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Stockholm, bank,.....

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Safety Fund Law, insolvent banks under,.... 313 Stockholders in insurance companies, rights of.. 585
Salt

, product of, in Virginia and N. Y., 1840.... 286 Storm Key, revolving light on,.
Saltpetre, law for dealers in....
92 Straw braider, Tuscan,,...

319
Salvage,......
84, 289 Sub-treasury bill, United States......

502
Savings Banks in Boston,......

43 Sugar exported from New Orleans, 1841-46..... 405
provident institution for Boston, 1829-45, 43 compar, prices on the Levee, 1842-46.... 410
Bank in Boston, Suffolk, 1834-45,...... 43

potato,.......

106
in the United Kingdom,.....

101 Sulphites, and Hyposulphites, ................. 174
at Lowell, deposits, 1841-45,-

212 Superior, Lake, mines of...................... 105
Scarf shawls,...

108 Switzerland, cottop manufactures of........... 265
Scilly Light-house,....

311
Scotland, mercantile transactions in,

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617
Seamen, British merchant,.

110 Tariff, loss of revenue by reduction of, 1841-45, 119
Semaphoric telegraph,

200
new Prussian.....

495
Shawls, scarf....

108
of the Papal States,...

.......... 403
Shoal, New South....

506
of Denmark, reduction of..

307
in the Sooloo Sea,..

201
new British..

190
Sierra Leone, commercial sketches of........... 572

of 1846,..

306
Silk goods, imports and exports of Germany, .... 258 Tariffs of the U. 8., chronology of......... 698

entered for home consump, 1814-44,. 119 Tax, Massachusetts state, proportion of Boston... 49
British, exported, 1820-45,..

120 payers of Boston, classification of.... 47
Silk manufac, in New England,..

318 Taxes in Boston, valuation, 1800-45............ 46
ret'd for home consump. 1826-32,.. 120 comparative receipts from Boston, etc,... 50
Slave trade, African,

110 paid by Matteawan Company, 1828-44,... 374
Sloat Commodore, biography of...............
446 Taxation of New York,

219
Small-pox, deaths by in city of N. Y. 1805-45,... 160 Teas exported from China,.

215
Smelting, copper in the West,..

105 Telegraph, semaphoric....... ......... 200
Smoking salooo, railway.....

...... 510

extension of magnetic..............513
Society, British Marine....
96 Tennessee, manufactures in

598
Sooloo Sea, shoal in........

201

Virginia, Maryland and Kentucky,
Spain, silver mines of..........

316

comparative product of tobacco,... 286
commercial code of....

556 Tobacco, duty in Germany, France and England, 54
Spanish flour in England,......

consumption in Germany,....... 54
import duties on cotton,..

496
crop of Ohio,.,

58
Spoliations, claims for French..

smuggling in England,..
St. Michael's, new signals at.....

612

inspection and exports of Virginia..... 518
St. Peter's, French island of.....

201

exported from New Orleans, 1841-46,.. 405
St. Petersburg, Bank of........

419

exported from the U. S., 1821-45,..... 603
St. Louis, freight in flour to Cincinnati,

355
exported in bhds., 1836-45,..

604
steamboat tonnage, 1841,.

66

export of manufactured, 1833-45...... 604
trade and commerce of..

162

business on the Continent of Europe,.. 607
wheat, flour and tobacco,.

164

Maryl'd, Virginia, Kentucky and Ohio, 607
pork, bacon, lard and beef,.

165

arrivals, exports, etc., New Orleans, ... 406
steamboats arrived at, 1845..

166

compar, prod. Va., Ky, Tenn. and Md., 286
names and tonnage of steamboats,.. 166-7

trade,

......, 603
freights arrived, '44-45,.....

168

trade of St. Louis,....... .......... 164
State tax in Massachusetts, proportion of Boston, 49

inspection law of Louisiana,.......... 195
Steam, application to paddle and propeller,...... 67 Toll on coal, Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, 99
navigation, first Atlantic,......

610 Tonnage, steamboat, Pittsburgh, Wheeling, Pearl
Steamboat, Railroad and Canal statistics, 609,

river, New Orleans, St. Louis, Nash-
508, 414, 320, 209, 97

ville, Louisville, Cincinnati, 1844,... 66
Atlantic,...

