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attacks Lombards, 244, 274;
quarrel with Pope Hadrian, 276;
African war, 245; murdered, 246.
Coronate, battle of, 275.
Cosmas, rebels against Leo III., 311.
Crete conquered by Saracens, 484.
Crumn, Bulgarian king, his victories,
480-482.
Ctesiphon taken by Saracens, 219.
Cunibert, king of Lombards, 275;
crushes rebellion of Alahis, 275.
Cunimund, king of Gepidae, 183.
Cyprus, invaded by Saracens, 237;
recovered by Basil I., 493.
Cyzicus, held by Saracens, 247.

DAGOBERT I., 178; his wars, 179;
aids Sisinand, 223.
– II., sent to Ireland, 259; re-
stored and crowned, 259; slain,
259.
— III., 264.
Damascus, taken by Persians, 205;
by the Saracens, 217.
Danelagh, the, 431.
Danes. See Vikings.
Dannewerk, the, 367.
Daras built by Anastasius, 49 ; battle
of, 69; besieged by Chosroes, 93;
taken by Persians, 147.
Dastagerd, sacked by Heraclius, 211.
Decretals, the False, 454-456.
Desiderata, wife of Charles the Great,
338.
Desiderius, Lombard king, 331 ;
allied to Charles the Great, 338;
quarrels with the Papacy, 346; de-
throned by Charles, 348.
Digest of Justinian, 103.
Dizabul, khan of the Turks, 147.
Droisy, battle of, 171.
Ducatus Romanus, the, 189, 191,
287.

EASTPHALIANS, the, resist Charles
the Great, 349, 351, 354, 356.

Ebbo, archbishop of Rheims, 386;
conspires against Lewis the Pious,
394; banished, 399.

Eberhard, feuds of, 473.

Egmund surrenders to Belisarius,
2.

Ebroin, Mayor in Neustria, 257; im-
prisoned, 258; tyranny of 259 ;
murdered, 26o.

Ecloga of Leo the Isaurian, 3o4.

Edessa taken by Persians, 95.
Edictum Rotharis, Lombard code,

I97.
Egica, Visigothic king, 231, 232.
Egypt, conquered by Persians, 206;
by Saracens, 220; revolts from
Caliphs, 234.
Einhard, chronicler, 268, 339.
El-Mamun, caliph, wars of, with em-
pire, 486; takes Tyana, 487.
El-Motassem, caliph, wars of, with
empire, 487; takes Amorium, 487.
El-Samah, Saracen leader, 271.
Elsloo, treaty of, 440.
Empire, the Holy Roman, theory of,

370.
Engeltrud, empress, 354, 366 ; de-
fends Rome, 464.
England, Vikings in, 418, 431.
Engrians, the, 349, 351.
Erchinoald, Mayor in Neustria, 180.
Eraric, Ostrogothic king, 97.
Erwig, Visigothic king, 231, 232.
Eudo, duke of Aquitaine, defeated
by Charles Martel, 267; his wars
with Saracens, 271, 292-293.
Eudocia, daughter of Valentinian III.,
married to Hunneric, Io.
Euphemius, rebellion of, 448.
Euric, king of Visigoths, 5, 58.
Eutharic marries Amalaswintha, 29.
Eutychius, exarch, loses and recovers
Ravenna, 282-3; besieges Rome,
283.
Exarchate of Ravenna, 190; con-
quered by Lombards, 282, 327 ;
given to Papacy by Pippin, 331.
Exhilaratus, duke of Naples, 281.

