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THE MONUMENT TO HANNAH DUSTIN AND MARY CORLISS NEFF.

"In March, 1697, hostile Indians at: tacked Haverhill, Massachusetts. They carried off the wife of Thomas Dustin with her infant only a week old, and her nurse. She was taken from her bed, half dressed, and, without shoes or stockings, exposed to the cold March winds, they took her to what is now called Dustin's Island, a few miles above Concord, New Hampshire. They had killed the babe at the outset. Here the prisoners were in an Indian family, and were told that they were soon to pass through a shockit g scene. Mrs. Dustic resolved to escape, and laid her plans with her nurse, Mary Neff, and a boy prisoner named Leonardson. At midnight, whilst the savage family were

asleep, Mrs. Dustin, 长

the nurse, and the boy (who had been made

a prisoner before), THE MONUMENT.

killed the Indiaris, In the August number of the third volume of took off their scalps, scuttled all the boats but one The American Historical Record, there was a notice to prevent pursuit, and started off in that for of this monument, and in the May, (1875) number Haverhill. They reached that place, with ten of the Monthly there was an excellent paper, scalps as witnesses of their prowess, and found from the pen of Dr. Lossing, telling the story of safety in Boston." the marvelous exploits of Hannah Dustin and The legislature of Massachusetts, according to Mary Corliss Neff. And now, being favored with Dr. Lossing, at once unanimously voted Mrs. a picture of the monument, we shall copy from the Dustin, Mrs. Neff and the lad each fiíty pounds Record the notice referred to with some changes: | Massachusetts currency, and Governor Nicholson

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was so inoved by the exploit that he presented about six miles above Concord. The pedestal Mrs. Dustin a beautiful tankard, described and bears appropriate inscriptions, one of which is as pictured in the May MONTHLY, 1875.

follows: Some time since, the Legislature of Massachu

HANNAH Dustin,

MARY NEFF, AND setts appropriated six thousand dollars towards

SAMUEL LEONARDSON. the erection of a monument lo commemorate the

March 30, 1697–MIDNIGHT. heroic deed of Mrs. Dustin and the maid and Upon this pedestal stanás a statue, seven and a boy. To this was adiled a considerable sum in half feet high, representing Mrs. Dustin, with the private subscriptions, and the result was the erec- tomahawk in one hand, and the scalps of the ten tion of the monument of which the engraving Indians in the other. This statue is of granite, herewith affords a correct idea. It stands on the and reflects credit upon the artist, Mr. William highest point of Dustin Island, Contoocook river, Andrews, of Lowell.

SCHUYLER AŅD GATES-AND THE SURRENDER OF BURGOYNE.

BY AMBROSE B. CARLYLE.

“The tone of all reputable writers of some years past, in speaking of Generals Schuyler and Gates, afford's a fair illustration of the fact that, however a man's contemporaries may misunderstand him, time will correct these misunderstandings, by clearing the true man's reputation of all false colorings and by laying bare the meannesses, or worse, of the false."

This sentence occurs in the MONTHLY for January of the current year, page 30, and it is true

as a rule, though I have been forcibly

BURGOYNE'S ENCAMPMENT ON THE HUDSON. impressed with a striking exception which has just come under my eye. I and worthy man, a true patriot and an honorable was consulting a Biographical Dictionary, pub. and able soldier; at least, from the peculiar phraselished by a reputable house and compiled by ology of this sketch, one would award him all the a reputable editor, when the name of General glory of the capture of Burgoyne and his army, Schuyler arrested my attention ; the sketch of and would withhold from him all censure for his that illustrious patriot is given in nineteen lines later achievements at Camden, South Carolina. and is remarkable more for what it does not, than I do not find herein a word of Gates's plottings for what it does, tell of his interesting career. against Schuyler, or even of his infamous part in Turning naturally to the article on Horatio Gates, the conspiracy against Washington. I then turn I find sixty-seven lines, a careful perusal of which to the name of General Stark, and, lo, a mean would lead one, not otherwise better informed, to little paragraph, positively worthless as a notice regard "that half-traitor," as the Monthly aptly of that distinguished patriot. characterized him (page 30, as above), as a great Disgusted with the injustice and positive untruth

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of this Biographical Dictionary in its treatment man who had ever been his enemy, this patrict of Schuyler and Gates, and worthlessness in its offered to serve his country as a private gentle. notice of Stark, I turn to another—Francis S. man in any way in which he could be useful." Drake's “Dictionary of American Biography, Then, I turn to Mr. Drake's article on General [ [Boston, James R. Osgood & Company, 1874), Stark, and find a remarkable summary of his and here I find justice and truth. The notice of remarkable career—a fine specimen of that skill Schuyler is brief, but admirably comprehensive in condensation which compresses a biography and fair, while that

into a paragraph, without omitting any important of Gates shows the

facts. care and clear-headed

In conclusion, let me mention one more illusjudgment of Mr.

tration of the difference between the right and the Drake-he gives

wrong sort of notice of a great and good man. Gates all the credit

At the time of Burgoyne's invasion, John Langdon and praise he is fairly

was Speaker of the Assembly of New Hampshire, entitled to, but with

and Edward Everett in his “Life of John Stark," out ignoring the

tells us of him that, in the midst of the gloom rightful claims of

and despondency prevalent everywhere in New others to honorable

England, and evident in the Assembly, he arose mention; for exam

and said : ple, in telling of

" I have three thousand dollars in hard money, Gates's appointment

I will pledge my plate for three thousand more; to the command on

I have seventy hogsheads of Tobago rum which the northern frontier

shall be sold for the most it will bring. These in August, 1777, he

Gates's HEADQUARTERS at BE-
Mis's Heights.

