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Alahis, duke of Trent, rebels against
Berthari and Cunibert, 275.
Alamanni, ask protection of Theo-
doric, 25; subdued by Chlodovech,
6o ; by Charles Martel, 290; by
Pippin the Short, 323.
Alaric II. king of Visigoths, slain by
Chlodovech, 26, 63.
Alboin, Lombard king, 183; invades
Italy, 184; murder of, 186.
Alcuin, at court of Charles the Great,
341, 379, 389.
Alexandria taken by Saracens, 220,

237. -
Alfonso I., his conquests from the

Moors, 507.
— II., wars of, with the Moors,
508.

— III., wars of, 509.
Ali, son-in-law of Mohammed, 240.
Amalafrida, sister of Theodoric, wife
of Thrasamund, 28; murdered, 75.
Amalaswintha, daughter of Theo-
doric, 29; her regency for Atha-
laric, 74-79; Theodahat her co"
league, 8o; murdered, 80.
Amalric, Visigothic king, 26, 63; slain
by the Franks, 115.
Ambléve, battle of, 266.
Amorium, siege of, 255; destroyed
by Saracens, 487.
Amrou, Saracen leader, 220, 237.
Anastasius I., emperor, 46; charac-
ter of, 47; quells rebellion of Isau-
rians, 48; war with Persia, 48; his
heterodoxy, 51 ; troubles with Blue
and Green factions and with Vita-
lian, 51 ; death, 52.
— II., dethrones Leontius, 254; his
orthodoxy, 279 ; rebels against Leo
the Isaurian, 310.
Anatolic theme, 242.
Anbasa-ibn-Johim invades Gaul, 292.
Anchialus, battle of, 316.
Andalusia, conquests of East-Romans
in, A.D. Io9, 133-134.

Andernach, battle of, 434.
Andreas murders Constantinus-Con-
stans, 246.
Ansegisel, son of St. Arnulf, 178.
Ansprand, regent for king Luit-
prand, 279, 280; king of the
Lombards, 28o.
Antioch taken by Persians, 92, 155;
by Saracens, 219.
Antonina, wife of Belisarius, 70, 94,

95.
Aquitaine conquered by Chlodovech,
62; invaded by Saracens, 271,
292; rebellions of, against the
Franks, 292, 296, 323, 332, 337,
422. -
Arabia before Mohammed, 213.
Ariadne, empress, 37, 46, 47.
Arianism in Africa, 8, Io, II; in
Spain, 62, 130, 141 ; suppressed by
Reccared, 142.
Aribert, Lombard king, 272, 273.
— II., 279, 28o.
Arichis of Benevento rebels against
Charles the Great, 348.
Arioald, Lombard king, 196.
Arles besieged by Franks, 26, 63;
gained and lost by Saracens, 296;
kingdom of, 437.
Armenia conquered by Saracens, 250.
Arnulf, St., bishop of Metz, 178.
— duke of Carinthia, rebels
against Charles the Fat, 443; in-
vades Italy, 464; reign of, 468-71;
defeats the Danes, 469.
Art; vasdus, rebellion of, 313.
Artemius Anastasius. See Anasta-
sius II.
Ased-ibn-Forat, Saracen leader, 448.
Asturias, kingdom of, 506-Io.
Athalaric, king of Ostrogoths, 74, 79.
Athaloc, bishop, rebellion of, 142.
Athanagild, Visigothic king, 133,

I?4.
Aïn. Lombard king, 182.
Austrasia, origin of name, 162.
Authari, Lombard king, 170, 192;
his wars with the Franks, 192, 193.
Auximum taken by Belisarius, 86.
Avars, the, on the Danube, I46, 183;
their wars with the empire, 149, 151,
"153; invade Italy, 195; threaten
Constantinople, 207; besiege it,
210, 211; subdued by Charles the
Great, 361, 362.

