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18 Yet it became him to be made perfect through sufferings:

Such hath been the conduct of God in this 10 For it became great affair of our redemption. And the beau. him, for whom are

ty and harmony of it will be apparent, in pro- whom are all things, Heb. H. To portion to the degree in which it is examined. in bringing many

For though the Jews dream of a temporal sons unto glory, to
Messiah, as a scheme conducive to the Divine make the Captain of

their salvation per-
glory, it well became him8 for whom [are] all fect through suffer-
things, and by whom [are] all things, the glori. ings.
ous Being who is the first cause and the last
end of all, in pursuit of the great and import-
ant design he had formed, of conducting many
whom he is pleased to adopt as his sons, to the
possession of that inheritance of glory he has
intended for them, to make and constitute Je-
sus his first begotten and best beloved Son, the
Leader and Prince of their salvation; and to
make him perfect or completely fit for the full
execution of his office, by a long train of vari-
ous and extreme sufferings, whereby he was,

as it were, solemnly consecrated to it. 11 Now in consequence of this appointment, Je. 11 For both he

sus, the great Sanctifier, who engages and con- that sanctifieth, and
secrates men to the service of God, and they they who are sancti-
who are sanctified, that is, consecrated and in- for which cause he
troduced to God with such acceptance Care] all is not ashamed to
of one family; all the descendants of Adam, call them brethren.
and in a sense, the seed of Abraham : for
which cause he is not ashamed to call them whom

he thus redeems and presents to Divine fa12 vour, his brethren ; Saying, (Psal. xxii. 22, 26,) 12 Saying, I will

in the person of David, when representing the declare thy name unMessiah in his sufferings and exaltation, I will to my brethren, in declare thy name to my brethren ; in the midst of church will I sing the assembly of thy people, the great assembly, praise unto thee. which by way of eminence shall be called

the church, will I praise thee for thy gracious 13 interposition in my favour. And again, speak. 13 And again, I

ing as a mortal man, exposed to such exercises will put my trust in
of faith in trials and difficulties as others were, Behold, I and the
he says in a psalm which represents his triumph children which God
over his enemies, I will trust in him as other hath given me.
good men have in all ages done ; and again,
elsewhere in the person of Isaiah, (Isa.viii. 18,)
Behold I and the children which my God hath

given me, are for signs and for wonders. 8 It became him.] This seems to signi- worthy of himself, it was expedient he fy, not only that the course he took was should take this method. well worthy of God, but that in order to act

For which cause he was a partaker of flesh and blood. 19 14 Forasmnch then Seeing then those whom he represents in one secr. as the children are place and another as the children of the same ii. and blood, he also family with himself, are partakers of human

Heb. bimselflikewise took flesh and blood, he himself in like manner par. i. 14 part of the same ; ticipated of them, and assumed all their sinless that through death infírmities, that thereby becoming capable of him that had the those sufferings to which without such a union power of death, that with flesh he could not have been obnoxious, is, the devil :

he might by his own voluntary and meritorious
death, abolish and depose him,who by Divine
permission had the empire of death, and led it
in his train, when it made its first invasion on
mankind, that is, the devil, the great artificer of
mischief and destruction; at the beginning the
murderer of the human race, who still seems
to triumph in the spread of mortality which is

his work, and who may often by God's right15 And deliver eous permission be the executioner of it. But 15 them who through Christ the great Prince of mercy and life, graall their life time ciously interposed, that he might deliver those subject to bondage. his miserable captives,who through fear of death

were, or justly might have been, all their life-
time obnoxious to bondage s having nothing to
expect in consequence of it, if they rightly un-
derstood their state, but future misery : where-
as now, changing their Lord, they have happily
changed their condition, and are, as many as

have believed in him, the heirs of eternal life. 16 For verily he We the sinful children of Adam, though the 16 took not on him the heirs of death, are thus delivered by him; but he took on him the not the infernal powers, who were the first auseed of Abraham. thors of their seduction; for truly he took not

hold of the angels, to save them from plunging
into the abyss of misery ; but he took hold of
the seed of Abraham, and hath made a gracious
provision for the salvation of all who shall by

true faith approve themselves the genuine chil17 Wherefore in dren of that holy patriarch. From whence, and 17 all things it behoved in consequence of which design, it behoved

