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Muavia, governor of Syria, 239;
caliph, 245; his wars with Con-
stans, 245. . . ''M
Mummolus, general of Guntram,
defeats the Lombards, 163, 187;
rebellion of, 170.
Nanthildis, queen regent, 180.
Naples besieged by Belisarius, 82;
Narbonne held by Saracens, 271;
Narses reinforces Belisarius, 86 ; con-
Navarre, kingdom of, 509.
Neustria, origin of name of, 187.
Nicaea, Council of, confirms image
Nicephorus I., emperor, 320; war
— Caesar, rebellions of, 317, 318.
Phocas, conquers South Italy,
Nicetas of Tarsus defends Syracuse,
Oriphas, admiral, defeats the
Nicolas I., pope, his quarrel with
Nineveh, battle of, 211,
Nordalbingians, wars of, with Charles
Noricum, evacuated by Odoacer, 14.
Norsemen. See Vikings,
Odd, defends Paris, 440; proclaimed
Odoacer, Flavius, patrician, in Italy,
Omar, caliph, takes Jerusalem, 219;
Ommeyad dynasty, rise of, 245; fall
Oscar, Danish jarl, 420, 421.
Oskytel, Viking chief, 498.
Ostrogoths, wars of, with Zeno, 40;
Othman, caliph, 238-239.
Othman - abu - Neza, Moorish chief,
Otranto besieged by Baduila, 99.
Paderborn, diet of, 352.
Padua taken by Agilulf, 194.
Palermo taken by Belisarius, 81 ; by
Pandects of Justinian, 109.
Pantheon plundered by Constans,
Papacy, power of the, 188-189;
Paris sacked by Danes, 420; again,
Paul the Deacon, 185, 244, 379-380.
Paulus, Visigothic count, rebellion of,
Pavia, Gothic stronghold, 96; taken
Pelagius, king of Asturias, resists
Peredeo slays Alboin, 185.
Persian war of Anastasius, 48-49; of
Peter of Pisa, 341, 379.
Philippicus, usurper, 253; his quarrel
Phocas dethrones and murders
Phoenix, battle of, 159.
Photius, patriarch, his quarrel with
Pippin I., the elder, 174; Mayor of
n., the Younger, leads the
Austrasians against Ebroin, 260;
Pippin in., the Short, Mayor of
son of Charles the Great,
ruler of Lombardy, 359; conquers
son of Lewis the Pious, Icing
of Aquitaine, 389; rebels against
the younger, of Aquitaine, dis-
Pistres, edict of, 429.
Plague, great, of A.d. 542, 94.
Plectrudis, wife of Pippin n., 265-
Poictiers, battle of, 271, 293-294.
Pretextatus, bishop, 165; murdered
Procopius, historian, Secret His-
Protadius, Mayor of Burgundy, 171-
Radbod, duke of Frisia, 262.
Radelchis, duke of Benevento, calls
Raginfred, mayor of Neustria, 265;
Ramnulf, count of Poictiers, usurpa-
Ratchis, Lombard king, 327; abdi-
Ravenna taken by Theodoric, 17; by
converted to Catholicism, 142;
reign of, 143.
n., Visigothic king, 223.
Recceswinth, Visigothic king, 226-
against Zwentibold, 470; leagued
with Charles the Simple, 474.
against Luitbert, 279.
duke of France, submits to
Charles the Simple, 499; fights the
Roderic, Visigothic king, 231-233,
Rodoald, Lombard king, 198.
Roland (Hruotland), Chanson de, 353.
Rome taken by Belisarius, 82; be-
Romoald, duke of Benevento, 244,
Romulus Augustulus, deposed, i.
Roncesvalles, battle of, 353.
Rorik, Danish chief, 419.
Rosamund, wife of Alboin, 183;
Rothari, Lombard king, 196; his
Rothrudis. wife of Charles Martel, 298.
Rudolf, duke, rebels against Charles
I., king of Transjurane Bur-
n., dethrones Berenger, 467.
Rugians defeated by Odoacer, 14.
Saiones, or 'king's men,' 22, 131.
Salian Franks, 56.
Samo, leader of Slavs, 177.
Saracens conquer Syria and Egypt,
Saragossa, Franks defeated at, 129;
Saucourt, battle of, 439.
Saxons, defeat Chlothar I., 120; in-
Schism of Eastern and Western
Sebastopolis, battle of, 250.
Secret History, the. 67, 68.
Senate, the Roman, sends embassy to
Sergius, patriarch, 207-208.
pope, refuses obedience to Jus-
v., crowns the emperor Lewis
Sharbarz, Persian general, 205-210.
in the Moors, 450-452.
Constans in, 245; attacked by the
Moors, 447; long wars in, 449;
finally reduced by Moors, 460.