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the Isaurian, 284; with Luitprand,
285; asks aid of the Franks, 286.
Gregory IV., pope, aids rebellion
against Lewis the Pious, 396-397.
— exarch of Africa, rebels, 238.
Grifo, son of Charles Martel, 298;
rebels, 322; claims Bavaria, 325.
Grimoald, Mayor in Austrasia, 179 ;
his usurpation and death, 256-257,
duke of Benevento, murders
king Godebert, 273 ; his wars with
East Romans, 244, 273-274; his
government, 274.
— son of Pippin II., 262-264.
— II., duke of Benevento, resists
Charles the Great, 349.
Guadalete, battle of 234.
Gundimar, Visigothic king, 222.
Gundobad, king of Burgundy, 5,
; 26; his war with Chlodovech,
2,
Gundovald, rebellion of, 17o, 379.
Gunthamund, Vandal king, 11.
Guntram, king of Burgundy, aids
Childebert II., 168; his wars with
Visigoths, 140, 142, 17o; with
Lombards, 191, 192.

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211 ; defeated by Saracens, 217 ;
death, 220.
Heraclius Constantinus, commands
against Saracens, 220 ; his short
reign, 235.
— exarch of Africa, defeats Per-
sians, 150 ; rebels against Phocas,
I56.
Heribert, count of Vermandois, 503-5;
rebels against Charles the Simple,
Hermanfrid, Thuringian king, 114.
Hermenegild rebels against his father,
I38; death, I40. .
Hermengarde, wife of Lewis the
Pious, 386; death, 390.
— daughter of Lewis II., 459:
marries Boso, king of Arles, 437.
Hessi, Eastphalian duke, 351.
Hijrah, the, 214.
Hildebrand, Lombard king, 327.
Hildegarde, queen of Charles the
Great, 338.
Hilderic, Vandal king, 28; dethroned
by Geilamir, 75; murdered, 77.
count, rebels against Wamba,

22O.

Häad, Gothic king, wins battle of
Treviso, 96; dies, 97.

Hildwin, chancellor of Lewis the
Pious, 386; conspires ago... him,

394.
Hincmar, archbishon of Rheims,

456.
Hisham, caliph, invades Anatolic
themes, 311.
king of Cordova, 365.
Hormisdas, Persian king, 149; de-
posed, 151.
Hrolf, becomes duke of Normandy,
501 ; aids Charles the Simple, 594.
Hruotland (Roland), death of 353.
Hukbert, duke of Bavaria, 290.
Hunold, duke of Aquitaine, 296;
rebels against Pippin and ‘Carlo-
man, 323; against Charles the
Great, 337.
Hunneric, king of the Vandals, Io, 11.
Hungarians. See Magyars.
Huns, Cotrigur, threaten Constanti-
nople, IoS.
Hunwulf, brother of Odoacer, 14.
Hygelac, Danish king, 113, 415.
Hypatius, nephew of Anastasius, 51,
52 ; proclaimed emperor in the
'Nika' sedition, 71-73.

ICONOCLASM, origin of, 308-309; edict
of Leo the Isaurian, 281 ; troubles
resulting from, 310-312; condemned
by Council of Rome, 284; affirmed
by Council of Constantinople, 314;
condemned by Council of Nicaea,
318; restored by Leo V., 483; put
down by Theodora, 489.
Iconoduly, extravagancies of, 308;
restored by Irene, 318; by Theo-
dora, -
Illus, minister of Zeno, 38, 43; his
rebellion, 44.
Image-worship. See Iconoclasm.
Ingo murders Oskytel, 498.
Ingunthis, wife of Hermenegild, 137.
Institutes of Justinian, IIo.
Ireland, Vikings in, 417-418.
Irene, empress, regency of, 318;
conspires against her son, 319;
blinds him, 319; dethroned by
Nicephorus, 320.
Irminsul, Saxon sanctuary, cast down
by Charles the Great, 346.
Isaurians favoured by Leo I., 36; and
Zeno, 38; rebel under Longinus, 48.
Islam, religion of, 312-315.
Isperich, Bulgarian king, 248.
Italy, Goths in, 19-24; reconquered
by Justinian, 80-104; Lombard,
isuasion of, 181; its divisions, 187-
189; McCro-459-66. See under
Lombards aud Papao.

