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An Account of the Declared Value of British Silk Goods exported from the United
Kingdom, in each year, from 1826 to 1845, both inclusive.
Other coun- U. 8. of Mexico, s. Brit. Poss, Africa, Asia, Years. France. tries in Eur. America. America.* in America.t & Australia. Total. 1826...... £1,498 £ 49,477 £ 27,265 £ 56,548 £ 19,523 £ 14,490 £168,801 1827.. 4,661 59,406 67,111 61,057 25,352 18,757 236,344 1828 11,009 61,825 46,587 80,346 24,966 31,138 255,871 1829.. 32,047 70,064 58,683 50,743 36,069 20,324 267,930 1830... 34,808 95,196 155,957 69,015 100,342 25,692 521,010 1831... 43,462 75,252 237,985 67,916 120,521 33,738 578,874 1832.. 75,187 105,113 92,235 97,591 113,561 46,004 529,691 1833... 76,525 119,308 251,278 106,450 129,316 54,527 737,404 1834...... 60,346 113,894 200,306 106,191 102,487 53,974 637,198 1835...... 45,612 157,762 537,040 67,962 116,421 48,989973,786 1836.. 48,160 82,850 524,301 75,026 122,990 64,495 917,822 1837..... 43,114 84,097 109,629 73,326 113,514 79,963 503,673 1838... 56,598 81,214 348,506 65,675 111,109 114,178 777,280 1839.. 44,628 66,463 410,093 96,681 175,217 75,036 868,118 1840.. 48,807 68,476 274,159 140,974 162,110 98,122 792,648 1841.. 117,353 72,344 306,757 107,601 116,317 68,522 788,894 1842... 181,924 75,779 81,243 98,986 98,395 53,862 590,185 1843...... 148,222 106,876 164,233 120,026 62,509 66,086 667,954 1844...... 159,680 110,425 189,698 117,594 109,191 49,867 736,452 1845...... Particulars not yet ascertained.
764,429 An Account of the Quantities of Foreign Silk Manufactures retained for Home Con
sumption in the United Kingdom since the removal of the Prohibition (5th July, 1826.) Years. lbs. Years. lbs. Years.
Ibs. 1826.. 48,301 1833.. .142,267 1840...
.243,246 1827. .115,278 1834.. .166,201 1841..
.248,902 1828. .169,489 1835. .160,840 1842..
.237,460 1829 121,585 1836. .180,078 1843..
.267,673 1830. .126,314 1837. .172,860 1844.
.295,125 1831. .118,479 1838.. .247,067 1845..
.310,153 1832.. ..144,956 1839..
..256,851 Return of the Rates of Duty chargeable on Foreign and Colonial Wool, the Quantities
thereof Imported, the Prices of Southdown and Kent Long Wool, and the Declared Value of British Woollen Manufactures Exported in each year, from 1818 to 1845.
Foreign Wool Colonial Wool Total Wool Price of Price of Years.
Imported. Imported. Imported. Southdown. Kent Long.
d. 1818... .24,720,139
2 6 2 0 1819.. ..16,094,999
1 7 1 3 1820.
9,653,366 122,239 9,775,605 1 5 14 1821.
..16,416,806 205,761 16,622,567 13 1 1 1822.
.18,859,265 198,815 19,058,080 1 3 011 1823.
.18,863,886 502,839 19,366,725 1 31 10 1824.
.22,147,540 416,945 22,564,485 1 2 1 1 1825.
.43,465,282 351,684 43,816,966 1 4 1 4 1826..
.14,747,103 1,242,009 15,989,112 0 10 0 11 1827. .28,552,742 562,599 29,115,341 09
0 101 1828.
.28,628,121 1,607,938 30,236,059 08 1 0 1829.
..19,639,629 1,877,020 21,516,649 0 6 09 1830.
.30,303,173 2,002,141 32,305,314 0 10 0 101 1831. .29,110,073 2,541,956 31,652,029 1 1
0 103 1832.
.25,681,298 2,461,191 28,142,489 1 0 1 03 1833.. .34,461,527 3,614,886 38,076,413 1 5
0 103 1834..
.42,684,932 3,770,300 46,455,232 17 1 75 1835.
.37,472,032 4,702,500 42,174,532 16 16 1836. ..57,814,771 6,425,206 64,239,977 18
1 81 1837.
38,945,575 9,434,133 48,379,708 1 3 1 3 1838.
