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THE BEAR HUNT.
BY ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
Then host thon linee in vainna
Lies dexent in tky brainan
The tall fleet cur, with deep mouthed voice,
Now speeds him as the wind;
Are yelping far behind.
And fresh recruits are dropping in
To join the merry corps;
The woods are in a roar.
And round, and round the chace now goes,
The world's alive with fun;
And Mose Hill drops his gun.
A WILD-BEAR chace, didst never see?
Then hast thou lived in vain-
Lies desert in thy brain.
'Twas then the frontier line;
And bears preyed on the swine.
When rose the squealing cry;
For vengeance at him fly.
He gives the breeze a snuff;
And seeks the tangled rough.
Where's left his half-munched meal;
And find his fresh made trail.
And men as fast pursue;
And shout the brisk halloo.
Bear shuns the open ground;
And runs it, round and round.
Now sorely pressed, bear glances back,
And lolls his tired tongue;
An ambush on him sprung.
Across the glade he sweeps for flight,
And fully is in view-
Their cry, and speed, renew.
The foremost ones now reach his rear,
He turns, they dash away;
They have him sull at bay.
All screaming in a row-
Bang-bang--the rifles go.
And furious now, the dogs he tears,
And crushes in his ire-
With eyes of burning fire.
1 We are indebted to R. A. Brock, Esq., Corresponding Secretary of the Historical Society of Virginia, for this valuable contribution, in the letter enclosing which occurs the following ample voucher for its authenticity,
" It is a copy verbatim et literatim of the original lines in my possession, which are written upon blue ruled paper folio size, covering the first three pages, and the final stanza a portion of the fourth page. A fac-simile of the first stanza which accompanies this, will be considered a full authentifi- ! cation of the document itself, by those familiar with the autograph of the lamented President, whose tragic end was so universally deprecated, and whose office it was to steer our national bark through a period as fateful and yet more trying than were the troublous days of ’76, if, indeed, characteristic internal evidences of thought and expression should fail to convince. But the positive identification lies before mea letter from a prominent member of the legal profession of this city, who writes: • It is the composition of Mr. Lincoln himsell, and wholly written him, the endorsement on the back [The Bear Hunt] only excepted, and it was sent to me
But leaden death is at his heart,
Vain all the strength he plies
He reels, and sinks, and dies.
'Bout who should have his skin;
This prize must always win.
But who did this, and how to trace
What's true from what's a lie,
y stoutly argufy.
Aforesaid fice, of blustering mood,
Behind, and quite forgot,
Arrives upon the spot.
And swells as if his skin would tear,
And growls and shakes again;
That he has won the skin.
With grinning teeth, and up-turned hair
Brim full of spunk and wrath,
And shakes for life and death,
Conceited whelp! we laugh at thee,
Nor mind, that not a few
Conceited quite as you.
"TRUTH CONCERNING THE EXPEDITION OF GEORGE ROGERS CLARK.”
By SAMUEL EVANS.
WILLIAM WIRT HENRY, Esq., in attempting to native of Lancaster County, in this State, and was give the truth in regard to the expedition of born upon the farm now owned by Jacob B. General George Rogers Clark, has not stated the Shuman, three miles south of Columbia, and whole truth. The pride Virginians must feel in one mile from the Susquehanna River, in the the achievements of her great men, is creditable year 1747. to them; but they are not justified in belittleing Somewhere about the year 1770, he went to Pennsylvanians, and their State, whom history live with his uncle, Colonel George Croghan, the has fully vindicated.
celebrated Indian Agent and Trader, at PittsWith all her pride, Virginia has not always burg. Nearly all of the Indian Traders—the been neighborly or honorable with the subjects of McKees, Gibsons, and others who then resided at this State.
