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pears to have been over-fastidious, for he refused the news that, I believe, will be most agreeable to to listen favorably to any of them, bis invariable you of any you ever heard. That you may not be remark being, “I have bnt two children, and they long in suspense, I shall tell you at once, I am must inherit all I have.” The result was, as empowered by your father to let you know that he usual, that the girl married "for love," and not heartily and willingly consent to your marriage " ** for money," and her husband, on that account, with Miss Dandridge—that he has so good a charwas the most undesirable to her father of all her acter of her that he had rather you should have suitors.

her than any lady in Virginia-nay, if possible, Colonel Custis had very ambitious views con- | he is much enamored with her character as you are cerning the marriage relations of his son, Daniel with her person, and this is owing chiefly to a Parke. He had a fine person, a large fortune and prudent speech of her own. Hurry down imme. an irreproachable character. Writing to a friend diately, for fear he should change the strong inin London, Colonel Custis said: “If Colonel clination he has to your marrying directly. Parke had lived to see my son, he would have staid with him all night, and presented Jack with seen his own picture to greater perfection than my little Jack's horse, bridle and saddle, in your ever Sir Godfrey Kneller could draw it.” He name, which was taken as a singular favor. I shall was a very desirable match for the fair daughters say no more, as I expect to see you soon to-morof Virginia. His fine portrait by Woollaston, al- row, but conclude, what I really am, ready mentioned, attests his manly beauty and “Your most obliged and affectionate humble dignity. Many negotiations were commenced for servant,

J. Power a family alliance with him. His cousin, Evelyn " To Colonel DANIEL PARKE Custis, New Bırd, of Westover, was proposed. Colonel Custis Kent.” earnestly desired the match for his son, but he The younger Custis was then thirty-eight years would not be brought to terms, and at length of age. The “ Jack” alluded to in the letter was Colonel Byrd, in a very decided letter, in which a small negro boy, to whom the old gentleman he tells the woger how much he regrets his father's had taken a most violent fancy.

On one occaimpracticability, as he should have “preferred sion, when in great displeasure with his son Daniel him to all others," adds, that he cannot trust to on account of his refusal to concur in his father's “ such a phantome as Colonel Custis's generosity." ambitious views concerning his marriage, he made

It is probable that young Custis was not very a will, and had it duly recorded, leaving all his earnest in pursuit of his cousin Evelyn, for at that fortune to this boy. Through the solicitations of time the beautiful Martha Dandridge had crossed his friends, when the ill humor had passed away, his path, and won his most ardent affection. She he destroyed that will, and then he manumitted was the most attractive belle at the little Colonial the boy with his mother Alice, and made ample Court at Williamsburg, then the place of residence provision for their maintenance. of the royal governors. Her grace of manners, In May, 1749, Daniel Parke Custis, of the sweetness of expression, and constant cheerfulness, White House, on the Pamunkey, and Miss Martha won the affectionate consideration of all who made Dandridge were married. The bride was then her acquaintance. Colonel Custis was then one only seventeen years of ge.

The fruit of their of the Governor's Council, and saw much of Miss union were four children, two of whom (the Dandridge, but he long refused to sanction his eldest) died when they were very young. Their son's choice. But he was assailed on all sides by father did not long survive them. Fanny Parke reports of the many charms of character and the and John Parke grew to maturity. Fanny died at bright virtues of Miss Dandridge, and finally Mount Vernon in 1773.

Out of love for her stepyielded. Among the papers alluded to I saw the father (Colonel Washington) she bequeathed to following memorandum in his own handwriting: him all of her large fortune.

After remaining a "I give my free consent to the union of my son widow a few years, Mrs. Custis married Colonel Daniel with Miss Martha Dandridge." Also the George Washington in January, 1759, who then following letter from a friend of the younger became the guardian of his wife's surviving chil

dren, and watched over them with the tenderness " DEAR SIR:- This comes at last to bring you of a real parent.

