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an elaborate article on the subject, yet, so abundant are the materials fur. nished in the official report of Mr. Shattuck, that we have concluded to lay before our readers a full and comprehensive view of the commercial industry, and vast wealth of that most enterprising people.

The figures and facts here presented, are compiled almost entirely from the work of Mr. Shattuck ; and we take this opportunity of tendering our thanks to that gentleman for so valuable a contribution to the local statis. tics of the country.*

The manufacturing industry of a people is a means of wealth which has been considered as deserving of particular notice. Facts on this sub. ject were collected by authority of the United States in 1840, and by that of the state of Massachusetts in 1837 and 1845. If anything were needed to show the imperfection of the statistics col. lected in connection with the census of 1840, the statement of the manu. facturing industry of the people would seem to be sufficient. By comparing the abstracts of 1837 and 1845, some difference will appear-some important branches of industry were omitted in both periods; and amo others, periodical works, printing-presses, books, and clothing, which are among the most important branches of manufacture in the city, appear not to have been noticed at all in 1845. The aggregates from this table appear thus :

1837. 1840. 1845. In manufactures-Capital invested, .... dollars 5,830,572 2,442,309 4,330,600

Males employed,.......No. 6,320 2,289 5,260
Females

4,450

970 Value of product,... dollars 11,070,576 4,016,573 10,648,153 It might be inferred, from this statement, that the manufacturing industry of Boston was not as great now as in 1837 ; while the opinion of the best judges on the subject, formed without actual enumeration and investigation, is, that it is nearly double !

COMMERCIAL INDUSTRY. Under this head, Mr. Shattuck presents five tables, compiled from the annual statements of the commerce and naviga. tion of the United States, from records at the custom-house in Boston, and from other authentic sources of information.

Table I. contains the number of arrivals and clearances, specifying the tonnage and crews, since 1825, compiled from the annual statements of the commerce and navigation of the United States. With this state. ment, may be contrasted the following :-In 1748, 500 vessels cleared from Boston for, and 430 entered from, foreign ports. In 1784, the entries of foreign and coasting vessels were 372, and clearances 450. In 1794, the foreign entries were 567; in 1795, they were 725; and in 1806, they were 938. X

The Democratic Review for June, 1846, notices the work of Mr. Shattuck as follows: “The subject of social statistics, as connected with the mere numbers of the population on which ou glorious institutions are based, has received, hitherto, far too little attention. The want of facts, well anthenticated, in relation to the business, births, deaths, marriages, dwellings, domestic condition, occupations, progressive wealth, government, and general health of the population, of different localities, has been severely felt for a long period of time; and efforts have been made to supply them on the part of the federal, and some of the state governments of the Union, in iinitation of the more elaborate works of some of the governments of Europe, but hitherto with little success. The valuable work of Mr. Shattuck embraces all these subjects of inquiry, and more information of a most desirable nature. The results are such as reflect the highest credit on the skill, industry, and perseverance, ex. hibited by the able author and compiler. In the ninety-six pages of the work, is embraced a view of the capital of New England, at once comprehensive and minute, affording the most satisfactory evidence of the great prosperity of the Athens of America. We sincerely

trust that the great success which has attended the labor of Mr. Shattuck, will tempt other cities, as well as states, to add to the information conferred upon the public by hin. He modestly states, that a portion of the information embodied in the work bears but indirectly upon its main object.' In this, we differ from him. There is so species of statistical information, in relation to the people, which is not of the highest interest."

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TABLE I.--COMMERCE. Statement of the Number of Vessels, the Tonnage and the Crews, entered and cleared at Boston.

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Note.—The financial year was altered in 1843, to end June 30, instead of September 30, as it had before ended; consequently, that year includes three-quarters, only, in this, and the table of imports and exports of Boston and Massachusetts.

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Table II. contains the number of foreign arrivals and clearances, specifying the countries from which they came, obtained from the same source.

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TABLE II.-COMMERCE.
Statement of Foreign vessels which arrived and cleared during the years 1840 to 1845,

inclusive.
ARRIVALI.

CLEARANCES.
Sh’s. Bks. Brigs. Schrs. Si'ps. Total. Sh's. Bks. Brigs. Schrs. Sl'ps. Total.
British...

2 46 645 4,669 5,362 2 45 641 4,662 5,350 Bremen,...

3
3

6 3
3

6 Swedish,

13 24

37 13 24 Sicilian,

25

31 6 Prussian,..........