that place, seemed to think that Pittsburg, and It is a curious fact that Dr. John Connelly," for several miles east of that, was within the limits one of the most turbulent and ambitious agents of Virginia, and refused to pay taxes to the proemployed by them to retain possession of the vince of Pennsylvania. As the dissatisfaction besouth western portion of Pennsylvania, was a a tweer the Colonies and Great Britain began to
widen-it extended to Pittsburg. Croghan, Mc. 1 Susanna Connelly, the mother of Dr. J. Connelly, was first married to James Patterson, an Indian Trader," who Kee, and Connelly sympathized with the mother serled in the manor where the Doctor was born, in the year country, and I have no doubt it was the intention 1717. In 1734. the Penns gave him a patent for a little of Dr. Connelly to embarrass and complicate over three hundred acres of land. He also had some land just across the river, which is two miles broad at this place, affairs. Lord Dunmore, who was bitterly opposed upon which he turned his horses to pasture. Lord Balti- to the cause of the Colonies, in the winter of more claimed jurisdiction over all the territory southwest of the Susquehanna, and extending several miles further north 1774, determined to assert the claims of Virginia than this place, which was called Conejohala Valley, and he to Pittsburg and vicinity, he dispatched Dr. sent in March, 1731, a brutal and reckless fellow named Connelly with a Captain's Commission, to take Thomas Cressap, to take possession of the land, and dispanses all Pennsylvanians. The first overt act committed possession of the country along the Monongahela, by him and the brothers Lowe, was the shooting of two and take command at Fort Pitt, in the name of horses belonging to Patterson, who crossed the river upon the King. The Doctor issued his proclamation to the ice in 1732, with his son and two or three others, and arrested the Lowes
, and took them to the Lancaster Jail. the people in January, 1774, to meet and embody This was the beginning of “Cressap's war.” The Pennsyl- themselves as Virginia Militia. vanians finally triumphed, as they always did when an at
Before the meeting was held, St. Clair arrested tempt was made to dismember her territory. Mr. Patterson died in 1736, leaving several daughters, viz.: Sarah married him at Pittsburg, and placed him in confinement. Benjamin Chambers, who settled at Chambersburg. SuSanna marrierl James Lowery, Indian Trader, mentioned in In 1746, Mr. Ewing died, and in the early part of 1747, a former Number of the MONTHLY; and Rebecca married his widow married John Connelly, who had been an officer 1p John Kagy. Mrs. Patterson married a second husband, in the British Army. He lived but a year. In his will he Thomas Ewing, a widower, who owned a fine farm in a made the following devises: To his wise he gave some land, linie valley two miles east of this place. He was a member and to his brother Luke, sisters Elizabeth and Bridget, then of Assembly for several terms, and occupied a number of in Ireland, he gave £50 each, to his son John (the Doctor), other prominent positions. By him she had several children, he gave a silver watch, silver-mounted sword, spurs, gold among whom was General James Ewing, of Revolutionary rings, gold buttons, silver knee and shoe buckles. fame, who died upon his farm in York County, just back of
Susanna Connelly, the mother of the Doctor, died in Lar: Wrightsville, in 1806.
caster Borough, in May, 1753, leaving a large estate.
The Sherriff let him out to hunt bail. He then went to Staunton, the shire town of Augusta County, Virginia, and was sworn in as a Justice of the Peace for West Augusta County. In March, 1774, he returned to Pittsburg, with civil and military authority, to execute the laws of Virginia.
On the 5th day of April, the court assembled at Hannastown, the county seat of Westmoreland County. Connelly made his appearance at the head of one hundred and fifty men, with colors flying, and dispersed the court, and arrested some of the magistrates. He returned to Pittsburg and took possession of the dismantled Fort Pitt, and rebuilt and called it Fort Dunmore.
He was a turbulent and tyrannical officer, and behaved in an outrageous manner toward those who paid taxes to or claimed to be under the jurisdiction of Pennsylvania. He not only caused the murder of several Indians who were at peace with the whites, but brought on a cruel and bloody Indian war. His uncle, George Croghan, became disgusted with his conduct and ever afterward sided with Pennsylvania.
In the spring of 1773, Dr. Connelly and John Campbell, Esq., sent Captain Thomas Bullitt to the Falls of the Ohio to survey some land for them,clared that no red-skin should have his scalp, withfor which they received a patent from Virginia. Louisville is now built upon it.
The turbulent element amongst the Scotch-Irish who settled south and west of the Monongahela River, sided with Connelly and Virginia in their dispute with Pennsylvania, as to their jurisdiction over that territory. They would pay no taxes to, nor take out patents for their land from Pennsylvania.
This pretentious claim of Virginia led to serious results, and was the cause of doing great injustice to many persons who were prominent actors in the Revolution. I need only cite the case of Colonel George Gibson, the father of the late Chief Justice. At the commencement of the Revolution he raised a company of one hundred riflemen, and took them to Richmond, and was commissioned captain by Virginia, after doing service at Hampton and Long Bridge. He volunteered to take a detachment down the Ohio to New Orleans to procure powder from the Spanish authorities for the use of the Continental army.
He proceeded down the river from Pittsburg, and was several times in the power of hostile Indians, from whom he made his escape, and arrived
safe at New Orleans, where he successfully nego tiated with Don Galvas, the Spanish governor. Much of the powder was shipped by Oliver Pollock to northern ports successfully. Colonel Gibson brought a supply up the river in boats for the western forts.