Custis:

In the old War for Independence Mrs. Wash- Estate passed into the possession of the National ington's son, John Custis, who married Eleanor Government, and a part of it in the thinned old forCalvert, acted as aid on the staff of Washington. est back of the mansion, was made a national cemeHe was servirg in that capacity at the siege of tery. There lie buried the remains of thousands Yorktown when he was seized with a camp-fever, of the soldiers who died in defence of the life of and went to Eltham, the seat of Colonel Bassett, the Republic. In the midst of their graves, ncar not far distant, where his wife joined him. The the old winding avenue from the highway to the most tender care and the utmost skill of Dr. Craik, mansion, are neat white marble monuments dediWashington's family physician, could not save cated to the memory of Mr. and Mrs. Custis. On him. When the surrender of Cornwallis was

the one commemorating the former are the words: effected, Washington hastened to Eltham. He

GEORGE WASHINGTON PARKE Custis, was met at the door by Dr. Craik, who informed

Born, April 30, 1781. him that all was over.

Died, October 1o, 1857.
The great heart of the

“ Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.” Patriot was touched with tenderest sympathy for

On the monument dedicated to the memory of the afflicted widow of his stepson. He mingled

Mrs. Custis are these words: his tears with hers, and said: “I adopt the two

MARY L. Custis, younger children as my own.” These were Elea

Born, April 22, 1788. nor Parke and George Washington Parke Custis,

Died, April 13, 1853. the former then about three years old, and the These monuments were erected by their affeclatter six months. That was in October, 1781. tionate daughter, Mrs. Lee, some time before the

So it was that George Washington Parke Custis beginning of the Civil War, when only dim tokens became the adopted son of Washington.

of the impending calamity were visible in the At the close of the late Civil War the Arlington political firmament.

HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES OF THE PHILADELPHIA NAVY YARD.

BY HENRY M. VALLETTE,
Chief Clerk in the Department of Steam Engineering in the Philadelphia Navy Pard.

THE SECOND PAPER.

On the morning of Tuesday, September 28th, ing, among other toasts, was given by the late 1819-Commodore Alexander Murray being still Colonel James Page, then in command of the in command-the melancholy intelligence was company: “Perry! the hero of Lake Erie! Defirst received (although the event occurred at voted to his country, no danger was too threatensea nearly a year before) of the death of the gal- | ing, no duty too arduous; he fronted without fear lant Commodore Oliver H. Perry, whose exploits the one, and fell a victim to disease in discharging during his illustrious career have been so faithfully the other.” A Mr. John Norris is believed to be described in Cooper's “Naval History." At 9 the only survivor of Commodore Perry's famous o'clock A.m. colors were hoisted at half-mast at victory on Lake Erie, and is now (November, Shearhead and on the receiving ship Corporation,' 1875) residing at Petersburg, Kentucky, in the and on the following Thursday thirteen minute eighty-fourth year of his age. At an interview guns were fired as a tribute of respect to his ' had with him a short time ago, he related, among memory. At a dinner party given by the State other incidents, that at a supper that was given on Fencibles of this city at the house of a certain their return to Kentucky, just after the battle, the Curtis Grubb, “ near the Schuylkill," the follow. phrase, “ Here's champagne to our real friends

and real pain to our sham friends," was then for I Sold in 1820.

2 In the City Directory for the year 1819 we find : “Curtis the first time made use of. Grubb, Flour and Whisky Store, High n Sch 6th."

An event of more than ordinary interest-creBARRACKS AND PARADE GROUND. ating quite a sensation, not only among the both badly wounded—Decatur mortally, having attachés of the Yard, but among the residents of been shot through the right side; the ball, after the entire neighborhood as well-occurred on passing through the abdomen, lodged in the left Thursday, December 9th. The event was an offi- side just above the hip. Subsequently Barron was cial visit of Commodore Stephen Decatur, at that fortunate enough to recover entirely from the time one of the Naval Commissioners, and then at effects of his wound. the very zenith of a fame founded upon glorious An editorial appeared in the Washington Nanaval achievements. He was received by his tional Intelligencer, dated “Eleven o'clock Wedbrother officers at the Yard with all the honors due nesday night,” March 23d, as follows: to his exalted name and station. Just at this period was going on the unfortunate correspond

[graphic]

A HERO HAS FALLEN! Commodore STEPHEN ence between Conmodores Barron and Decatur,

DECATUR, one of the first officers of our Navy, the pride

of his country, the gallant and noble-hearted gentleman, which a few months later—March, 1820-closed

IS NO MORE! in the tragic denouement at Bladensburg.

