How to Read the Bible: A Guide to Scripture, Then and Now
Simon and Schuster, 2007 - 819 էջ
Scholars from different fields have joined forces to reexamine every aspect of the Hebrew Bible. Their research, carried out in universities and seminaries in Europe and America, has revolutionized our understanding of almost every chapter and verse. But have they killed the Bible in the process?
In How to Read the Bible, Harvard professor James Kugel leads the reader chapter by chapter through the "quiet revolution" of recent biblical scholarship, showing time and again how radically the interpretations of today's researchers differ from what people have always thought. The story of Adam and Eve, it turns out, was not originally about the "Fall of Man," but about the move from a primitive, hunter-gatherer society to a settled, agricultural one. As for the stories of Cain and Abel, Abraham and Sarah, and Jacob and Esau, these narratives were not, at their origin, about individual people at all but, rather, explanations of some feature of Israelite society as it existed centuries after these figures were said to have lived. Dinah was never raped -- her story was created by an editor to solve a certain problem in Genesis. In the earliest version of the Exodus story, Moses probably did not divide the Red Sea in half; instead, the Egyptians perished in a storm at sea. Whatever the original Ten Commandments might have been, scholars are quite sure they were different from the ones we have today. What's more, the people long supposed to have written various books of the Bible were not, in the current consensus, their real authors: David did not write the Psalms, Solomon did not write Proverbs or Ecclesiastes; indeed, there is scarcely a book in the Bible that is not the product of different, anonymous authors and editors working in different periods.
Such findings pose a serious problem for adherents of traditional, Bible-based faiths. Hiding from the discoveries of modern scholars seems dishonest, but accepting them means undermining much of the Bible's reliability and authority as the word of God. What to do? In his search for a solution, Kugel leads the reader back to a group of ancient biblical interpreters who flourished at the end of the biblical period. Far from naïve, these interpreters consciously set out to depart from the original meaning of the Bible's various stories, laws, and prophecies -- and they, Kugel argues, hold the key to solving the dilemma of reading the Bible today.
How to Read the Bible is, quite simply, the best, most original book about the Bible in decades. It offers an unflinching, insider's look at the work of today's scholars, together with a sustained consideration of what the Bible was for most of its history -- before the rise of modern scholarship. Readable, clear, often funny but deeply serious in its purpose, this is a book for Christians and Jews, believers and secularists alike. It offers nothing less than a whole new way of thinking about sacred Scripture.
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LibraryThing ReviewՀաճախորդի կարծիքը - dchaikin - LibraryThing
73. How to Read the Bible : A Guide to Scripture, Then and Now by James L. Kugel 2007, 777 pages Paperback brick read Nov 28, 2011 - Nov 17, 2015, read along with the OT Rating: 4.5 stars My plan was ... Read full review
LibraryThing ReviewՀաճախորդի կարծիքը - MartinBodek - LibraryThing
This book forced reroutes of the synapses of my brain like none ever before. It is an 800 page cinder block that I was happy to carry around with me for precisely that reason. For 34 years I looked at ... Read full review
The Creation of the Worldand of Adam and Eve
Cain and Abel
The Great Flood
The Tower of Babel
The Call of Abraham
Two Models of God and the God of Old
The Trials of Abraham
Jacob and Esau
Judges and Chiefs
The Other Gods of Canaan
Samuel and Saul
The Psalms of David
David the King
North and South
The Book of Isaiahs
Jacob and the Angel
Joseph and His Brothers
Moses in Egypt
A Covenant with God
The Ten Commandments
A Religion of Laws
Worship on the Road
P and D
On the Way to Canaan
Moses Last Words
Joshua and the Conquest of Canaan