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tion of complicity on the part of her rulers | independence was declared ; in 1836, at the and people--first with our British, then with decisive battle of San Jacinto, it was, by the our savage enemies--and had finally overrun, rout and capture of the Mexican dictator, and, in effect, annexed it to the Union. secured. This triumph was won by emiSpain, on the other hand, had preyed upon grants from this country almost exclusively ; our commerce during the long wars in scarcely half a dozen of the old Mexican inEurope, and honestly owed our merchants habitants participating in the revolution. large sums for unjustifiable seizures and Santa Anna, while a prisoner, under restraint spoliations. A negotiation for the settle and apprehension, agreed to a peace on the ment of these differences was carried on at basis of the independence of Texas—a Washington, between John Quincy Adams, covenant which he had no power, and probaMr. Monroe's Secretary of State, and Don bly no desire, to give effect to when restored Onis, the Spanish embassador, in the course to liberty. The Texans, pursuing their adof which Mr. Adams set up a claim, on the vantage, twice or thrice penetrated other part of this country, to Texas as a natural Mexican provinces—Tamaulipas, Coahuila, geographical appendage not of Mexico, etc., and waved their Lone-Star flag in debut of Louisiana. This claim, however, he fiance, on the banks of the Rio Grande del eventually waived and relinquished, in con- Norte ; which position, however, they were sideration of a cession of Florida by Spain always compelled soon to abandon--once to this country-our government agreeing, with severe loss. Their government, neveron its part, to pay the claims of our mer- theless, in reiterating their declaration of inchants for spoliations. Texas remained, dependence, claimed the Rio Grande as their therefore, what it always had been—a de- western boundary, from its source to its partment or province of Mexico, with a mouth, including a large share of Tamaulipas, formal quit-claim thereto on the part of the Coahuila, Durango, and by far the more imUnited States.
portant and populous portion of New MexiThe natural advantages of this region co. And it was with this claim, expressnaturally attracted the attention of Ameri- ly set forth in the treaty, that President can adventurers, and a small colony of Tyler and his responsible advisers negotiated Yankees was settled thereon, about 1819-20, the first official project of annexation, which by Moses Austin of Connecticut. Other was submitted to the Senate, during the sessettlements followed. Originally, grants of sion of 1843-44, and rejected by a very deland in Texas were prayed for, and obtained cisive vote : only fifteen (mainly Southern) of the Mexican government, on the assump- senators voting to confirm it. Col. Benton, tion that the petitioners were Roman Catho- and others, urged this aggressive claim of lics, persecuted in the United States, because boundary, as affording abundant reason for of their religion, and anxious to find a refuge the rejection of this treaty ; but it is not in some Catholic country. Thus all the known that the Slavery aspect of the case early emigrants to Texas went professedly as attracted especial attention in the Senate. Catholics, no other religion being tolerated. The measure, however, had already been
Slavery was abolished by Mexico soon publicly ealogized by Gen. James Hamilton, after the consummation of her independence, of S. C., as calculated to "give a Gibraltar when very few slaves were, or ever had been, to the South," and had, on that ground, sein Texas. But, about 1834, some years after cured a very general and ardent popularity this event, a quiet, but very general, and, throughout the southwest. And, more than evidently concerted, emigration, mainly from a year previously, several northern memTennessee and other southwestern States, bers of Congress bad united in the folbegan to concentrate itself in Texas. The lowing : emigrants carried rifles; many of them were accompanied by slaves, and it was well un- TO THE PEOPLE OF THE FREE STATES
OF THE UNION. derstood that they did not intend to become
We, the undersigned, in closing our duties to Mexicans, much less to relinquish their
our constituents and our country as members of slaves. When Gen. Sam. Houston left the 27th Congress, feel bound to call your atten. Arkansas for Texa in 18: -5, the Little tion, very briefly, to the project, long entertained Rock Journal, which announced his exodus by a portion of the people of these United States, and destination, significantly added : “ We still pertinaciously adhered to, and intended soon
to be consummated : THE ANNEXATION OF TEXAS shall, doubtless, hear of his raising his flag to this Union. In the press of business inci. there shortly.” That was a foregone conclusion. dent to the last days of a session of Congress, we
Of course, the new settlers in Texas did have not time, did we deem it necessary, to not lack pretexts or provocations for such a
enter upon a detailed statement of the reasons
which force upon our minds the conviction, step. Mexico was then much as she is now, that this project is by no means abandoned misgoverned, turbulent, anarchical, and des that a large portion of the country, interested potic. The overthrow of her Federal Con- in the continuance of Domestic Slavery and stitution by Santa Anna was one reason as solemnly and unalterably determined: that it
the Slave Trade in these United States, have signed for the rebellion against her authori- shall be speedily carried into execution ; and that, ty which broke out in Texas. In 1835, her by this admission of new Slave Territory and
Slave States, the undue ascendancy of the Slave. I habit the Southern portion of this Confederacy, where holding power in the Government shall be secured it is known that a species of domestic Slavery is toleand riveted beyond all redemption!!
