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THE GEOGRAPHICAL AND GEOLOGICAL DISTRIBUTION

OF

Mineral Combustibles or Fossil Fuel,

INCLUDING, ALSO, NOTICES AND LOCALITIES OF THE VARIOUS

MINERAL BITUMINOUS SUBSTANCES,

EMPLOYED IN ARTS AND MANUFACTURES,

ILLUSTRATED BY MAPS AND DIAGRAMS;

EMBRACING,

FROM OFFICIAL REPORTS OF THE GREAT COAL-PRODUCING COUNTRIES, THE

RESPECTIVE AMOUNTS OF THEIR

PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION AND COMMERCIAL DISTRIBUTION,

IN ALL PARTS OF THE WORLD;

TOGETHER WITH THEIR

Prices, Tariffs, Duties and International Regulations.

ACCOMPANIED BY NEARLY

Four Hundred Statistical Tables, and Eleven Hundred Analyses of Mineral Combustibles,

WITH

INCIDENTAL STATEMENTS OF THE STATISTICS OF IRON MANUFACTURES,

DERIVED FROM AUTHENTIC AUTHORITIES.

PREPARED BY

RICHARD COWLING TAYLOR,

FELLOW OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON, MEMBER OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL
SOCIETY, THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA, OF THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL

SCIENCES OF PHILADELPHIA, OF THE ALBANY INSTITUTE, NEW YORK,

AND OF VARIOUS OTHER SOCIETIES IN EUROPE AND AMERICA.

Author of “ INDEX MONASTICUS, in the Ancient Kingdom of East Anglia, 1821."

PHILADELPHIA:
PUBLISHED BY J. W. MOORE, 193 CHESTNUT STREET.

1848.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1848,

BY RICHARD C. TAYLOR,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

KING AND BAIRD, PRINTERS, No. 9 GEORGE ST.

9.57.31

PREFACE.

I did not set about this work under the persuasion that I was the most fitting person for a task so arduous; or that I possessed either the necessary facilities for so wide a field of Statistics, or could appropriate sufficient time to its preparation. The fact is, at the outset, it was the result alınost of necessity; a preparation for temporary and specific purposes, of a series of comparative details relating to the coal trade of the United States and of certain other countries. The information required was not accessible in any single work, nor even in a number of works; it was no where to be found. The materials, therefore, had to be collected and arranged by degrees, and to be drawn from original sources; and in this manner, the data sought for became the nucleus which has gradually expanded into the substance and capacity of a considerable volume. Of the incompleteness, the multifold imperfections of such a work, especially its first edition; the tendency to error; the innumerable

gaps and blanks that remain to be filled up, no one can be so well aware, probably, as its author. An unequal acquisition of statistical details is the inevitable result of all such undertakings. It will not, we admit, be difficult to point out these deficiencies, and critics may suggest abundant omissions and emendations, in this volume. However, as there must be some limit to the accumulative process and some cessation from the collector's toil, it has now become necessary to bring it to a close, and to commit it to the indulgence of the public.

R. C. T.

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