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censed the residents of the District, and it was On the 21st February, 1801, was purchased a publicly denounced at a meeting of citizens held" piece or parcel of land” from William and John at Commissioners' Hall, of which Robert McMul- Allen, of the County of Hunterdon and State of lin was chairman, and Joseph Huddle, Jr., secre- New Jersey, beginning at the south side of Prime tary. This assemblage, among others, adopted street, formerly called Weccacoe Lane, in the the following resolution :
District of Soathwark (once called Wiccacoe), and “Resolved, That the remote, partial and doubt. on a part whereof the old “ Association Battery'' ful benefits which might be derived from the formerly stood, containing on Front streel nine opening of Swanson street, or any other street perches four and a half feet, and to the Delaware which interferes with the site proposed for the River forty-six perches, for which the sum of Navy Yard, are not to be placed in competition twelve thousand dollars was paid. For the adjoinwith the immediate, general and certain benefits ing land on the south, belonging to Anthony of an establishment which would give encourage. Morris and wise, containing on Front street fourment and employment to almost every class of teen perches and ten feet, and to the River Delamechanics and laborers; would increase the circu- ware six hundred and seventy-six feet, the sum of lation of industry and money in the district, as fourteen thousand dollars was paid, and for the well as its progress in population and improve next adjoining piece of land on the south, belong. ment; that benefits so essential demand the aid | ing to Luke Morris and wife, “ formerly of New of our Representatives in the Legislature to insure Jersey, but now of Philadelphia,'' containing nine them; and that those niore immediately represent- perches and seven inches on Front street, and ing this district are peculiarly bound to promote forty perches in length to the River Delaware, the its local interests by coöperating in the Legislature sum of eleven thousand dollars was paid, making with the unanimous voice of their constituents in a total of thirty-seven thousand dollars for the favor of vacating all the streets which interfere entire purchase; the whole forming a front of with the site proposed for the Navy Yard." about five hundred and forty-six feet, to which a
The foregoing Resolution, intended to be further addition on the south end was subsequently " “highly denunciatory" in tone, would to-day made. In the deeds appear the names of John probably be considered by our “spread-eagle” and Elizabeth Martin, former owners, and of orators as rather tame in expression; it had, how - George Fitzwater as owner of adjoining land. ever, the desired effect, for all opposition ceased, The purchase of this property-it was a matter and the establishment of the Yard became a fixed of complaint afterwards by the opposition partyfact.
was made without any authority of law. All the Jared Ingersoll, Esq., at that time well known land, however, in the United States that was purto be Philadelphia's most famous lawyer, was em- chased for the purpose of establishing Navy Yards, ployed to investigate the various titles of land was bought about the same period, and without any which had been offered for sale to the Govern appropriation by Congress, the entire cost of the ment, and finding them correct, the conveyancing various Yards at that time being $199,030.92, and firm, Messrs. Bonsall & Shoemaker, were selected paid for out of moneys that had originally been to draw up the necessary deeds and have the same appropriated for building vessels of war (seventyrecorded.
fours), the Secretary alleging that it was impossible The expenses for these services were as follows:
to build ships without Navy Yards. Examining titles
The “ Pay Roll" of employés at the Yard for Drawing up Deeds
one week during the month of March of this year Recording ditto
(1801) amounted to only thirty-nine dollars. At
this date, when the various departments are run$42.33
ning at their full capacity, it would take almost as Such modest fees in this year of grace would no many thousands for the same length of time. doubt startle and amaze the legal and convey. On the 24th of April Messrs. Williamson & ancing fraternities, yet there be people, silly Flickwir received two bundred and eighty-four enough, forsooth, to sigh for the “good old dollars for removing to the Yard counting and times."
storehouses, and for fitting up and repairing the
Vovember 20d 1813. same; and on the first day of May were commenced the repairs on the frigate Constellation. May
The Navy Yard
To WilliamsON & FLICKWIR, Dr. 20th, loaned Stephen Girard a quantity of live-oak The subscriber hath measured and valued the Carpenter timber, belonging to the Government, to be used work done by Williamson and Flickwir for the United in constructing a vessel building for him by Isaac States at the Stores and mould loft at the Navy Yard in White.