rated and protected by law, whose existence is proThat it was with these views and intentions that hibited by the legal regulations of other States of this settlements were effected in the Province, by who are familiarly acquainted with its practical ef
Confederacy; which system of Slavery is held by all, citizens of the United States, difficulties foment. fects, to be of highly benrficial influence 10 the country ed with the Mexican Government, a revolt within u hose limits it is permitted to exist. brought about, and an Independent Government “The Committee feel authorized to say that this declared, cannot now admit of a doubt ; and that, system is cherished by our constituents as the very hitherto, all attempts of Mexico to reduce her re pulladium of their prosperity and happiness, and whatvolted province to obedience, have proved un.
ever ignorant fanatics may elsewhere conjecture, the successful is to be attributed to the unlawful aid Committe are fully assured, upon the most diligent and assistance of designing and interested indi: South dues not possess within her limits a blessing with
observation and reflection on the subject. that the viduals in the United States, and the direct and which the affeciions of her peo, le are so closely entwined indirect co-operation of our own Government, and so completely er fibred, and whose value is more with similar views, is not the less certain and de- highly appreciated, than that which we are now conmonstrable.
sidering The open and repeated enlistment of troops in several States of this Union, in aid of the Texan ring the last session
of Congress, when a Senator from
"It may not be improper here to remark, that duRevolution, the intrusion of an American Army, Mississippi proposed the acknowledgment of Texian by order of the President, far into the Territory independence, it was found, with a few exceptions, the of the Mexican Government, at a moment critical members of that body were ready to take ground upon for the fate of the insurgents, under pretense it, as upon the subject of Slavery itself. of preventing Mexican soldiers from fomenting
“ With all these facts before us, we do not hesitate Indian disturbances, but in reality in aid of, and in believing that these feeling influenced the New acting in singular concert and coincidence with, Eng'aud Senators. but one voting in favor of the meathe arıny of the Revolutionists, the entire neglect iv a public speech recently delivered in New Youk, to
sure; and, indeed, Mr. Wehster has been bold enough, of our Government to adopt any efficient measures many thousand citizens. to declare that the reasou to prevent the most unwarrantable aggressions that influenced bis opposition was his abhorrence to of bodies of our own citizens, enlisted, organized | Slavery in the South, and that it might, in the event and officered within our own borders, and march of its recognition, become a slaveholding State. Ho ed in arms and battle array upon the territory, and also spoke of the efforts making in firvor of Abolition; against the inhabitants of a friendly government, erful influence of religious feeling. it would become
and that being predicated upon, and aides by the powin aid of freebooters and insurgents, and the pre- irresistible and overwhelning. mature recognition of the Independence of Texas, ". This language, coming from so distinguished an by a snap vote, at the heel of a session of Con- individual as Mr. Webster, 80 familiar with i he feelings gress, and that, too, at the very session when of the North and entertaining so high a respect for President Jackson had, by special Message, in public sentiment in New England, speaks so plainly sisted that the measure would be contrary to the voice of the North as not to be misunderstood. the policy invariably observed by the United
“ We sincerely hope there is enough good sense States in all similar cases ;" would be marked with trymen of the Northern States, to secure 18 final jus
and genuine love of country among our fellow-coungreat injustice to Mexico, and peculiarly liable to tice on this subject; yet we cannot consider it safe or the darkest suspicions, inasmuch as the Texans expedient for the people of the South to entirely diswere almost all emigrants from the United States, regard the efforts of the fanatics, and the opinions of AND SOUGHT THE RECOGNITION OF THEIR INDE- such men as Webster, and others who countenance PENDENCE WITH THE AVOWED PURPOSE OF OB- such dangerous doctrines. TAINING THEIR ANNEXATION TO THE U. STATES.