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Judith, wife of Lewis the Pious, 391 ;
twice forced into a convent, 395-7.
Julian, bishop of Toledo, 228, 231.
Julius Nepos, his kingdom, 6;
murdered, 13.
Justin I., emperor, 53; persecutes
the Arians, 30; death, 54.
— II., emperor, 145; Avaric wars
of, 146; Persian wars of, 147; his
lunacy, 148.
Justinian I., nephew and colleague of
Justin, 53; emperor, 65; charac-
ter of, 65; marries Theodora, 65;
foreign policy of 68; first Persian
war, 69 ; ‘Nika' sedition, 71 ;
subdues the Vandals, 76-9; Gothic
wars of, 81-88; his buildings, 89-
90; financial oppression, 9o; second
Persian war, 93; theological views
of, Io/ ; legal work of, Io9-Io.
— II., emperor, 249; wars of,
249-250; dispute with pope Sergius,
278; dethroned and banished, 251;
escapes, 252 ; regains throne, 253;
his tyranny and death, 253.

KARLINGS, table of the, 413.
Kassim-ibn-Yussuf summons Charles

the Great to Spain, 352.
Khaled, Saracen chief, 217, 218.
Khazars invade Persia, 2Io; receive

Justinian II., 202, -
Killian, missionary to Thuringia,

263.
Kobad, king of Persia, wars of with
... Anastasius, 48; with Justinian, 68.
Koran, the, 215.

LAFAUx, battle of, 172, 260.
Lambert of Spoleto, king of Italy,
464; war with Arnulf, 461-465;
death, 465.
Lantfrid, duke of Suabia, 290.
Lauresheim, chronicle of, 373.
Leander, bishop of Seville, 138.
Leo I., emperor, 36.
— III., the Isaurian, emperor,
255; defends Constantinople, 301,
303; his edict against images, 281 ;
31o; quarrels with Gregory II, and
III., 282, 284; victories over Sara-

cens, 3II.
- — IV., the Chazar, his reign and

` wars, 317.
— v., the Armenian, his usurpa-
tion 482; his Bulgarian war, 482;

represses image-worship,
murdered, 484.
Leo VI., the Wise, character and
reign of, 494; his literary works,
494.
— III., pope, delivered by Charles
the Great, 372; crowns Charles
emperor, 373; death, 387.
— Iv., pope, his victory over the
Saracens, 451.
Leodegar (St. Leger), his rebellion,
258; rules Neustria, 259; murdered
by Ebroin, 259.
Leon, the kingdom of, 509.
Leontius, emperor, 251, 253.
Leova I., Visigothic king, 134.
— II., Visigothic king, 143,221.
Leovigild, Visigothic king, 132, 135;
his wars, 136-139 ; death 140.
Lewis the Pious (or Débonnair) son
of Charles the Great, king of Aqui-
taine, 359 ; conquers Barcelona,
364; emperor, 383 ; legislation of,
385-387; peril, 388; makes Partition
of Aachen, 389; second marriage
of, 391 ; twice deposed by rebel-
lious sons, 393, 399; his last war,
401 ; death, 403.
— the German, king of Bavaria,
389, .cbels against his father, 396,
401; war with Lothair I., 407-408;
with Charles the Bald, 422 ; con-
quers and loses Neustria, 426 ;
rebellions of his sons, 427; his
influence in Germany, 433; death,
434,
— II., emperor, 423 ; wars with his
brother Lothair, 425 ; his dealings
with the Papacy, 451-452; cam-
paigns against the Moors, 457; im-
prisoned at Benevento, 457; further
victories over the Moors, 458 ;
death, 459.
— the Saxon, rebels against his
father, 427; defeats Charles the
Bald, 434; attacks Neustria, 436;
his wars with the Danes, 438 ;
death, 439. -
— II. (the Stammerer), king of
France, short reign of, 436.
— III., king of France, 436; his
wars with the Danes, 438; victory
of Saucourt, 439 ; death, 439.
— the Child, king of Germany,
472 ; his reign, 472-474.
— king of Arles, 445 ;