323

entered and cleared at Boston, 1826-45, 36
tonnage at Pittsburgh, Wheeling, Pearl

compar. Boston, Mass., and U.
River, N. Orleans, St. Louis, Nash-

S., 1825-45,..

38
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employed in Asiatic trade, via
arrived at St. Louis, 1845,..

166
Pacific,.....

479
built in the West, 1846,-

513

of steamboats at St. Louis, ..
Steamers, British Mail, royages, 1810-45,.. 39 Trade, grain, Britain,..,

216
320
Western fur..

217
American Atlantic Mail..
.: 51 Free, Mutual Association,...

220
Hudson River, speed of.......

99

and commerce of St. Louis, ............. 162
Steel manufactures, American,......

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caravan at Berberah,...... 139
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Transparent malleable glass,.

318 VAN Deiman's Land, light in Banks' Strait,.... 311
'Treasury Circular,..

399 Vegetable aromatique distilleries,...... 417
Treaty, Oregon,....

402 Virginia, inspection and exports of tobacco, ..... 518
commercial, betw'n France and Belgium, 94 and her great central improvement,.. 273
'Trial by jury in Louisiana,..

74
imports, 1821-32...

281
Troy and Greenbush Railroad,..

98

compar. imports and exports, 1838 40... 982
Tuscan straw braider,..

319

comparative population of Vu. and the
Tuscany, Grand Duchy of........

23
West, 1790-18:0,..

........ 285
commerce and industry, 44

agricultural products, 1840........... 985
coast,.........

25

compar. prod. of tobucco, flax, hemp,
manufac. indust. of Pisa 26

corn and wheat,......

286
railways,....

27
compar. prod. of bituminous coal, 1810. 286
of salt, 1840,

286
U.
tobacco,...

607
UNITED KINGDOM, imports into......... 397

W.
United States Navy, origin of...

147
WALES, Savings Banks in,...

102
vessels belonging to ....... 148
population of cities, 1841...

103
Sub-treasury Bill,.....

497

of county towns,............ 104
progress of population in......... 502
Walney Island,

311
progress of invention in.......... 417

Warehousing system, Treasury circular on...... 400
receipts of cotton in the priocipal

Warsaw, Bank of......
ports, 1845-46....

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Varming apparatus for R. R. cars, Townsend's. 609
drawback on merchandise from
Washington, National Fair at.....

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Whale ship, first American in England... 111
imp. of coffee from Netherlands... 402 Wheat, arrival at tide water, and value in New
total cotton crop, ...

410
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391
exp. tobacco to G. Britain, 1841-45 296

trade at St. Louis,

164
1821-45,
....... 603

price at Baltimore, 1829-46,
exp. leaf tobacco in huds., 1836-45, 604
Wheeling, steamboat tonnage, 1844,.

66
exp. of manufac. tobacco, 1833-45, 604
Wilmington, North Carolina, port of.

96
imports from Canada, ........... 309
comm. relations with Mexico, 250, 310
Wine trade at Madeira, decrease of..

112
Wines of Syria,......

109
import of cured provisions,.... 411
Worsted mosuic work,.

601
imp. of goods from G. Britain, '45, 190
amount and location of deposits,. 192

Y.
Mint, and branches, coinage at.... 202

Yellow Fever in New York, 1805-45, ....... 160
annual deposits at.........
203

Z.
coinage of, 1793-1815....... 205 ZollvEREIN, Germon,...

255
coinage at Branch, 1838-45,. 205

population of each State........ 255
finances of, 1814-46,.

208
duties on imports,...

256
receipts from customs, 1845-46.... 2081

imports and exports, 1814-45,.... 256
export of lard and cheese, 1844-45. 216

manufacture, export and con-
imports from Great Britain, ....... 219

sumption of cotton goods, '43, 257
Gov. deposits in N. Y. Banks,.... 595

product, export and import of
revenue and expenditure,......... 596

woul, 1831-43, ...... .....258
chronology of the Tariff” of...... 608

imp. and exp. silk goods, '34-43,. 258
Usury Law of New York,....

102

imp. of Amer. produce, 1813-44,. 54

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I. PRESENT STATE OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY IN ITALY. Translated from the

"Giomale Del Lloyd Austriaco,"

19

II

. MINERAL REGION AND RESOURCES OF MISSOURI. By ISRAEL DILLE, of Ohio,.. 28

MI. PROGRESSIVE WEALTH AND COMMERCE OF BOSTON,..

