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ings but little need be said, as the pictures speak in terms clearer and stronger than words. The “ Pocahontas" was one of the artist's first essays, and with it before us we can readily understand how he acquired a favorable reputation so early in his art career. “ The Wept of the Wish-tonWish,” Mr. Tuckerman tells us, the artist was called on to repeat several times; the same is true of several of his statues and groups. · Il Penseroso" is one of the most tastefully and artistically draped of Mr. Mozier's statues, while the thoughtful expression of the face and the pensive attitude of the figure naturally call to mind John Milton's lines:
“Hail ! thou goddess sage and holy-
Forget thyself to marble-." This has been a universal favorite, and cannot but be admired by the most critical, and almost loved by many of the more enthusiastic. The
WEPT OF WISH-TON-Wish.
Doubtless, some of the readers of the MONTHLY will recollect that Mr. Mozier visited his native land in 1866, bringing with him seven specimens of his handiwork. He placed these upon exhibition in the Gallery of “The Tenth Street Studio Buildings," in the city of New York. The engravings accompanying this brief paper, though they are excellent and remarkably truthful, convey but a faint idea of the merits of the statues, which received the warmest and sincerest praise from art critics of acknowledged judgment and candor.
Mr. Mozier's statues are all strongly characterized by the peculiar grace of attitude, ease of posture, which his figures assume, while the symmetry of each form, the beauty of features, and the strikingly lifelike expression of the countenance have been remarked on favorably by art connoisseurs; but the point in which Mr. Mozier appears most to excel is in the arrangement of the drapery ; this is a very important matter, as carelessness or lack of skill in this particular has often marred otherwise meritorious sculptures.
Of the seven specimens shown in our engrav
executed to order for Mrs. Acklen of Nashville, Tennessee, who is now its fortunate possessor. Mr. Mozier's “Jephthah's Daughter" is a fine piece of marble work-the drapery faultless, the posture natural, and the expression life like and true to the scripture picture, though the face is not strikingly Jewish ; she holds the timbrel in her hand, but is lost in sad thoughts. “The Return of the Prodigal Son" has been pronounced Mr. Mozier's chef d'æuvre by a good judge of sculpture, and it is undoubtedly a grand productionthough to my mind the returned son is somewhat too youthful for the part he plays in the Parable. This, however, is a matter of opinion merely, and not sufficiently important to detract from the general excellence of the group; the kind-hearted father is admirably shown, while the whole scene of the meeting is most touchingly pictured.
Mr. Mozier died at Faids, Switzerland, in October, 1870. He has left other sculptures which have been highly praised, among them “ Rizpah," a seated figure, which Tuckerman specially commends.
“ Undine" is suggestive of grace and modesty, and affords a fine illustration of the sculptor's per fect judgment and dexterity in the arrangement of drapery. “The Peri" is the only nude figure from 'Ir. Mozier's hand that I have seen and it proves that his evident preference for drapery can be attributed to no lack of ability to produce a faultless picture of the human form; it is one of Mr. Mozier's happiest conceptions, and shows the happy “ Peri" whose
-task is done, The gates are passed and heaven is won.” Her right hand hangs down, and has three tears in the palm, while in her left hand she holds one of the “thousand goblets"-one of the
Their first sweet draught of glory take.” Tuckerman says "the Peri" was executed for a lady in Washington, but one who appears to be well informed contradicts this, and tells us it was
SKETCHES OF CELEBRATED WOMEN.
BY MRS. CHARLES H. HALSEY.
III. MRS. CATHARINE SCHUYLER, WIFE OF GENERAL PHILIP SCHUYLER.
THERE are some names so familiar to our ears and Montreal, they were most hospitably enterthat they become, as it were, household words. tained by some of the descendants of these French Such a name is that of Schuyler, of which no wor- officers. thier representative ever existed than the heroine Of General Schuyler's record during the war of this present sketch, who united in her own per- this is not the place to speak, as we deal with the son the two historical and honored names of Van women of the Revolution only, but we must advert Renssalaer and Schuyler. She was born at Green- to one incident of the struggle which is inseparabush, opposite Albany, and was the daughter of bly connected with the memory of Madam SchuyJohn Van Renssalaer, who bore the Dutch title of ler. Near Saratoga, General Schuyler owned a Patroon of Greenbush. Reared in affluence, beautiful country-seat, in which he and his wife accustomed to all the refinements of an intelligent, took equal pride and delight. They spent all their elucated, loving family circle, Catharine, or Kate leisure time there, and had spared no trouble or Van Renssalaer, as she was familiarly called, be expense in adding to the comforts of the house or came the belle of Albany and of all the surround the beauty of the grounds. This lovely home ing country.