He expired a few minutes ago, of the mortal wound As the details of that sad affair are probably un- received in the Duel yesterday. Of the origin of the familiar to some and perhaps partially forgotten by

feud which led to this disastrous result, we know but others, of our readers, we give a brief note of the

what rumor tells. The event we are sure will fill the fatal rencontre as published in the newspapers of

country with grief. MOURN COLUMBIA ! for one of that date.

thy brightest stars is set—a son“ without fear and with

out reproach”—in the freshness of his fame—in the On the 22d day of March, 1820, the parties met prime of his usefulness—has descended into the tomb. according to agreement, Commodore Bainbridge acting as second to Decatur, and Captain Elliott The Philadelphia Gasette of the 24th of March performing a like office for Barron. The distance commented severely and justly on this honorable was eight paces, and at the first fire they were murder:

“We have no words to give utterance to our Thursday, April 20th, extremely warm for the feelings in announcing the melancholy and time of year. The yard thermometer, which was lamented death of Commodore Stephen Decatur, in a shady place where the rays of the sun could a hero whose bright career illuminated the annals not penetrate, marked 76°. of his country. This star has set at its very meri- Thursday, the sith of May, was

"militia mus dian. But what shall we say of the barbarous code ter” day--a day upon which every patriotic citizen to which his gallant spirit has fallen a victim, and who had arrived at man's estate, and was capable to which other lives, equally dear to their friends of bearing arms, was expected to do his whole and country, may also become victims? On this duty by following to the field the redoubtable occasion the President of the United States has a commander of the "Curbstone Guards''-consesignal opportunity of displaying his own indigna- quently there were but few able-bodied men at tion, and that of the whole country, at these work in the Yard. deadly appeals, by instantly dismissing from office Friday, June 30th, an intensely warm day. A all the aiders and abettors in this gross violation number of the employés were compelled to desist of the laws of God and the law of the land." from work owing to the excessive heat.

Decatur was interred at the city of Washington Tuesday, July 4th. This being the glorious on the 24th of March with all the honors of war, anniversary of American Independence, a salute his body followed by a vast concourse of people, of seventeen guns was fired at 12 M.

A number consisting of the President of the United States, of officers attached to the Yard being present, enheads of Departments, members of Congress, tered into the proceedings with much enthusiasm. naval, military and marine officers, judges, foreign On Tuesday, July 25th, John Williamson, seaministers and consuls, detachment of marines as a man, who was a deserter from the United States firing party, band of music, etc.--the following ship Constellation, was delivered up by a sergeant named officers acting as pall-bearers, viz., Com- of an infantry regiment, and was confined in the modores Rogers, Porter, Tingey and McDonough, guard room at the barracks, he being the first Generals Brown and Jessup, Captains Casson, prisoner confined there who had been charged Chauncey and Ballard, and Lieutenant McPherson. with

any

serious offence. John Randolph, then a member of the House The illustration given with this paper is a faithof Representatives, offered a resolution that “out ful representation of The Barracks occupiel by of respect to the memory of Stephen Decatur, the the Marine Corps at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. members wear crape upon the left arm for the re- We quote from J. Fenimore Cooper: “ This corps mainder of the session." This resolution was is so necessary to the military character of every warmly opposed by a number of members, who

service, has ever been so efficient and useful; not gave as a reason for their opposition “that Decatur only carrying on the regular routine of duty, but died through the infraction of one of the laws of in the face of an enemy, and was so all important the United States, and whilst they all cleeply to the security of the ships, that we give a brief mourned his death, they could not so honor a man account of its organization; and in order that the who had thus openly set the laws at defiance." general reader may more clearly comprehend this Upon taking the vote, Randolph's resolution was branch of the service, and obtain a clearer idea negatived by a vote of 83 to 50. An intense ex- of the composition of the crew of a vessel-ofcitement pervaded every class of the community upon this topic. The subject was discussed on the 1 At the time of the organization of the Navy Yard a file highways, commented upon at the clubs, and de- of ten marines did all the guard and watch duty, occupying a claimed at public meetings.

small frame shanty to the right of the entrance gate. Nume.

rous additions were, from time to time, made to the original On Wednesday, February 16th, 1820, is re

structure until the muster roll numbered thirty-eight men, corded upon the “log” the important fact that when it was considered necessary to increase the accommo“this morning the sun was ushered in with the dations, and in the year 1807 the present building was erected, unusual attendants of thunder and lightning." in which there are now comfortably quartered about one

hundred men. Friday, March 24th, received from the Depart

The quarters for the commanding officer of

the Marine Corps, just south of the barracks, and having an ment at Washington official notice of the death of

entrance on Front street, was built in the year 1821, and at Commodore Decatur, and hoisted colors at half.

the time of its crection it was considered quite an imposing mast.

structure.