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Belisarius, early history of, 70; gover-

nor of Daras, 69; defeats Persians,
69 ; leads troops against “Nika'
rebellion, 73; conquers Vandals,
76-78; his triumph and consulship,
79; conquers Ostrogoths, 81-88;
refuses Gothic crown, 87; recalled
by Justinian, 88; second Persian
war, 93; disgraced, 95; commands
again in Italy, 99-IoI; defeats the
Huns, Io&; disgraced and restored,
Io8.
Benedict III., reconciles the sons of
Lothair, 425 ; his quarrel with
Photius, 453.
Benevento, origin of duchy of, 187;
invaded by Charles the Great, 349;
by Moors, 450; by Byzantines, 460.
Berengar of Friuli, king of Italy,
445; his wars with Wido, 463;
deposed, 463; regains his kingdom,
465; defeats Lewis of Arles, 466;
defeats the Moors, 466; murdered,

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Bernard of Septimania, minister of
Lewis the Pious, 386.
Bertha, marries Ethelbert of Kent,
I61.
wife of Pippin the Short, 329;
reconciles her sons, 336.
Berthari, Lombard king, 273; de-
posed and restored, 273, 274; his
reign, 275.
Bessas, governor of Rome, 99, Ioo.
Biorn, jarl, ravages Neustria, 425.
Blue and Green factions, 5o; in the
'Nika' sedition, 71-73; armed by
Maurice, 154; by Phocas, 157.
Bodolin slays Childerich I., 258.
Boethius, his imprisonment and death,

3O.
Bohemia conquered by Charles the
Great, 361 ; revolts, 434.
Boniface, St. (Winifrith), mission-
ary to Germany, 291 ; archbishop
of Transrhenane Germany, 297;
reforms the Church, 324; anoints
Pippin, 326; martyrdom of, 329.
Bonus, patrician, defends Constanti-
nople, 210.
Bordeaux taken by Danes, 421.
Boso, king of Arles, 437.
Bretons, independence of, 5, 59; re-
bellions of, 359, 366,421,432, 502.
Breviarium Alarici, Gothic law
book, 132.
Brunhildis marries Sigibert I., 133;
stirs up wars, 163; imprisoned by
Chilperich, 164; marries Merovech,
165; her regency, 165-8; her second
regency, 172; third regency, 174;
murdered, 174; character, 175.
Buccelin, defeated by Narses, 106,

II9.
Buccellarii, 131, 242.
Bulgarians, ravage Moesia, 49 ; settle
there, 248; defeated by Justinian
II., 249; wars of with Constantine
Copronymus, 316; with Constan-
tine V.I., 319; with Nicephorus I.,
48o ; defeated by Leo v., 482.
Burgundy, kingdom of, 5; attacked
by Franks, 26; subdued by Franks,
II5.
— Lower, kingdom of, founded by
Boso, 437.
— Upper(or Transjurane), kingdom
of, founded by Rudolf, 445.

CARDAM, king of Bulgaria, 319

Carloman, son of Charles Martel
Mayor of Austrasia, 298; his cam-
paigns, 323; abdicates, 324; op-
poses war with Lombards, 328.
— son of Pippin the Short, crowned
at Soissons, 355; quarrels with
Charles, 337; death, 338.
— king of Bavaria, 427; rebels
against Lewis the German, 427 ;
invades Italy, 433, 461 ; illness and
death, 437-8.
son of Charles the Bald, con-
spires against his father, 429. -
— king of France, 426; buys peace
from the Danes, 441 ; killed hunt-
1ng, 44I,
Carthage, taken by Belisarius, 78;
by Saracens, 232, 251.
Casilinum, battle of, Ioë, 119.
Castille, county of, 509.
Charibert I., king of Paris, 16o.
— II. king of Aquitaine, 178.

Charles Martel, 264; leader of
Austrasians, 265; defeats Neu-
strians, 266, 267; his rule as

mayor, 267-269 ; wars with Saxons
and Frisians, 289-290 ; subdues
Aquitaine, 292; defeats Saracens
at Poictiers, 293-294; conquers
Provence and Septimania, 296.
— the Great, crowned at Noyon,
335; subdues Aquitaine, 337 ;
character of 338-43 ; conquers
Lombards, 347-8; expeditions
against Saxons, 346-351, 353-355,
366; invades Spain, 352 ; conquers
the Slavs, 362; the Avars, 362-363;
wars with East Romans, 363; with
Saracens, 365; the Danes, 368;
his introduction of the theory of
the empire, 369 ; coronation as
emperor, 373; administration,
375-9 ; encouragement of art and
learning, 379; death, 382.
son of Charles the Great, king of
Neustria, 359; conquers Bohemia,
361 ; dies, 377.
— the Bald, king of Suabia, 4oo;
imprisoned by his brothers, 397 :
king of Neustria, 402 ; wars with
Lothair, 407; subdues Aquitaine,
421 ; vexed by Vikings, 419-422 ;
attacked by Lewis the German,
422, 426; issues edict of Pistres,
429; buys peace from the Daner
420-434; invades Provence,