Neustria, 441; besieges Paris,
dovech, 39; his death, 64. I., 160; marries Brunhildis, 161;
his war with Lombards, 163; with
Chilperich, 163; murdered, 164.
n., murdered by Chlothar iI.,
in., king of Austrasia, 179,
Sigismund, king of Burgundy, 26-27,
Silverius, pope, and the Senate invite
Siroes, king of Persia, murders his
Sisibut, Visigothic king, 222; his
Sisinand rebels against Swinthila,
Slavs, cross the Danube, 151-152; wars
Soissons, battle of, 267; council of,
Soliman, caliph, 254; sends expedi-
ibn-al-Arabi invites the Franks
to Spain, 352.
Sophia, St., church of, burnt in
empress, 146; her regency,
Sophronius, Patriarch of Jerusalem,
Spain. See under Visigoths, Sara-
Spoleto, duchy of, 187.
Stauracius, short reign of, 480-481.
Stephanus, minister of Justinian n. f
Stephen n., pope, asks aid of Pippin
iv. crowns Lewis the Pious,
V. crowns Wido emperor, 463.
VI., pope, 465.
Strasburg, Oaths of, 409.
Strategicon of Maurice, 150.
Strategos, office of the, 243.
Suabians (Alamanni) rebel against
Suevi, wars of, with Visigoths, 131-
138; subdued by Leovigild, 139.
wars, 224, 370.
by Chlodovech, 58.
Syracuse, Constans murdered at,
Syria, invaded by Kobad, 69; by
Taginae, battle of, 104.
Tarasius, patriarch, 318.
Tassilo, duke of Bavaria, rebels
Teia, Gothic count, 103; king of the
Temporal power of the papacy, its
Terbel, Bulgarian king, 302.
Testry, battle of, 260.
Teutberga, wife of Lothair n., 428.
Themes, creation of the, 242; map
Theoctistus, count, minister of
Theodahat, Gothic king, 80 ; murders
Theodelinda, wife of Authari, 193;
Theodora, wife of Justinian, 66; her
wife of Theophilus, empress
regent, 488; restores image-wor-
Theodore, brother of Heraclius,
Theodoric, son of Triarius, rebels
son of Theodomir, early life of,
42 ; takes arms against Theodoric,
and Macedon, 43; makes terms
in., emperor, 254; abdicates,
Saracens, 487 ; favours Iconoclasm,
488 ; marriage of, 488.
invades Italy, 106.
duke of Suabia, rebels against
Theudebert I., king of Ripuaria,
n., king of Austrasia, 171;
war with Theuderich, 173.
Theuderich I., king of Austrasia,
n., king of Burgundy, 172;
his war with Theudebert, 173.
in., king of Austrasia, 258-259,
iv., last of the Merovings, 268-
Theudis, regent in Spain, 27; king
Theudigisel, victory of, at Saragossa,
Theudoald, grandson of Pippin n.,
Thomas, rebels against Michael n.,
Thorgisl, raid? of, in Ireland, 418.
Thrasamund, Vandal king, 28.
'Three Chapters' of Justinian, 107.
Thuringia, conquered by Theude-
Tiberius Cbnstantinus, emperor,
Tiberius Apsimarus, emperor, 252;
Totila. See Baduila.
Toulouse, Saracens defeated at, 271;
Transimund, duke of Spoleto, rebels
Treviso, battle of, 96.
Tribonian, quaestor of Justinian, 71;
True Cross, the, carried off by Per-
Tulga, Visigothic king, 225.
1 Type," the, of Constans, 241.
Urias, Gothic chief, takes Milan, 86.
Vandals in Africa, 8; table of kings
Varahnes, Persian usurper, 151.
Verden, massacre of, 342, 355.
Verdun, partition-treaty of, 409.
Verina, empre-s, 38, 44.
Verona held by Goths, 87; taken by
Veseronce, battle of, 114.
Vigilius, pope, imprisoned by Justi-
Vikings, first ravages of, 400; de-
Vincy, battle of, 267.
Visigoths driven from Gaul, 62; in
Vitalian, pope, 245-277.
count, rebellion of, 51; slain, 53.
Waifer, duke of Aquitaine, rebels
cuke of Salerno, 458.
Wala, count, exiled by Lewis the
Wamba, Visgothic king, 227-228;
crushes rebellion of Paulus, 229;
his laws, 230; deposed, 231.
the Great, 349-354.
expels Byzantines from Benevento,
460; wars with Berengar, 463;
with Arnulf, 460; emperor, 463.
sends missionaries to Germany,
Great, 360; subdued by the Danes,
Winfrith. See Boniface.
besieges Rome, 83; subdued by
Belisarius, 87; taken captive to
Saxons against Charles the Great,
353-354; submits to Charles, 355.
restores Dagobert n., 259.
Yermak, battle of the, 218.
.zabergan, khan of the Huns^ 108.
Zacharias, pope, makes peace with
Zeno, character and administration
Ziadet Allah, Moorish king, 448;
Zotto, first duke of Benevento, 187.
Zwentibold, king of Lotharingia,