6 2

2 6 2 German,

2

2

2
Hamburg,

6 2
10 2 6 2

10 Norwegian,

6

6 Sardinian,

3

3

3 French,..

5 2

1 Austrian,...

3

3 Russian,

5

5 Danish,..

3

3
Portuguese,

1
Dutch,....
Spanish,..
3

3
Venezuelian,
1

1
Belgian,.....

1 Oldenburg,

1

1 Texian........

1

1

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Total.......... 9 75 737 4,681 1 5,503 9 74 733 4,674 1 5,491 Table III. contains the number of arrivals and clearances at the port of Boston, for each of the six years, 1840 to 1845, compiled from records kept by an individual, and designed to include all vessels, except, perhaps, a few loaded with wood and lumber.

TABLE III.-COMMERCE.
Statement of the Arrivals and Clearances at the Port of Boston, excluside of the British

Mail Steamers, during the six years, from January 1, 1840, to December 31, 1845
incluside

FOREIGN ARRIVALS
Yeors.
Ships. Barks. Brigs. Schrs. Sloops.

Tota I.
1840,...
162 117 598 771

1,648 1841, 174 150 584 835

1,743 1842, 172 170 498 910

1 1,751 1843, 127 153

946

1,750 1844, 154 217 607 221

2,199 159 215 550 1,406

2,330

524

1845,.......

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5,833

10,224 TABLE III.-Continued. Statement of the Arrivals and Clearances at the Port of Boston, exclusive of the British Mail Steamers, from January 1, 1840, to December 31, 1845, inclusive.

COASTWISE ARRIVALS. Years.

Ships Barks. Brigs. Schrs. Sloeps. Total. 1840,

80

85 545 3,351 275 4,336 1841,

115

133 643 3,506 177 4,574 1842,

111 146 630 2,994 143 4,024 1843,....................

102 158 683 3,860 141 4,944 1844,

127 192 796 4,054 143 5,312 1845,

156 248 1,025 4,068 134 5,631 Total,........

691

962 4,322 21,833 1,013 28,821

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Total,......... 1,167 1,068 3,483 9,992 625 16,335 NOTE.—Many vessels, sailing under coasting licenses, clear at the custom-house only when carrying debenture goods-hence, the number of arrivals largely exceeds the clearances. This table is compiled from a daily account kept by an individual, and is designed to include all vessels, except, perhaps, a few loaded with wood and lumber. It is more full and correct than any that could be obtained at the custom-house.

Table IV. shows the amount of tonnage owned by Boston, Massachusetts, and the United States, in each year, since 1825.

TABLE IV.-COMMERCE.
Statement of the Tonnage of Boston, Massachusetts, and of the United States.
BOSTON.

MASSACHUSETTS. V. STATES. Years. Reg. tonnage. Enr, and licensed. Total tonnage. Total tonnage.

Total tonnage. 1825, 103,741 27 49,127 51 152,868 78 352,441 88 1,423,110 77 1826, 109,383 47 62,592 65 171,976 12 385,526 88 1,534,190 83 1827, 108,508 52 53,075 32 161,583 84 389,032 51 1,620,607 78 1828, 119,467 64 56,694 59 176,162 23 424,511 99 1,741,391 87 1829, 107,440 40 37,082 66 144,523 06 350,787 00 1,260,797 81 1830, 100,214 88 34,794 29

135,009 17 329,504 37 1,191,776 43 1831, 99,266 69 38,907 56 138,174 25 342,676 19 1,267,846 29 1832, 113,877 78 57,168 06 171,045 84 395,923 93 1,439,450 21 1833, 127,842 33 61,551 88 189,394 21 467,760 66 1,606,149 94 1834, 149,826 01 62,710 41 212,536 42 473,507 68 1,758,907 14 1835, 159,764 26 66,276 48 226,041 74 496,927 31 1,824,940 14 1836, 157,207 21 69,572 69 226,779 90 490,387 87 1,882,102 65 1837, 127,955 17 73,049 42 201,004 59 490,449 93 1,896,685 69 1838, 135,415 34 71,846 68 207,262 02 499,398 26 1,995,639 80 1839, 138,547 74 65,068 08 203,615 82 506,364 61 2,096,478 81 1840, 149,186 03 71,057 31 220,243 34 536,532 16 2,180,764 16 1841, 158,803 50 68,804 44 227,607 94 545,904 23 2,130,744 37 1842, 157,116 70 36,385 48 193,502 18 494,894 38 2,092,399 69 1843, 165,482 69 37,116 49 202,599 18 495,302 54 2,158,602 93 1844, 175,330 57 35,554 47 210,885 04 501,207 66 2,280,602 93 1845, 187,812 55 37,290 66 225,103 21 524,081 36

Table V. shows the imports and exports, and the revenue of Boston ; and, side by side, the imports and exports of Massachusetts, since the year 1824.

