the right to vote in mitted to vote, and they could all come up and Missouri for twelve months afterward (57). vote (37). He told the Judges that there was no The Missourians began to leave the afternoon use in swearing the others, as they would all of the day of election, though some did not go swear as he had done (38). After the other Judges home until the next morning (58). concluded to receive Col. Young's vote, Mr. Ab- In many cases, when a wagon-load had voted, bott resigned as Judge of Election, and Mr. Benjamin was elected in his place (39).

(40) E. D. Ladd, Norman Allen, C. W. Babcock, Ly. The polls were so much crowded until late in man Allen, J. M. Banks. (41) E. D. Ladd, Normaa the evening, that, for a time, when the men had Allen, Lyman Allen. (42) Lyman Allen, E. D. Ladd. voted, they were obliged to get out by being (43) E. D. Ladd, Ira W. Ackley. (44) E. D. Ladd, O. hoisted up on the roof of the building where the w. Babcock, Lyman Allen, 8. N. Wood, N. B. Blanton, election was being held, and pass out over the John Dey. J. Davidson, Charles Robinson. (45) E. D.

Ladd, C. W. Babcock, Lyman Allen, s. N. Wood. N.

B. Blanton, J. Davidson, Dr. John Dey. (46) E. D. (25) E. Chapman. (26) N. B. Blanton. (27) Norman Ladd, C. Robinson, A. B. Wade, J. Whitlock, J. M. Allen, y Davidson. (28) Norman Allen. Wm. Yates, Banks, H. W. Buckley. (47) G. W. Deitzler. (48) S. W. B. Hornsby, C. W. Babcock, 9. N. Wood, J. David N. Wood, Ira W. Ackloy(49) J. Davidson.. (50) E. Bon, A. B. Wade. (29) E. D. Ladd. (30) S. N. Wood. D. Ladd. Norman Allen, Lyman Allen. (51) W. B. (31) R. A. Cumınins, Norman Allen, S. N. Wood, C. 8. Hornsby, C. W. Babcock, C. Robinson. (52) Wm. Pratt, J. B. Abbott. (32) C. W. Babcock, Robert Yates. Thos. Hopkins, Ira W. Ackley. (53) Lyman AlElliott. (33) Robert Elliott. (34) E. W. Dietzler. len, J. Davidson. (54) Norman Allen. (55) Norman Al(35) E. D. Ladd, Norman Allen, s. N. Wood, C. 8. len, Lyman Allen, C. W. Babcock, 8. N. Wood, F. ChapPratt, J. B. Abbott. (36) Norman Allen, J. B. Abbott. man, Thos. Hopkins. (56) Jourdan Davidson. (57) J. B. (37) E. D. Ladd, Norman Allen, 8. N. Wood, C. S. Abbott. (58) E. D. Ladd, Norman Allen, Wm. Yates, Pratt, J. B. Abbott. (38) C. W. Babcock, J. B. Abbott. W. B. Horusby. G. W. Dietzler, C. W. Babcock, C. (39) 0. W. Babcock, 8. N. Wood, C. S. Pratt, Robinson, E. Chapman, Lyman Allen, DavidAbbott


they immediately started for home (59). On | a short time, when Mr. Jones marched with the their way home they said that if Governor crowd up to the window, and demanded that they Reeder did not sanction the election, they would should be allowed to vote without swearing as bang him (60).

to their residence (68). After some noisy and The citizens of the town of Lawrence, as a threatening talk Claiborne F.Jackson addressed general thing, were not armed on the day of the crowd, saying they had come there to vote, election, though some had revolvers, but not that they had a right to vote if they had been exposed, as were the arms of the Missourians (61): there but five minutes, and he was not willing to They kept a guard about the town the night go home without voting ; which was received after the election, in consequence of the threats with cheers (69). Jackson then called upon them of the Missourians, in order to protect it (62). to form into little bands of fifteen or twenty,

The Pro-Slavery men of the District attended which they did (70), and went to an ox-wagon the nominating Conventions of the Free State filled with guns, which were distributed among men, and voted for, and secured the nominations them (71), and proceeded to load some of them of, the men they considered the most obnoxious on the ground (72). In pursuance of Jackson's to the Free State party, in order to cause dis- request, they tied white tape or ribbons in their sension in that party (63).

