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tions hitherto emitted at Rutherglen, Sanquhar, and Lanark; with all dying speeches and testimonies of these who have sealed the truth with their blood, so far as they agree with God's holy Word.

“I own all the appearances in arms that have been at Pentland, Drumclog, Bothwell, Airsmoss, and elsewhere, against God's stated enemies, and the enemies of the Gospel, as it hath been preached by all Christ's faithful ambassadors in Scotland since the Reformation, and now by that faithful servant of Christ, Mr James Renwick; and the testimony of the day as it is stated and carried on by him and his adherents at home and abroad-[abroad referreth principally to Messrs John Brown, John Nevay, and Robert M'Ward, who were banished to Holland by King Charles and the Duke of Lauderdale. Note in edition of 1718.-ED]-and kingly government as appointed and emitted in the Word of God, they entering Covenant ways, and with Covenant qualifications ; but I am persuaded Scotland's covenanted God will cut off the name of the Stuarts, because they have stated themselves against religion, Reformation, and the thriving of Christ's kingdom and kingly government in these lands. And although men idolise them much now, yet ere long there shall none of them be to tyrannise in covenanted Britain any more.

“On the other hand, I die protesting against, and disowning Popery in all its superstitious bigotry and bloody cruelty ; and Prelacy the mother of Popery; and all that depends upon that hierarchy; and the unhinging and overthrowing of the glorious work of Reformation by their woeful Act Rescissory : burning the Covenant, turning out Gospel ministers, filling their rooms with profane erroneous curates, and setting up Charles Stuart to be head of the Church; and so robbing Christ of His royal and incommunicable prerogatives by their cursed Act of Supremacy.

“I protest against the putting malignants into places of power and trust in Church, State, and armies; and all declarations* anywhere published, tending thereunto; and against all paying of stent, cess, and locality, to strengthen the enemies' hands to persecute Christ in His members; and all shedding of their blood in fields, seas, scaffolds, prisons, or any otherwise ; and all robbing, plundering, or spoiling them of their goods; and all raising of the hue and cry after them; and all sinful oaths, such as the Oath of Supremacy, the Bond

* Here the reader is referred to that relation of his, which in this particular is at more length expressed in the short account before this testimony.

of Peace, the Test, the Oath of Conformity, the Abjuration Oath, and the Oath Superinquirendis.

“I die testifying against the woeful Indulgence, the fruits and consequences of which have so much strengthened the enemy, increased our divisions, widened our breaches, and deadened the spirits and cooled the zeal of the Lord's people, stumbled and offended the weak, and in a great measure retarded the carrying on of a testimony for truth, by condemning the things contended for, and reproaching these that contend for truth.

“Wherefore, I leave my testimony against all the acceptors thereof, and all ministers and professors, who are any way guilty of any of the woeful defections and sinful compliances with the enemies of truth, or any way guilty of condemning, reproaching, and ridiculing Mr James Renwick and his correspondents, or the testimony which they are carrying on. And let all such ministers and professors know that this their practice, at the best, is a denying of Christ, and a shifting of His cross. Therefore let them take warning, and ponder these Scriptures: Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven. But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven. He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me. And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me' (Matt. X. 32, 33, 37, 38). • Then said Jesus unto His disciples, if any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross and follow me' (Matt. xvi. 24; Mark viii. 34). “For whosoever will save his life shall lose it; but whosoever shall lose his life for my sake and the Gospel's, the same shall save it' (Mark viii. 35 ; Matt. x. 39). · For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul ?' (Matt. xvi. 25, 26; Mark viii. 36, 37). "Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation; of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when He cometh in the glory of His Father with the holy angels' (Mark viii. 38). “For the Lord spake thus to me with a strong hand, and instructed me that I should not walk in the way of His people, saying, Say ye not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fcar ye their fear, nor be afraid. Sanctify the Lord of hosts Himself; and let Him be your fear, and let Him be your dread.

