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LITERARY AND ART MEMORANDA.
A Century After: Picturesque Glimpses of Philadelphia | strongly demands notice as a most commendable “new de. and Pennsylvania, including Fairmount, the Wissahickon, parture,” that we waive our rule in its favor. It is a large and other Romantic Localities, with the Cities and Land quarto, admirably arranged and elegantly gotten up through. scapes of the State : A Pictorial Representation of Scenery, out. The Publishing of Bibles, especially superb quartos for Architecture, Life, Manners and Character. Edited by Family use, has long been the specialty of the House, and EDWARD STRAHAN. Illustrated with Engravings by this Catalogue is a practical “show-case,” exhibiting in Lauderbach, from Designs by Thomas Moran, F. 0. C. tempting array their unrivaled assortment. We give the Darley, J. D.Woodward, James Hamilton, F. B. Schell, | title-page in full as the shortest way of describing the CataE. B. Bensell, W. L. Sheppard, and other eminent artists. logue : “Catalogue of Bibles published by John E. POTTER Philadelphia : Allen, Lane Sw Scott, and 7. W. Lau- & COMPANY, comprising Descriptive and Specimen Pages of derbach, 233 South Fifth Street.
a Large and Varied Assortment of the Best Editions for the We have already expressed our unqalified admiration of Family, the Pulpit, the Bible Class, the Bible Student, and this superb Serial, “ Part Six,” the receipt of which we ac- the Bible Reader; including the King James, the Luther, knowledged in the December MONTHLY, and Part Seven," the Douay and the Allioli Versions, in the English and just received, call for but the assurance that they fully sustain German Languages; with Many Illustrated Features and the character of the Work. To our plain, prosaic taste, the Valuable Aids, designed to facilitate the Study and promote text appears somewhat too flowery and super-fanciful; still the better understanding of the Word of God. To which this style perhaps is best adapted to the picturesque and are added Descriptive and Specimen Pages of Potter's Com. highly poetic scenery so admirably depicted by the artists, plete Bible Encyclopedia, and other Religious Books." so handsomely engraved by Mr. Lauderback, and so perfectly produced by the printer, in these pages. It is no ex- Reviews and Criticisms.- The Independent in a recent aggerated puffing to say, as we have before said more than number made some well-timed remarks upon the “careless once, that the work has never been excelled in taste, elegance work” which “passes for literary criticism in many an or execution. The illustrations in “ Part Six” commence in American newspaper;" there is perhaps no one respect in Fairmount Park, and are: 1. A full-page Darley picture of which so large a number of newspaper editors betray an equestrian and an equestrienne on “the Bridle-Path ; " less work," as in that reviewing or “noticing” books; many 2. The “ Rustic Bridge;" 3. A fine view of the picturesque of the “reviews” in papers of otherwise good repute appear “Ravine" between Ormiston and Edgeley; 4. The “Arched to be written without even a cursory reading of the book Spring" at Edgeley; 5. A grand view, looking upwards, of under consideration. For example, we read a "review" " Strawberry Heights;" 6. A grander view, looking down, some time since of a book which the reviewer judged from its of the same; we then pass to Laurel Hill, and have, 7. A name to be a history, while its title-page clearly described it capital scene in that beautiful “ City of the dead;" 8.