buttonholes, so as to distinguish them from the Quite a number of settlers came into the Dis. "Abolitionists” (73). They again demanded that trict before the day of election, and after the the Judges should resign, and upon their refuscensus was taken (64). According to the census ing to do so, smashed in the window, sash and returns, there were then in the District 369 legal all

, and presented their pistols and guns to them, voters. Of those whose names are on the census threatening to shoot them (74). Some one on the returns, 177 are to be found on the poll-books of outside cried out to them not to shoot, as there the 30th of March, 1855. Messrs. Ladd, Babcock, were Pro-Slavery men in the room with the and Pratt, testify to 55 names on the poll-books Judges (75). They then put a pry under the corof persons they knew to have settled in the Dis- ner of the house, which was a log house, and trict after the census was taken and before the lifted it up a few inches and let it fall again (76), election. A number of persons came into the but desisted upon being told there were ProTerritory in March, before the election, from the Slavery men in the house. During this time the northern and eastern States, intending to settle, crowd repeatedly demanded to be allowed to vote who were in Lawrence on the day of election. without being sworn, and Mr. Ellison, one of the At that time, many of them had selected no Judges, expressed himseif willing, but the other claims, and had no fixed place of residence. two Judges refused (77): thereupon a body of Such were not entitled to vote. Many of them men, headed by “Sheriff Jones,” rushed into became dissatistied with the country: Others the Judges' room with cocked pistols and drawn were disappointed in its political condition, and bowie-knives in their hands, and approached at the price and demand for labor, and returned. Burson and Ramsay (78). Jones pulled out his Whether any such voted at the election, is not watch, and said he would give them five minutes clearly shown, but from the proof, it is probable to resign in, or die (79). When the five mithat in the latter part of the day, after the great nutes had expired and the Judges did not resign, body of the Missourians had voted, some did go Jones said he would give them another minute, to the polls. The number was not over 50. These and no more (80). Ellison told his associates voted the Free State ticket. The whole number that if they did not resign, there would be one of names appearing upon the poll-lists is 1,034. hundred shots fired in the room in less than After full examination, we are satisfied that not fifteen minutes (81); and then, snatching up the over 232 of these were legal voters, and 802 were ballot-box, ran out into the crowd, holding up non-resident and illegal voters. This District is the ballot-box and hurrahing for Missouri (82). strongly in favor of making Kansas a Free State, About that time Burson and Ramsay were called and there is no doubt that the Free State candi- out by their friends, and not suffered to return dates for the legislature would have been elected (83). "As Mr. Burson went out, he put the ballot by large majorities, if none but the actual settlers poll-books in his pocket, and took them with him had voted. At the preceding election in Novem- 184); and as he was going out, Jones snatched ber, 1854, where none but legal voters were some papers away from him (85), and shortly polled, General Whitfield, who received the full afterward came out himself holding them up, strength of the Pro-Slavery party (65), got but crying "hurrah for Missouri"? (86). After he dis46 votes.

covered they were not the poll-book, he took a

party of men with him and started off to take II. DISTRICT-BLOOMINGTON.

the poll-books from Burson (87). Mr. Burson On the morning of election, the Judges ap

saw them coming, and he gave the books to Mr. pointed by the Governor appeared and opened Umberger, and told him to start off in another the polls. Their names were Harrison Burson, direction, so as to mislead Jones and his party Nathaniel Ramsay, and Mr. Ellison. The Mis- | (88). Jones and his party caught Mr. Umberger, sourians began to come in early in the morning, took the poll-books away from hin, and Jones some 500 or 600 of them, in wagons and carriages, and on horseback, under the lead of Samuel J.

(68) H. Burson, N. Ramsay, J. M. Dunn, A. White, E. Jones, then Postmaster of Westport, Missouri, (€9) J. M. Duun, A. White, E.G. Macey, J. S. Wakefield.

G. Macey, H. Muzzy, Wm. Jesgue, Johu A. Wakefield. Claiborne F. Jackson, and Mr. Steely, of Inde- |(70) E. G. Macey, J A. Wakefield. (71) J. M. Dunn, pendence, Mo. They were armed with double- J. Ć. Dunn, A. White. (72) E. G Macey (73) J. M. barreled guns, rifles, bowie knives and pistols, Dunn, J. N Mace, A. White, E. G Macry, J. A. Wakeand had flags hoisted (66). They held a sort of field. (74) H. Burson, N. Ramsay. 75) J. C. Dunn. informal election, off at one side, at first for Gov. (76), H. Burson, N. Ramsay, J. W. Mace, J C. Dunn, ernor of Kansas, and shortly afterward announced A. White, E. G. Macey, I. Mizzy, s. 'Jonos, J. A.