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invades

Italy, 466; blinded by Berengar,
466

Liberius invades Spain, 133,
Lithosoria, battle of, 316.
Logothetes, oppression by the, 90, 96.
Lombards, origin of the, 182; con-
quer Northern Italy, 184-188; con-
verted to Christianity, 193; table
of Lombard kings, 183; dealings
of, with the Papacy, 272-288; con-
quered by Charles the Great, 344-
8.
Lää. I., son of Lewis the Pious,
389 ; his rebellions against his
father, 394–396; reconciled with
Lewis, 402 ; emperor, 406; wars
with his brother, 407; defeated at
Fontenay, 408; troubles with the
Vikings, 419 ; allied with Charles
the Bald, 421 ; abdicates, 422.
— II., quarrels with his brothers,
425; wars with the Vikings, 428 ;
allied to Charles the Bald, 425 ;
matrimonial troubles of, 428;
death, 431,
Lotharingia, name of, 428.
Louvain, battle of, 469.
Lügenfeld, the, 397.
Luitbert, Lombard king, 279-280.
Luitpold, duke of Bavaria, slain by
Magyars, 474.
Luitprand, Lombard king, 281 ; con-
quers the Exarchate, 282 ; arbi-
trates between pope and exarch,
284; aids Charles Martel against
Saracens, 285 ; quarrels with
Gregory III., 285; death, 287.
Lüneberg Heath, battle of, 438.
Lupus, Gascon duke, 337.
Lycandus, theme of, 494.

MAGYARS, appearance of the, 471 ;
ravage Italy, 465; their attacks on
Germany, 471; slay Luitpold of
Bavaria, 474; further ravages of,476.
Mallus, Frankish court, 175, 378.
Mantua, taken by Lombards, 194.
Manuel, takes Alexandria, 237.
March of Spain won by Charles the
Great, 365; development of, 508.
Marchfield, assembly of Franks, 269.
Martin I., pope, disputes with Con-
stans II., 244, 376; banished, 277.
Martina, wife of Heraclius, 218 ; her
intrigues, 235; banished, 236,
Maurice, victories of, 149 ; emperor,

150; Persian war, 150-151 ; Avaric
war, 151-152; Slavonic war, I53;
dethroned and murdered, 154,
Mayors of the Palace, their office,
123; rising power of, 176; table
of, 26o ; supersede kings, 259.
Mehdy, caliph, invades empire, 317.
Merovech marries Brunhildis, 165;
murdered by Fredegundis, 166.
Merovings, their government, 121-
127; table of the, 166; end of the
dynastv, 326.
Mersen, partition-treaty of, 432.
Mesopotamia attacked by Persians,
92; conquered by Persians, 155;
by Saracens, 220 ; ravaged by East
Romans, 493.
Mezecius, usurper in Sicily, 246.
Michael I., Rhangabe, emperor, 364;
481 ; restores image-worship, 481 ;
deposed, 482.
— II., the Amorian, conspires
against Leo V., emperor, 484; civil
wars of, 484; loss of Crete and
Sicily, 485; ecclesiastical policy of,
8

485.
–ton, the Drunkard, long minority
of 489; depravity of, 490; wars of,
491 ; murdered by Basil the Mace-
sdonian, 492.
Missi Dominici, travelling commis-
sioners of Charles the Great, 378,
Missionaries in Germany, 263, 291-

330,
Mofareg-ibn-Salem, Moorish king in
Italy, 452 ; conquered by Lewis II.,

457.
Mohammed, his character, 213;
career of, 214-215.
Mohammedanism, its good and evil
points, 214-215.
Monophysite heresy, the, 38, 45, 5o.
Monothelite heresy, 241, 276; con-
demned by Council of Constanti-
nople, 248, 278.
Monza, Basilica of, 193; relics in, 226.
Moors rebel against Hunneric, II ;
against Hilderic, 75; conquered
by Saracens, 233; invade Spain,
234 ; their rule in Spain, 234, 506-
5Io; invade Italy, 450 ; defeated
by Lewis II., 457-458; expelled by
Berengar, 466,
Moslemah besieges Constantinople,
255, 3OI.
Moslems. See Saracens,

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