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.” “ They

“ Scotch cultivate and improve the arts " and sciences wherever they go.'

certainly improve their own fortunes “ wherever they go," rejoined the other : 6 - like their gardeners, though they

can create little or nothing at home,

they often create very good fortunes in 6 other countries ; and this is one reason “ of our having the pleasure of so much “ of their company in London.” “ Whe« ther it affords you pleasure or not,

Sir, nothing can be more certain," replied the Scot in the most serious tone, “ than that you may improve very much

by their company and example. But " there are various reasons,” continued he, 5 for so



my countrymen fojourning in London. That city is now,

in “ some measure, the capital of Scotland as “ well as of England. The seat of govern

ment is there ; the King of Scotland, as “ well as of England, resides there; the “ Scotch nobility and gentry have as good

a right to be near the person of their So

“ vereign

“ vereign as the English; and you must

allow, that, if some Scotchmen make “ fortunes in England, many of our “ best estates are also spent there. . But

you mean to say, that the Scotch in

general are poor, in comparison of the “ English. This we do not deny, and

cannot possibly forget, your countrymen u refresh our memories with it so often. “ We allow, therefore, that you have this

advantage over us;-and the Persians “ had the same over the Macedonians at " the battle of Arbela, But, whether “ Scotland be poor or rich, those Scots - who settle in England must carry in

dustry, talents, or wealth with them, “ otherwise they will starve there as well

as elsewhere; and when one country “ draws citizens of this description from

another, I leave you to judge which has " the most reason to complain. And let

you, Sir, upon the whole, the advantages which England derives from “ the Union, are manifest and mani

me tell

16 fold.”

to you

« fold.” “ I cannot say,” replied the Englishman, " that I have thought much on this subject; but I shall be obliged


will enumerate a few of “ them.” “ In the first place," resumed the Scot, “ Has she not greatly increased “ in wealth since that time?"

" She has “ fo,” replied the other, smiling, “ and I

never knew the real cause before.” “ In " the next place, Has she not acquired a “ million and a half of subjects, who other66 wise would have been with her enemies? “ For this, and other reasons, they are “ equivalent to three millions. In the " third place, Has she not acquired secu“ rity? without which, riches are of no " value. There is no door open 110w, Sir,

by which the French can enter into your country. They dare as soon be d as attempt to invade Scotland ; so if you can defend

your own coast, there is no “ fear of you; but without a perfect union “ with Scotland, England could not enjoy " the principal benefit fhe derives from her

66 insular


8c insular situation. " Not till Scotland “ should be fubdued,” said the English

“ Subdued !” repeated the astonished Scot; “ let me tell you, Sir, that “ is a very strange hypothesis; the fruit« less attempts of many centuries might “ have taught you that the thing is impof“ sible ; and, if you are conversant in hiftory, you

will find, that, after the de“ cline of the Roman Empire, the course " of conquest was from the North to the « South.

“ You mean," said the South Briton, “ that Scotland would have con

quered England.” Sir," replied the other, “ I think the English as brave a " nation as ever existed, and therefore I " will not say that the Scotch are braver ; “ far less shall I assert, that they, consist“ing of only a fifth part of the numbers, “ could subdue the English; but I am sure, “ that rather than submit they would try; “ and you will admit that the trial would “ be no advantage to either country.” VOL. II.


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“ Although I am fully convinced,” said the Englishman, “ how the experiment “ would end, I should be sorry to see it “ made, particularly at this time.” “ Sir," rejoined the Scot, “ there are

people of your country, as I am told, “ who, even at this time, endeavour to ex

asperate the minds of the inhabitants of

one part of Great Britain against the na“ tives of the other, and to create dissension “ between two countries, whose mutual “ safety depends on their good agreement;

two countries whom Nature herself, by “ separating them from the rest of the “ world, and encircling them with her

azure bond of union, seems to have in« tended for one.'

« I do assure you, my " good Sir," said the English Gentleman, “ I am not of the number of those who 66 wish to raise fuch diffenfion. I love the “ Scotch; I always thought them a sen“ sible and gallant people ; and some of 66 the most valued friends I have on earth,


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