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was erected about 1838 over their remains. In digging for its foundation the workmen came upon the bodies of the martyrs lying in the moss. They were in the coats, hose and bonnets, in which they had been shot. Their bodies were still in a state of good preservation, and so was their dress, which was mainly a strong home made cloth, that either had been, or had become the colour of the moss. -Ed.]
HE laird of Ardincaple, commanding a party of Highland
men, killed Robert Lockhart and Gabriel Thomson about
that time also, May 1st, 1685. [They had been at a conventicle, and were on their way home, when they were overtaken by Ardincaple coming from the west. The one was shot at Cowplie, at the foot of Melowther Hill, about three miles to the south-west of Eaglesham village ; the other got away, but the soldiers came up to him about a mile further on the road at Sparrow Hill, at a house now in ruins. With his back to the gable of the house, he defended himself, but he was soon overpowered and shot dead. They were strangers to the district. Their remains lie in a corner of Eaglesham churchyard, since made the burying-place of the ministers of the parish. When a new monument was erected in 1838 over the spot, in clearing out the foundation two skulls were found not far from the surface, about the length of a man from each other, lying "heads and thraws" i.e., in opposite directions. No trace of a coffin was to be seen. The inscription on the monument is in the appendix.—ED.]
ILLIAM PATERSON was shot at Strathaven, uncertain by whom, 1685.
[William Paterson was son to Robert Paterson in Kirkhill, Cambusnethan, who was killed at Airsmoss. William Paterson had been turned out of his house for nonconformity, his family was scattered, and he himself suffered many privations, until at last he was apprehended and sent abroad as a soldier. Making his escape, he came home; and, after being in concealment for some time, was taken upon a Sabbath day in 1685 at Charonheugh. There were fourteen in the place, ten of whom, on the soldiers' approach under Captain Bell, got into a secret place in the cave, while William and other three were made prisoners, who took the oath of abjuration. William Paterson refused it, when the soldiers carried him to Evandale Castle, where that afternoon, without trial, he was shot. His remains lie in Strathaven churchyard. The inscription is in the appendix.-ED.]
JOHN M'GLORGAN was killed at Drummellian's house in
the night-time, not known by whom.
OHN REID, belonging sometimes to Craigie's troop, did
under cloud of night kill by a shot one George Wood,
about sixteen years old, without asking one question at him, in Distinkhorn Hill in Kyle, June 1688.
[George Wood was the last who suffered previous to the Revolution. Wodrow says that the murderer, when challenged for what he had done, replied, “He knew him to be one of the Whigs, and they ought to be shot wherever they were found."-ED.
N sum, their number amounts to seventy-eight. Besides
these cold-blood murders, there were many killed at several
skirmishes at Pentland, Bothwell, Airsmoss, etc., while fighting in their own defence, and the defence of the field-meetings, the number whereof amounts to about four hundred and some odds.
A Short Account of the Oppressive Exactions.
HE following short account, taken from the “Memorial of
Grievances,” is far from being a full statement of the op
pressive exactions during the twenty-eight years' persecution. The expectation of the compilers that a fuller statement would be given was fulfilled by Wodrow. In the preface to the second volume of the original edition of the history there is an “abbreviate of fines and losses in the different shires and parishes from particular information in the author's hands." This abbreviate cost the historian more labour than many sheets of his history, and was formed out of several hundred sheets of informations from different parishes throughout the kingdom. Much labour as Wodrow spent on it, he says it was incomplete, for he had received no information from far the greater part of the parishes where the persecution raged. Hence he reckons the abbreviate to be at least one half less than the reality. But the abbreviate itself is something astounding. It is
Fines and losses in the shires of Edinburgh, Selkirk, Berwick,
Roxburgh, Peebles, Dumfries, Galloway, Ayr, Renfrew,
Lanark, Fife, Perth,
£1,743,999 18 8 1,017,353 6 8 237, 333 6 8 55,200 0 o
120,933 6 8
£3, 174,819 18 8
XPECTING that others, who have the particular informa
tions of matters of facts by them, will be concerned to publish a more full account of these illegal fines and robberies, it shall suffice at present to transcribe only the general account of some of them out of the forementioned Memorial of Grievances; which runs thus :
For fines and other exorbitant and illegal exactions
of money, the particular sums cannot be here enume. rated; but their vastness, when together calculated, may be easily collected by the scraps already gathered of some poor families of farmers, cottars, servants, etc., and many of these omitted or not known (which would very considerably augment the sum), in some few shires, viz. Clydesdale, Renfrew, Ayr, Galloway, Nithsdale, and Annandale, only for but a few years, to wit, since Bothwell Bridge insurrection, amounting to above 288,000 pound Scots; besides the many honest families which have been casten out of their houses, harassed and spoiled of their all ; some of their houses being thrown down, some burnt, some shut up, their goods and moveables seized upon, their crop and cattle also disposed of at the will of their persecutors, in the forementioned shires, amounting to above two hundred.
