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ing the firing, and took the prisoners to St. John, the capital, where they were all shot by sentence of a court-martial.” A gentleman who witnessed the execution, stated, that when they attempted to blindfold Cofrecinas, he spurned the handkerchief and the priest, and cried in a loud voice, “I have killed hundreds with my own hands, and I know how to die. Fire s” He fell, the last and most daring of the pirates of that region. In his vessel were found a few goods, the remains of the cargo of a French brig taken a short time before, and whose crew and passengers he had murdered. The manner in which the information was obtained which led to the capture of this pirate may be worthy of record. Cofrecinas had taken, only a short time before he was discovered, the sloop in which he was cruising when captured. The master of the sloop proved to be an old acquaintance, and he appealed to Cofrecinas to spare his life, his men being compelled to join the pirates; but Cofrecinas told him that their rule was to kill all that did not join them, and that he was unable to save him from his men, but that he could spare him till sunset. The master of the sloop then went below and brought up a demijohn of wine, and handed it to the pirates, who were feasting on his provisions—his respite till sunset was confirmed by them. They asked him if he could swim, to which, with great presence of mind, he answered in the negative, and begged not to be thrown overboard, but to have a more immediate death, which they smilingly promised. He then went into his little cabin to collect his thoughts. He saw that the shore was about two miles off; it was falling calm, and the pirates carousing at anchor off Foxardo. He now cast off the boat from the stern, and let her drift away. As soon as he supposed they might discover it, he slipped over the stern very quietly, and swam to the bow. As soon as they perceived the boat adrift, their attention was absorbed in devising means to regain her, and the late commander was forgotten in the confusion, or supposed to be at his prayers in the cabin. He was an excellent swimmer, and struck out lustily for the shore. He was soon discovered and fired at, but dove at the flash, as he told it, and swimming under water, came up in a different place each time to breathe, and dove again instantly, until out of reach of shot. There being no wind, they could not get under way, and he had secreted the oars, so that the boat could not be used to overtake him. After sunset he gained the beach, almost exhausted; crawled a little way up the shore, and slept in the sand until daylight, when he found his way to St. Thomas, to inform the governor and commander of the “Grampus” of his adventure. He accompanied Lieutenant Pendergrast, and on her recapture, his sloop was immediately restored to him by Captain Sloat, after repairing the sails, which were riddled by shot, and the hull, which was but slightly injured.*