Depose him.] The original word x2- ing to heaven, is, I think, sinking the inJegynta, properly signifies to deprive of all terpretation a great deal too low. poter, Rom. vi. 6. When applied to the i The empire of death.] Some have inlaw, it signifies abolition. To suppose ferred from hence, that the devil is the with Archbishop Tillotson, that it chiefly executioner of the sentence of death both means, that Christ might give mankind on good and bad men. But I think the the hopeof immortality, when they actual. sense in the paraphrase less

obnoxious an! ly saw one risen from the dead, and ascend. precarious.

VOL. 6.



20 Reflections on the character of Christ as our High Priest, &c. sect. him to be made in all things like unto those him to be made like ii. whom he condescends to call this]

brethren, that unto his brethren ; so he might be a merciful and faithful High merciful and faithful ii. 17 Priest, in things (relating] to God, that he High Priest in things might in the most effectual manner make atone. pertaining to God, to

make reconciliation ment for the sins of the people ; which he could for the sins of the

not have done if he had not assumed our na. people : 18 ture. But now, in consequence of that,

18 For in that he he has not only provided himself with some himself hath suffer. thing to offer, but has by the experience of ed, being tempted,

our infirmities, contracted that peculiar kind he is able to

cour them that are
of compassion, which nothing else can teach ; tempted.
and in that he hath himself suffered, being tempt.
ed and tried with such a variety of assaults and
sorrows, he can, in the most ready and endear.
ing, as well as effectual manner, help those that
are tempted, and are making their way through
those scenes of difficulty, which he passed
through with such fortitude and honour.


verse ETERNAL praise to our compassionate High Priest, who put 18 on our infirmities that he might know how to pity and relieve

them! Eternal praise to him, by whom are all things, and for

whom are all things, that he has concerted the merciful scheme 10 of bringing many sons unto glory, in a manner so well worthy of

his Divine perfections, and so full of instruction and comfort
to us ; appointing his own Son the Captain of our salvation, and

making him perfect through sufferings ! Let us daily reflect upon 11 it with pleasure and gratitude, that he is not ashamed to call us his 16 brethren, though so highly exalted above the angels of God; and

that he took not hold of the superior nature of angels, which was sunk into apostasy, guilt, and ruin, but took hold on the seed of Abraham. How venerable, as well as amiable, is that condescension with which he made himself a little lower than the an9 gels, that by the grace of God which was to owe its highest honours to his cross, he might taste death for every man ! He hath effected his merciful purpose : by death he hath deposed and abolished the tyrannical prince of death, that is, the devil, and deliver. ed from the fears of death, those who, had they known and con. sidered their real circumstances, might have been continually in bondage to it.

« Faithful High Priest.) Mr. Fleming dence ; but former implies latter. thinks is signifies the same as ačio- Fleming's Chrystology, Vol. II. p. 266. T1505, one worthy of our trust and confi.


They ought to regard the High Priest of their profession ; 21 We see our great enemy deposed; we see life and immortality sect, brought to light by his gospel: let us see it with gratitude and ii. pleasure. And let us learn from all, if we would not charge ourselves with the most inexcusable guilt, and the basest ingratitude, if we would not plunge ourselves into the lowest gulf of perdition, not to neglect so great a salvation. Let the doom, which the law of Moses passed upon the presumptuous trans- 3 gressor, deter us; and let the grace of the gospel allure and in- 2 vite us to attend to the salvation spoken by the Lord, and to take 1 the most earnest heed to it, lest we let slip that golden opportunity, which, if neglected, will never return.


The apostle farther takes occasion to manifest Christ, as superior to Moses, the great legislator of the Yews; and begins to caution them from the sentence passed on the rebels against the authority of Moses, of the danger of despising the gospel promises. Heb. İll. 1—13.



HEBREWS III. 1. HEREFORE, HAVE just pointed out to you the Son of sect.