Wakefield. (77) J. C. Dun (78) H. Burson, N. Ramsay. Thomas Johnson of Shawnee Missions, elected

(79) H. Burson, N. Ramsay, J. C. Duun, H. Muzzy, W. Governor (67). The polls had been opened but Jessee (80) H. Burson, N. Ramsay, H. Muzzy. (81) H.

Burson, N. Ramsay, J. N. Macey, H. Muzzy, W. Jes(59) S. N. Wood. (60) Gaius Jenkins. (61) E. D. see, S. Jones. J. A. Wakefield. (82) U Burson, J. C. Ladd. (62) E. D. Ladd. (63) A. B Wade. (64) E. Dunn. (83) H. Burson, N. Hainsay, J. C. Dunn, A. D. Ladd, Norman Allen, C. W. Babcock, Charles Rob- White, H. Muzzy, Wm. Jessie. (84) H. Burson, Wm. inson, Lyman Allen, J. M. Banks. (16) James Whit. Jessee. (85) H. Burson. (86) U. Burbon, J. M. Dunn, lock. (66) H. Burson, N. Ramsay, James M. Duna, E. G. Macey, Wm. Jessee. (87) H. Burson, N. RamAndrew White, ur. E. G. Macey, H. Muzzy, Wm. Jos- say. (88) U. Byrsou, A. White, V. Umberger, Wm. see, John A. Wakefield. (67) E. G. Macey.


took him up behind him on a horse, and carried | stroyed in his house (109), so that your Commithim back a prisoner (89). After Jones and his tee have been unable to institute a comparison party had taken Umberger back, they went to between the poll-lists and census returns of this the house of Mr. Ramsay and took Judge John district. The testimony, however, is uniform, A. Wakefield prisoner, and carried him to the that not even thirty of those who voted there place of election (90), and made him get up on that day, were entitled to vote, leaving 311 illegal à wagon and make them a speech; after which votes. We are satisfied from the testimony that, they put a white ribbon in his button-hole and had the actual settlers alone voted, the Free let him go (91). They then chose two new State candidates would have been elected by a Judges, and proceeded with the election handsome majority. (92). They also threatened to kill the Judges if they

IIID District-Tecumseh. did not receive their votes without swearing them, On the 28th of March, persons from Clay, or else resign (92). They said no man should Jackson, and Howard Counties, Mo., began io vote who would submit to be sworn-that they come into Tecumseh, in wagons, carriages and would kill any one who would offer to do som

on horseback, armed with guns, bowie-knives, “shoot him," * cut his guts out," etc. (93). They and revolvers; and, with threats, encamped close said no man should vote this day unless he voted by the town, and continued coming until the an open ticket, and was “all right on the goose,” day of election (110). The night before the elec. (94), and that if they could not vote by fair tion 200 men were sent for from the camp. of means, they would by foul means (95). They Missourians at Lawrence (111). On the morning said they

had as much right to vote, if they had of the election, before the polls were opened, some been in the Territory two minutes, as if they had 300 or 400 Missourians and others were collected in been there for two years, and they would vote the yard about the house of Thomas Stinson, where (96). Some of the citizens who were about the the election was to be held, armed with bowiewindow, but had not voted when the crowd of knives, revolvers, and clubs (112). They said they Missourians marched up, there, upon attempting came to vote, and whip the damned Yankees, and to vote, were driven back by the mob, or driven would vote without being sworn (113). Some said off (97). One of them, Mr. J. M. Macey, was they came to have a fight and wanted one (114). asked if he would take the oath, and upon his re- Col. Samuel H. Woodson of Independence, Mo., plying that he would if the judges required it, he was in the room of the Judges when they arrived, was dragged through the crowd away from the preparing poll-books and tally-lists, and remainpolls, amid cries of Kill the d-d nigger thief,” ed there during their attempts to organize (114). * Cut his throat,” “ Tear his heart out,” etc. The room of the Judges was also filled by many of After they got him to the outside of the crowd, the strangers (115). The Judges could not agree they stood around him with cocked revolvers and concerning the oath to be taken by themselves drawn bowie-knives, one man putting a knife to and the oath to be administered to the voters, his heart, so that it touched him, another holding Mr. Burgess desiring to administer the oath prea cocked pistol to his ear, while another struck scribed by the Governor and the other two at him with a club (98). The Missourians said Judges opposing it (116). During this discussion they had a right to vote if they had been in the between the Judges, which lasted some time, the Territory but five minutes (99). Some said they crowd outside became excited and noisy, threathad been hired to come there and vote, and get ening and cursing Mr. Burgess, the Free State a dollar a day, and, by G-d, they would vote or Judge (117). Persons were sent at different die there (100)

