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Michael Cresap.- Mr. Jefferson, in his “ Notes on the Lenet-Monat.—The picture in the Saxon Calendar now State of Virginia,” page 91, says:

“ Colonel Cresap, a man gives us distinctly the seed time. But the tools of the infamous for his many murders,” killed “the family of Lo- laborers are the spade and the pick-axe. We are looking gan, a Mingo chief.” Mr. Jefferson was utterly mistaken upon the garden operations of the industrious Saxons. They in charging that Colonel Cresap was “a man infamous for called this month “ Lenet-Monat," length-month (from the his many murders," or that he killed the family of Logan. lengthening of the days); Verstegan says: “and this month Cresep was the first captain appointed by the State of Mary- being by our ancestors so called when they received Chrisland, in 1776, and lies buried in the Trinity grave-yard, in tianity, and consequently therewith the ancient Christian New York. I was born in Ohio, near the scene of that mur- custom of fasting, they called this chief season of fasting the der, and in my boyhood have heard, time and again, from fast of Lenet, because of the Lenet-Monat, wherein the most the old men of that part of the country, men who were pres. parts of the time of this fasting always fell.” ent, the facts connected with that murder.

The great season of abstinence from flesh, and the regular THOMAS J. McKag. recurrence through the year of days of fasting, rendered a

provision for the supply of fish to the population a matter of The Proposed Monument at Yorktown. Mayor Cobb deep concern to their ecclesiastical instructors. In the times of Boston has received a communication from the Mayor of when the Pagan Saxons were newly converted to Christianity, Fredericksburg, enclosing a copy of the resolution which re- the missionaries were the great civilizers, and taught the certly passed the Council of that city, concurring in the people how to avail themselves of the abundant supply which action of the City Council of Boston relative to the erection the sea offered to the skillful and the enterprising. Bede of a monument at Yorktown commemorative of the closing tells us that Wilfred so taught the people of Sussex. “The victory of the Revolution.

R: H. L. bishop, when he came into the province, and found so great


VOL. VI.-15




misery of famine, taught them to get their food by fishing. An Old Family Bible. I wish to seek, through the ms Their sea and rivers abounded in fish, and yet the people dium of the Monthly, for information respecting an ! had no skill to take them, except only eels. The bishop's Family Bible. My ancestor, John Lawes, came to this men having gathered eel-nets everywhere, cast them into country from England in 1672, and entered a grant of land the sea, and by the help of God took ihree hundred fishes of on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, on Deal's Island and the several sorts, the which being divided into three parts, they mainland adjoining, and in Accomac County, Virginia, near gave a hundred to the poor, a hundred to those of whom what is now Modesttown. His eldest son, John, was Suithey had the nets, and kept a hundred for their own use." veyor of Accomac until after the year 1700, and then s', The Anglo-Saxons had oxen and sheep, but their chief re- his lands and went to near Snow Hill, Maryland. The ti! liance for flesh meat, especially through the winter season, John Lawes, who came from England, brought with him the was upon the swine, which, although private property, fed old Family Bible, a large quarto, which tradition 5305 cm by thousands in the vast woods with which the country £40 sterling. It contained, on a large sheet in ii, the family abounded. Our word Bacon is “ of the beechen-tree, an- genealogical tree. At the death of Jubn Lawes, about 1020, ciently called bucon, and whereas swine's flesh is now called by this Bible was lest, by special devise in the will, to his clus? the name of bacon, it grew only at the first unto such as were son, John, the Surveyor of Accomac, and descented in las satted with bucon or beech ma-t.” As abundant as the swine family until the death of his grandson, Elijah Laws, #53 were the eels that flourished in their ponds and ditches. The lived a few miles from Snow Hill, and at the sale of his consumption of this species of fish appears from many inci. effects, about 1812, was said to have been purchased lwys dental circumstances to have been very great. Rents were

Colonel Houston. There is an old lady, a daughter of Flich pad in eels, boundaries of lands were defined by cel-dykes, and Laws, living now near Moor's Hill, Indiana, who roullec the monasteries required a regular supply of eels from their distinctly the old Bible and the fact of its having been seld tenants and dependents. We find, however, that the people with her father's goods. I am very desirous to obtain trace had a variety of fish, if they could afford to purchase of the of it, and if any of your readers can give me informatie industrious laborers in the deep. In the “ Dialogues of leading to its recovery, it will be duly appreciated by Alfric,” which we have already quoted from Mr. Turner,

A. R. LAUS there is the following colloquy with a fisherman : “What gettest thou by thine art ?-Big loaves, clothing and money.