* Cofrecinas was visited by the officers in his prison, who found him a young man of twenty-six or twenty-seven, with a handsome, intelligent countenance, and a very amiable expression. His eye was of remarkable brilliancy, and he had all the suavity of the Spanish manner, with a very gentlemanly bearing. #. would never, have been taken for a murderer or pirate. Though badly oie was in irons, and a soldier was stationed at his bedside ; the guards were doubled around the prison, and unusual precautions taken, from a knowledge of his daring and o and the officer was made responsible with his head for the security of his prisoner. THe said that the moment the Americans rose from the hold of the sloop, he knew the uniform, and felt that his own men could never stand before them—his only safety was in flight, He gave great credit to the officers for the plan and accomplishment of his capture, and said if he could escape, he would spend his life with such men. Qn being asked how it was that one who was evidently a gentleman of education could be found among such persons as his men, he replied that the best answer would be a short history of his life. He was born at Cabo Roxo, (Porto Rico;)—his father was a gentleman of wealth, but was cheated out of it:-that, instead of inheriting a splendid patrimony, he had been compelled to resort to follo and piracy to get back what the world owed him;—that, some years before, in the beginning of his career, he had been robbing, with two negroes, in a canoe;—that a storm drove them into an obscureo in St. Domingo, where he was imprisoned more than a year;-that he became a favorite with the failer's wife and daughter, and was treated like one of the family;-that he used to go for wood and water, milk the cows, &c.;-that he secreted a canoe, and with his two confederates, during a most tremendous storm, such as are common in the tropics, they dropped down the river, and at daylight put to sea, and reached the island of Mona, exhausted by fatigue and hunger. There they procured turtle, water, &c., and, after recruiting, their strength, finally reached his native place. They then took a large boat, engaged the crew to join them, and made some rich captures, all of which they gambled away, and then went in pursuit of more, never allowing any witnesses to remain unless o joined his crew: . He said he was the most active man, and the best runner on the island, and related this incident:—One night, while he was gambling at a house in the woods, near Cabo Roxo, the police were informed of it paid him the compliment of sending a captain and twenty soldiers to take him: `that the officer surrounded the house, stationed all his sentinels, and made all his arrangements, without the suspicions of any one inside;—he then knocked at the door with the hilt of his sword. Cofrecinas knew the clangor of the steel, understood the whole by intuition, threw open the window behind him, jumped beyond the bayonets that met his view, escaped the shot of the soldiers, jumped a fence as high as he could reach (about seven feet) at a bound, escaped another volley, and gained the woods, where he laughed them to scorn. At the capture of his vessel, when he waded ashore, and avoided the first of the horsemen in the confusion, he met a herdsman—he made him exchange clothes and hat with him, and drove some animals directly to the body of soldiers in the road. He was Questioned #. them about the |. and gave plausible, but false information, of his scattered band. He passed all but the last soldier, who was accompanied by a boy who knew Cofrecinas, who was singularly marked from his birth, by having the second and third fingers of both hands inseparably joined. This caught the boy's eye, and he told the soldier that was Cofrecinas. He ordered him at once to halt, but he ran, and the soldiershot him in the neck. He fell, but instantly sprang to his feet, and with his knife would have soon overcome the soldier and escaped, had not the shot attracted some others. While struggling with the soldier, he was prostrated by a blow from the butt of a carbine, which, with others, made his side black from the shoulder to the hip. His hands were tied, and his feet sequred under the body of the horse on which he was placed; and he was thus brought, black and blue, to the prison.

The following is an extract of a letter from Lieutenant Commandant John D. Sloat, commanding United States schooner Grampus, to the Sec. retary of the Navy, dated St. Thomas, April 5, 1825:—

“Under date of the 19th of March, I had the honor to inform you that I had visited St. John, Porto Rico, for the purpose of offering our testimony against the pirates that made their escape from the vessel taken on the south side of the island, when the captain-general assured me that these miscreants should have summary justice.

“On my arrival at this place yesterday, I had the satisfaction to receive the information that all who made their escape from the vessel (eleven) were shot on the 30th ultimo. They all, except one, met their fate in the most hardened manner. The celebrated Cofrecinas refused to be blindfolded, saying that he himself had murdered at least three or four hundred persons, and it would be strange if by this time he should not know how to die. From his and other confessions, twenty-eight others have been taken, and seventeen are to be executed in a few days, and the remainder in a short time after. Those already executed have been j and quartered, and their parts sent to all the small ports round the island to be exhibited.

“This capture is thought by the government of the island to be of the greatest importance; and it is believed, from the number taken and convicted, that it will be for a long time a complete check to piracies about that island.”

The next sea service in which we find Captain Sloat engaged after his promotion to a master commander, (which took place March 21, 1826,) was a three years' cruise in the Pacific, in the sloop of war St. Louis, commencing in 1828. While lying at Callao, in the spring of 1831, a re

volution occurred in the government of Peru, which placed Captain Sloat in a delicate and peculiar situation, as General La Fuente, the ex-vice-president of the republic, and General Miller, took refuge in his ship. An interesting account of this affair is contained in a letter from General Miller, dated Callao Bay, April 19, 1831, from which we make the following extracts :-"General Gamarra left Lima in September last for Cuzco, in order to suppress a conspiracy in that city. Agreeable to the constitution, the vice-president, General La Fuente, took the supreme command ; his conduct to my certain knowledge has been correct, honor. able, and faithful to the state, as well as to the president. Unfortunately the president left his wife at Lima, and she being of a dictatorial and domi. neering spirit, wished to rule the vice-president as she had done her hus. band, who, in fact, never resisted her wishes on any subject. This high. spirited and ambitious woman fomented an opposition, which was strength. ened by false friends of the president, and some other designing and un. principled men. Every act of La Fuente was construed by these miscreants as hostile to the president, and the vilest slanders were invented and published by the faction. The truth is, that the administration of La Fu. ente had increased in popularity by the active and straight-forward course pursued.