" The Northern States have no interests of their These occurrences are too well known and too
own which require any special safeguards for their
defense, save only their domestic manufactures ; and fresh in the memory of all, to need more than a
God knows they have already received protection from passing notice. These have become matters of Government on a most liberal scale; under which enhistory. For further evidence upon all these and couragement they have improved and flourished beother important points, we refer to the memorable yond ex The South has very peculiar interests speech of John Quincy Adams, delivered in the to preserve : interests already violently assailed and hour in June and July, 1838, and to his address tection to her best interesis will be afforded by the anHouse of Representatives during the morning boldly breatened.
“ Your Committee are fully persunded that this proto his constituents, delivered at Braintree, 17th nezatiin
of Texas ; an equipoise of influence in the September, 1842.
halls Congress will be secured, which will furnish us The open avowal of the Texans themselves, a permanent guarantee of protection.” the frequent and anxious negotiations of our own Government—the resolutions of various States of The speech of Mr. Adams, exposing the whole the Union—the numerous declarations of mem- system of duplicity and perfidy toward Mexico, bers of Congress,the tone of the Southern press bad marked the conduct of our Government; and -as well as the direct application of the Texan the emphatic expressions of opposition which Government, make it impossible for any man to began to come up from all parties in the Free doubt, that ANNEXATion, and the formation of States, however, for a time, nearly silenced the several new Slaveholding States, were originally clamors of the South for annexation, and the peothe policy and design of the Slaveholding States ple of the North have been lulled into the belief, and the Executive of the Nation.
that the project is nearly, if not wholly abandoned, The same references will show, very con- and that, at least, there is now no serious danger clusively, that the particular objects of this new of its consummation. acquisition of Slave Territory, were the PER- Believing this to be a false and dangerous sePETUATION OF SLAVERY AND THE CONTINUED curity; that the project has never been aban. ASCENDANCY OF THE SLAVE POWER.
doned a moment, by its originators and abettors, The following extracts from a Report on that but that it has been deferred for a more favorable subject, adopted by the Legislature of Mississippi, moment for its accomplishment, we refer to a few from a mass of similar evidence which might bé evidences of more recent development upon be adduced, will show with what views the an- which this opinion is founded. nexation was then urged.
The last Election of President of the Republic "But we hasten to suggest the importance of the of Texas, is understood to have turned, mainly, annexation of Texas to this Republic upon grounds upon the question of annexation or no annex. somewhat local in their complexion, but of an import ation, and the candidate favorable to that mea. infinitely grave and interesting to the people who in. sure was successful by an overwhelming majority.
The sovereign States of Alabama, Tennessee, and nexation; at all events, he would risk it with the DeMississippi, have recently adopted Resolutions, mocracy of the North. some, it not all of them, unanimously, in favor of • Sir” said Mr. W., "i* is not only the duty of the annexation, and forwarded them to Congress.
Government to demand the liquidation of our claims, The Hon. HENRY A. Wise, a member of Con- and demand the non-invasion of Texas. Shall we sit
and the liberalion of our citizens, but to go furtber, gress from the District in which our present still while the standard of insurrection is raised on Chief Magistrate resided when elected Vice-Presi- our borders and let a horde of sludes, and Indi'ns, dent, and who is understood to be more intimately und Mexicuns till up to the boundury line of Arkansas acquainted with the views and designs of the pre- und Louis ana? No. It is our duty at ouce to say to sent administration than any other member of Mexico, ' you strike T1208. you st, ike 18;' and if Congress, most distinctly avowed his desire for, England, standing by should dare to intermeddle, and and expectation of annexation, at the last session ask. :Do you take part with Teras ?' his prompt an
swer should be, · Yes, and against you.' of Congress. Among other things, he said, in a “ Such, he would let gentlemen know, was the spirit speech delivered January 26, 1842 :
of the wole people of the greul valley of the West." " True, if Iowa be added on the one side, Florida will be added on the other. But there the equation Several other members of Congress, in the must stop. Let one more Northern Stite be admitted, same debate, expressed similar views and desires, and the equilibrium is gone-gone forever. The bula and they are still more frequently expressed in ance of interests is gode-the safeguard of American
conversation. property--of the American Constitusion-of the Ameri. can Union, vanished into this air. This must be the
The Hon. Tho's W. GILMER, a member of Conineviluble result, unless by a treaty with Mexico. THE
gress frojn Virginia, and formerly a Governor of SOUTH CAN ADD MORE WEIGHT TO HER END OF THE that State, numbered as one of the “Guard," and LEVER! Let the South stup at the Sabine, (the east- of course understood to be in the counsels of the ern bouodary of Texas.) while the North may spread Cabinet, in a letter bearing date the 10th day of unch cked beyond the Rocky Mountains, AND THE January last, originally designed as a private and SOUTHERN SCALE MUST KICK THE BEAM!"
