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NOTES AND QUERIES.
Our National Flag.-In Appleton's Journal, No. 354, younger son and myself were for a time at Fincastle, Virginia. January 1, 1876, there is an article entitled Centennial Onacertain Saturday we heard a lady spoken of as having been Sketches.-I. Our National Flag, signed and purporting a Miss Neville. The next day, coming out of the Presbyte. to be written by C, H, Woodman, which is entirely derived, rian church, which is surrounded by a graveyard, a friend, and in part copied, verbatim, from my “ History of Our pointing to a stone, said, “ See there!” We turned aside, Flag" (a copyright book published in 1872), as any one and there indeed was a George Neville,” but not an anceshaving the book, and comparing it with the article, can see. tor, for the interment was of recent date. We were to leave It is annoying to have the labors and researches of over at an early hour next day, but my son mounted a horse and twenty four years, collected and published at a pecuniary rode rapidly to the house of a lady, who, we were told, sacrifice, thus appropriated by a magazine writer without a was a daughter of this Neville, ascertained that they were word of acknowledgment of the source of his information. originally from Winchester, but had been for many years,
Several of the anecdotes given in the article referred to, certainly one generation, in Southern and Central Virginia. viz. : Washington's Christening Robe; The Flag of Fort Passing through Winchester, shortly after, he obtained insorSchuyler; The Standard of the First City Troop; The Flag, mation and addresses which led him to write to a gentleman by Copley; The Chinese name for the Flag; Our Flag in whose wise proved to have been one of the same Nevilles, but, the French Convention, etc., etc., were never connected in as we were abundantly satisfied, an entirely different and disthe History of Our Flag, until I grouped them in it, giving tinct family. I mention this circumstance that “ Berkley” may credit to my sources of information.
not be misled by the same Ignis Fatuus. I deem it only justice to myself to make this brief state- The substance of this letter you may give, if it will elicit ment, as I am now preparing a second edition of my book, further intelligence. and otherwise might be tasked with plagiarizing from Mr. Is anything known of the ancestry in the line of the Old. Woodman! I would have him, and all others, in making hams? John Neville's wise was Winifred Oldham. up their articles on Our Flag, take the second edition as their guide, as it will be an extension and improvement, and cor
Neville B. Craig-His Accuracy.-In Pittsburgh, rect many errors of the first edition,
December 6th, the Presbyterians of the Synod of Western Your correspondent, I. J. Greenwood, in his ir.teresting | Pennsylvania and Eastern Ohio held a Memorial Convenarticle on “ Revolutionary Uniforms and Flags,” published | tion, in which the history of the Presbyterians of that region in the January number, has given due credit where it belongs, was recounted, and the deeds and self-denials of the fathers and furnishes some information that was new to me.
I have of the church celebrated. The venerable Dr. Beatty presided. never seen the “ Leipsic Calendar” he describes.
A number of historical papers were read during the sessions GEORGE HENRY PREBLE. of the Convention. Among them were papers on “Pittsburgh
as it was One Hundred Years Ago,” by William M. DarlingThe Neville Family.-On page 866 of Vol. V. of the ton; “The Secular History of the Planting of PresbyterianMonthly, there is a Query signed “ Berkley,” asking for
ism in the West;" “ Ecclesiastical History of the Tim“, information as to the ancestors of John and Joseph Neville. with Biographical Sketches,” by Dr. S. J. M. Earon; A lady who prefers to withhold her name writes us as follows: | “ Religious History of the Century, especially of its Revis
In a late number of your periodical the inquiry was made vals,” by the Rev. A. Williams, D.D.; “Educational Hiswhether any one could give any information about the an. tory," by the Rev. Dr. J. I. Brownson; “Missionary Hiscestors of John and Joseph Neville, of Virginia. I have been tory,” by Dr. E. E. Swift. waiting in the hope that another would make some reply, In its report of this Convention, a serious error crept into but I take up my pen, at least to continue the search, if no the carefully edited columns of the Pittsburgh Gazette, valuable addition is made to the inquirer's knowledge. which has been extensively quoted, and as it unjustly imI have heard the late Neville B. Craig, of Pittsburgh, Author peaches the credibility of Mr. Neville B. Craig, we quote of “ History of Pittsburgh,” Editor of “Olden Times,” ex- the following: press his confidence in the truth of the family tradition that
PITTSBURGH, December 9, 1875. the first Neville who came to this country was named George,
To the Editors of the Pittsburgh Gasette : -In your paper was of a good family, and had been kidnapped when young;
this morning, in the report of the proceedings at the Presbyhe married an Anne Burras or Burroughs, an inmate of Lord terian Centennial, I am made to attest that I had corrected Fairfax's family, and a cousin or relative. I think Mr. Craig many errors in the works of the late Neville B. Craig, when, had at one time some papers which substantiated this, but in fact, I said directly the reverse.