Southwark, Philadelphia, being a frame twenty five feet one
inch in length by forty feet wide and two stories high, finds During the month of June the pay roll of car
the same worth Fisteen hundred and thirty five dollars and penters and laborers amounted to six hundred and fifty three cents standard price of the Carpenters Company of three dollars. At this time the seventy-four.gun Philadelphia. ship Franklin was building and the frigate Con- (Signed)
ALEXANDER STEEL. stellation undergoing repairs. Benjamin Hutton,
An entry dated January 10, 1814, shows that Jr., was employed as Timber Inspector at a salary the fare by stage to New Brunswick, “in the Jerof $80 per month, and Thomas Hutton and James seys" (whither had been sent an employé in Owner Assistant Inspectors at $75 each per month. search of timber), was $4.50. On the same day Laborers' wages ranged from one dollar to one was completed the “Compting House for the dollar and a half per day, and about the same Purser and others, containing two apartments, the price for teams-horse, cart and driver—and the whole being twenty-two feet long by fifteen feet apparently important article, rum, was furnished wide, ten feet three inches hip to the eve, a Piazza at $1.27 per gallon.
in front with a high roof; Also a Book case and From this period to 1813 the records of the two writing desks, costing in all Three hundred Yard appear to have been lost-were, perhaps, and sixteen dollars and eighty cents-standard burnt in the fire that occurred in the building price of the Carpenters Company." Built by Wilwhere they were stored in September, 1863. liamson & Flickwir, who, by the third day of
Very slow, evidently, was the progress made in February, also completed the building of a sawgetting the Yard into good working condition, as shed, block-makers' shed, stoves for steaming they did not commence building the blacksmith plank, and a chip house, at a cost of five hundred shop until June, 1813, when William Myers was and fifty-one dollars and twenty-five cents. made a Master Blacksmith. He was a son of the That the employés now discarded “ apple jack” mechanic who had for so many years done the and returned to their “ first love” is evident from smith work for the Government.
the fact that the records show on the last menIn the month of September of this year George tioned date " there was supplied to the Yard one Pearson and Alexander Steel were employed to hogshead of whisky at $1.03 per gallon." survey and run the lives of Federal and Swanson It will, perhaps, not be out of place to mention streets, receiving six dollars for their services. At here that the famous frigate Guerriere--the first this time George Harrison was Navy Agent, and that had been put in the water on the seaboard by paid Nathan Hutton eighty dollars to defray his our Government-was launched on the 20th day expenses to and from New York, whi.her he had of June of this year, under the supervision of been sent to select live-oak timber. And now, Naval Constructor Humphreys, at the shipyard of t00, "a change came o'er the spirit of their dram," Joseph Grice in Kensington; and that on the same
' for instead of rum, apple whisky, at the more day, at Boston, the seventy-four.gun ship Indereasonable rate of ninety-five cents a gallon, was pendence was to have been launched, but she furnished to the men. Whether or not they re
" stuck on the ways," and did not get into the belled against the innovation of substituting“ Jer. water until the 20th of the following month, sey lightning'' in lieu of old rye” we cannot In December of this year thirteen hundred and say, having no data upon the subject.
sixty dollars was paid to the “Managers of the The Messrs. Williamson & Flickwir, before re- Almshouse" for vakum received and used upon the ferred to, were celebrated house-carpenters at that seams of the seventy-four-gun ship Franklin. day, and were employed by the Government in Receipts dated March 9, 1815, set forth that to erecting the first buildings in the Yard. Among Charles Wharton was paid the sum of fifty-four many other receipts on file the following will
dollars and seventeen cents, for six and a half show the form of certificate then required:
months' use of two water- lots in the District of
Southwark for a “timber pen;" and for the use of
* * They threw their caps one water lot, for the same purpose, belonging to
As they would hang them on the horns o' the moon, Mary Sykes, twenty-seven dollars and eight cents
Shouting their emulation.'» were paid, for the same length of time. Quite an Possibly, an undue participation in “horns" of amount of dry humor has been expended from a different character may have led to these extime to time upon the subject of valuable (?) travagant demonstrations. “water lots,” but in the cases just referred to they The following is a brief summary of the career were evidently farmeil out to some advantage. of the Franklin since that day. It was said that
On Monday, August 25, 1815, at 3.15 o'clock her sailing qualities were best exhibited when she P.M., was launched the seventy-four-gun ship was trimmed sixteen inches by the stern, and that Franklin, amid the loud huzzas of many citizens she acquired a fair reputation during her first cruise who were there to witness the event. For the in the Mediterranean, where her model was much benefit of the curious in such matters we give the admired: Sailed from Philadelphia to New York, following particulars: Original cost of the vessel, October 14, 1817; from the latter port, as flag$438,149; she drew seventeen feet two inches aft, ship of Commodore Stewart, she carried out Mr. thirteen feet six inches forward; the lower gun- Rush, our Minister to England, arriving at Portsdeck ports were eleven feet eight and a half inches mouth December 16, 1817; thence to the Mediabove the surface of the water at the fourth portterranean, and returned to New York April 24, from abast; and the fifth port from forward was 1820; sailed to the Pacific October 11, 1821, still thirteen feet four inches above the surface. as flagship of Commnodore Stewart, and returned
A newspaper of the day, in speaking of the to New York August 29, 1824; employed up to launch, says: “All the men employed at the 1843 as receiving ship at Boston; razeed at Ports* Naval Yard' were given a holiday in honor of the mouth, New Hampshire, Navy Yard in 1853, and launching of the Franklin frigate,' and as the is now the United States steamer Franklin, having noble craft glided into her 'native element' they nothing of the original timber left in her composiexhibited the wildest enthusiasm
tion except a small portion of the keel.
BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL STEPHEN MOYLAN.
By MORVEN M. Jones.
fame of the man whose name stands at the head of Mr Moylan a friend of mine informs me that this article: he intends to enter into the American Army. As Mr. Moylan was born in Ireland in 1734, and he resided some years in this City and was much now at forty-one desired to place himself in the esteem'd here, I sincerely hope, he will be so happy line of usefulness for his adopted country. John as to recommend himself to your favour, which Dickinson, but two years the senior of the former, I am convinc'd, he will endeavour to deserve.
man of rank and culture. He was born I heartily wish you every kind of Happiness, in Maryland, November 13, 1732; studied law in and am, Sir Your Most Obedient Serv!
Philadelphia and at the Temple in London, and
and soon acquired a wide reputation as a writer PHILADELPHIA, July 26th 1775
upon the topics which attracted the attention of General Washington.
thinking men throughout the British Empire. The Endorsed, in the well-known hand of Wash inherent rights of the people, and the powers of ington, “From Jno Dickinson Esqr. 25 July King and Parliament, were questions which British
subjects had everywhere taken in hand for conThe above letter is the key to the life and sideration. The natural impulses and the results
of thought and study were in the direction of had seen good service in the last war’ were
don's regiment which will not particularly break Washington had arrived at Boston and taken the thread or harmony of this article if given here. command of the American army on the third day Connecticut had placed in the field half a regiment of the same month of July, and Boston now formed (called a battalion) of horse and half a regiment a central point towards which the world of Europe of artillery, and New York had done the same. and America directed its gaze. Men ambitious of The two battalions of horse were consolidated, military fame, whether they were to become gene and thenceforth during the war known as Colonel rals or mere subalterns, or were to drop out into Sheldon's R giment of Connecticut Cavalry. The oblivion, were now attracted to Boston by the two battalions of artillery were consolidated, and
, magnetism of the future, so dimly seen, yet big to the end of the war known as Colonel John with the events from which sprung our nation.