34

IV. AMERICAN ATLANTIC MAIL STEAMERS: With Reference to the Increase of Commer-

cial Intercourse between the American and the German States. By Prof. J. L. TELLKAYPF,

LL. D., of Columbia College, New York,.

51

V. MACGREGOR'S COMMERCIAL STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES,

60

VI. THE SOUTHWESTERN CONVENTION, AT MEMPHIS: With Reference to the Com-

merce, Manufactures, Internal Improvements, and Resources of the South and Southwest,... 63

VII. FIRST APPLICATION OF STEAM TO THE PADDLE-WHEEL AND PROPELLER.

By J. E. BLOOMFIELD, of New Jersey,......

67

VIII. THE LAW OF DEBTOR AND CREDITOR IN LOUISIANA, By Francis H. Upton,

late Counsellor at Low of New Orleans, now of New York,..

70

IX. MARITIME LAW, NO. XI.-RESPONDENTIA LOANS. By A. Nasy, Esq., of N. Y... 75

X. THE MERCHANT PATRON OF THE FINE ARTS,..

80

MERCANTILE LAW CASES.

Notes-Endorsers--Power of Attorney,...

82

Action of Assumpsit-Commission Merchant,..

83

Action of Assumpsit on a Memorandum Check-Merchantable Goods,.

83

Counterfeiting Foreign Labels by Manufacturers in the United States,

84

Aetion to Recover on a Custom-House Bond-Salvage-The Ship American,.

84

COMMERCIAL CHRONICLE AND REVIEW,

EMBRACING A PINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL REVIEW OF THE UNITED STATES, ETC., ILLUSTRATED

WITH TABLES, ETC., AS FOLLOWS:

Commercial Affairs disturbed by diplomatic difficulties--Settlement of the Oregon Question--Com-

mereial Importance of Peace between England and the United States Mexican War-Rate of Bills

at different periods-Condition of Banks of New Orleans-Prices of Produce in New York market-

Grain and Flour in Bond in Great Britain-Average Price of Grain in Great Britain, two last years

Export of Wheat Flour and Cora in New York--Condition of the Provision-market-Finances of

the Federal Government, etc., etc., ...........

85

COMMERCIAL REGULATIONS.

Law of New York for Dealers in Gunpowder, etc.--Commercial Treaty between France and Belgium,. 94

VOL. XV.NO. I.

PAGE

NAUTICAL INTELLIGENCE.

Knoll near the West End of the Pan Sand.—Buoyage on the East Coast,...

95

Light-House on the Southern part of Bermuda.--British Marine Society.--Point-a-Petre, Guadaloupe,. 96

Buoyage of the Gull Stream.-Port of Wilmington, North Carolina, ...

96

RAILROAD AND STEAMBOAT STATISTICS

Accidents on Railways in England. --Receipts of English Railways, from 1843 to 1845,.

97

Reduction of Fares on English Railways.-Troy and Greenbush (New York) Railroad,

98

Rates of Freight and Toll on Coal on the Reading Railroad,......

99

Espenses of the British Steam Packet Service.--Speed of the Hudson River Steamers,..

99

COMMERCIAL STATISTICS.

Commercial Statistics of the United States,

113-116
Manufactures of Hemp and Flax imported into the United States, from 1821 to 1845, inclusive,.. 113
Imports, Exports, and Consumption of the United States, from 1789 to 1845, ...

114
Foreign Merchandise imported, re-exported, and consumed annually, from 1821 to 1845, inclusive...... 115
Foreign Merchandise re-exported from the United States, distinguishing Free and Dutiable Goods,.... 116
Statistics of British Trade and Commerce, in 1845,...

116
Tonnage, etc., belonging to the several ports of the British Empire, in each year, from 1820 to 1845,... 117
British and Foreign Vessels entered and cleared ports of the United Kingdom, from 1832 to 1845,... 117
Value of British and Irish Produce and Manufactures exported from the United Kingdom to different
foreign countries and possessions, from 1827 to 1844,..

118
British Revenue of Customs in each yenr, from 1839 to 1845,-

119
Silks entered the United Kingdom for Home Consumption, in each year, from 1814 to 1844,..

119
British Silk Goods, value exported from U. Kingdom to different countries, from 1826 to 1845,..

120
Foreign Silk Manufactures, quantities ret'd for Home Consumption in U. Kingdom, from 1826 to 1845,.. 120

JOURNAL OF BANKING, CURRENCY AND FINANCE.