“ The president, imposed upon by these artful misrepresentations, was led to believe that La Fuente was hostile, and endeavoring to supplant him. Communications were doubtless brought from head-quarters by a Colonel Videl, to the chiefs and officers of the garrisons of this port and Lima. That of the latter was composed of the battalion of Zepeta, 700 strong, some artillery, and 200 cavalry. The commanding officer of Zepeta, and the artillery, were known to act in blind obedience to the heroine, (Mrs. Gamarra,) and for several days the vice-president, ministers and myself

, knew a revolution was meditated. It was determined that Zepeta should be sent to the south, agreeably to the repeated request of the president; and the government, confiding in its innocence, conceived that the most zealous friends of Gamarra could have no real interest in deposing the vice-president, especially as it was known that his anxious desire was to deliver over the government to the president, who was expected to reach Lima in a few days. However, to the surprise and indignation of the friends of order, the light company of Zepeta, about 8 o'clock in the even. ing of the 16th inst., entered the house of General La Fuente, fired se. veral shot, and endeavored to force their way into the room in which he was in bed.

At the alarm, he sprang up, and forcing his way through se. veral soldiers, effected his escape to the kitchen, and through the chimney of which he gained the roof, and from thence he was hotly pursued by an officer, who was shot dead by his own soldiers, they mistaking him for the vice-president. The light company, disappointed of their object, hastily returned to their barracks, taking prisoners two friends of General La Fuente, who happened to be in the house at the time of the attack. The firing of the shots caused an immediate alarm in the streets adjoining the vice-president's house, and cries were heard in every direction, of The battalion of Zepeta has revolted,' and the inhabitants fled to their houses and closed the doors. At this moment I was lying in my bed from fatigue, having been ill for several days. Upon hearing the report from my aid-de-camp, to whom I had just given orders, as well as to Colonel Al. lende, to parade on horseback and in disguise, in certain streets of the city,

I immediately mounted, and rode to La Fuente's house, ascertained that it had been attacked by troops, and then rode to the barracks of the three companies of the battalion of Callao. I could only form two, one being on guard; and I then sent an officer to the barracks of Zepeta to ascertain what had occurred. He returned with a report that the corps was under arms, with General Elespron, Prefect of the Department, at their head, who sent word that he had taken measures against the person of General La Fuente, in consequence of his having infringed the constitution. He requested me at the same time to join him with the troops under my command, and adding, that he would hold me responsible for the attendant evils, if I did not comply with his wishes. To such a communication I made no reply, but sent orders to the cavalry to proceed to Callao, and I soon followed with the companies of infantry in the same direction, not doubting that the governor and garrison of the castle would act honorably towards the legitimate government which they had sworn to maintain. By this movement, I prevented compromising the troops, in firing upon each other in town, and thought to insure possession of the fortress until information could be obtained respecting the vice-president, of whose situation I was then ignorant. To my astonishment, on my arrival, at three o'clock on the 17th, I was refused admittance into the fortifications, and soon after learned that the governor, Colonel Echeniger, and the garrison, acted in combination with the revolutionists of Lima. I took possession of the dismantled fort of El Sol. On the same day a detachment of 300 of the revolted troops were allowed to enter the castles of Callao, under whose guns we were placed in the fort of El Sol, and I consented to hold an interview with General Benevedes, who had joined the revolutionists. The result was, I was allowed to come here and remain on board this vessel, until the president’s arrival from the south, or order should be established so as to allow of my proceeding to the capital. I was surprised, on coming on board this ship, to find General La Fuente already here. On his gaining the roof of the house, it seems that three soldiers, stationed there, discharged their muskets at him, who was closely pursued by an officer, Lieutenant Bajar, sword in hand. They loaded a second time, and mistaking their leader for General La Fuente, shot him dead. On discovering their mistake, they ceased further pursuit of the fugitive, and to this circumstance the vice-president owes his escape. After running to the extreme end of the quadra on the roofs, and jumping over several brick walls, he lowered himself into the room of a carpenter whom he had often employed. This man clad the general in a suit of his own, and cut off his mustachios: he handed him also six doubloons, which were his all;conducted him to the house of a friend, whence he proceeded to Chorrillos, and there taking a canoe, he came on board this ship, where he is as comfortable as the hospitality of her generous commander can make him, and as secure from persecuting assassins as the powerful flag of the United States can render him.”