Important Res.-When Dr. Franklin was agent in Ers How do you take them ?-1 ascend my ship, and cast my

land, in 1774, one of the ministry inquired of huo wtul

would satisfy the Colonies. Ile replied that it might be net into the river, I also throw in a hook, a bait and a rod. Suppose the fishes are unclean ?-I throw the unclean out, comprised in a sew Res; and sat down and wrote as tullom:

-call your troops. and take the clean for food. Where do you sell your fish?

-- store Castle William, In the city. Who buys them ?— The citizens; I cannot take -pair the damages done to Boston. so many as I can sell. What fishes do you take?--Eels, -peal your unconstitutional acts. haddocks, minnies, and eel-pouts, skate and lampreys, and

-nounce your pretensions to taxation; and whatever swims in the river. Why do you not fish in the

Refund the duties you have extorted.

Afterward sea ?--Sometimes I do; but rarely, because a great ship is

-quire and necessary there. What do you take in the sea ?-Herrings -ceive pay for tea destroyed; and then and salmons, porpoises, sturgeons, oysters, and crabs, muscles, -joice in a happy wincles, cockles, flounders, plaice, lobsters, and such like. -conciliation. Can you take a whale ?-No, it is dangerous to take a

II. K. W. WIX. whale; it is safer for me to go to the river with my ship than to go with many ships to hunt whales. Why?-Because it

The Utica (N. Y.) Observer mentions as a fact which is more pleasant for me to take fish which I can kill with

has not been used by ary of Poe's biographers that the ***

was a grandson of Benedict Arnold, his mother havin: one blow, yet many take whales without danger, and then

a natural daughter of the traitor.

B41.81 they get a great price; but I dare not from the fearfulness of my mind.” We thus see that three centuries after Wilfred

Van Braght's Martyr's Mirror.-Can any reader of had taught the people of Sussex to obtain something more the Monthly inform me where I can procure, and by from the waters than the rank ecls in their mud ponds, the much I shall have to pay for a copy of Van Bragti's Mu". produce of the country's fishery had become an article of

tyr's Mirror, published at Ephrata, Lancaster County. Torre regular exchange. The citizens bought of the fisherman as

are not many of them about, on account of a large pare cathe much fish as he could seil; the fisherman obtained big loaves and clothing from the citizens. The enterprise which belongs battle of Brandywine.

edition being seized upon to be used for cartr 1385 at the

TRNA to the national character did not rest satisfied with the herrings and salmons of the sea. Though the little fisherman A rare old Law Book is in the possession of a gent et..? crept along his shore, there were others who went with many in Toledo, Ohio. It is a digest of the laws of England, ships to hunt whales. We cannot have a more decisive published in 1587. It begins with Magna Chana aniomes indication of the general improvement which had followed down to the 27th year of the reign of Queen Firzabeth in the wake of Christianity, even during a period of constant The first part is printed in Latin and the remainder in die warfare with predatory invaders.



man-French and English.



The Oldham Line of the Neville Family.--In answer the Loire, seven miles from Nantes, he took both with him; to the inquiry in relation to the Oldham family (page 145 of and that this one is amply authenticated by successive family the Monthly for February), I will state that Winifred Old. testimony. We are told, too, that it is believed that Charles ham was a daughter of John Oldham and Anne his wife; Polk was connected with the American army, in what relashe was born November 19, 1736, and on the 24th of Au- tior the “ belief” does not specily. Henry T. Tuckerman, in gust, 1754, she married Captain (afterwards General) John his charming gossip about " American Artist Lise," in his Neville; she had a brother, Captain Oldham, killed at the “ Book of the Artists," says, on page 45: “More than one battle of Eutaw Springs, September 8, 1781. Another portrait of Washington and a few of his cotemporaries bear brother, Colonel William Oldham, commanded the Kentucky the name of Polke, who passed a year or so in America. One troops in St. Clair's unfortunate expedition against the In. of the former was found at Leesburg, on the estate of Arthur dians, and fell in the disastrous fight of November 4th, 1791. Lee, and sent to Washington City during the war, but reWiniíred's sister, Mary Anne, married Major Abraham Kirk. turned by the Government at its close. Some of the portraits patrick, an officer of the Maryland Line in the Revolution. have characteristic merits.” Now, who was this Polk or To go back: John Oldham (the father of Winifred) was