.42,430,102 10,164,253 52,594,355 1 4 1 5 1839.
..44,504,811 12,875,112 57,379,923 1 4 1 54
* And Foreign West Indies.
+ And the West Indies.
For. Wool Colon. Wool Total Wool Price of Price of
lbs. 1840. .36,498,168 12,938,116 49,436,284 1 3
I 21 1841. .39,672,153 16,498,821 56,170,974 1 0
0 11 1842 .27,394,920 18,486,719 45,881,639
0 113 0 10 1843.
.26,633,913 21,151,148 47,785,061 0 111 0 11 1844.
..42,473,228 22,606,296 65,079,524 2 1 2 1845.
76,828,152 1 4 1 3 DECLARED VALUE OF BRITISH EXPORTS. Woollen & Woollen
Woollen & Woollen Years. worst. yarn. manufactures. Total.
worst. yarn. manufactures. Total. 1818.... 8,145,327
1832.... 235,307 5,244,479 5,479,786 1819.... 5,989,622
1833.... 246,204 6,294,522 6,540,726 1820.... 5,586,138
1834.... 238,544 5,736,871 5,975,415 1821.... 6,462,866
1835.... 309,091 6,840,511 7,149,602 1822.... 6,488,167
1836.... 358,690 7,639,354 7,998,048 1823.... 5,636,586
1837.... 333,098 4,655,977 4,989,073 1824.... 6,043,051
1838.... 384,535 5,795,069 6,179,604 1825.... 6,185,648
1839.... 423,320 6,271,645 6,694,965 1826.... 4,966,879
1840.... 452,957 5,327,853 5,780,814 1827..... 5,245,649
1841.... 552,148 5,748,673 6,300,825 1828.... 5,069,741
1842.... 637,305 5,185,045 5,822,350 1829.... 4,587,603
1843.... 742,888 6,790,232 7,533,121 1830.... 4,728,666
1844.... 958,217 8,204,836 9,163,050 1831.... 158,111 5,231,013 5,389,124 | 1845....1,067,056 7,674,672 8,741,720
BRITISH EXPORTS-FIRST QUARTER OF 1846. By returns made up to the 5th of April, it appears that of the twenty-seven chief articles of British produce and manufactures, the exports from the United Kingdom have been in the present year£11,536,175 against £11,731,066 in 1845, and £11,104,687 in 1844—thus showing a trifling reduction on the present year. The comparison of the four great articles of manufacture is as follows:EXPORTED JANUARY 5 to APRIL 5.
1846. Cotton Manufactures..
£4,594,242 £4,446,937 Yarn.........
1,134,331 1,392,449 Linen Manufactures.
224,965 Silk Manufactures.
202,696 Woollen Manufactures..
1,869,440 1,525,553 Yarn.......
£2,009,622 £8,649,457 These aecounts show that the import of sheeps' wool in the present year has been 9,129,258 lbs. against 7,804,495 lbs. in 1845; of cotton, 1,019,738 cwt against 1,069,320 cwt. in 1845; of raw silk, 1,561,054 lbs. against 1,313,335 lbs. in 1845; of flax, 100,558 cwt against 71,880 cwt. in 1845; and of hemp, 76,543 cwt against 97,217 cwt. in 1845.
BRITISH COAL TRADE. It appears from official returns laid before Parliament that the coals-small coals, culm, and cinders-exported from the United Kingdom to foreign countries and the British settlements, in 1845, amounted to 2,531,282 tons. The quantities of coal brought into the port of London, in 1844, were as follows ;-Coastwise, 2,490,910 tons; by inland navigation and land-carriage, 72,256 tons. In 1845, coastwise, 3,392,512 tons; by inland navigation, &c., 68,687 tons.
THE BOOK TRADE.
1.- Memoirs of the Administrations of Washington and John Adams, edited from the Papers of Olider
Wolcott, Secretary of the Treasury. By George G1BBs. In 2 vols., pp. 574-555. New York.