The immediate authors, actors, and instruments of these oppressions, were principally the curates instigating the Privy Council, which empowered the forces, and noblemen, and gentlemen of the country, to prey upon the poor people. All cannot be here expressed, but some of the most noted in the western shires shall be named, who were the greatest persecutors and oppressors by finings and other exactions.
F officers of the forces, Colonel Douglas, brother to the Duke
of Queensberry, exacted above 2000 pounds Scots money in
Galloway. Nithsdale, shire of Ayr, and other places. Lieutenant General Drummond, besides the forefaultures [i.e., forfeitures) of gentlemen, did also exact moneys of the poor in the shire of Ayr.
The Earl of Linlithgow and his soldiers spoiled much in Galloway. The Earl of Airly and his troop in the same shire.
The Lord Balcarras, a great oppressor in Galloway, besides all the robberies he committed in Fife.
Graham of Claverhouse, afterwards Viscount of Dundee, with his brother and subaltern officers in Galloway, Nithsdale, and Annandale, exacted by fines and otherwise above 13,500 pounds Scots money.
Colonel Buchan, a most violent persecutor in Galloway and the shire of Ayr, by robberies took from the people upwards of 4000 pounds Scots.
Major Cockburn, a great oppressor in Galloway.
Major White in Clydesdale, and shire of Ayr, exacted by fines and otherwise above 2500 pounds Scots.
Major Balfour, a great persecutor and oppressor in Clydesdale.
Captain Strachan with his troop oppressed and spoiled much in Galloway and other places.
Captain Inglis with his troop did dispossess many families, and got much spoil in Galloway, Ayr, and Clydesdale.
Captain Douglas in Galloway committed much outrage and spoil.
- Meldrum in Clydesdale took from poor families upwards of 2800 pounds, and vast sums in Merse and Teviotdale, with the Earl of Hume, and Ker of Grandoun, with the lairds of Haining and Blindlee, and in Tweeddale with the laird of Posso.
Lieutenant Winram in Galloway, a very vigilant persecutor and spoiler.
Lieutenant Barns, also in the same shire, took much spoil.
Lieutenant Lauder in the shire of Ayr, a most outrageous persecutor and oppressor.
James Irvine of Bonshaw, a borderer, a highwayman, afterwards an officer of dragoons, robbed much from the poor people in Clydesdale.
Duncan Grant, a cripple with a tree leg, a very outrageous persecutor, exacted in Clydesdale from poor people above 1500 pounds.
F noblemen, gentlemen, and others, the greatest oppressors
ways of persecution, wherein he was most active, drew from
the poorest people above 1200 pounds.
cutors and exactors.
Baillie Yuil, Baillie Graham, William Stirling, Baron-Bailiff,
great persecutors, exacted above 20,000 pounds. In Renfrew : The Earl of Glencairn, by fines and dispossessing of families,
exacted partly there, and partly in Clydesdale and Niths
dale, above 2400 pounds. Lord Sempill, a papist, a persecutor. Alexander Hume in Eaglesham, a most violent and vigilant persecutor and exactor, with many
The Earl of Dumfries exacted above 1000 pounds.