Polke? was he an Englishman “ who passed a year or two born in 1705, and was a son of Colonel Samuel Oldharh in America,” or a member of the American army, and thus and Elizabeth his wife, of Westmoreland County, Virginia. an American, whether native or foreign born? In either Samuel was born in 1680, and was a worthy, prominent, and

case, what was his anterior and posterior history? influential man; he died about 1760-62. I have not been

THE EDITOR, able to ascertain positively his father's name; but his grandfather was John Oldham, who emigrated to Virginia from Andrew Allen.-In the “ Public Ledger Almanac" for England in March, 1635, and lest two suns, John and Tho- | 1876, page 7, I find the following: “Of the nine delegates mas, one of whom was the father of Colonel Samuel Old-appointed by Pennsylvania seven only were present on July ham. John Oldham, the emigrant, in an old deed, speaks of

ist in Committee of the Whole. Edward Biddle was sick, his “ grandson, Samuel Oldham, of Westmoreland County." and Andrew Allen had joined, or was about to join, the

Perhaps it may be proper to add that Winifred Oldham | British.” Then, on page 9, I find: “ Biddle was sick; Neville was the mother of Colonel Presley Neville, who | Dickinson, Ilumphreys and Willing were opposed to indemarried Nancy, daughter of General Daniel Morgan, and of ! pendence. Allen had become alarmed at the progress of Amelia, who married Major Isaac Craig, of the Fourth

affairs, was opposed to independence, and in December, Pennsylvania (commonly called Proctor's) Regiment of Ar- 1776, put himself under the protection of General Howe." tillery in the Revolutionary army.


Now, can the MONTHLY tell anything concerning the Andrew

Allen of the above delegation ? WALTER DEANE. The Preble-Tripoli Medal.--The Boston Herald of a late date contains the following:

REPLY.-We have spent no little time in seeking informa“ A Curious MEDAL.-A large copper medal of a peculiar tion in response to the above, and all we have secured character was brought into St. Louis a few days ago, by Col. amounts to little more than is given in the “Almanac," as Maupin, of Franklin County, who intends presenting it to quoted by Mr. Deane: Mr. Allen was a son of William the Centennial Commission. The medal is two inches in Allen, Chief- Justice of Pennsylvania from 1750 to 1774, diameter, and weighs three ounces.

On its face it bears a

when, being a loyalist, he went to England, and there pubportrait of a naval officer, with an inscription which is illegible, and on the reverse a naval battle scene is depicted, lished " The American Crisis” (London, 1774), a pamphlet with the inscription : Vindici Commercii Americani Ante suggesting a plan for reconciling the Government and ColoTripoli. MDCCCIV.' The medal was evidently struck to nies. Judge Allen had three sons, John, Andrew and Wil. commemorate the destruction, by the American feet, of the liam. Of jólin we know nothing; William was for a time system of levying blackmail on civilized commerce, which

an officer in the American Army, and a “conservative": had been in use for ages by the Barbary States; but how on earth such a curious relic came to be buried in the soil of a

patriot; as soon as the independence of the Colonies became farm in Missouri is at present a mystery.”

the American policy, he asked and obtained of the Congress This is one of the copies in copper of the celebrated Pre- leave to resign his commission as Lieutenant-Colonel. Anble-Tripoli Medal, awarded to Commodore Edward Preble

drew followed his father's profession, becoming a lawyer of upon his return from the expedition against Tripoli.

considerable local repute; in 1774, upon Benjamin Chew's elevation to the Chief- Justiceship, Andrew Allen was made

his successor as Attorney-General of Pennsylvania. Novem. Charles Polk, the Artist.-In our record of the Iistori- ber 4th (not 3d), 1775, he was elected one of the nine delecal Society of Pennsylvania, on page 235, we mention an gates from Pennsylvania to the Continental Congress, and in original portrait of George Washington, recently presented the Journal record of the Congress for that day we find he to that Society, painted at Valley Forge by Charles Polk, and was in attendance, as he was named on a committee; from shall be obliged to any of our readers who can favor us with that day, we find his name occasionally in the Journal, until information concerning the artist. The portrait differs from

the month of March, after which his name does not appear all others that we have ever seen, showing creditable indi therein; in “ Force's Archives,” however, in the proceedings viduality on the part of the painter. All we have been able of the Pennsylvania Assembly, he appears to have been still to learn of the matter is that Charles Polk painted two por

in attendance in the Congress as late as June 14th, for on traits, one of Commodore John J. Audubon and this one of

that day he was of the number of delegates in whose behalf Washington ; that, when the Commodore went to his home on an appropriation passed to pay their salaries. From this

J. H. M.


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date we can find no authentic record of Mr. Allen's course,

* Bene except that he “ died in London, March 7th, 1825, aged 85."