I said that Mr. Craig whether they were lost or passed into other hands, I cannot was very accurate and scrupulous to ascertain and publish now tell. My residence was for many years in another State,
the truth in all of his historical writings. Few local histoand I did not avail myself as I should have done of opportu- ries are equal to his. nities for obtaining information. In the summer of '74, my
WM. M. DARLINGTON.
The Union Flag, January 1, 1776.-I wish to correct flag was first made, it is evident that one or both of these an error into which Commodore Preble has inadvertently furnished the “ authority” which Mr. Bancrost "failed to fallen in his excellent history of the Flag of the United States. furnish."
BENSON J. LOSSING. On page 153, he says : “ Bancroft, in his recent History of the United States, describes this flag (one raised at Cam. The first Bible in the English language printed in bridge, on the ist of January, 1776) as “the tri-colored Ameri- America.-A Philadelphia Sunday paper of the 28th of can banner, not yet spangled with stars, but showing thirteen November, noticing the death of Joseph Aitken, states that stripes alternate red and white in the field, and the united "he was a grandson of Robert Aitken, Printer, who pubcrosses of St. George and St. Andrew, on a blue ground in lished under the patronage of Congress during the Revolu. the corner; ' but he fails to furnish his authority for the state- tion, the first edition of the Bible printed in this country.” ment."
The same mis-statement as to this Aitken Bible being the The Commodore goes on to say, that after the publication first printed in America, has been travelling the rounds of of Mr. Bancroft's history, I found among the papers of Gene. papers for years, and it is about time that it arrived at the ral Schuyler, a water-color sketch of the Royal Savage, one end of its journey. Previous to 1752, an edition of the of a little navy on Lake Champlain in 1776, and so corrobo- Bible in the English language was printed by Kneeland and rated Mr. Bancroft's statement.
Green, for David Henchman, a Bookseller, in Boston. The In 1855, the papers of General Schuyler were placed in my printing was conducted with much secrecy, as at that time, hands by his descendants, for the purpose of preparing a only those were permitted to print. Bibles who had a patent biography of that Patriot. Among these papers I found the from the Crown. To prevent prosecution by those in Great drawing above mentioned. I had then just finished the revi. Britain, who published the Bible by authority, this edition sion of my Pictorial Field Book of the Revolution for the had the imprint-London : Printed by Mark Bashett, Printer second edition, and in a foot note on page 577, Vol. I. I in- to the King's Most Excellent Majesty. Isaiah Thomas serted the discovery in the following words : “ This flag bore states that he often heard those who had assisted at the case the device of the English Union which distinguishes the and press in printing this Bible make mention of the fact, royal standard of Great Britain. It is composed of the cross and that Governor Hancock, who was a relation of Henchof St. George, to denote England, and St. Andrew's cross, in man’s, knew the particulars of the transaction, and had a the form of an X, to denote Scotland. This device was copy of the work. The edition did not exceed eight hunplaced in the corner of the Royal Flag, after the accession of dred copies.
SEGO. James the Sixth of Scotland to the throne of England as James the First. It must be remembered, that at this time Ancient Coins in the Philadelphia Mint.-Many the American Congress had not declared the colonies • free people will visit the United States Mint in this city next year, and independent' States, and even yet the Americans prof and ncthing will be of more interest to the curious than the fered their warmest loyalty to British justice when it should extensive and splendid collection of coins of all countries, redress their grievances. The British ensign was therefore reaching from the remotest ages of antiquity. Some of these not yet discarded, but it was used upon their flags, as in this may be placed in the Centennial. instance, with the field composed of thirteen stripes, alternate Among the most interesting specimens of the coins of the red and white, as emblematic of the Union of the thirteen Greek republics are the coins of Ægina, which are supposed colonies in the struggle for freedom. It was this British to be the oldest coinages in existence, and date back to the Union, on the American flag, which caused the misapprehen- origin of the art, about 700 years B.C. They bear the desion of the British in Boston, alluded to by Washington” in vice of a tortoise, which is emblematic of the island, lying his letter to Joseph Reed, on the 4th of January, 1776. securely in the water; the reverse bears no mark or device
This second edition of my Field-Book of the Revolution except that of the stake on which it laid while coining. In was published late in 1855; and in a foot-note on page 245 the same collection is the silver tetra drachm, with the device, of my History of the United States, published the next year head of Minerva of ancient style; the reverse, a large owl (1856) I made substantially the same statement, and accom- with the initials of Athens coined in bold relief. Historical panied it with a small engraving of our striped flag, with the facts indicate its age as from twenty-one to twenty-three centuBritish Union in the corner, copied from the one at the mast. ries. Its value is about sixty-eight cents in our money. In head in the drawing of the Royal Savage. Until these public the case containing the coinages of the Greek monarchs is a cations in 1855 and 1856, it was not known what was the small coin having the device of a Macedonian horse, and no device on the Union Flag raised at Cambridge. Historians
This is supposed to date before the reign of Alexand students of our history were puzzled by the fact that our ander I., who lived about 500 years B.C.; also, one of the “Union flag” excited hopes in the minds of the British at reign of Alexander III., bearing an ear-ring. Boston, that our people were about to submit to royal rule A noticeable coin of one of the Ptolemies weighs over and give up the struggle.