a novel." “ Laurel Hill Landing;" 9. A perfect picture of the beautiful "Church of St. James the Less ;” and 10. The “ Bridge
Trademarks.—“ Examples of the practice of using marks connecting North and South Laurel Hill.” “ Part Seven” to show the workmanship of various manufactures have been continues the scenes in Laurel Hill, and has : 1. A group discovered at Herculaneum, such signs having been in vogue picture
, worthy of F. B. Schell's pencil and Lauderback's among bakers and others. In modern times similar tokens engraving-tools
, showing some of the more remarkable tombs have been adopted in textile and various other fabrics, though in this remarkable cemetery; we then pass to a chapter en
the earliest extant are those of paper. After the invention titled “ Marketry," and have, 2. The old Market-house at of paper (15th century) from pulp of linen rags, water marks Second and Pine Streets ; 3. An old-time “Watchman;"
were introduced into the fabric, doubtless to show the manu. 4. A “Hot-Corn" Woman; 5. The well-known “ Hominy factory from which the paper was issued. The process has Man;" 6. The Interior of the “Farmers' Market,” on a since become general, and the trademark a recognized part market-day; 7. The Inspector confiscating “ Light-weight of the system of commerce, by which a guarantee is given to Butter;" 8. An “Oyster-Vendor," serving the bivalves the purchaser and a legitimate protection afforded to the the half-shell;" 9. A striking truthful view of “ Dock-Street manufacturer
. The legislation of 1862 is a step in the right Wharf;" we find ourselves now at the Delaware, and a direction, and has already done service to trade and morality. chapter is devoted to that good old stream, the first engra- It is upon the uniform good quality of manufactured comving illustrating, which is a full-page view, of the “Sailing modities that any foreign trade depends for its continuance,
and the obligation of the legislature to secure the purchasing
public from fraud, whether the purchaser be a home or A Unique and Valuable Catalogue.-One of the most foreign consumer, is more and more stringent when the remarkable publications of its class that we have ever met goodness or badness of the object cannot be readily detected with, is a new Bible Catalogue just issued by Messrs. JOHN by ocular inspection. It is in such cases that the use of E. POTTER & Co., the Publishers of the Monthly. It so trademarks is most useful.”—London Stationer,
of the Pennsylvania."
Mr. Bancroft's sour supplementary volumes will bring Joseph Felix Bracguemond.- In a letter to The Aca. his history from the close of the Revolution down to the demy, M. Ph. Burty gives the following account of a French present time. The first volume is said to be nearly ready. artist hitherto unknown on this continent, but The Indepen
dent tells us he is engaged in manufacturing some immense Meissonier's Great Painting.-We see it announced
pieces of porcelain for our Centennial Exposition, and hence that Mr. A. T. Stewart has bought the famous “ Cuirassiers,"
Americans will be interested in making his acquaintance; though the price paid seems in question; the Academy places
his porcelain expected “ to make a great sensation in con. it at 30,000 francs, while The Independent says he has bought sequence of their “ style and ornamentation." it at a price which largely exceeds that at which any modern
“ He is a big, sturdy fellow of 42, born in Paris, in the picture has ever been sold. This costly canvas is only five
year 1832, in the house of a colorman, who then made a busiseet broad, and the price paid the artist is stated at three hun.
ness of letting out English water-colors by Bonington, dred thousand francs. To this sum must be added ten per
Harding, Prout, and the two Fieldings. When still very cent, duty on importation and about fifteen per cent, for dis
young, he took lessons of the painter Joseph Guichard, who ference of exchange, making the picture cost in New York
was an undisciplined pupil of Ingres. His drawing, his sull $76,000. This is about two-thirds the price paid by the
coloring, and his tastes all incline to the romantic and the French Government for that famous painting by Murillo called the “ Immaculate Conception of the Virgin.” The But Bracquemond is the son of poor parents, he is a self.
admiration he prosesses for Ingres borders on fanaticism. picture of which Mr. Stewart has become the owner at so
educated and self-made man, and has always been the equal great an outlay has an interesting history, from the many at.
or the superior of the men with whon he came to associate. tempts made to purchase it of the artist. It represents an in
He certainly owes his greatest strength to his popular descent. cident in the military career of the Napoleon I, who stands
From his youth up, his lively imagination led him to try upon a hillock, while a regiment of Cuirassiers give him the
every kind of process, every mode of artistic expression; and salute as they rush past into the thick of a battle. Mr.
he mastered them all with readiness. His technical knowl. Stewart may be congratulated upon not only having the edge of the engraver's, the potter's, and the lithographer's greatest painting of one of the greatest French artists, but on
art is such as no son of a bourgeois could ever have acquired. liaving paid the highest price that was ever paid for any sin
He is gisted with critical taste of the most remarkable kind. gle work of art by a contemporary painter.