66

war, a paragraph will be devoted to a few ex- “ The history of the navy at that day, as well as planations.

in later times, abounds with instances of the gal“ The men of a public armed ship are divided lantry and self-devotion of this body of soldiers." into two distinct bodies—the portion of the peo- From time to time the corps has been increased, ple that do the ordinary duty of the vessel, which the last important change taking place in 1861, includes the petty officers, seamen, ordinary sea- when, by act of Congress, the force was increased, men, landsmen and boys—and the marines; the making the corps to consist of 2,500 privates; it is former pass under the general name of sailors, at this time substantially the same, except that the while the latter are always known by their own legislation of the year 1874, without reducing the distinctive appellation. The marines are strictly legal maximum, provided an appropriation for

infantry soldiers' who are trained to serve afloat, only 1,500 privates. and their discipline, equipments, spirit, character The record of the corps from tlie time of its and esprit de corps are altogether those of an army. organization speaks of important duties performed, The marines impart to a ship-of-war, in a great sacrifices made and victories won. Lieutenant degree, its high military character; they furnish O'Bannon, of the Marine Corps, led his forces all the guards and sentinels, in battle they repel over the arid wastes of Northern Africa, till he of cover the assaults of boarders, and at all times joined with his comrades of the corps on the they sustain and protect the stern and necessary | American men-of-war in the Mediterranean, and discipline of a ship by their organization, distinc. in the blood of the Tripolitans avenged the stain tive character, training, and, we may add, na. that rested on the flag of his country. In all the ture... It is usual to place one of these naval conflicts during the war of 1812-14 the masoldiers on board of a ship-of-war for each gun, rines bore a most honorable part and added glory though the rule is not absolute. It is not, how.

to the American name. At the breaking ou of ever, to be understood by this that the marines the Florida war the entire corps volunteered its are regularly disposed in the ship by placing them services, and amid everglades and treacherous at the guns, as, unless in cases that form excep. | swamps subdued the savage hordes who had bid tions, they act together under their own officers, defiance to our government. In the war with using the musket and bayonet as their proper Mexico, by their bravery, discipline and efficiency, weapons.

they won and received the grateful commendation “ Aware of the importance of such a body of of the whole country. In all the marches and men, on the oth of November, 1775, before any battles on the western coast, the couflicts in the regular cruiser had yet got to sea, Congress passed Gulf, the heroic work that resulted in the fall of a law establishing a 'Marine Corps.' By this law Chapultepec, and finally in the capture of the City the corps was to consist of two battalions of the of Mexico, the marines certainly bore a conspicuusual size, and to be commanded by a colonel. It ous part. At the headquarters of the corps may does not appear that this law was ever carried into be seen the colors which the people of Washington complete effect, the great difficulty which existed presented to them upon their return; though tatin obtaining men for the army, no less than the tered and torn, the banner still bears the approimpracticability of getting so many of the vessels priate motto: “From Tripoli to the Halls of the 20 sea, most probably contributed to defeat its Montezumas." Per mare et terram." The objects.

services of the marines during the late civil struggle ** At no period of the naval history of the world are of so recent a date that they require no re. is it probable that marines were more important capitulation now, and the same may be truly said than during the War of the Revolution. In many of their gallant conduct in the Island of Formosa instances they preserved the vessels to the country and Corea. At the time of the raid on the illegal by suppressing the turbulence of their ill-assorted whiskey stills in this city, a force of marines, one crews, and the effect of their fire, not only then, hundred strong, marched from the Navy Yard, but in all subsequent conflicts under those circum- | under command of Brevet-Major L. L. Dawson, to stances in which it could be resorted to, has been aid the civil authorities in preserving the peace, singularly creditable to their steadiness and disci and in protecting revenue officers from the assaults pline.

of an infuriated mob.

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