three ounces. In the class of the Roman family coin is an Mr. Bancrost's volume in which his statement concerning enormous bronze piece (aes), weighing 9.7 ounces, and bearing that Union flag was made, was not published until 1860, five the head of Janus. It dates back about 500 years B.C. years after the second edition of my field-Book of the Revo- This class includes about two hundred Roman coins, from lution was published, and four years after my History of the Cæsar down to Byzantine, A.D. 1448: among them speciUnited States appeared. As it was in these volumes of mens of the coins caused to be struck by Marc Antony, bear. mine that the revelation of the true character of that Union. ing the number of the respective legions under his command
to whom they were paid on the obverse, while on the reverse of historical interest is the device of Charlemagne, A.D. 767,
In another case, containing coins selected from the collec- Isabella of Spain. There is also a splendid collection of
, B.C. 336-328; device, poet ascribes the pruning to January: head of Alexander as Hercules with the lion's skin.
“ Then came old January, wrapped well by is the Kleopatrasa, a bronze of Cleopatra, the celebrated In many weeds to keep the cold away; Egyptian Queen ; reverse, an eagle; legend, “ Kleopatrasas.” Yet did he quake and quiver like to quell,
Then there is the mauch of Ptolemy Philadelphus, King And blow his nails to warm them if he may; of Egypt
, B.C. 284, bearing a device of Arsinoe, his wife For they were numb'd with holding all the day and sister, a niece of Alexander the Great. It is of fine coin. An hatchet keen, with which he felled wood age and remarkably well preserved. There are also gold
And from the trees did lop the needless spray.” coins of Britain prior to the Roman conquest and nearly con- Verstegan tells us that the Saxons "called February temporaneous with the Christain era; among them the penny Sprout-Kele, by Kele meaning the Kele-wort, which we of Ethelbert and the corausius of the Roman Emperor in call the cole-wort, the great pot-wort in time long past that Britain A.D. 287 to 293. Then there is the penny of Wil- our ancestors used; and the broth made therewith was thereliam the Conqueror, the four-pence of Robert Bruce, and of also called Kele. For, before we borrowed from the near them the half crown of Oliver Cromwell. A piece French the name of potage, and the name of herb, the one
in our own language was called Kele, and the other wort; of which I rented the second floor, consisting of a parlor and and as the Kele-wort, or potage herh, was the chief winter- bed room, ready furnished. In that parlor I wrote habitually, wort for the sustenance of the husbandman, so was it the and in it wrote this paper particularly. So far I state from first herb that in this month began to yield out wholesome
written prooss in my possession. The proprietor, Graaf, was young sprouts, and consequently gave thereunto the name of a young man, son of a German, and then newly marrieri. I Sprout-Kele.” Does not this passage from old Verstegan think he was a bricklayer, and that his house was on the shed some light upon the passage wherein Shakespeare sings south side of Market street, probably between Seventh and of the wintry time,
Eighth streets, and is not the only house in that part of the " While greasy Joan doth Kele the pot ?"