General Burgoyne, the British commander, most Few maidens have ever been more admired or wantonly destroyed. Some of his soldiers, with more beloved. From among her host of admirers his sanction, fired the building, so dear to our she chose Philip Schuyler, already, though young in heroine's heart, and with all its precious contents years, noted for the social virtues, the lofty in- it was soon a heap of ruins. Close upon this foltegrity, the noble patriotism, which distinguished lowed the surrender at Saratoga, where General him through life. They were admirably suited to Burgoyne was so ignominiously defeated. It was one another. Both delighted in a free and gene certainly among the most picturesque episodes of rous hospitality, and there are many testimonies the war that General Burgoyne and his suite, on to the grace and fascinations of the gentle hostess, their way through Albany as prisoners, should and to the polished manners and conversational have been lodged and entertained by the very perpowers of the host. During her husband's absence sons whose property he had so ruthlessly destroyed. in England in 1760 and 1761, Madam Schuyler, At the time, General Schuyler, being detained at as she was always called, built the large mansion Saratoga, where he had seen the ruins of his beauin Albany, ornamented in the Dutch taste, which tiful home, wrote to his wife that General Burwas not taken down till the year 1800. There she goyne would probably be their guest on his way lived many happy years, managing and controlling through Albany, and to do all she could to give the large family with a gentle firmness and an en- him and his suite a kind reception. Mrs. Schuyler lightened tenderness which called forth general followed out these instructions to the very letter. admiration. Many British officers and travelers She received the crest-fallen British soldiers with of note were entertained here, and have borne her usual graceful cordiality, and lodged the witness to the attractions and graceful hospitality General in the best apartment that her house conof the mistress of the mansion. Some French tained. In the evening a handsome supper was officers, prisoners during the French War, spent served, of which she did the honors with so much some time in the Schuyler Mansion-prisoners on dignity and kindness that General Burgoyne was parole. General Schuyler spoke French fluently, fairly overpowered. Madame de Reidesel, the which, together with his great kindness and con- wife of a Prussian officer commanding the Brunssideration, made his house a most pleasant abode wick troops in the service of Great Britain, was for these strangers. In after years, when Mrs. one of General Burgoyne's party, and she records Schuyler and some of her family visited Quebec | in her most interesting Memoirs the kindness and
delicacy with which they were treated.
After the war the General and Mrs. Schuyler were received,” she said, “more like friends than | lived many years very happily, devoting themfoes, everything was done for our comfort, and selves to the care of their numerous family, one of our generous enemies proved by all their actions whom subsequently became the wife of the celethat at the sight of the misfortunes of others they brated Alexander Hamilton. Their home was quickly forgot their own." This magnanimity so the abode of all the social virtues, and the resort touched General Burgoyne that he said to Mrs. of all the good and great of our own country, and Schuyler, with tears: “This, indeed, is doing too of all distinguished foreigners who visited the much for the man who ravaged your lands and United States. The presiding genius of this destroyed your dwelling.” And to General | happy home was Madam Schuyler, who displayed Schuyler, when he arrived, he said: “You are too in her daily life and duties all the intelligence, kind to me who have done you so much injury;" gentleness and Christian graces which has made to which the noble-hearted and magnanimous her name famous as one of the most celebrated victor instantly replied: "Such is the fate of war; women of the Revolution. But, alas, for human let us not dwell on the subject."
happiness and human life! Into this bright home An incident is recorded during General Bur: came sickness, and the stricken one was the wife goyne's stay in Albany, which amused all but the and mother of the household. The struggle was British officers. The General occupied the largest short, and early in the year 1803 this lovely and room in the house, but as his suite was very nume- beloved woman closed her eyes on all earthly rous, it had been found necessary to spread several things, leaving her husband's last years desolate, be is on the floor to accommodate some members the home she had so adorned saddened, her chil. of his staff. They were all assembled in this room dren motherless, the poor bereft of their kindest one morning, when a little son of General Schuy friend, her family and neighborhood of their ler's, a handsome, spirited child, about seven brightest jewel. years old, suddenly opened the door and looked in. He gazed at the Englishmen for a few mo. REMARKS.—The above pleasant little sketch ments, and then with a merry laugh, he shut the door of one of the heroines of our country, calls to with a bang, exclaiming, “You are all my prison- mind the peculiar history of the Revolutionary ers.” It is said that this act of boyish, innocent career of the noble patriot, her worthy husband, cruelty cut General Burgoyne to the very quick. whose patriotism was so pure and unselfish that
Thus Madam Schuyler sought to soften the mise the contemptible plottings of that hall-traitor, ries of the war, while her husband was as much Horatio Gates, and his co-conspirators, even distinguished by his kindness to his fallen foes when temporarily successful in effecting his removal as he was by his patriotic services in the cause of from command, could not cause him to falter in his country.