He used to dictate to journalists—then young, but now well Mr. Probasco, of Cincinnati, was one of the collectors who
known in the literary world-criticisms on the salons that were anxious to purchase the above painting. He bid one
were both liberal and judicious. On devoting himself to hundred and fifty thousand francs for it before it was finished.
pottery he executed for a porcelain dealer a series of designs The Yale Art School. The course of study at the Yale
in Japanese style which immediately earned a European Art School will extend over three years, and will be ar
success, as they were imitated even in England. He had ranged about as follows: First year— Drawing—from the appreciated the masterly quality of these flowers
, fish, and fiat, from the antique, from the living model. Perspective examples, by their juxtaposition, of large masses of delicate
insect designs, alike as pieces of decorative outline and as descriptive geometry, shadows and linear perspective, appli- and brilliant tints of perfect decorative colors. For the last cations and examples. Lectures-the elements of form, principles of proportion. Second year: Drawing-technical
few years he has been director at Point-du-Jour, between discipline, studies from the living model. Anatomy--the
Sèvres and Paris, of a porcelain manufactory, the seat of bones and articulations of the skeleton, the muscles and
which is Limoges and which belongs to M. Aviland, an in:el. movements of the body, the anatomy of external fornis. ligent, rich American.” The M. Aviland who has the credit Painting-technical discipline, studies from casts and still
of employing so great an artist as the overseer of his porce.
lain works is of the well-known firm of Haviland & Co., of lise. Third year: Painting-technical practice, studies from the living model. Composition-studies in color and chia
New York, formerly of Johin street and at present of Barclay roscuro, design. Lectures—on the history, theory and prac. tice of art.
It is said that authentic documents h?ve been discovered, Lord Houghton's Visit.—Lord Houghton had his final establishing as certain that a fine marble group of the ** M2. reception and banquet at the L'nion League Club on Tuesday, donna and Child,” which has long existed in the Church of November 23d, and left in the steamer on the next day for Eng. Notre Dame at Bruges, was purchased for that church, of land. No British author has ever received so many marks of Michael Angelo himself, by a wealthy Fleming Bui M. distinguished consideration in this cönntry as were shown to Louis Viardot, a veteran of French letters and of artistic Lord Houghton. He was, indeed, the first British poet who criticism, has addressed a letter to the Chronique des Arts, in visited these shores since Tom Moore came here on a visit, which he gives some reasons for hesitating still to accept this nearly seventy years ago. Ile made a very graceful speech conclusion about the “Madonna" of Bruges. at the Union Lengue Club, in which he "advised Americans to cultivate the English language, lo cherish their own authors A bronze statue, eight and a half feet in height, has reand not try to diminish them by criticizing their faults in the cently been erected in Cohoes, New York, in honor of the light of the great writers in Europe, but to be glad that they late Thomas Garner, the famous calico manufacturer, who were found among ourselves.”
was the projector of the Harmony Cotton Mills in that town.
Every-Day Science. When boils make their appear- WATER LILIES. It is said that water lilies may be raised ance, take a teaspoonful of soda in a glass of milk every about one's house by the following method : Sink in the morning and evening
ground the half of an old cask, and cover the bottom with To renovate oil cloths, dissolve two and half pounds par. peat and swamp mud, and then fill with water. Dig the affine, and one gallon oil of turpentine by the aid of a gentle lily roots early in the spring, and place them in the earth at heat, and apply with a sponge or piece of flannel, while the bottom of the tub. A gentleman who has tried the exwarm. Let it remain on the oil cloth twenty-four hours, periment has a number of lilies in bloom. then polish with flannel. This solution not only renovates but preserves the cloth. The same preparation may also be
A piece of wood cut from a tree is a good conductor; let
it be heated add dried, it becomes an insulator; let it be used on painted floors. When rubbed with flannel, it will
baked to charcoal, it becomes a good conductor again; burn have a beautiful gloss, equal to varnish.
it to ashes, and it becomes an insulator once more.
Rats and Mice.-In a late number of Nature, Mr. G. J. water, is recommended.
