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from Bristol to Philadelphia

Fig. 13.

THE STREAM OF THE LEHIGH COAL TRADE, DURING TWENTY-EIGHT

YEARS.

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1821 1825 1830 1842 1843 1846

325 11,245 12,601 50,780 77,840 181,792

Shipments from Bristol to E'.

1823 1825 1830 1838 1839 1842 1843 1844

62 25,528 15,271 30,000 4 4,000 117,397 120,826 130,074

Philadelphia. *

• Ports

EXPORTS OF ANTHRACITE FROM THE SCHUYLKILL AND DELAWARE.

Statement of the number of tons of anthracite, which had descended from the Lehigh and Schuylkill navigations, and which were shipped for exportation coastwise, together with the number of vessels of all sorts, [brigs, schooners, and sloops, freighted therewith at Philadelphia or Bristol.

This statement is exclusive of the coal which passed through the Delaware and Raritan, and the Morris canals.*

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Average Retail Prices for unbroken Coal, delivered in Philadelphia, per

ton of 2240 lbs., chiefly derived from the Commercial List, and from Bicknell's Reporter, and the Pennsylvania Inquirer.

Lehigh
Lehigh Schuy.

See also the diagram of Lehigh Years. White Red Years. White

Schuylkill

prices of anthracite, (Fig. 14.]

Red Ash.
Ash. Ash,
Ash,

These prices are, of course, only

approximate. 1828 $6.50 $7.00 1840 $5.50 $5.50

The Schuylkill white ash coal has 1830 6.50 6.50 1842

4.25

of late years almost superseded the 1832 6.00 6.00

use of Lehigh coal, in Philadelphia, 1844

3.50 1934 5.00 5.25

1845

3.50 to 4.00 and is usually retailed at 25 cents per 1836 6.00 7.50 1846 4.50 4.25 to 4.50 ton, below the Schuylkill red ash. 1838 5.50 6.00 1847 5.00 4.50 to 4.75

See diagram. (Fig. 15.) Schuylkill prices of anthracite.

* Partly taken from the Commercial List of Philadelphia, Jan. 9, 1847.

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DELAWARE AND RARITAN CANAL, Pennsylvania coals (Schuylkill and Lehigh] which passed through the Delaware and Raritan Canal to New York. Years.

Tons. 1842,

171,754 1844,

267,496
1845,
372,072

Tons.
1846,
339,923

134,667
1847,

540,200 ) Schuylkill, 405,533 Number of Canal Boats which cleared from Bristol, on the Delaware Canal. Years.

Boats. 1842,

4603 1845,

7361 1846,

7785 1847,

9208 Total number of clearances from the port of Philadelphia, in 1846, of coals of all descriptions, 8953 vessels, averaging 120 tons, and containing 1,065,228 tons, in addition to that shipped in boats from the Lehigh.* In the year 1847, the number of clearances of vessels laden with coal, from Port Richmond, near Philadelphia, was increased to 11,439.

Rates of Commission as regards coal, adopted by the Philadelphia Board of Trade. Commission on Sales,

5 per cent. Receiving Commission,

- 10 cents per ton.

DOMESTIC COMMERCE OF PHILADELPHIA. The following tables show the progressive increase, in periods of five years, of the enrolled and licensed tonnage, engaged in the trade of Philadelphia, and of the total registered, enrolled, and licensed tonnage of that port; which increase is, in great measure, attributable to the coal trade of Pennsylvania, within the last twenty years.

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There are a few unavoidable, but not very material, discrepancies in some of these returns, owing to the different sources from whence the data have been obtained.

* Philadelphia Commercial List, 16th January, 1847.

+ Statistical Annals of the United States. Adam Seybert, M.D. Phila. 1818, and other authorities.

FOREIGN COMMERCE. As regards the foreign commerce of Philadelphia, our returns exhibit a great falling off, whilst that of New York and Boston has considerably augmented. The following abstract is sufficient to show the relative proportions of the foreign trade enjoyed by these three principal ports.

Table of the Foreign Arrivals and Departures, and of the aggregate Value

of the Erports and Imports.

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1821 147,918 $15,550,689

326,435 $48,144,657 1825

25,485,545

543,610 87,057,252 1830

12,993,915
558,000

$23,528,791 1832 † 14,194,324

79,214,3471

25,868,280 1835

16,129,112
834,054 118,536,569

26,596,146 1842 893 173,581 11,152,515 9,166 1,921,810 85,453,000 4,204 662,887 27,794,000 1844

901 168,8101 7,453,006 12,012 2,895,176 91,088,693 4,866 712,787 27,667,843 1845 787 8,603,912

81,164,479

25,375,658 1846 917 173,000 8,829,925 11,568 3,176,981 111,289,696 5,830796,721 34,507,073 18471,255

147,915,531/ 4,088)

Value of Exports, domestic and foreign, from the Custom-house returns,

from the Ports of Philadelphia, New York, and Boston.

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Value of the General Commerce, foreign and domestic.- Imports and

Erports.

Imports and Exports.

Years.

Philadelphia.

New York.

Boston.

1845 $11,733,590

$30,962,734 1846 13,426,669 $111,289,696 31,202,050

1847 20,725,202 147,915,531 * Hazard's Regis. of Penna., 1828. + Dictionary of Commerce.

| Geography of Pennsylvania, Trego, p. 145. Commercial List and Philadelphia Prices Current. American Almanac, 1845–7. Hunt's Merchants' Magazine. Niles's Register. M'Culloch’s Gazetteer. Emigrants’ Directory, 1820. Commerce and Navigation of the U.S., 1844.

Custom house returns.-Commercial List.

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