confidential letter to a friend, gives it as bis Finding difficulties, perhaps, in the way of a ces deliberate opinion, after much examination and sion by Treaty, in another speech delivered in relection, that Texas WILL BE ANNEXED TO THE April, 1812, on a motion made by Mr. Linn, of Union; and he enters into a spacious argument, N. Y., to strike out the salary of the Minister to and presents a variety of reasons in favor of the Mexico, on the ground that the design of the Ex measure. He says, among other things: ECUTIVE, in making the appointment, was to accomplish the annexation of Texas, Mr. Wise said,
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10th, 1843. "he earnestly hoped and trusted that the Presi. “DEAR SIR-You ask if I have expressed the opin. dent was as desirous (of annexation) as he was ion, that Texas would be annexed to the United represented to be. We may well suppose the States. I an wer, yes; and this opiniou has not been President to be in favor of it, as every wise states adopted without reflection, or wi'hout a careful obserman must be who is not governed by fanati
vation of causes, which I believe are rapid y bringing
about this result, I do not know how far these cism, or local sectional prejudices.”
caures have made the same impression on others; He said of Texas, that
but I am persuaded that the time is not distant when “ While she was as a State, weak and almost pow. they will be felt in all their force. The exrilement erless in resisting invasion, she was herself irresisti
which you apprehend, may arise; but it will be temble as an invading and a cooq-ering power. She had porary, and iu the end, salutary." but a sparse population, and neither men nor money of her own, to raise and equip an army for her own
He dodges the Constitutional objections as foldefense, but let her once raise the flag of foreign con- lows : quest-- let her once proclaim a crusade against the rich States to the south of her, and in a moment
“I am, as you know, a strict constructionist of the volunteers would flock to her standard in crowds. from mit the force of mere precedent to establish authority
powers of our federal Government; and I do not adall the States in the great valley of the Mississippi- | under written constitutions. The power cryferred by men of enterprise and valor, before wbom no Mexican
the Constirution over our fureigu relations, and the troops could stand for an hour. They would leave their own towns, arm themselves, and travel on their repeated acquisitions of territory under it, seem to me own cost, and would come up in thousands, to plant
to leave this question open as one of expediency." the lone star of the Texan banner on the Mexicau subject of Slavery. This is indeed a subject of exireme
“But you anticipate objections with regard to the capitol. They would drive Santa Anna to the South, delicacy, but it is one on which the annexution of l'exand the boundless wealth of captured towns, and rifled churches, and a lazy, vicious, and luxurious priest- thought that the proposition would endanger our
as will have the most salulary influence. Some have hood, would soon evable Texas to pay her soldiery, and redeem her State debt, and pu-h her victorious
Union. I am of a different opinion. I believe it will arms to the very shores of the Pacific. And would bring about a better understanding of our relative not all this extend the bounds of Slavery? Yes, the
rights and obligations." result would be, that before another quarter of a cen- In conclusion, he says: tury, the extension of Slavery would not stop short of the Western Ocean. We had but two alternatives be- “Having acquired Louisiana and Florida, we have fore us ; either to receide T'exas into our fraternity of an interest and a frontier on the Gulf of Mexico, and States, and thus make her our own, or to leave her to along our interior to the Pacific, which will not perconquer Mexico, and become our most dangerous and mit us to close our eyes, or fold our arms with indifformidable rival.