The work whose title we have quoted, is a very valuable and important contribution to the political history of the United States. Its author, Mr. Gibbs, has spared no industry in collecting his materials, and in preparing them for the press. The selections from the documentary matter to which he had access, were made from about twenty volumes of letters, the whole collection in manuscript, including revolutionary correspondence, drafts of official papers, and miscellaneous documents, extending to nearly fifty, all of which were arranged by Oliver Wolcott, a former Secretary of the Treasury, exhibiting a well-digested history of the administration of those pure and great patriots, George Washington and John Adams, while in the executive chair of the general government. The work is illustrated with a copious correspondence, and official documents, which have been gathered from original and accredited sources. It was the original design of the author to prepare a biographical sketch of Mr. Wolcott, who had been identified with the leading public measures of a former day; but the abundance of the materials which were placed at his disposal induced him to extend his design, and to portray as much of the political history of the period of his public life as the nature and extent of the papers in his possession would seem to warrant. The tract of time extending through the administrations of Washington and Adams, from the year 1790 to 1801, is one of the most interesting in our political annals. Great public measures were then discussed, and the foundations of our national policy, in many respects, were to be laid; for the government was then comparatively in its infancy. It is also true that the permanent record of the circumstances which marked that period have been too much neglected, and the character of the distinguished men who then figured in the public view, and performed signal services for the country, have been permitted almost to be forgotten. Mr. Gibba has rescued a prominent part of that period from oblivion, having placed its history in a permanent form, which will be consulted with respect by future investigators of political truth; and he has erecuted his task satisfactorily and ably. By looking calmly at the circumstances which have marked the past, we may take counsel for the present, and guide our steps for the future, and thus learn to adopt measures because they are just and right, and not because they are conformable to the acrimonious spirit of party. A most interesting and valuable part of the work, and one which we hope to refer to hereafter, is that which relates to the establishment of the financial system of the government, during the period of which it treats; and, without expressing an opinion respecting the particular political sentiments of the individuals whose names figure upon its pages, we would commend it to the study of the political scholar and statesman. 2.- The Treasury of History, comprising a General Introductory Outline of Universal History, Au
cient and Modern, and a series of Separate Histories of crery Principal Nation that not ezists : their Rise, Progress, Present Condition, &-c. By SAMUEL MAUNDER, author of the “ Treasury of Knowledge," ** Biographical Treasury," " Literary and Scientific Treasury," etc. To which is added, the History of the United States. By John Inman, Esq. New York: Daniel Adee.
This work, which we alluded to while in course of publication in numbers, has at length been completed, and forms two large octavo volumes, covering nearly fourteen hundred pages. The plan has the merit of completeness, and is perhaps the best that could have been devised. It gives, first, a general sketch of ancient and modern history; a rapid and comprehensive bird's-eye view of the rise and progress of nations, the most important incidents of their career, and their relations to each other; and after this, the writer takes up the nations separately; furnishing a concise digest of all that is considered most important, or desirable to know, concerning each-thus affording a sort of key to the changes and events that were more briefly indicated, rather by their results than by their inci dents, in the general sketch or outline. Mr. Inman, the American editor, has bestowed particnlar at: tention upon the portion devoted to American history, and has brought down that of the United States to 1845. We consider it a very valuable and convenient compend of reference for the student, but more especially for the industrial classes, who desire a general knowledge of the world's history, but cannot find time to devote to the elaborate works devoted to different nations and distinct epochs. 3.-Glimpses of the Dark Ages : or Sketches of the Local Condition of Europe, from the Fifth to the
Troelfth Century. Monthly Series of Useful Reading. No 2, 18mo., pp. 177. New York: Leavitt, Trow & Co.
The Dark Ages were not without their mission, and we may profit by the lessons they teach, and perhaps discover in our own time some shadows of the gloom modified by circumstances and progressive light, which overshadowed the moral and social condition of the race. The writer of the present volume attempts nothing more than a glance at the social condition of Europe from the fifth to the twelfth century, referring to the fall of Rome, the church, the monastery, the feudalism of France, and a variety of celebrated matters.
4-Voyages of Discovery and Research within the Arctic Regions, from the year 1818, to the present
time, under command of the several Naval Officers employed by Sea and Land in search of a Northuest Pessage from the Atlantic to the Pacific, with tico attempts to reach the North Pole ; abridged and arranged from the Official Narratives, with Occasional Remarks. By Sir John Barrow, Bart., F. R. S. An. Æt. 82. Author of " A Chronological History of Voyages into the Arctic Regions." New York: Harper & Brothers.