times, by the crowd outside, into the room where They said the 30th day of March was an im- the Judges were, with threatening messages, esportant day, as Kansas would be made a Slave pecially against Mr. Burgess, and at last ten min. State on that day (101). They began to leave in utes were given them to organize in or leave; and the direction of Missouri in the afternoon. after

as the time passed, persons outside would callout they had voted (102), leaving some thirty or forty the number of minutes left, with threats against around the house where the election was held, Burgess, if he did not agree to organize (118). to guard the polls until after the election was At the end of that time, the Judges not being over (103). The citizens of the Territory were not able to organize, left the room and the crowd around. except those who took part in the mob proceeded to elect nine Judges and carry on the (104), and a large portion of them did not vote election (119). The Free-State men generally (105) ; 341 votes were polled there that day, of left the ground without voting, stating that there which but some thirty were citizens (106); A pro. was no use in their voting there (120). The polls test against the election was made to the Gov. were so crowded during the first part of the day ernor (107). The returns of the election inade to that the citizens could not get up to the window the Governor were lost by the Committee of to

vote (121). Threats were made against Elections of the Legislature at Pawnee (108). the Free State men (122). In the afternoon the The duplicate returns left in the ballot-box were

Rev. Mr. Gispatrick was attacked and driven off taken by F. E. Laley, one of the Judges elected by the mob. A man, by some called “Texas," by the Missourians, and were either lost or de- made a speech to the crowd urging them to vote

and to remain on the ground until the polls were (89) H. Burson, N. Ramsay, A. White, G. w in the afternoon and overpower them, and thus

closed, for fear the abolitionists would come there Umberger, E. C. Macey, Wm. Jessee, J. A. Wakefield. (90) N. Ramsay, J. M. Dunn, A. White, E. G. Macey, they would lose all their trouble. G. W. Umberger, Wm. Jessee, J. A. Wakefield. (91) For making an affidavit in a protest against this E. G. Macey, G. W. Umberger, J. A. Wakefield. (92) F. Lahey. (92) J. C. Dunn, Wm. Jessee, J. Jones. (109) F. E. Laley. (110) W. A. M. Vaughan, M. J. J. (93) H. Burson, N. Ramsay, J. M. Dunn, J. N. Mace, Mitchell, John Long.. (111) H. B. Burgess. (112) The A. White, E. G. Macey, W. Jessee. (94) N. Ramsay. Rev. H. B. Burgess, Charles Jordan, James Hickey, L. (95) H. Burson, N. Ramsay, J. M. Dunn. (96) J. M. 0. Wilworth, D. H. Howe, J. M. Merrian, W. R. Dunn. (97) H. Burson, N. Ramsay, Wm. Jessee, J. N. Baggs, W. A M. Vaughn. (113) John Long, L. 0. Macey. (98) J. N. Macey, H. Muzzy. (99) J. M. Dunn, Wilworth, George Holmes. (114) L. 0. Wilworth. A. White, E. G. Macey, J. A. Wakefield. (100) J. M. (115) A. W. Burgess. (116) H. B. Burgess, George Dunn, J. C. Dunn, A. White. (101) N. Ramsay. (102) Holmes. (117) H. B. "Burgess, John Long, D. . J. C. Dunn, A. White. (103) A. White. (104) H. Horne. (118) H. B. Burgess, Charles Jordan, H. D. Burson. (105) H. Burson, J. N. Mace, H. Muzzy, Wm. Horne. (119, H. B. Burgess, Charles Jordan, J. M. Jessee, J. A. Wakefield.

(106) H. Burson. (107) Merrian, Geo. Holmes. (120) H. B. Burgess, C. JorS. Jones, J. A. Wakefield. (108) Daniel Wood- dan, J. M. Merrian. (121) L. 0. Wilworth. 2) 0.



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