« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
such large mouths, and Wilber FORCE said they were like MULGRAVE's-red champagne rather ropy-away at eight -THURLow's horse started at a windmill--he off.
N, B. To bring in an Act to encourage water-mills—THURLOW home in a dilly-we after his horse-children crying, Fox for ever !-Dundas stretching
to whip them—he off too. May 22. Sick all day-lay a bed—VILLIERS
bored me. 23. HYDE-PARK-PITT-HAMILTON, &c. Most of us agreed it was right to bow to Lord DELAVAL-Pitt won't to any one, except thenew Peers dined at Pitt's
-Pitt's soup never salt enough—Why must PRETTYMAN dine with us ?-Pitt says to-day he will not support Sir Cecil WRAY-THURLOW wanted to give the old toast–Pitt grave-probably this is
the reason for letting PRETTYMAN stay. 24. House --Westminster Election-we
settled to always make a noise when Burke gets up—we ballotted among ourselves for a sleeping Committee in the Gallery—-STEELE always to call us when Pitt speaks-Lord DELAVAL our dear friend !- Private message from St. James's to Pitt-He at last agrees to
support Sır Cecil. May 25. Bankes won't vote with us against
Grenville's Bill—English obstinacythe Duke of RichMOND teazes us nonsense about consistency-what right has be to talk of it ?—but must not say so. Dundas thinks worse of the Westminster business than-but too hearty to in
dulge absurd scruples. 26. Court-King in high spirits, and at.
tentive rather to the Duke of GRAFTON ZQUEEN more so to Lord CAMDENpuzzles us all-So it is possible the Duke of RichMOND will consent to leave the Cabinet ? --Dinner at Dundas's--too many things aukwardly served-Joke about Rose's thick legs, like Robinson's, in flannel.
· FROM THE SECOND VOLUME OF LORD MULGRAVE'S
ESSAYS ON ELOQUENCE, LATELY PUBLISHED.
:“ We now come to speak of Tropes. Trope comes from the Greek word Trepo, to turn. I believe that tropes can only exist in a vocal language, for I do not recollect to have met with any among the savages near the Pole, who converse only by signs; or if they used any, I did not understand thein. · Aristotle is of opinion that horses have not the use of tropes. Dean Swift seems to be of a contrary opinion ; but be this as it may, tropes are of very great importance in Parliament, and I cannot enough recommend them to my young readers.
« Tropes are of two kinds: ist, such as tend to illustrate our meaning; and 2dly, such as tend to render it obscure. The first are of great use in the sermo pedestris; the second in the sublime. They give the os magna sonans ; 'or, as the same poet says in another place, the ore rotundo ; an expression, which shows, by the bye, that it is as necessary to round your mouth, as to round your periods. But of this more hereafter, when I come to treat of mouthing, or, as the Latins call it, elocutio.
.“ In the course of my reflections on tropes, I have frequently lamented the want of these embellishments in our modern log - books. Strabo says they were frequently employed by the ancient sailors ; nor can we wonder at this difference, since our young seamen are such bad scholars : not so in other countries ; for I have seen children at the island of Zanti, who knew more of Greek than any First Lieutenant. Now to return to Tropes, and of their use in Parliament. I will give you . some examples of the most perfect kind in each species, and then quit the subject; oply observing, that the worst kind of tropes are puns; and that tropes, when used in controversy, ought to be very obscure ; for many people do not know how to answer what they do not understand.
“ Suppose I was desirous of pressing forward any measure, and that I apprehended that the opposite party wished to delay it, I should personify procrastination by one of the following manners : f' 1.“ This measure appears to be filtered tbrough the drip-stone of procrastination.” This beautiful phrase was invented by a near relation of imine, whose talents bid fair to make a most distinguished figure in the senate.
2. “ This is another dish cooked up by the procrastinating spirit.” The boldness of this figure, which was invented by Mr. Drake, cannot be too much admired.
3.5 This appears to be the last hair in the tail of procrastination."
“ The Master of the Rolls, who first used this phrase, is a most eloquent speaker ; but I think the two former instances much more beautiful, inasmuch as the latter personification is drawn from a dumb creature, which is not so fine a source of metaphor as a Christian.
“Having thus exhausted the subject of metaphors, I shall say a few words concerning similes, the second of tropical figures, in point of importance."