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ofthe President in relation to
Concerning the 2. No senator or representative shall, during the time
under the authority of the United States, which shall have
concur with amendments as on other bills.
presentatives and the Senate, shall, before it becomes a bills.
law, be presented to the president of the United States; if
originated, who shall enter the objections, at large, in their Proceedings on journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconbiles reiciend. by sideration, two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the the
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the
3. Every order, resolution, or vote, to which the concur-
rence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be
the same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or
1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises;
and general welfare of the United States; but all duties,
2. To borrow money on the credit of the United States. Commerce.
3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes.
4. To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uni- Naturalization. form laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States.
5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of Money. foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures.
6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the Counterfeiting. securities and current coin of the United States. 7. To establish post offices and post roads.
Post offices. 8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by Scienco. securing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries.
9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court. Tribunals. To defie and punish piracy and felony committed on the high seas and offenses against the law of nations.
10. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, War.
11. To raise and support armies; but no appropriation of Armies.
13. To make rules for government and regulation of the Land and naval
land and naval forces.
14. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the Militia.
15. To provide for organizing, arming and disciplining the
the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be
zines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings; 1. and
17. To make all laws which shall be necessary and pro- for tho execution per for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and of their powers. all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.
SECTION 9. 1. The migration or importation of such persons as any tion of certain
of the importaof the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall persone, &c. not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may
Writ of habeas corpus.
be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person.
2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when, in cases of rebellion or invasion,
the public safety may require it. Attainder, &c. 3. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be
passed. Direct taxes. 4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless
in proportion to the census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken.
5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from from the states, any state. No preference shall be given by any regulation
of commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of another; nor shall vessels bound to or from one state
be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another. of expenditures. 6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in
consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of
all public money shall be published from time to time. No nobility
7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United created and no States, and no person bolding any office of profit or trust ed by U. S. OF? under them, shall, without the consent of the Congress, ficers, oto.
accept any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state.
SECTION 10. Powers prohibita 1. No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance or conod to the indi. federation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin vidual states.
money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold or silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of 'attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility.
2. No state shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay Powers which
any impost or duties on imports or exports, except what may exercise only be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; tion of congress, and the net produce of all duties and imposts, laid by any
state on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the treasury of the United States, and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of Congress. No state shall without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay.
the states can
SECTION 1. 1. The executive power shall be rested in a president of the United States of America. He shall hold his office
Executive pow. ers.
Electors of Presi.
during the term of four years, and together with the vice
3. The electors shall meet in their respective states and Meeting of the vote by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And Their proceedthey shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and of ings. the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of government of the United States, directed to the president of the Senate. The president of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be the president, if such number is a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority, and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately choose, by ballot, one of them for president; and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on the list, the said house shall
, in like manner, choose the president. But in choosing the president, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the president, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors, shall be the vice president. But if there should remain two or more [*Annulled, see
amendments, who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them, art. 12.] by ballot, the vice president.*
4. The Congress may determine the time of choosing the time of choosin electors, and the day on which they shall give their votes, which day shall be the same throughout the United States. 5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen
Qualifications of the United States at the time of the adoption of this Con- for President. stitution, shall be eligible to the office of president; neither shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen years a resident within the United States.
6. In case of the removal of the president from office, or When his duties of his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the devolve on the
vice president,&o powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the vice president, and the Congress may, by law, pro
vide for the case of removal, death, resignation, or ina-
president shall be elected.
services a compensation, which shall neither be increased
8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall
take the following oath or affirmation: Oath of the
9. “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully president. execute the office of President of the United States, and
will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend
of the several states when called into the actual ser-
except in cases of impeachment.
sent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of
United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise of appointment provided for, and which shall be established by law. But
the Congress may, by law, vest the appointment of such
3. The president shall have power to fill up all vacancies
granting commissions, which shall expire at the end of their
formation of the state of the Union, and recommend to
the advice and consent of the senate.
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