For that service he was promoted by Virginia to a colonelcy. He served in the Continental line during the Revolution, and participated in many battles. After the war he received no benefit from Pennsylvania for his services, because he was commissioned by Virginia, nor did he receive the slightest recognition from Congress. Virginia undertook to pay him with patents for land in Kentucky, which Colonel Gibson discovered, when he went to locate them, had already been taken up by previous patents.
And thus this gallant and meritorious officer was deprived of the pay and emoluments due him. And to this day his descendants have not received a cent from the government, just because of this mistake of his in accepting a commission from Virginia. This brave officer was wounded at St. Clair's defeat, from the effects of which he died a few days afterward. While wounded and unable to walk, he placed his back against a tree and de
out they paid dearly for it. He was rescued by some of his men and carried to Fort Hamilton, where he died.
Dr. Connelly was again arrested by General St. Clair, at Pittsburg, in July, 1775, as a seditious and dangerous person, but he was released in a short time, after which he proceeded to Norfolk, to confer with Dunmore. On the 23d day of November, 1775, he and his servant were arrested by the Committee of Safety, at Frederick Town, Maryland. Connelly had a Colonel's Commission from General Gage, to raise a regiment west of the mountains and in Canada, and was on his way there when arrested. there when arrested. He made great efforts to enlist Colonel John Gibson on the side of Great Britain. He was taken to Philadelphia and thrown into prison, where he remained one or two years, when he was released on parole, and was to remain upon the farm of his half-brother, General James Ewing, in York County. He was exchanged in 1781. 1781. Samuel Sample of Pittsburg, a near relative of Dr. Connelly, came to Philadelphia, in April, 1776, and attempted to get up a plot to rclase Connelly and the Tories from prison.
In November, 1788, he appeared at Louisville,
not able to say.
and attempted to repossess himself of the land frontier county, not having Council's orders for purchased in connection with Colonel John Camp. that purpose; however, on the whole, and just bell, but he was not successful. He met Colonel | then receiving such intelligence of the line being Thomas Marshall and some other American immediately run, as I thought authentic, I judged officers, and endeavored to enlist them in a it most prudent to postpone the election until that scheme to go down the Mississippi and capture event should happen, or until the departure of the New Orleans from the Spanish, and get control armed banditti under the general, that then awed of the commerce of the West. His plans were the good people of this county, and were chasing not unlike those of Aaron Burr. General Wash- such of the inhabitants as Penticost, Sheppard and ington distrusted him, and believed that this Evans; the lieutenants of Youghagaini, Monog. scheming and restless man meant mischief to the alia and Ohio, were pleased to point out by way United States, and at once advised that he be left of drafting, as fit persons to go with the general; alone. When or where Dr. Connelly died I am and on missing, these persons were violating and
The adherents of Connelly totally destroying their property, and accordingly about Pittsburg were numerous, and there was a I countermanded the advertisements, and let constant discord between those who claimed to things lay still for some time, until the wanton hold land under Virginia patents, and from the barbarity and unparalleled arbitrary proceedings of Penns.
said party convinced the people that it was imIn the summer of 1781, General Clark came to possible they could have authority from any govWashington County in Pennsylvania, and Pitts- ernment to act in that manner, and caused them burg, to raise men for his second expedition to show a desire of being formed under this govagainst the Indians. Lieutenant James Marshall, ernment, whereupon I again advertised five battalof Washington County, writing to President Reed, lion districts and have had two elections, and on the 8th day of August, 1781, says, “When I hope shortly to have the Militia in full form. began to organize the Militia of this County, I And now its like the general's expedition is on the expected the line between the States would have eve of falling totally through, and I am to bear the been run in May last; but finding they (the blame; and the general, in return for the service commissioners) did not arrive at neither of the done him by those aforesaid, is to villify me to periods given us to expect them, I thought it my government, and produce the aforesaid contradicduty to take the most favorable opportunity that tory advertisements as evidence against me, in would offer to form the Militia. About the 15th order to raise some of the said gentlemen to a of June last, I apprehended appearances favorable, higher state of favor with government than I. and accordingly advertised two battalion elec- Whatever their attempts may be, or in what tions, but soon found that General Clark's pre- manner made, I can only say at present, I have parations for his expedition, and the extraordinary acted such a part as I thought a faithful officer freedom which he and his party of the old Vir- ought to do in similar cases; and that I ever conginia officers used with the people of this county, ceived I had no right so much as to say any of the stood greatly in the way; they were indefatigable people of this county had a right to go with Genin propagating reports of the general being a Coneral Clark without your Excellency's orders for tinental officer - having extraordinary counte- that purpose ; much less that I should lay still, on
— nance and authority from the State of Pennsyl- purpose that the Virginia officers should draft the vania~in pulling down my advertisements- Militia of this county for that service-if any dissuading the people from attending the elec- complaint, of what kind soever, should be lodged tions-crying out that I was everything that was against me, I hope your Excellency will favor me bad, and was doing all this in order to hurt the with a copy thereof, that I may have an opporexpedition, etc., all which, however false, pro- tunity of doing myself justice; and as the manner duced a visible indisposition in the people towards in which the general and his underlings have attending the elections; and altho' I was not treated the people of this and Westmoreland attempting any thing with design to injure his Counties, has been so arbitrary and unpreceexpedition, I could not do anything to fill up dented, I think it my duty to inform your Excelthe general's troops out of the Militia of this lency the particulars of a few facts.