invades Austrasia, 432-434; em-
peror, 433; death, 435.
Charles, king of Provence, 426;
death, 430.
— king of Aquitaine, 429.
— the Fat, king of Suabia, 427;
invades Italy, 433; emperor, 438;
buys peace from the Danes, 440;
fails to relieve Paris, 442; dethroned
443; death, 443.
— the Simple, 441 ; rebels against
Odo, king of France, 499; cedes
Normandy to Hrolf, 5or ; civil wars
of, 504-505; murdered, 505.
Childebert I., king of Paris, III ;
conquers Burgundy, 114; wars
with Visigoths, 115; death, 121.
— II., king of Austrasia, 164 ;
wars with Lombards, 170-192 ;
with Neustrians, 171 ; death, 171.
— III., king of the Franks, 264.
— son of Grimoald, usurper, 256.
Childerich I., king of Austrasia,
257-259.
— II., last king of the Franks,
268, 323; dethroned, 325.
Chilperich I., king of Soissons, 160 ;
murders his wife, 161 ; wars with
Sigibert, 163; atrocities of, 168;
death, 169.
— II., king of Neustria, 266; in-
vades Austrasia, 266; defeated by
Charles Martel, 266-7; death, 268.
Chindaswinth, king of Visigoths,
225; his strong administration, 226.
Chinthila, king of Visigoths, 225.
Chlodomer, king of Orleans, III ;
slain by Burgundians, 114.
Chlodovald (St. Cloud), 114.
Chlodovech I. (Chlodwig), king of
the Franks, 25, 26, 58; conquers
Northern Gaul, 59; marries Chro-
tehildis, 59 ; subdues Alamanni,
60; his conversion, 61 ; wars with
Burgundians, 62 ; conquers Aqui-
taine, 63; king of all the Franks,
6

4.
— II., king of Neustria, 179, 256,
257, 264.
Chlothar I., king of Soissons, III,
112 ; murders his nephews, II4;
conquers Burgundy, 115; wars
with Visigoths, 119; defeated by
Saxons, 120; sole king of the
"ranks, 121 ; death, 122,
ar II., king of Neustria, 169;

wars with Austrasians, 174 ; mur-
ders Brunhildis, 174; decline in
power of, 178.
Chlothar III., king of Neustria, 257,
258.
Iv., king of Austrasia, 267.
Chosroes I., king of Persia, 69 ;
makes peace with Justinian, 69;
receives embassy from Witiges, 86;
war, with Justinian, 92-96; with
Justin II., I47.
—II., placed on throne by Maurice,
151 ; war with Phocas, 155; with
Heraclius, 205-211 ; death, 212.
Chramn, son of Chlothar I., I2O ;
burnt alive, 121.
Christophorus, rebellion of, 317.
Chrotehildis (Clotilde) wife of Chlo-
dovech, 59, 6o.
Clair-sur-Epte, treaty of, 502.
Claudius, general of Reccared, 142.
Clement, bishop, opposes Boniface,

324.
Clepho, king of the Lombards, 186
Code of Justinian, Io9; abridged by

Leo the Isaurian, 307; by Basil I.

492.
Colchis won by Justinian, 108.
Conrad of Franconia, king of Ger-
many, 475; his troubled reign,
476; defeated by Saxons, 476;
death, 477.
Constans II. See Constantinus.
Constantine IV. or V., Pogonatus, em-
peror, 246; saves Constantinople
from Saracens, 247; war with Bul-
garians, 248.
— v. or vi., Copronymus, 312 ;
his iconoclastic zeal, 314-315; wars
with Saracens, 315; with Bulgar-
ians, 316; death, 317.
— vi. or vii., 318; his minority,
318; seizes power, 319; dethroned
by Irene, 320.
— vii. or VIII. Porphyrogenitus,

494.
Constantinople, position and import-
ance of, 35; siege of by Avars
and Persians, 2Io, 211 ; first siege
by Saracens, 247; Council of 248,
278; second siege by Saracens,
301-303 ; Council of, 314; Synod
of, anathematises the pope, 454.
Constantinus (Constans II.), emperor,
237; wars with Saracens, 238-9 ;
with Slavs, 240; his “Type, 24r ;

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