ATHT: HIS: STIt does not appear that he formally resigned his office as

Oneli ESKA delegate, but probably simply ceased his attendance, and was

Thari Neg Rayc superseded when a new delegation was chosen, July 20th,


F R 1776.


O mab V. Syli Fetol

If Ele The Union Flag of January 1, 1776.-I accept Dr.

CL Lossing's correction, and cheerfully accord to him the pri

Ayb ye ar

Than ority of reference with regard to this banner. My error in

Dcl-Ays supposing Mr. Bancroft the earlier authority arose from my

Hego making my first note concerning it from his History, stating,

Therp Ella however, that he did not furnish his authority, and from Dr.

N D Lossing's sending me afterwards, in 1866, the drawing of the

NO WS HE 'stur flag found by him among the Schuyler papers, without stating

No Toe ART

Ili Ersel Fy it had been engraved for his “ Field-Book” in 1855. Until

EWEE Pin I read his note in the MONTHLY, I thought he had recently

Gír-I., EN found it in 1866.

D, S, L. I wish to state that Plate V., opposite page 133 of my His.

Et mea D

VI. tory of “ Our Flag,” designed to show the formation of the

Scab ATE yo Union or King's colors of 1606, and the Union Ensign of

V RG 1707, and thence derived the Grand Union Flag of 1776

RIE Fan (exactly similar to the flag found in the Schuyler papers),

D D was drawn by me long before I had read Bancroft or re

Ryy () V... Rey

Esf OR WH ceived from Dr. Lossing the fac-simile of the Flag of the

ATA Royal Savage found in the Schuyler papers, which I there

Vai .... L Saflo fore hailed, as establishing beyond a doubt what I already

O Doft Ears, W had imagined and believed to be, and had drawn as the

Hok NO WSB Grand Union Flag unfurled by Washington on New Year's

Vt Ina Ruxo day in Cambridge.

Fy Ears A union flag had existed for one hundred and seventy

In So.... Metall

Pit. с years, and a union red ensign for seventy years. The natural

Hero .. R.. broa expedient of striping the red field of the latter with white

DP a dividing it into thirteen alternate red and white stripes,

Ans He.. I converted it from an emblem of the sovereignty of Great


Ers Hopma Britain into an emblem of the union of the thirteen revolting

Y B colonies--still bearing in its jack or canton the blended

E AGA .... IX” crosses of St. George and St. Andrew, emblems of the union of the kingdoms of Scotland and England in 1606.

I shall be obliged to any one who will furnish the soletimo GEO. HENRY PREBLE.

of either or both of the above. It may be deemed chridisk

by some; but the epitaphs are genuine, and old, and I 21 Two Old-Time Epitaphs. I have in my scrap-book

childish enough to wish to repair my record of them as far a I can.

ANN T. WAYLAND the following, which may not be uninteresting to some read. ers who are pleased with curious epitaphs. The note as to where the original is sound, and its explanation, has been

A Few Words to Historical and Antiquarian Soci. torn off :

eties.-What we have to say may appear out of place here, " Interred here a son doth lie,

but we have said the same without effect elsewhere I TE A3 likewise doth the mother;

than once, and repeat it now under the NOTES AND QUES A sister too doth lie close by,

head, because doubtless this department is generally read 1 And near her lies the brother;

the parties we most desire to reach. The father, by the daughter's side,

We sincerely desire to make our department of Rittera Is turning into clay;

OF SOCIETIES a full exhibit of all matters of general inice: The husband, by his loving bride,

in connection with the transactions, plans, etc., of Historia Does moulder too away.”

and Antiquarian Societies; but in order to do this we musk “ The number seems to eight to mount,

have the assistance of the Secretary or some other memi? As you may plainly see;

of each Society. Mr. William A. Whitehead, of the Hists. Yet sum them all in one account

rical Society of New Jersey, is the only mutual friend of his

Society and the Montily who invariably forwards a repara They make no more than three !" .

of the successive meetings of that admirable Society. Ocas The following is upon the reverse of the same leaf as the sionally some others thus favor us, but there are some su above, and the solution and place are likewise gone : cieties from which we never hear.

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it is now:

The Congress and the Centennial.- Not very often, William Hartzell, though too often, we feel actually ashamed of our National William B. Anderson.

