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OF THE

DISCOVERY AND SETTLEMENT

OF

THE VALLEY OF THE MISSISSIPPI,

BY

THE THREE GREAT EUROPEAN POWERS,

SPAIN, FRANCE, AND GREAT BRITAIN,

AND

THE SUBSEQUENT OCCUPATION, SETTLEMENT, AND EXTENSION OP

CIVIL GOVERNMENT BY

THE UNITED STATES,

UNTIL THE YEAR 1846.

BY

JOHN W. MONET TE, M.D.

“Westward the star of empire takes its way."

IN TWO VOLUME 8.

VOL. II.

HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS,

82 CLIFF STREET, NEW YORK.

1846.

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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1846,

By HARPER & BROTHERS,
In the Clerk's Office of the Southern District of New York.

CONTENTS OF VOL. I I.

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MANNERS AND CUSTOMS OF THE FRONTIER POPULATION EAST AND

SOUTH OF THE OHIO RIVER.-A.D. 1770 To 1810.

Argument.-Condition of the frontier Settlements of western Pennsylvania and Vir.

ginia. — Characteristic Traits of the Pioneers generally. – Manners and Customs :

1. Costume of the Hunters: the Hunting-shirt; Pantaloons ; Breech-cloth and Leg-

gins; Moccasin. — 2. Habitation : the Log Cabin ; its Location ; internal Appear.

ance.-3. Employments: the respective Duties of Man and Wife.—4. Diet: Meats ;

wild Game; Bread; Pone; Journey-cake; Hog and Hommony; Substitutes for Tea

and Coffee.-5. Settlement Rights : Nature and Extent; tomahawk Improvements.

-6. Fort, or Station : Form and Construction; its Location and Use; Stations in

Kentucky.—7. Hunters : Science of Hunting; a hunting Camp; Game; Hides ; Pel-

tries.-8. Caravans : annual Trips to Baltimore and Frederic; Equipment of Cara.

van; solitary Route across the Mountains ; Order of March; Fare.-9. The moral

Sense : state of Morals; natural Honesty and Sense of Honor the supreme Law;

force of Public Opinion; "Lynch Law ;" “Regulators."'-—10. Social Virtues : Hos-

pitality; Sociality; Conviviality; a marriage Party; Sports and Amusements.-11.

Boatmen : general Character; Costume; Habits; peculiar Traits of Character.–12.

National Character : Diversity of People and Languages blended; Peculiarities of

Feelings and Habits neutralized; Influence of free Government upon the Enterprise

and moral Character.–13. Religious Traits : Religion disconnected with civil Pow.

er; Ministers dependent for Support upon their own Merit; religious "Awakenings,"

or "Revivals,” in the West; “Camp-meeting” Scene; Origin of Camp Meetings in

Kentucky and Tennessee; Camp Meeting at Cane Ridge; at Desha's Creek; at

Cabin Creek; astonishing Influence of sylvan Preaching, and the attendant Circum-

stances; extraordinary Conversions ; Disturbance of mental and nervous Systems

Page 1

the Frontier.—Their cautious and destructive Movements. -Renegade white Men

associated with Indians.

Indian Implements of War.–The Rifle.-The Scalping-knife.—Tomahawk.—Battle.

ax.-War-club.—Declaration of War.Torture.—Running the Gantlet.—Torture at

the Stake by Fire.

Eminent Pioneers of Kentucky.-1. Daniel Boone.--His Nativity and early Habits.-

Personal Traits of Character.-His first Acquaintance with Kentucky in 1769 and

1771.--At Watauga in 1775.—Opens a Road from Holston to Kentucky River.-

Captain at Boonesborough until 1778.-Captured by Indians at Blue Licks.-His

Captivity and Escape.- An active Defender of Kentucky until 1783.- Abandons

Kentucky in 1800,-Settles in Missouri.—His Remains and those of his Wife re-

moved to Kentucky in 1845.2. Simon Kenton.—His Character as a fearless Pio-

neer.—Nativity and Early Habits.—Youthful Indiscretion and subsequent Hardships.

-A Hunter in Kentucky.—A Hunter in Western Virginia.- Attached to Dunmore's

Army.—Becomes “a Hunter of Kentucky.”—His personal Appearance at the Age

of twenty-one Years.—His benevolent Disposition.-Attached to Kentucky Stations.

- Accompanies Colonel Clark to Kaskaskia.—Returns to Harrod's Station.— Visits

the Paint Creek Towns.-Captured by Indians.-Wild Horse Torture.—Divers Tor.

tures and Punishments suffered during his Captivity.-Sold in Detroit.-Escapes to

Kentucky.-Serves under Colonel Clark in 1780 and 1782.-An active partisan War.

rior until 1792.-Encounters Tecumseh.-Serves in Wayne's Army.- Abandons Ken-

tucky in 1802.-Removes to Ohio.-Serves under Colonel Shelby in 1813.- Died in

1836.-3. Robert Patterson.—Nativity, early Life, and Habits.—Serves in Dunmore's

Army.--A prominent Pioneer of Kentucky in 1776.-Erects a Station on the Site of

Lexington in 1779.-Active Defender of Kentucky during the Indian War.–4. Ma.

jor George Rogers Clark.—His early frontier Services.-His Character and Military

Genius.-Superintends the Defense of Kentucky from 1776 to 1782.-Reduction of

British Posts in 1778, 1779

· Page 30

Argument.—Retrospect of the frontier Settlements of Western Virginia, Pennsylva.

nia, North Carolina, and Kentucky in 1776.-Check to these Settlements by hostile

Cherokees.--Cherokee War.--Three-fold Invasion of Cherokee Country.--" Treaty of

Dewett's Corner.”_"Treaty of Long Island," on Holston.-Cherokees retire from

ceded Territory.-Hostilities of Northwestern Tribes.-Kentucky Stations supplied

with Powder by Major Clark.—Posts on the Ohio.-Attack on M'Clellan's Station,

December, 1776.-Hostilities in West Augusta. - County of Kentucky erected.--

Militia Organization in 1777.—District of West Augusta divided into three Counties.

-Ohio County organized.--Settlements in West Augusta.— The Indians attack Har-

rod's Station; also, Logan's Fort and Boonesborough.—Militia organization in Ohio

County.-Memorable Siege of Boonesborough from July 4th to September.- Captain

Logan's Re-enforcement from North Carolina.—Colonel John Bowman's Re-enforce-

ment.—County of Kentucky organized.—Militia Organization.—Extent of Kentucky

County.-Colonel Henderson indemnified for Loss of Transylvania.- Indian Hostili-

ties near the Ohio.-Cornstalk, Ellinipsico, and Red Hawk killed at Point Pleasant.

-Condition of Wheeling Fort.-"Fort Henry.”—Situation and Importance of this

Fort.--Attacked by four hundred Indians under Simon Girty.-Loss of the Garrison

near the Fort.-Incidents of Indian Warfare.—Major M‘Cullock.-Captain Mason.-

Major Clark plans the Reduction of Kaskaskia.—The Expedition proceeds from " the

Falls.”—Surprise and Capture of Kaskaskia and “Fort Gage."-Suspension of Civil

Government in West Augusta.—Martial Law suspended.—Courts organized.-At-

torneys and Attorney-general.- Daniel Boone and twenty-seven Men captured at

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