I am sure there were few others near it. I had
some idea it was a corner-house, but no other recollections Progress of the Age.--City of Mexico, May 18, 1874, throwing light on the question are worth communication. Senor Castilla, Alcalde os Jacobo, in the State of Sinaloa, “If that old house, or any portion of it, is standing, it officially reported to the Prefect of his district, that on April ought to have a prominent place in the Exposition next 4th, 1874, he arrested, tried, and burned alive José Maria summer." Bonilla, and his wise Diega, for sorcery; it having been
An exhaustive, able communication by Miss Agnes Y. proved that they had bewitched one Silvestre Zocorias. The M'Allister, of this city, in the MONTHLY of March last, page Alcalde stated that the people were exasperated against the 223, told the whole story of the place where the Declaration sorcerers and demanded their execution. Since the 4th of of Independence was written. The “Od House" still April an old woman has been burned in the same place. stands entire, and we, too, think it should be made to louk They roast alive in Mexico; we impale with slander. clean and attractive at least, before the visitors to the Cea,
E. O. S. tennial Exposition commence to come to see the sights of the
Centennial City, prominent among which that ancient edifice The chair occupied by George Washington as Worshipful must be. It would not be amiss, also to touch up the old Master of the Masonic Lodge at Alexandria, Virginia, is now Rittenhouse mansion standing at Seventh and Archi streets. in the possession of Unanimity Lodge of Ancient, Free and
JOHN 'T. Rose, Accepted Masons, at Edenton, in North Carolina, whither it was sent during the War of 1812 for safe-keeping. It is English Ignorance of American Geography.- About of massive mahogany, elaborately carved, and a fine speci. the most ridiculous instance of inexcusable ignorance of the men of antique furniture. An effort will made to induce its Geography of the United States that I have ever met with, custodians to allow this memento of the illustrious “man occurs in an article on “Old Violins," in the last Vumber and Mason" to be placed on exhibition at the Centennial. of The Contemporary Review, by Rev. II. R. Iaweis. The
writer makes the astounding assertion that: Their Children's Children.-Dr. Plot, in his Natural “ Fifteen hundred acres of land in Cincinnati were on History of Staffordshire, mentions old Mary Cooper, of
one occasion given for a Strainer; and, as the city of PitisKing's Bromley, who lived to see the sixth generation, and burgh is now built upon that land, we may confidently say could have said, “ Rise up, daughter, and go to thy daughter, that this has turned out to be the heaviest price ever paid for for her daughter's daughter hath a daughter." This was
J. II. IASH. either an imitation of, or suggested by, a statement made by Zuingerus to the effect that a noble matron of the family of “I would not live alway," etc.- I see that the ques. Dolburus, in the archbishopric of Mentz, could have thus tion of the authorship has again been raised, Mr. 0. H. spoken to her daughter: “ Daughter, bid thy daughter tell Harpel, of Cincinnati, having declared that he can prove her daughter that her daughter's little daughter is crying.” that it was composed and written by Henry Waru, a printer, Horace Walpole speaks of an ancient lady whom he visited, in 1822. This claim in behalf of Ward, is old and was ex. one Mrs. Godfrey, who had a daughter who had a daughter ploded years ago, I believe, and I presume there are few (Lady Waldegrave), who had a son (Lord Waldegrave), well-informed critics who douht that Rev. Dr. Muhlenberg who had a daughter (Lady Harriet Beard), who had a was the author. Nevertheless, I believe a conclusive statedaughter (Countess Dowager of Powis), who had a daughterment of the facts could be obtained, and would prove irte. (Lady Clive), who had an infant son ! Horace Walpole esting to many. Can the MONTHLY, or any of its reales, saw all the eight generations at different periods of his life. surnish such a statement?
G. T. OAKS. The secret here was-early marriages, one after another.
Wms. REPLY.-Unless some of our readers can furnish an orig
nal article on the above subject, we shall give in the March The Old House at Seventh and Market Streets, MONTHLY, an extract from a newspaper which seems to Philadelphia.—The Tri-Weekly Plain Dealer, Cleveland, establish Dr. Muhlenberg's authorship Ohio, of December 22d, contained the following:
In 1825 Thomas Jefferson, in a letter to Doctor John Error.–On page 109 of this Number of the MONTHLY, Mease, wrote as follows in regard to the writing of the the writer states that Godirey Haga was the "grandfather Declaration of Independence:
of Mr. John Jordan, Jr., of the Historical Society of Peon. “At the time of the writing of that instrument, I lodged in sylvania." his is a mistake; Mr. laga's wife was the the house of Mr. Graaf, a new brick house three stories high, aunt of Mr. Jordan's father.-EDITOR.
COLUMBIA AV ЕРОТ
The Women's Centennial Executive Committee:-No great enterprise, especially in the way of a Fair or Exhibition, should be attempted without securing the active coöperation of the women, for it is ever found that any such an affair managed without their help is lacking in some important particular. This is our real opinion, based upon critical observation, and, there. fore, we
extremely well pleased when we learned the active interest the women of the United States were taking in the great Centennial Show. Under the lead. ership of Mrs. E. D. Gillespie, their efforts have been brought into a well-organized and well-ordered system, and the result will prove that they are a most important part of the Patriot Celebrators of our Nation's Hundredth Anniversary. The Committee consists of the following ladies, or Women as we prefer to call the earnest-minded, thorough-going members of the fair sex who are active in this noble work :
OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF THE 8 ANDA
WOMEN'S CENTENNIAL EXECUTIVE
Matthew Simpson, Mrs. Henry C. Townsend, Mrs. Richard P. White, of Philadelphia ; Mrs. Bion Bradbury, Maine; Mrs. James T. Fields, Massachusetts; Mrs. F. W. Goddard, Rhode Island; Mrs. Worthington Hooker, Connecticut; Mrs. W. L. Dayton, New Jersey;
''AIN LINE TRAINS
The Map.-We have already given illustrated descriptions of the Centennial Buildings and a Bird's-Eye View of the Grounds, pages 539, 540, 697 and 698, of Vol. V.; but since the said view was engraved, many new buildings have