ference to the events which a few years may disclose “To talk of restraining the people of the great Val- in that quarter, We have already had one question ley from emigrating to join her armies, was all in of boundary with Texas; other questions mu-t soon vain; and it was equally vain to calculate on their arise, under our revenue laws, and on other points of defeat by any Mexican forces, aided by England or not. necessary intercourse, which it will be difficult to ad. They had gone once already; it was they that conquered just. The institutions of Texas, and her relalions Santa Anna at San Jacinto; and ihree-fourths of with other governments. are yet in that condition which them, after winning that glorious field, bad peaceably inclines her people (who are our countrymen.) 10 unite returned to their homes. But once set before them their destinies with ours. THIS MUST BE DONE SOON, the conquest of the rich Mexican provinces, and you OR NOT AT ALL. There are numerous tribes of Indians might as well attempt to stop the wind. This Govern- along both frontiers, which can easily becume the ment might send its troops to the frontier, to turn cause or the instrument of border wars.
Our own them back, and they would run over them like a herd population is pressing onward to the Pacific. No of buffalo."
power can restrain it.
The pioneer from our Atlantic "Nothing could keep these booted loafers from rush- seaboard will so in kindle his fires, and erect his cabin, ing op, till they kicked the Spanish priests out of the beyond the Rocky Mountains, and on the Gulf of temples they profaned."
California. If Mahomed comes not to the mounMr. W. proceeded to insist that a majority of the tain, the moun:ain will go to Mahomed. Every year people of the United States were in favor of the an- adds new difficulties to our progress, as natural and as
inevitable as the current of the Mississippi. These speech above referred to, in which he labored a difficulties will soon, like mountains interposed, '-- long time to convince Northern philanthropists "Make enemies of nations,
that they would best promote the objects they had Which pow. like kindred drops, Might mingle into one.'
in view, by favoring annexation, that they might
have Slavery in Texas within the power and con. * Truly yours. * THOMAS W. GILMER."
trol of our own government, that they might
abolish it or mitigate its evils, he hiinself being The impoverished condition of Texas, her ina an advocate of perpetual Slavery, and among the bility to raise and sustain troops to defend herself very foremost to trample upon the right of petition against invasion for any length of time, and her itseif!! want of character and credit abroad, are urged as None can be so blind now, as not to know that reasons for IMMEDIATE ANNEXATION, and the the real design and object of the South is, to “ADD opinion has been frequently expressed, by those NEW WEIGHT TO HER END OF THE LEVER.” It who feel a deep interest in this subject, that it was upon that ground that Mr. Webster placed would take place AT A VERY EARLY DAY'IN THE his opposition, in his speech on that subject in NEXT SESSION OF CONGRESS !
New-York, in March, 1837. In that speech, after At the present session, the Resolutions of the stating that he saw insurmountable objections to State of Alabama, in favor of annexation, and the annexation of Texas, that the purchase of sundry petitions and remonstrances against it, Louisiana and Florida furnished no precedent for were referred to the Committee on Foreign Rela- it, that the cases were not parallel, and that no tions. A majority of the Committee, consisting such policy or necessity as led to that, required of members from the slaveholding States, refused the annexation of Texas, he said : to consider and report upon the subject, and di- “Gentlemen, we all see, that by whomsoever posrected Mr. Adams, their Chairman, to report a sessed, Texas is likely to be a slaveholding country; resolution, asking to be discharged from the fur- xud I fraukly avow my entire unwilliugless to do any. ther consideration of the subject, which he did on thing which shall extrnd the Slavery of the African the 28th day of February. At the same time, Mr.
race on this continent, or add other wlaveholding Adams asked, as an individual member of the States to the Union. When I suy that I regard slaCoinmittee, for leave to present the following i Ouly use language which has been adopted by dis
very in itself a great moral, social, and polinical evil, resolutions :
tinguished men, themselves citizens of slavebolding “ Resolved, That by the Constitution of the United States I shall do nothing, therefore, to favor or enStates, no power is delegated to their Congress, or courage its further extension.” to any department or departments of their Government, to affix to this Union any foreign State, or the
And again, he said : people thereof.
“In my opinion, the people of the United States " Resolved. Toat any attempt of the Government will not consent to bring i wew, vastly extensive, and of the United States. by an act of Congress, or by slavebolding country, large enough for half a dozon treaty, to annex to this Union the Republic of Texas, or a dozen Stales. into the Union. IN MY OPINION or the people thereof, would be a viola'ion of the THEY OUGHT NOT TO CONSENT TO IT.