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TABLE V.-COMMERCE.
Statement of the Imports, Esports, and Revenue of Boston, compared with the Imports

and Exports of Massachusetts.
BOSTON

MASSACHUSETTS.
Years. Imports.

Exports.
Revenue.

Imports. Exports. 1824, $12,828,253 $5,036,963 $4,193,112.81 $15,378,758 $10,434,328 1825, 15,231,856 6,078,619 5,047,814.25 15,845,141 11,432,987 1826, 12,627,449 6,780,577 3,988,378.46 17,063,482 10,098,862 1827, 11,591,830 7,322,910 4,179,494.67 13,370,564 10,424,383 1828, 12,540,924 7,438,014 4,597,176.86 15,070,444 9,025,785 1829, 9,990,915 5,881,717 4,167,199.78 12,520,744 8,254,937 1830, 8,348,623 5,180,178 3,662,301.78 10,453,544 7,213,194 1831, 13,414,309 5,896,092 5,227,592.00 14,269,056 7,733,763 1832, 15,760,512 10,107,768 5,524,839.36 18,118,900 11,993,768 1833, 17,853,446 8,062,219 3,895,036.71 19,940,911 9,683,122 1834, 15,614,720 7,309,761 2,830,172.69 17,672,129 4,672,746 1835, 19,038,580 7,952,346 3,624,771.94 19,800,373 10,043,790 1836, 25,897,955 8,475,313 4,470,053.73 25,681,462 10,380,346 1837, 15,027,842 7,836,270 2,565,830.67 19,981,668 9,728,190 1838, 13,463,465 7,036,882 2,411,155.95 13,300,925 9,104,862 1839, 18,409,186 8,013,536 3,294,827.65 19,385,223 9,276,085 1840, 14,122,308 8,405,224 2,456,926.22 16,513,858 10,186,261 1841, 18,908,242 9,372,612 3,226,441.47 20,318,003 11,487,343 1842, 12,633,713 7,226,104 2,780,186.04 17,986,433 9,807,110 1843, 20,662,567 7,265,712 3,491,019.82 16,789,452 6,405,207 1844, 22,141,788 8,294,726 5,934,945.14 20,296,007 9,096,286 1845, 21,591,877 9,370,851 5,249,634.00 22,781,024 10,351,030

These interesting facts show that the foreign commerce of Boston has not increased in proportion to its increase of population. They however show that it more than maintains its relative commercial rank, when compared with Massachusetts and the whole nation. This is proved by the following deductions from this table, and from Tables II. and IV.:

Of the per contage of all the commerce of the United States,
Years.

Tonnage. Imports. Exports. Tonnage. Imports. Exports. 1825,

10.74 15.81 6.10 24.76 16.44 11.48 1830, 11.33 11.97 7.01 27.64 14.74

9.76 1835,

12.33 12.70 6.53 27.22 13.20 8.25 1840,..

10.09 13.18 6.36 24.60 15.41 7.71 1845, 18.41 8.17

19.42 9.02 This does not indicate precisely the amount of commerce of Boston, since a large amount of tonnage, in parts of vessels, is owned there, which is not registered, or does not enter at that port.

In his appendix, Mr. Shattuck gives a table, which contains the particu. lars of each voyage made by the British mail steamers. These packets are so intimately connected with the prosperity of Boston, that he deemed it advisable, though attended with considerable labor, to present the de. tails at length. The summary of each year appears thus :

PASSENGERS TO

PASS. FROM BOS. TO Years.

Voyages. Av. l'gth. Halifax. Boston Left at Hal. Halifax. Liverp'l. 1840, 8 13.22 135 441

135 346 1841.

21 15.14 296 1,158 445 243 871 1842,

21 13.03

171 818 271 202 446 1843,

20 14.06 155 1,069 220 134 738 1844, 20 14.15 223 1,368 245

176 1,025 1845,

20 14.11 306 1,492 245 211 1,209

BOSTON HAD

MASSACHUSETTS HAD

Total,...... 110

1,286 6,346 1,426 1,101 4,635 The average length of the 110 voyages made in the five years and a

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