The first instance was with one John Harden, in Westmoreland, who, with a number of others, refused to be drafted under the government of Virginia, alleging they were undoubtedly in Pennsylvania, and declared if that government ordered a draft, they would obey cheerfully, and accordingly elected their officers, and made returns thereof to Colonel Cook.
the proposed temporary line being run as soon as possible, as the Governor of Virginia's orders to one on this side of the mountain is actually arrived." . . . The letter closes with an apeal for arms to repel the enemy who had actualy invaded the county.
Mr. Marshall writes under considerable feeling, and is not without his prejudices against General Clark, who did not choose to publish to every one his design or plan of action, but a very good ide. can be had of the turbulent state of affairs in Southwestern Pennsylvania, over which Virginia claimed jurisdiction, and the violent measures adopted by General Clark to procure men for his expedition.
After this, the general, with a party of forty or❘ fifty horsemen, came to Harden's in quest of him to hang him, as the general himself declared; but not finding the old gentleman, took and tied his son, broke open his mill, fed away and destroyed upwards of 150 bushels wheat, rye and corn, killed his sheep and hogs, and lived away at Mr. Harden's expense in that manner for two or three Colonel Dorsey Pentecost, a member of Courci days; declared his estate forfeited, but graciously from Washington County, writes to President gave it to his wife; formed an article in which he Reed, on the 27th day of July, 1781, stating that bound all the inhabitants he could lay hands on, he was now in General Clark's camp, three mile or by any means prevail upon to come in to him, below Fort Pitt, and was about to leave with the under the penalty of ten months in the Regular expedition. The quota of militia demanded by army, not to oppose the draft. Another man in General Clark, from Washington County, Colonel Westmoreland, being in company with Clark's Pentecost says was furnished. Colonel A. Locary, troops, happened to say the draft was illegal, upon Lieutenant for Westmoreland County, writes to which he was immediately confined, and ordered President Reed, August 4, 1781, from Miralle's to be hanged by the general. Colonel Penticost❘ Mill, Westmoreland County, stating that he was being willing to assist the general, issued orders to "now on my march with Captain Stokeley's con the commanding officers of the old militia compa-pany and about fifty volunteers from this county, nies to raise an armed force and collect the delin- | We shall join General Clark at Fort Henry, on the quents, and although these orders were chiefly Ohio River." disobeyed, yet there has been several armed banditti in this county, under the command of a certain Colonel Cox and others, who have acted nearly in the same manner as the general himself
They being in quest of John Douglass, (a gent, elected one of our Justices for this county,) and not finding him the first attempt, broke open his house in the night time, fed away and destroyed such a part of rye and corn (his property) as they thought proper, drew their swords upon his wife and children in order to make them discover where he was; the said Cox and his party have taken and confined a considerable number of the inhabitants of this county, amongst which were Hugh Scott, (one of the acting trustees of the county,) although he was not drafted, in a word, the instances of high treason against the State are too many to be enumerated, therefore shall not trouble your Excellency any more on the subject at present, but beg leave once more to urge the necessity of
Colonel Lochry started down the river with over one hundred men to join General Clark, but was not able to overtake him, on the 25th day c August he landed upon the shore about ten miles below the mouth of the Miami.
He was surprised by a large body of Indians under the lead of Brant, who were waiting for him, and secreted themselves near the place. Colonel Lochry and forty-one of his men were killed, and sixty-four were taken prisoners. A few probably made their escape. The militia and vo unteers from Washington County joined Genera! Clark's army before this unfortunate expedition left Pittsburg.
If Mr. Henry means to claim that West Augusta County embraced all of Southwestern Pennsylva nia, and that those who resided there and partici pated in General Clark's expeditions to the northwest were Virginians exclusively, I think his claim is not well founded, and history will not bear him out.