Value of Foreign Coins in the U. S. by law of 1846—Resources and Expenditures of England and France, 100

Savings Banks in England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland,

101

Movement of the Ohio Banks, Resources and Liabilities, May, 1846,.

102

Law of New York concerning Usury, passed May 8th, 1846,-

102

John Randolph and the Mercbants’ Bank,

STATISTICS OF POPULATION.

Pop. of London in 1841, compared with that of all the Cities and Chief Towns in England and Wales,... 103

Population of the German City of Berlin,.....

104

JOURNAL OF MINING AND MANUFACTURES.

Mines of Lake Superior.--Copper Smelting in the West,...

105

Manufactures and Products of Connecticut, in 1845.-Manufacture of Potato Sugar,..

106

American Manufactures in Russia.-French Gobelin Manufactory.-Lead Mines of Illinois,...

107

Commerce and the Art of the Mechanic.--Gold Printed Muslins,..

108

Invention of an Extraordinary Scarf Shawl. Yankee Notions in England,..

108

MERCANTILE MISCELLANIES.

The Wines of Syria.—British Customs Duties in India.--Fire Insurance in New York...

109

African Slave Trade.-British Merchant Seamen.-Commercial Value of Insects,..

110

Louisiana Law of Debtor and Creditor.--Commerce of France and Belgium,..

111

First American Whale Ship in England, ....

111

British Statistics of the Cotton Trade.-Marblehead Fisheries,,....

112

Decrease of the Madeirn Wine Trade.--First Importation of American Poultry into England,

...... 112

Wool Trade of Great Britain, from 1818 to 1845, ....

120

Prices of Wool in Great Britain, from 1818 to 1845,..

120

British Woollen Manufactures exported in each year, from 1818 to 1845,.

... 121

British Exports of Manufactures, first quarter of 1846,.

121

British Coal Trade of 1845, compared with 1844,

121

THE BOOK TRADE,

Notices of Recent Publications,

122-128

Trade Sale of Books, Paper, etc., ....

198

Enlargement of the Merchants' Mugazine,...

128

HUNT'S

MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE,

JULY, 1846.

Art. 1.-PRESENT STATE OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY IN ITALY.*

DICHT OF BIODENA-POPULATION OF THE ITALIAN STATES-PRODUCTS-MANUFACTURING AND

AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY-MARINE-COMMERCE OF MODENA BY LAND AND SEA-DUCHY OF Lucca, ITS POPULATION-EMPLOYMENTS OF THE PEOPLE-MARITIME COMMERCE-EXPORTS GRAND DUCHY OF TUSCANY-ITS POPULATION, COMMERCE, AND INDUSTRY-MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY IN THE DEPARTMENT OF PISA-NAVIGATION OF THE ARNO-RAILWAYS IN TUSCANY, ETC., ETC.

DUCHY OF MODENA.

Population. Consumption is the vital element of all traffic. And if we wish to inquire into the commercial condition of a state, we must first regard its foundation in the amount of the population. According to the most recent data, the duchy of Modena contains 396,000 inhabitants, di. vided as follows: Province of Modena, 230,000; Reggia, 100,000 ; Gar. fagnana Estense, 30,000; Lunigiaria Estense, 14,000; Massa Carrara, 22,000; total, 396,000. Nearly one-half of the soil is jagged by the Appenines, which divide it into two districts, altogether distinct. The most populous portion of the duchy, situated in the plains of Lombardy, contains 330,000 inhabitants, while the maritime provinces, ultra-Appenine, contain only 60,000. These last named provinces are comprised in the vice-consular district of Viareggio, extending from the mouth of the Magra to that of the Arno, and form the subject of the following observations. Garfagnana is mountainous and sterile. Lunigiana, which forms part of the valley of Magra, is richer in culture and products. The duchy of Massa Carrara is blessed with a sky so mild, a climate so soft, and a soil so fruitful, that it may well be said to be an abode of delights.

Products. Chesnuts are the principal production of Garfagnana. In the plains of Lunigiana, and in Massa, are cultivated grain, legumes, fruits

, garlick, onions, wines, and, in some parts, the mulberry. In the provinces of Massa, thick woods, entirely of oranges and lemons, forming the principal fortune of the owners, are to be found. In other parts, the . Translated from “Giornale del Lloyd Austriaco," for the Merchants’ Magazine.

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