The voyages that have been prosecuted in search of a northwest passage from the Atlantic to the Pacife, under the auspices of the government of Great Britain, occupy a considerable space in the maritime enterprise of modern tiines. The discoveries which have been made from time to time in the Arctic regions have been principally fostered by that government, without an immediate prospect of advantage, but for the generous purpose of extending the bounds of useful knowledge. The expeditions thus undertaken and successfully carried out, have been effectual in increasing our information regarding the natural history and geography of that region, and in advancing the cause of general science. In the volume before us we have in a compact form, authentic records of the expeditions which have been made to this part of the world, commencing with the voyage of discovery which was prosecuted in 1818, under commmander John Ross, in the ships Isabella and Alexander, and ending with that of Captain George Back in 1836-37, together with an account of miscellaneous voyages. In these several voyages minute explorations were made, and observations were taken and placed upon record by the distinguished actors in those expeditions : so that we have an accurate exposition of the general circumstances which are now bearing upon that icy region. The work is illustrated by two well-engraved maps, which add to its substantial value. 5.- Pictorial History of England : Being a History of the People, as well as a History of the King9.- A Treatise on the Motive Powers which produce the Circulation of the Blood. By Emma WILLARD.
dom, down to the Řeign of George III. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Four numbers of this popular work have been published. It is to be completed in about forty, and will form four elegant volumes, imperial octavo-illustrated with many hundred engravings on wood, of monumental records, coins, civil and military costume, domestic baildings, furniture, and ornaments, cathedrals, and other great works of architecture, charts and illustrations of manners, mechanical inventions, portraits of eminent persons, and remarkable historical scenes. The character of the publication is thus set forth in the publishers' advertisement :
"The leading design of this work is to present a HISTORY OF THE PEOPLE, as well as a HISTORY OF THE KINGDOM, pursuing the investigation of the past, and the progress of the country and its inhabitants, in various interesting directions, to which the agthors of the most popular of existing English histories have only slightly and inci lentally referred. The narrative of political movements and changes, of foreign and domestic wars. of contests for power in which the people have only had to obey and suffer, will be found given with a fullness which the importance of these subjects demands. The work will be derived throughout, as far as possible, from original authorities and other authentic monuments of the past, compared with, and read by the light of the latest inquiries by which the eritical spirit of modern times has illustrated ancient annals. But a large body of facts not comprebended under this head, forming a most essential part of the moral and social history of the country, will also be presented in ample detail." 6.- Life in Prairie Land. By ELIZA W.FARNHAM. 18mo. pp. 408. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Mrs. Farnham is no mere book-maker-she writes because she has something to write about, and when she says, that after having written some hundred and fifty pages, and not having said all that she felt, very willingly resigned herself to the current of her feelings and wrote on, we feel persuaded that she means what she says. She has lived in the west, and "loving it," it presents itself to her mind in the light of a strong and generous parent, “whose arms are spread to extend protection, happiness, and life, to throngs who seek them from less friendly climes." To her generous mind, "the magnificence, freedom, and beauty of the country form, as it were, a common element, in which all varieties of character, education, and prejudice are resolved into simple and harmonious relations." Life in the west, in all its peculiarities, is here described with an honesty, enthusiasm, and apparent truthfulness and vigor, that is quite refreshing; and on many accounts which we have not space to enumerate, we consider it the best work on the subject that has yet been published. 7.- The Novitiate, or a Year among the English Jesuits ; a Personal Narrative, with an Essay on
the Constitutions, the Confessional Morality and History of the Jesuits. By ANDREW STEINMETZ. New York: Harper & Brothers. The actual character and general motives of that mysterlous and powerful body of men, the Jesnits, still remain involved in obscurity and contradiction in the public mind. The present volume contains an account of what is alleged to be the personal experience of the author during a residence among a portion of the order in the United Kingdom, and exhibits many facts connected with the habits of this society, its constitution, progress and present condition ; but we have no means of ascertaining its accuracy. 8-The Preludes : A Collection of Poems. By Eugene Lies. 12mo., pp. 56. New York: C. L.
This neat little volume contains some thirty or forty poems, songs and odes, of varied length and merit-with an occasional translation from Horace-generally evincing a cultivated mind and a good share of poetical fancy and imagination. The versification is rather smooth and graceful, and although not without defects, the collection is on the whole creditable to the author.
12mo., pp. 170. New York: Wiley & Puinam.