Indeed I am Constiturion of the United States, null and void, and altogether at a loss to cnceive what possible benefit to which the Free States of this Union, and their peo- any part of this country can expect to derive from ple, ought not to submit.”
such annexation. All benefit, to any part, is at least
doubtful and puertain, the objections obvious, plain, Objections being made, the resolutions were not
and strong received ; the Southern members showing a disin- great portion of the community is already strongly
On the general question of Slave y. a clination to have the subject agitated in the House excited. The subject has not only attracted attenat present. Might it not be considered as savor. tion as a questiou of pulitics, but it has struck a ing too much of a violation of private confidence, far derper-toned cord—it has arrested the religious we could refer to various declarations of persons feeling of the country; it has taken a strong hold high in office in the national government, avow.
on the consciences of men. He is a rash man, in
deed, and I tile conversaut with human nature, and ing a fixed determination to bring Texas into the especially has he a very erroneous estimate of the Union, declaring that they had assurances of the characıer of the people of this country who supaid of the Free States to accomplish the object, poses that a feeling of this kind is to be trifled with, and insisting that they prefer a dissolution of the derpised. It will assuredly cause itself to be reUnion to the rejection of Texas, expressing, how. spected.” ever, at the same time, their confidence, that if the annexation could be effected, the people of In conclusion, he said: the Free States would submit to it, and the insti.
“I see, therefore, no political necessity for the antutions of the Slave States would be secured and nexation of Texas to the Union; no advantages to perpetuated. Contenting ourselves, however, be derived from it; and objections to it of a strong, with the above brief glance at some of the most and, in my judgment, decisive character. prominent evidence in relation to the subject, we
• I believe it to be for the interest and happiness
of the whole Union, to remain as it is, without dimisubmit to you whether the project of annexation
nution and withont addition." seems to be abandoned, and whether there be not the most imminent danger of its speedy accom. We hold that there is not only “no political ne. plishment, unless the entire mass of the people in cessity” for it, “ no advantages to be derived the Free States become aroused to a conviction of from it," but that there is no constitutional power this danger, and speak out, and act in reference delegated to any department of the national gov. to it, in a manner and with a voice not to be misernment to authorize it ; that no act of Congress, understood, either by the people of the Slave or treaty, for annexation, can impose the least States, or their own public servants and Repre obligation upon the several States of this Union sentatives.
to submit to such an unwarrantable act, or to reAlthough perfectly aware that many important ceive into their family and fraternity such misbeand controlling objections to annexation exist gotten and illegitimate progeny. aside from the question of Slavery, we have in We hesitate not to say, that annexation, effectthis address confined ourselves principally to that, led by any act or proceeding of the Federal Govbecause of its paramount importance, and ernment, or any of its departments, WOULD BE because the advocates of annexation distinctly IDENTICAL WITH DISSOLUTION would be a place it upon that ground most of the specious violation of our national compact, its objects, arguments and reasons in favor of annexation, designs, and the great elementary principles with which its advocates attempt to gild the pill which entered into its formation, of a character so for Northern palates, are just about as sincere and deep and fundamental_and would be an attempt substantial as were those of Mr. Wise in the to eternize an institution and a power of a nature
WOULD NOT SUBMIT TO IT.
so unjust in themselves, so injurious to the inter: 1 timore Nominating Convention-Mr. Polk ests and abhorrent to the feelings of the people of being selected in his stead, by a body which the Free States, as, in our opinion, not only inevitably to result in a dissolution of the Union, had been supposed pledged to renominate but fully to justify it; and we not only assert that the ex-President-excited considerable feelthe people of the Free States “ought not to sub. ing, especially among the Democrats of New mit to it,” but we say, with confidence, THEY York. A number of their leaders united in
We know their present temper and spirit on this subject too well to
a letter, termed the “ Secret Circular,” adbelieve for a moment that they would become vising their brethren, while they supported particeps criminis in any such subtle contrivance Polk and Dallas, to be careful to vote for for the irremediable perpetuation OF AN INSTITU; candidates for Congress who would set their tion, which the wisest and best inen who formed faces as a flint against annexation. Here is our Federal Constitution, as well from the Slave as the Free States, regarded as an evil and a
the circular : curse, soon to become extinct under the operation “SIR-You will, doubtless, agree with us, that of laws to be passed, prohibiting the Slave Trade, the late Baltimore Convention placed the Demoand the progressive influence of the principles of cratic Party, at the North, in a position of great the Revolution.