Romanes gives an account of some simple experiments he SUPERIOR ADHESIVE MUCILAGE.— The Journal de Phar.
made to prove that rats and mice feed by means of their tails macie states that is, to a strong solution of gum arabic, mea- when the desired substance is not otherwise accessible—as, suring eight and one-third fluid ounces, a solution of thirty for instance, when it is contained in a narrow-mouthed jar. grains of sulphate of aluminum dissolved in two-thirds of an
He filled some preserve jars with sost jelly 10 within three ounce of water be added, a very strong nucilage is formed,
inches of the top, covered the bottles with bladder, and set capable of fastening wood together, or of mending porcelain them in the way of the rats. Next morning small hole, or glass.
just large enough to admit a rat's tail, was found to have Shingle roofs can be made doubly durable by giving them
been gnawed through the bladder, and the surface of the a coat of thin oil before they get wet.
jelly was lowered to an extent agreeing with the length of a TO MAKE Light Wood RESEMBLE WALNUT.-Take
rat's tail, showing that the animal had repeatedly dropped its asphaltum varnish one part, turpentine three or four parts, tail into the bottle, and withdrawn it to lick off the jelly linseed oil one part, and Venetian red ground fine in oil to which adhered. But, to be doubly sure, the experimenter suit.
next fitted a circular piece of moistened paper to the surface A non-drying cement of great tenacity, useful in fas
of the jelly and stood the bottle in a damp place, free from tening plates of glass so as to exclude air, but admitting rats, until a good crop of mould had gathered, when the botof their being easily separated, is formed by adding freshly tle, with its contents thus arranged, was again put in the way slaked lime to double its weight of India rubber, and heating of the rats. The hole was gnawed in the bladder as before, to about 400° Fah., when the rubber will be converted into
and the surface of the mouldy paper showed distinctly the a glutinous mass.
tracery of the tail-end of the animals, who had thus evidently Ten Cents' Worth of SQUEAK.-It is related that a
been sweeping about in the vain endeavor to make some certain church deacon, having bought a pair of new boots that didn't squeak, to advertise their newness sent them to his shoemaker with a ten-cent stamp and the request that he At a recent meeting of the Philadelphia Academy of should insert " ten cents worth of squeak.”
But most per
Natural Sciences a walnut was exhibited from Mr. Heide. sons prefer to dispense with the squeak, and such can rely koper, of Meadville, Pennsylvania, which had all the appearupon the following: To stop new boots squeaking, drive a ances of being a hybrid between the butternut and black peg in the middle of the sole.
walnut. The fruit was of the ovoid form of the butternut, To extract the silver from old watch cases and similar but had the smooth surface of the black walnut, being enarticles which contain alloys, dissolve in nitric acid and pre- tirely devoid of viscidity. The walnut seems to make natural cipitate the chloride of silver with a solution of common hybrids with some facility, as there are instances on record salt. The silver is reduced to a pure state by mixing the of hybrids between the English walnut and the black or chloride with an equal weight of bicarbonate of soda and American species. It is perhaps a wonder that when plants smelting in a common sand crucible.
hybridize so readily, the forms do not multiply, and break To hleach glue, soak it in moderately strong acetic acid
down the characters that define the species. But if Mr. Naufor two days, drain, place on a sieve, and wash well with din's views are correct—that hybrids return in a few
generacold water. Dry on a warm plate.
tions to the form of their female parents—we find a beautiful TO PRESERVE Cellar Timbers. It is said that dry rot in provision for guarding against any ill or permanent effects cellar timbers can be prevented by coating the wood with from these hybrid accidents. At the same meeting a hybrid whitewash to which has been added enough copperas to give fruit was exhibited between two species of Pyrus—P. sinensis
and P. communis—the common garden pear.
the mixture a pale yellow liue.
It is said that Professor James Orton, of Vassar College, or bottom price has been $45 per ton, up to $67, its presen: prchoses at an early day to make an exploration of the Ma- price. Estimating the quantity by the specific gravity of the deira and Beni Rivers, which are branches of the Amazon, water, its depth and area, the large lake covering 200 acres with a view of opening to sciecce that portion of South will yield on evaporation 78,000 tons, which, at the market America which is watered by these rivers.
value, would realize, at $45 per ton $4,510,000. Besides
the cost of freight, the expense of preparing the article for Preserving Fungi.—Mr. J. H. Martin says that a good market would be four dollars per ton, for evaporating. method for the preservation of fungi is to place them in a “ The small lake already crystallized, and estimated only solution of one part of calcic chloride (chloride of lime) and to the depth of six feet, and an area of 155,000 feet, conten parts of hydric oxide (water). This will change the tains 30,660 tons, which, at $45 per ton, would realize phosphates in the fungus into phosphate of lime, after which $1,379,700, with no drawback except freight and comthey will be found to keep well.