INDIANA: Congress, and are constrained to wonder how men of such

Aves. small calibre or, worse, such questionable patriotism, as

Benoni S. Fuller, some of the Representatives, succeed in inducing any intelli- Morton C. Hunter, gent constituency to send them to the Congress. The recent

Thomas J. Cason. discussion in the House of Representatives upon the questior:

Nays. of appropriating one and a half million dollars towards the James 1). Williams, great Exposition, was nothing less or more than disgraceful: Jephtha D. New,

William S. Holman, those members who manfully battled for the National honor

Milton S. Robinson, deserve the highrest praise, but the mere fact that a measure Franklin Landers, of that character required so much and such able speaking William S. Haymond, in its behalf, is in itself a sufficient disgrace to make Ameri- James L. Evans, cans lilush, without noting the more shameful fact that there Andrew H. Hamilton,

John H. Baker. were individuals in the American Congress capable of speak

Not Voting: ing against the appropriation, and entirely ignoring the Michael C. Kerr (Speaker). crowning shame that, after all the unanswerable arguments

IOWA: of the best men in the body in its savor, it was carried by

Aves. the close yote of 146 to 130. But we cannot think it right to George W. McCrary, ignore this record–indeed, the names of those voting in the Henry O. Pratt,

E. S. Sampson, negative should never be forgotten. We give the names in

John A. Kasson, full; the record may be even more interesting hereafter than James W. McDill,

Addison Oliver.



John Q. Tufts,
William H. Forney,
William J. Purman,

L. L, Aimsworth,
Jeremiah Haralson.
J. T. Walls,

James Wilson.

Burwell B. Lewis,


Taul Bradford,
Benjamin Hill.

William R. Philips,
John H. Caldwell,


William R. Brown.
Goldsmith W. Hewitt. Julian Hartridge,

William E. Smith,

John R. Goodin.
Jeremiah N. Williams,
Philip Cook,

Henry R. Harris,

Milton A. Candler,

Thomas L. Jones.
James H. Blount,

William H. Felton.

A. R. Boone,
William F. Slemons,

Not Voting:

Jolin Y. Brown,
W, W. Wilshire.

Alex. II. Stephens (sick) Charles W. Milliken,


J. Proctor Knot, Thomas M. Gunter.


J. C. S. Blackburn,
Carter H. IIarrison,

Milton J. Durham,
Charles B. Farwell,

John B. Clarke.
Stephen A. Hurlbut,

Nos Voting.
Richard H. Whiting.

E. Y. Parsons,
John K. Luttrell,


John D. White.
Barnard G. Caulfield,

Horatio C. Burchard,

Thomas J. Henderson,

Randall L. Gibson,
George M. Landers,
Alexander Campbell,

E. John Ellis,
Greenbury L. Fort,

Chester B. Darrall,
John C. Bagby,

William M. Levy,
Scott Wike,

Frank Morey,
William M. Springer,

Charles E. Nash.
H. H. Starkweather (sick, Adlai E. Stevenson,

Joseph G. Cannon,

John R. Eden,

John H. Burleigh,
W. A. J. Sparks,

William P. Frye,
William R. Morrison, James G. Blaine,

Harris M. Plaisted,
Eugene Hale.


Charles B. Roberts,
William J. O'Brien,
Thomas Swann.

Philip F. Thomas,
Eli F. Henkle,
William Walsh.

W. R. Crapo,
Benjamin W. Harris,
Henry L. Pierce,
Rufus S. Frost,
Nathan P. Banks,
Charles P. Thompson,
John K. Tarbox,
William W. Warren,
George F. Hoar,
Julius H. Seelye,
Chester W. Chapin.


A. S. Williams,
W. B. Williams,
Nathaniel B. Bradley,
Jay A. Hubbell.

Henry Waldron,
George Willard,

Allen Potter,
Omar D. Conger.

Not Voting
G. H. Durand,


Mark H. Dunnell,
Horace B. Strait,
William S. King.


L. Q. C. Lamar,
G. Wiley Wells,
H. D. Money.

Otho R. Singleton,
C, E. Hooker.

Not Voting: John R. Lynch.


Erastus Wells,
Charles H. Morgan.

Edward C. Kehr,
William H. Stone,
| Robert A. Hatcher,

Richard P. Bland,
John F. Philips,
Benjamin F. Franklin,
David Rea,

Not Voting

Charles Hays.

Lucien C. Ganse,

W. A. Piper,
H. F. Page,

V. D. Wigginton.

William H. Barnum.

Nay. James Phelps.

Not Voting.

since deceased).


Nay. James Williams.

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