And He shall be for a sanctuary ; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken' (Isa. viii. 11-15), as is expressed ver. 9, 10 of the same chapter. My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not. If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause : let us swallow them up alive as the grave; and whole, as those that go down into the pit: we shall find all precious substance, we shall fill our houses with spoil : cast in thy lot among us; let us all have one purse : my son, walk not thou in the way with them; refrain thy foot from their path : for their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood' (Prov. i. 10-16). Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil ; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter ! Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight! Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him! Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust : because they have cast away the law of the Lord of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel' (Isa. V. 20, 21, 23, 24). “He that justifieth the wicked, and He that condemneth the just, even they both are abomination to the Lord' (Prov. xvii. 15). "They hate him that rebuketh in the gate, and they abhor him that speaketh uprightly? (Amos v. 10). "For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor '(Gal. ii. 18). But unto the wicked, God saith, What hast thou to do to declare my statutes, or that thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth? Seeing thou hatest instruction, and castest my words behind thee. When thou sawest a thief, then thou consentedst with him, and hast been partaker with adulterers. Thou givest thy mouth to evil, and thy tongue frameth deceit. Thou sittest and speakest against thy brother; thou slanderest thine own mother's son. These things hast thou done, and I kept silence ; thou thoughtest that I was altogether such an one as thyself: but I will reprove thee, and set them in order before thine eyes' (Ps. 1. 16-21). The prophecy of Obadiah throughout, the first and last chapter of Isaiah to the end, with many more.

“Now it is my last request and soul's desire that all who have made Moses' choice to suffer affliction with the people of God,

rather than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season, and are true lovers of Zion's righteous cause; that you set much time apart, and mourn and afflict your souls, for your original sin, heart plagues, sins of persons and families, sins of kings and kingdoms; and for all the dreadful apostacies, hateful compliances, and sinful sidings of ministers and people with the enemies of God and godliness, and mourn that there is not more faithfulness and zeal for the cause of God amongst His people : read Ps. 1., Ezra ix., Neh. ix., Jer. ix., Lam. iii. and Ezek. ix. to the end.

“My dear friends, forbear your contentions and censuring one of another; sympathise with and love one another, for this is His commandment; keep up your sweet fellowship meetings, and desirable general meetings, with which my soul has been often refreshed ; and what is agitated in them, for carrying on of a testimony for truth, and against defections, let it be managed with Scripture light for direction, and with zeal temperate with knowledge, and with the spirit of meekness accompanied with patience and humility. Be always ready to give a reason of your faith, and be much denied to the world, to yourselves, and to your natural life; and when God in His providence calls you to lay it down for Him, do it cheerfully, and embrace the cross of our sweet Lord Jesus with open arms : for He will not send any a warfare on their own charges; take for your rule and encouragement these Scriptures, with others, that I leave to your own search : ‘Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance : against such there is no law. And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts. If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit. Let us not be desirous of vain-glory, provoking one another, envying one another' (Gal. v. 19-26). 'Be not deceived ; God is not mocked : for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting. And let us not be weary in well-doing : for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not. As we have therefore opportunity, let us do

good unto all men, especially unto them who are of the household of faith' (Gal. vi. 7-10). “Then they that feared the Lord spake often one to another : and the Lord hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before Him for them that feared the Lord, and that thought upon His name. And they shall be mine, saith the Lord of Hosts, in that day when I make up my jewels ; and I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him. Then shall ye return, and discern between the righteous and the wicked, between him that serveth God and him that serveth Him not' (Mal. iii. 16-18). “Say ye to the righteous, that it shall be well with him ; for they shall eat the fruit of their doings. Woe anto the wicked ! it shall be ill with him : for the reward of his hands shall be given him. The show of their countenance doth witness against them ; and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not. Woe unto their soul! for they have rewarded evil unto theniselves '(Isa. iii. 10, 11, 9). “To the law and to the testimony : if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them' (Isa. viii. 20). “But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall' (Mal. iv. 2). “And I will wait upon the Lord, that hideth His face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for Him' (Isa. viii. 17). "Only let your conversation be as it becometh the Gospel of Christ : that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the Gospel; and in nothing terrified by your adversaries : which is to them an evident token of perdition, but to you of salvation, and that of God. For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on Him, but also to suffer for His sake' (Phil. i. 27-29). "And He said unto me, Thou must prophesy again before many peoples and nations, and tongues, and kings' (Rev. x. 11); and Heb. X. 21.39. Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless, afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby. Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees; and make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; but let it rather be healed. Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord : looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and thereby many be defiled' (Heb. xii. 11-15).

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