devotion to the cause of his country. The tone Gentle and kind as was our fuir heroine, she of all reputable writers of some years past, in united to those lovely feminine graces the most speaking of Generals Schuyler and Gates, affords undaunted courage and resolution. While the a fair illustration of the fact that, however a man's Continental army was retreating from Fort Ed- contemporaries may misunderstand him, time will ward before the advance of the British forces, correct these misunderstandings, by clearing the General Schuyler was anxious that all the crops in true man's reputation of all false colorings, and by the path of the advancing army should be delaying bare the meannesses, or worse, of the false. stroyed, but he had no one to whom he could Pure silver or gold may be made to seem a base entrust the execution of this order but his wife. metal-a base metal may be plated and made to She proved herself fully equal to the emergency, look like pure silver or gold; but when the test of rode in her chariot from Albany to Saratoga, time is applied the true quality appears; when the though the roads were beset with stragglers from faithful historian takes the character of a man in both armies, and with her own hand set fire to hand and analyzes its component parts, the fine their extensive fields of wheat, inciting thus by her and the base appear just what they are. So Schuyspirited example her tenants and others to do the ler's true character is now known and universally same rather tharı suffer them to be reaped by the admired, while that of Gates is also known and enemy.
REVOLUTIONARY UNIFORMS AND FLAGS.
By I. J. GREENWOOD.
Few students of American history, perhaps, are characteristic of whose prints is said to be true aware of the rare interest attached to a small work representations of the costumes, etc., of the times (a 32mo), published almost a century since, in the to which they relate,” was at the period of his decity of Leipsic, entitled “Historisch-genealogischer cease, in 1801, Director of the Academy of Arts Calender, oder Jahrbuch der merkwürdigsten and Sciences in Berlin, and Meil was Viceneuen Welt-Begebenheiten für 1784, Leipzig zur Director. Messe, bëy Haude und Spener von Berlin ;'' that The peculiar value of the book, however, lies in is, "The Historic Genealogical Calendar, or its colored representations of certain uniforms used Chronicle of the most mem rable transactions in in the American army, designed by Chodowiecki, the New World for 1784,"' copies of which may be and engraved by Berger, from drawings which, seen in the Mercantile and Historical Society though furnished, as is stated, by a German officer, Libraries of New York.
wiro had participated in every campaign of the It contains a History of the North American Re- Hessian auxiliary forces in America, were evivolution, compiled from various authorities, by Mat. dently made at an early period of the war. These C. “prengel, Professor of History, at Halle, illus- uniforms are described in the text as follows: trated with a map of the United States, after the 1. “WASHINGTON'S MOUNTED LIFE-GUARD, a one printed in London, 1783, by Faden, and withı cavalry regiment raised in Pennsylvania. They twelve copper-plate engravings of the more promi- wear a round black felt hat, the sight protected by nent events of the war, viz. : The Stamp Act Riot, a flap; around it is bound a broad strip of red Boston, 1765.-Destruction of the Tea in Boston cloth, and over it, falling down the neck, hangs a Harbor, 16 December, 1773.—The First Blood- fox-tail for ornament. The coat is of cloth; the shed at Lexington, 19 April, 1775.-The First breeches of yellow leather; the sabre-hilt of steel." Regular Action between the Americans and Eng. Turning from this imperfect description to the lish, at Bunker Hill, 17 June, 1775.-Congress plate itself, we see tliat the coat was white, colDeclaring the Thirteen United States of North Ame- lared, faced, cuffed, and lined light blue; two rica Independent, 4 July, 1776.—The Hessians silver buttons on each cuff, and six (arranged two (Defeated by General Washington, 25 December, and two) on either breast flap; vest blue, with sim1776, at Trenton), brought into Philadelphia as ilar buttons; waist-belt white, with silver buckle; Prisoners of War, representing the American black stock and tie for the hair; black ridingTroops, with the Captured Standards, crossing a boots reaching to the knees, and spurs. This Drawbridge.-Surrender of General Burgoyne's differs materially from the dress which Lossing, in Forces at Saratoga, 17 October, 1777.—Franklin his “ Field Book of the Revolution," describes as Admitted to his First Audience at Versailles, 20 having been worn towards the close of the war, May, 1778.-Landing of the French Auxiliaries in viz.: "a blue coat with white facings, white waistRhode Island, 11 July, 1780.—Capture of Major coat and Lreeches, black half-gaiters, a cocked André at Tarrytown, 23 September, 1780.-Sur- hat with a blue and white feather," their arms Tender of Cornwallis' Army at Yorktown, 19 Octo muskets, and occasionally side-arms. ber, 1781.-End of Hostilities; the English The General's Guard was formed March 12, Evacuate New York, 25 November, 1783.
1776, when four selected men out of each of the These views were executed by three of the best then twenty-six established regiments (not countGerman artists of the period, J. W. Meil, Daniel ing the artillery and riflemen) were ordered to N. Chodowiecki, and Daniel Berger; the latter assemble at headquarters, Cambridge, that the was appointerd, in 1787, Professor of Engraving in requisite number might be chosen from among the Academy of Berlin; Chodowiecki, the great them. Captain (afterward Major) Caleb Gibbs
was the first commandant, and remained so until Copy presented to the Society in 1870 by the writer. near the close of 1780, when he was succeeded by