Captain Sloat acted in this business with the advice of our Legation at Lima; and his affording refuge to these distinguished, but unfortunate functionaries, was approved by our government.

Captain Sloat returned to New York in the winter of 1831–2, in the St. Louis. When within six miles of Sandy Hook he was blown to sea, and for twenty-one days unable to gain the port of New York. The crew suffered greatly by frost.

He was much engaged, for several succeeding years, in superintendence of the coast surveys and the recruiting service, as well as in other professional duties. He was advanced to a post-captaincy, the highest grade in our service, in February, 1837. The option having been tendered him by the department, of the command of the frigate “Potomac” or of the Portsmouth station, he preferred the latter, where he continued for three years, commencing in the autumn of 1840, and during which period he had ample opportunity of displaying his good taste and skill in naval architecture. Those proud specimens, the corvettes “Portsmouth” and “Saratoga,” were constructed under his supervision; and he had the satisfaction, also, to superintend the rebuilding from the keel, of the “Congress” frigate, (now unsurpassed by any vessel afloat,) that he so gallantly saved in the early part of his career, and which followed him to the Pacific, and formed a part of his late command in that ocean.

Soon after Commodore Sloat left the Portsmouth station, he was offered the squadron in the Pacific, which he accepted, and joined in the autumn of 1844. He hoisted his broad pennant on board the “Savannah” frigate, and the success of his cruise there, will, we trust, result in lasting benefits to his couniry, and prove the crowning glory of his professional life. The non-arrival of Commodore Sloat's despatches, obliges us to give the following extract from the letter of an officer well known to us, and which only contains the information received of the most important movement of the squadron:—

“On the sixth of July, all was bustle in the cabin of the Savannah; some four or five men were busily employed writing letters, proclamations, &c., o to taking possession of California. It was long after the witching hour of midmight, ere {". enabled to catch a short and troubled repose, as all was to be prepared by six o'clock the following morning, which came as bright and beautiful as a July day of our own favored land. At six o'clock, A. M., Captain Mervine came on board to receive orders, and at seven, he left with a summons to the military commandant of Monterey to surrender the place forthwith to the arms of the United States, and also a similar summons to the military governor for the surrender of all California. “At nine, A.M., of the seventh of July, the expedition started from the Savannah, composed of the boats of the Savannah, Levant, and Cyane, and landed, without opposition, at the mole. The forces were then marched up a short distance to the custom-house, where a concourse of the inhabitants were assembled. Here the marines and men were halted, and the proclamation read to the multitude by Rodman M. Price, Esq., purser of the Cyane, in a loud and distinct manner, which was received with three hearty cheers by those present. The flag of the United States was then hoisted by acting Lieutenant Edward Higgins, immediately after which a salute of twenty-one guns was fired by the Savannah and Cyane. The custom-house was then turned into barracks for the United States forces, and everything settled down quietly. “Communications were immediately despatched to Commander Montgomery, of the Portsmouth, at St. Francisco, at which place, and at Zanonia, the United States flag was hoisted on the morning of the ninth; and before ten days had elapsed, the whole of California, north of Monterey, was under the flag of the United States, much to the apparent satisfaction of the people, who hope it will last, knowing how much better they will be off under the government of the United States. “On the sixteenth of July, Captain Stockton arrived, too late, however, to participate directly in taking possession of California. “On the twenty-ninth, Commodore Sloat gave up the command to Commodore Stockton, hoisted his flag on board the Levant, and sailed for the United States, via Mazatlan and Panama, and we hope to reach the United States in November.”

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