God, under the endearing character of a iii. partakers of the hea. venly calling, considcompassionate and faithful High Priest. And

Heb. er the Apostle and therefore suffer me to address you my dear it

iii. 1 High Priest of our and holy brethren, whom he hath brought near profession, Christ to God, and graciously made partakers of the Jesus;

heavenly calling,a by which he animates his
people to aspire to the noblest views and pur-
suits; and let me entreat you frequently to di.
rect your eyes and hearts to him: attentively
regard this gracious Saviour, who hath conde
scended to become the apostle of God to us,
that he might bring us the messages of his will,
and who is also constituted the High Priest of
our profession, by whom our guilt is expiated,

and our happiness secured even Christ Jesus, * Holy brethren, partakers of the heav- the gospel to pursue immortality and glory. enly calling.) Mr. Peirce thinks, when b Apostle and High Priest.) Both are they are called holy brethren by the apostle, properly mentioned, as the author was to it is in allusion to what was said of their show, that as an apostle, Christ was supebeing sanctified, chap. ii. 11, that when he rior to Moses ; and as an High Priest, to speaks of their calling, he means their Aaron. He is called an Apostle as sent being called his brethren ; and that when from God with full commission for the he stiles them partakers of this calling, it important affair. he came to transact. is to intimate that they do not ingross it. That apostle signifies messenger, see many But all these interpretations seem to me places

in the New Testament, cited Vol. I. more refined than solid. The calling gener. sect. 162, notes ally signifies the call that is given us by

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22 Who was counted worthy of more honour than Moses.
sect. so well known to us under this great and hon-
iii. ourable character. Let that illustrious Person 2 Who was faith-

be daily familiar to your minds, even he who ful to him that ap-
iii. 2 was faithful to him that appointed him to his

of- pointed bim, as also

Moses was faithful
fice, as Moses (was] also faithful for all his in all his house.
house ; according to that testimony with which
God himself was pleased to honour him.
(Numb. xii 7.) But I design not by applying

these words, to insinuate, that there is room 3 for a complete comparison between them. On

3 For this man
the contrary, it is very apparent, that as for was counted worthy
him of whom I now speak, he was esteemed of more glory than
worthy of far more honour than Moses, in pro- he who hath builded
portion io the degree in which the builder of a the house, hath more
housed hath more honour than the house itself. honour than the

For Christ laid the plan of the Mosaic dispen-
sation, and Moses who was himself his crea-
ture, evidently acted as his delegate in the rev-
elation which he made to the people of Israel ;
so that whatever excellencies that dispensation
can boast, they reflect an honour ultimately on

the Divine Person from whom he received it.
. 4 For every house has some builder, by whom its 4 For every house

several parts were modelled, raised and dis. is builded by some
posed, and every thing well adjusted in it dis-man: but he that

built all things is
plays the skill of its Architect and Disposer ; God.
now he who built and adjusted all thing's [is]
God, whose works of creation and providence
are worthy their great Author, and proclaim
that power, wisdom, and goodness, which set

c More honoửr than Moses ] As it was Dr. Calamy has argued from hence the their attachment to the Mosaic law, and supreme Deity of Christ, in consequence the writings of the Old Testament, that of his being the Creator of all things. hindered so many Jews from embracing (Calamy on Trin. p. 44.) But Mr. Peirce Christianity, it is with the utmost pro. pleads, that if it had been the intent of priety of address that the apostle here un- the apostle here to assert, that Christ was dertakes to shew that Christ was superior the Creator of all things, it would have to Moses ; and by a necessary conse. been sufficient to have stopped here, and quence, to the rest of the prophets and that what follows would sink the argusacred authors, whom they acknowledged ment lower; therefore he would translate to be interior to this great Prophet. it as the vulgar Latin does, The builder of

d Builder of a house.] Botli Mr. Pyle the house, that is, the head and founder and Dr. Whiiby would render xa7doxeve?of the family, has the greatest honour of not to build, but to order or govern, as any person in the house ; and by consethe word house signifies not a building, quence they must have the next honour but a family.

who are most nearly related to him. So e Hath some builder.) So I think the Christ who is his Son must have greater words κατασκευάζεται υπό τινοσ may be honour than Moses, who was no more rendered, the word incan not being in the than a servant. original, nor here being properly insertech.

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