We are not surprised for even a woman, of Mrs. Willard's masculine mind, to feel a concern that it should be said, “she chooses a subject unsuited to her sex." We, however, discard from our creed the idea that anything is unsuitable for man or woman, that is right. The “inspiration of the Almighty," it seems to us, is not given to sex, but to soul; and to the soul that is prepared to receive it, whether in man or woman. "And if the Father of Lights,' (we quote from Mrs. W.'s preface,, has been pleased to reveal to me a sentence before unread from the book of physical truth, is it for me to suppose that it is for my individual benefit? or is it for you, my reader, to turn away your ears from hearing this truth, and charging its great Author with having ill chosen his instrument to communicate it ?" Mrs. Willard attempts to show that perspiration, operating on animal heat, produces an expansive power at the lungs; and this becomes the principal efficient cause of the blood's circulation. This theory was suggested to her in the summer of 1832, during the ravages of the Asiatic Cholera ; when she became convinced that, "whatever is the principal cause of circulation, the heart's action is not." We cannot, and do not pretend to decide on the merits of her theory. Read it. 10.- Pictures from Italy. By CHARLES DICKENS. New York : Wiley & Putnam.
The land which appears above all others to have been invested by an All-wise Providence with the beauties of nature and of art, has been so often described-its purple mountains and gorgeous skiesits streams, lakes and vine-wreathed valleys—its paintings and its sculpture-its temples and its monuments, have been so often delineated by the pen and the pencil, that we expect little that is new from the traveller through that region; yet each individual from his own peculiar mind, will naturally take a view of the objects which present themselves, varying somewhat from that of others. In this work of Mr. Dickens, we perceive occasionally stealing out from his descriptions, glimpses of that peculiar vein of genius which has made him distinguished in another department of literature. The book, he remarks, " is a series of (faint reflections-mere shadows in the water of places to which the imaginations of most people are attracted in a greater or less degree-on which mine have dwelt for years, and which had some interest for all.” His descriptions of the most interesting points of Italian character and the most prominent of the Italian cities will doubtless be read with satisfaction and profit. 11.-The Mineral Springs of Western Virginia, with Remarks on their Use, and the Diseases to which they are applicable. To which are added, a Notice of the Fauquier White Sulphur Springs, and a Chapter on Taverns. Also, a Review of a Pamphlet published by Dr. J. J. Noorman. "By WILLIAM BURKE. 18mo., p. 394. New York: Wiley & Putnam.
The first edition of this work was published a year or two ago, and met with a very ready sale. This second edition has been revised, corrected, and enlarged to almost twice its former dimensions. The waters of the various springs in Western Virginia are here analyzed, and their medicinal qualities explained, so that the invalid can apply them to his or her particular case. The author assures us that he has made no statement of facts, of the truth of which he is not personally assured, either of his own knowledge, or on information derived from sources worthy of credit. Not only has he pointed out the distinguishing characteristic of each spring, its properties, and proper use, but has given us much information regarding the accommodations, and all those collateral subjects of inquiry that are interesting, and at the same time important to be known by all who intend to avail themselves of the virtues of the healing waters of the “sunny south.” 12.-A Treatise on Field Fortification ; containing Instructions on the method of Laying Out, Con
structing, Defending and Altacking Entrenchments, with the General Outlines also of the Arrangement, the Attack, and Defence of Permanent Fortifications. By D. H. Manan, Professor of Military and Civll Engineering in the United States Military Academy. Second Edition. Revised and Enlarged. New York: Wiley & Putnam.
This work, which has been prepared principally for the use of the Cadets of the United States Military Academy at West Point, is designed to treat of the art of fortification. Its author remarks that a knowledge of this branch of the military art is necessary to officers, not only in the regular army, but also to those in the militia service; that the undisciplined soldier requires some counterpoise to the hardy valor of tried and regular troops, and that this counterpoise is furnished by the art of fortification-the natural position of the militia soldier upon the field of battle being behind a breastwork. The military art is doubtless founded in all its branches upon the exact sciences--and in no other department is the application of these principles more frequently required than in engineering. The volume is provided with numerous engravings which tend to illustrate the text; and it is, we doubt not, a valuable compendium of this particular branch of military science which we detest. 13.--Memoir of Johann Gottlieb Fichte. By WILLIAM SMITH. Boston: James Munroe & Co.
This is an interesting and deeply instructive memoir, reflecting the mode and mind of " a healthy, sinewy nature, constantly proving all his problems by the heroism of daily life.” The writer of the preface to the American edition is an ardent admirer, and faithful appreciator of the “self-sufficing Fichte,” whom he welcomes “because he is in earnest, and because he grapples with the meaning of life, learns it by heart, and makes it luminous." He is described as throwing out the truth which he had, in huge, rude masses ; as the servant of truth, who saw it too clearly to trifle or blaspheme.