“ The reason why this valuable deposit of a staple article Belting.–To guard belting against being gnawed by rats, has not already been drawn on largely is the difficulty and anoint it with castor oil.
expense of hauling it fisty-five miles. A range of mountains
called the Seminole intervenes between the deposits and the Antique Bronze.—The repeated applications, to copper Union Pacific Railroad." or brass, of alternate washes of dilute acetic acid and exposure to the sumes of ammonia will give a very antique. Parlor Magic.—The following beautiful experiment in looking green bronze; but a quick mode of producing a instantaneous crystallization is given by Péligotin La Nature : similar appearance is often desirable. To this end the arti. | Dissolve 150 parts, by weight, of hyposulphite of soda in 15 cles may be immersed in a solution of one part perchloride parts boiling water, and gently pour it into a tall test glass so of iron in two parts water. The tone assumed darkens with as to half fill it, keeping the solution warm by placing the the length of immersion. Or the articles may be boiled in a glass in hot water. Dissolve 100 parts, by weight, sodic strong solution of nitrate of copper. Or, they may be im- ¡ acetate in 15 parts hot water, and carefully pour it into the mersed in a solution of two ounces nitrate of iron and two i same glass; the latter will form an overlying layer on the ounces hyposulphite of soda in one pint water. Washing, ! surface of the former, and will not mix with it. When cool, drying, and burnishing complete the process.
there will be two supersaturated solutions. If a crystal of
sodic hyposulphite be attached to a thread and caresully To Cut a Bottle in Two.—The following is one way to passed into the glass, it will traverse the acetate solution cut a bottle in two: Turn the bottle as evenly as possibly without disturbing it, but, on reaching the hyposulphite soluover a low gaslight flame for about ten minutes. Then diption, will cause the latter to crystallize instantaneously in steadily in water; and the sudden cooling will cause a regu- large rhomboidal prisms with oblique terminal faces. When lar crack to encircle the side at the heated place, allowing the lower solution is completely crystallized, a crystal of sodic the portions to be easily separated.
acetate, similarly lowered into the upper solution, will cause
it to crystallize in oblique rhombic prisms. The appearance The Soda Lakes of Wyoming Territory.-Professor of the two different kinds of crystals will not fail to astonish Pontez, Geologist to the Union Pacific Railroad, reports as those not acquainted with this class of experiments. follows on an interesting deposit of carbonate of soda in Wyoming Territory:
About Bitters.-The Board of Health of the city of Bos“ The carbonate of soda deposit is, by nearest road for ton, Massachusetts, not long ago appointed Professor W. R. wagon, sixty-five miles from Rawlins Station, nearly due Nichols, a celebrated chemist of that city to examine into the north. There are two lakes. The upper and larger one various concoctions enormously advertised and sold to an covers about 200 acres; the water has an average depth of unsuspecting public under the mild name of " bitters.” Mr. three feet and a specific gravity of 1.097; it therefore con- Nichols is continuing his investigations, and up to the pretains nearly one pound of soda to ten of water. The soda is sent time has elicited enough to warrant a wholesale connearly all carbonate. The second lake is situated about two demnation, certainly, of the most popular of these disguised miles east of the large lake, on a somewhat lower level. It drinks. He says that, out of twenty samples, only one did is bowl-shaped, and covers rather more than three and one not contain alcohol, and that had the least sale. half acres. During the greater portion of the year, it is a concrete mass of crystals of carbonate of soda, mixed with a Lard.—In preparing lard for the market, it should first small quantity of dust blown srom the adjacent plain. I ex- be cut into pieces about the size of a walnut, and these cavated to the depth of six feet, but did not reach the bottom should be allowed to stand in water for half an hour. Then of the deposit. Its entire depth can only be ascertained by work the material with the hands in five or six successive boring. It is a reservoir or pocket which receives its in. portions of water. Next pour oft the water, melt the lard in crease from the periodic influx from the larger lake. The a water-bath, and strain through fine linen. In the first water, having no outlet, evaporates during the summer, and straining it will be impossible to get rid of all the water, so by autumn becomes a compact mass.
that, after cooling and draining, it will be necessary to remelt “The quality of the carbonate is fully equal to the im. the lard, and finally to filter it through paper in a warm ported article used throughout the country. Its minimum closet.