Lamb's Regiment of New York Artillery. This When Moylan received this letter of introduc- transfer and adoption of troops created considertion, Washington had been three weeks before able confusion in after years. Many a Connecticut Boston, studying and condensing his forces, and man who served under Colonel Lamb was surselecting the men from whom his future aides and prised, twenty or thirty years afterwards, to find generals were to be formed. Without the sharp himself the owner of five hundred acres of splendid ken of intuition, from such materials no man
land within fifty miles of Salt Point (Syracuse, would have judged better. Many of those who New York), a bounty of New York to her Conti. had fought Louis and the Indians under two nental soldiers. These two regiments left a splenGeorges were there to revive in others recollec. | did record. Lamb's cannon were heard at Quebec tions of bravery and military talents. The winter and Yorktown. of 1775-76 was very mild at Boston, and about Colonel Moylan was at Germantown October 4, February 1, Colonel Moylan, while bombarding 1777, with Wayne in the expedition to Bull's Boston, wrote from Roxbury: “The bay is open. Ferry July 20, 1780, and in 1781 accompanied Everything thaws here except Old Put. He is General Greene to the southward; November still as hard as ever, crying out, . Powder! pow. 1783, he was made a Brigadier-General by brevet. der! ye gods, give me powder!'” Even then the He died at Philadelphia April 11, 1811. In 1800 hero of Crown Point, Fort Edward, and the wolf. he was chosen Vice-President of the Pennsylvania den at "Pumfret," was known as “Old Put,” for Society of the Cincinnati. he first saw light in 1718. John Stark, ten years
John Dickinson, while in the old Congress, his junior, who had also “fow" French and In- 1774-76, wrotec Essay on the Constitutional Power dians on Lake Champlain, was also there; Seth of Great Britain over the Colonies in America, Pomeroy, who had been a captain in 1744, and “An Address to the Inhabitants of Quebec,"' lieutenant-colonel in 1755, and William Prescott,
- The Declaration to the Armies,' "" The Address who had been a captain in 1756, were also there, to the States," the two petitions to the king, and
, and host of others as officers and in the ranks who many other articles, which established his reputa
tion as a strong and elegant writer. He opposed to Congress from Delaware, and in 1781-85 he was the Declaration of Independence in July, 1776, President of Delaware and Pennsylvania succesbelieving the measure premature, and doubting' sively. As a Representative from Delaware he the ability of the States to sustain the measure. signed the Articles of Confederation and the Although his vote against the Declaration of Inde United States Constitution. Dickinson College pendence time rendered him unpopular, his is a monument of his munificence and care for integrity and patriotism were untarnished. In the culture of the young men of his country. October, 1777, he was made Brigadier-General of He died at Wilmington, Delaware, February 14, Pennsylvania militia, and in 1779 he was returned 1808.
SIR BENJAMIN THOMPSON, COUNT RUMFORD.
By Rev. William HALL.
This celebrated American scientist of the Revo- as you face the front. Our venerable friend, a lutionary period, the picture of whose birthplace graduate of Harvard University of the class of and early residence is here given, was the son of 1816, was long a resident of Dunkirk, New York, Benjamin, in the fourth generation from the first but is now a citizen of Titusville, Pennsylvania, Puritan settler of the name, who emigrated to New where, in the summer of 1874, we received from England in 1630. His mother was Ruth Simonds, him the materials of the present article. He well also descended from an early settler of Woburn, remembers the distinguished philosopher's only Massachusetts, where Sir Benjamin was born, child, the daughter of his first wife, the Countess March 26, 1753- His grandfather, Ebenezer Sarah, a stately lady of foreign air and manners, Thompson, was a captain of militia of the Province who used to visit Woburn many years ago. Her of Massac husetts by commission from Governor father's first marriage was to a lady of wealth and Phipps, in the reign of George II. The Count's culture at Rumford (now Concord), New Hampfather, after marriage, resided on the old home. shire, where he lived several years very happily, stead, in the village of New Bridge, now North and from which he took his title. Wobur. The house is still standing on Elm The birthplaces of great men have always been street, nearly opposite its junction with Main objects of interest; and even by Americans, who street, and but little south of the Congregationai bave never been famous for venerating things of church in that town.
antiquity, the house spared so long by the hand of The engraving on the next page is a very good time, and the still more relentless penchant for picture of it in its old age, having been built in new-fashioned residences, and which so eminent a 1714.
It is in a comfortable condition, rents for scientist as Tyndall, when in this country, visite:l seventy-five dollars yerly, and is now the property from a sentiment of respect for the once worldof Mrs. Brooks, a granddaughter of Hiram Thomp | honored man who was born in it, must be regarded soli, one of Count Rumford's uncles. For a fine as quite worthy of a record among the historic photograph of this ancient mansion we are in- ' buildings of America. That illustrious English debted to the courtesy of an aged gentleman, E. philosopher of our times, by so doing, paid a deRumford Thompson, Esq., whose grandfather, served compliment to the memory of one of the Hiram, was also born in it. His renowned kins. fathers of modern science, whose glory as such bas man drew his first breath in the lower west room never been eclipsed either in Europe or America.
In the sphere of scientific discovery and labors, 1 This must be a lapsus penner. Sir William Phipps was
as applied to the economical interests of mankind, Governor from 1692 to his death in 1695, in the reign of its social problems, and the philanthropic field, William III. George I. ascended the throne in 1714, and Count Rumford has probably never yet had an George II. in 1727 - EDITOR.
equal. Therein Benjamin Thompson went beyond