difficulty. We are constantly reminded that To prevent the success of this nefarious project it rejected Mr. Van Buren, and nominated Mr. to preserve from such gross violation the Con- Polk, for reasons connected with the immediate stitution of our country, adopted expressly “ to annexation of Texas-reasons which had no relasecure the blessings of liberty," and not the per- tion to the principles of the party. Nor was that petuation of Slavery_and to prevent the speedy all. The Convention went beyond the authority and violent dissolution of the Union—we invite delegated to its members, and adopted a resoluyou to unite, without distinction of party, in an tion on the subject of Texas (a subject not before immediate expression of your views on this sub- the country when they were elected, upon which, ject, in such manner as you may deem best cal- therefore, they were not instructed), which seeks culated to answer the end proposed.
to interpolate into the party creed a new docJOIN QUINCY ADAMS,
trine, hitherto unknown among us, at war with SEH M. GATES,
some of our established principles, and abhorrent WILLIAM LADE.
to the opinions and feelings of a great majority WILLIAM B. CALHOUN,
of Northern freemen. In this position, what was
should it support the nominations, rejecting the
untenable doctrine interpulated at the ConvenJOHN MAT IOCKS CHRISTOPHER MORGAN,
tion, and taking care that their support should be JOSHUA M. HOWARD,
accompanied by such an expression of their opinVICTORY BIRDSEYE,
ion as to prevent its being misinterpreted? The HILAND HALL.
latter alternative has been preferred, and we WASHINGTON, March 3rd, 1843.
think wisely; for we conceive that a proper ex
pression of their opinion will save their votes [Note.-The above Address was drawn up by from misconstruction, and that proper efforts will
secure the nomination of such Members of ConHon. Seth M. Gates of New York, at the sugges- gress as will reject the unwarrantable scheme now tion of John Quincy Adams, and sent to Members pressed upon the country. of Congress at their residences, after the close of “With these views, assuming that you feel on the session, for their signatures. Many more than this subject as we do, we have been desired to
address you, and invite the coöperation of yourthe above approved heartily of its positions and self and other friends throughout the State : objects, and would have signed it, but for its “ 1st.—In the publication of a joint letter, depremature publication, through mistake. Mr. claring your purpose to support ihe nomination,
rejecting the resolutions respecting Texas. Winthrop of Mass. was one of these, with Gov.
" 2nd. - In promoting and supporting at the Briggs, of course: Mr. Fillmore declined signing next elections the nomination for Congress of it.]
such persons as concur in these opinions.
“If your views in this matter coincide with
ours, please write to some one of us, and a The letters of Messrs. Clay and Van draught of the proposed letter will be forwarded
for examination. Buren, taking ground against annexation,
“ Very respectfully, without the consent of Mexico, as an act of
" GEO. P. BARKER, bad faith and aggression, which would ne
WILLIAM C. BRYANT,
J. W. EDMONDS, cessarily result in war, which appeared in
DAVID DUDLEY FIELD, the spring of 1844, make slight allusions, if
THEODORE SEDGWICK, any, to the Slavery aspect of the case. In
THOMAS W. TUCKER,
ISAAC TOWNSEND." a later letter, Mr. Clay declared that he did not oppose annexation on account of Slave- Silas Wright, then a Senator of the ry, which he regarded as a temporary institu- United States, and who, as such, had opposed tion, which, therefore, ought not to stand in the Tyler Treaty of Annexation, was now the
way of a permanent acquisition. And, run for Governor, as the only man who though Mr. Clay's last letter on the subject, could carry the State of New York for Polk prior to the election of 1844, reiterated and and Dallas. In a democratic speech at emphasized all his objections to annexation Skaneateles, N. Y., Mr. Wright had recently under the existing circumstances, he did not declared that he could never consent to Aninclude the existence of Slavery.
nexation on any terms which would give The defeat of Mr. Van Buren, at the Bal- Slavery an advantage over Freedom. This