are at the service of the state. If we succeed in says: “It was for

defending our firesides and homes, I may be tunate for General Gates that the retreat from remunerated; if we do not, the property will Ticonderoga had been conducted under other be of no value to me. Our old friend Stark, who auspices than his, and that he took the command so nobly maintained the honor of our state at when the indefatigible but unrequited labors of Bunker Hill, may be safely intrusted with the Schuyler, and the courage of Stark and his moun. conduct of the enterprise, and we will check the taineers, had already insured the ultimate defeat progress of Burgoyne." of Burgoyne." But, farther, Mr. Drake, as a Now, of this man I find a notice of less than faithful chronicler, tells not only of Gates's glory, fifty

fifty words in the “reputable" dictionary first but also of his shame: “His glory was soon above alluded to, which does not tell me even obscured by the intrigues then progressing for that he was a patriot or hint at his noble gift elevating him to the station occupied by Wash of his all; Drake, on the other hand, furnishes a ington."

complete record of his patriotic course. Turning again to the notice of Schuyler, 1 I have no acquaintance with Mr. Drake or with find: “On the approach of Burgoyne's army in Messrs. Osgood & Co., and write without their 1777, he did all in his power to impede its ad- solicitation or even their knowledge, simply in the vance by obstructing the navigation of Wood interest of correct public education in American Creek, rendering the roads impassable, removing subjects. all provisions and stores beyond its reach, and REMARKS.—We omit a portion of this paper, summoning the militia of New York and New rehearsing the story of Burgoyne's invasion, disEngland to his assistance; but the necessary eva asters and surrender, because our readers are mostly cuation of Ticonderoga by St. Clair occasioning familiar with it, and we have much valuable matunreasonable jealousies in regard to Schuyler in ter demanding space, more in fact than we can New England, he was superseded by Gates in command space for. We deem no apology requiAugust, though Congress, upon investigation, site for inserting Mr. Carlyle's admirable commen warmly approved his conduct. Though sensible dation of a most valuable volume which we think of the indignity,' and though superseded by a should be in every American's library.

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Than Henry Wilson, late Vice-President, we the woes of the unfortunate, sorrowing ones; to

, have had few purer, wiser, more upright, more inspire with hope the despondent, the helpless; to practical, more influential statesmen. In his death relieve the sufferings of the friendless, to cheer the we have lost one of our model public men. He cheerless; to elevate, to improve, to benefit his was proverbial for purity of life, for integrity of fellow-men; to educate, to enlighten, to instruct, character, for devotion to principle, for unfaltering to raise to a higher plane the ignorant, the unattachment to the cause of Human Freedom; for educated, the thoughtless, the impoverished. Civil sympathy with the poor, the oppressed; for in- and Religious Liberty have had no more sincere defatigable, untiring labors in behalf of the down and faithful advocate—no more ardent and zealous trodden, the enslaved, and those " that had no friend than Henry Wilson ; and Slavery has had helper;" for his unceasing efforts to ameliorate no more determined and persevering opponent. the condition of the desolate millions “ that were Few, if any, have done more to "crush out” dwellers in the house of bondage ;” to mitigate slavery and bring about the proclamation of

Universal “Liberty throughout all the land” privation. He said on one occasion : "Want sat than the late Vice-President. And it is also true by my cradle; I know what it is to ask a mother for that few men exerted a wider or more potent bread when she has none to give.” When reply. influence in bringing to a happy termination the ing in the Senate to Mr. Hammond of South late rebellion than Henry Wilson. As a political Carolina, who had denounced Northern laborers leader he was frank, courteous, and " without as mud-sills, he said : “My father was a hireling guile;' as a Statesman he was wise, able, practical laborer, and I too, have been a hireling manual far-seeing, liberal; as a Patriot he was trustworthy, laborer. Poverty cast its dark and chilling shadow ever true, unimpeachable; as a man he was sym- over the home of my childhood, and want was pathetic, pure-minded, without reproach; one in there sometimes an unbidden guest. At the age deed whom the people delighted to honor. Such of ten years, to aid him who gave me being, and was the confidence of the American people in Henry to keep the gaunt spectre from the hearth of the Wilson as to secure for him a majority of more mother who bore me, I left the home of my boythan seven hundred thousand of the popular suffrage hood and went to earn my bread by daily labor." for the second place under our Government; three He served out the full term of his indenture, years ago, and it is now generally conceded that doing all the work required of farm laborers, toil. nothing but the protracted and steadily increasing ing from dawn to dark. All these years, however, impaired health to which he has been subjected he was studious, and being fond of books, he had prevented him from holding the attidude of a read several hundred volumes before he had reached prospective candidate for President of the United his majority. Most of his reading was done by States, at the next election, of the political party firelight and under many disadvantages, and during with which it had been his pride and pleasure to hours that most young men devote to sleep and act, with the probabilities, to say the least, of an recreation. His reading was chiefly Biography, equal chance of success. In view, therefore, of the Philosophy and general Literature, being such foregoing, there was eminent propriety, in the works as British and American Statesmen and President's official announcement of the death of Historians, the tales of Irving, Scott and Cooper, Henry Wilson, to allude to his "high station and and all the then published numbers of the North character, to his long career in the service of his American Review. State and of the Union, to his devotion to the For some months after he had passed through cause of freedom and to the ability which he his apprenticeship, he traveled over the country brought to the discharge of every duty, all being with his pack on his back, seeking employment as conspicuous, and indelibly impressed upon the a farm hand, but not meeting with much success hearts and affections of the American people." he visited Natick, Massachusetts, walking the

Henry Wilson was born at Farmington, New entire distance, and there found an opportunity to Hampshire, February 16, 1812, and died at Wash- enter a shop to learn to make shoes. He soon ington, D. C., November, 22, 1875, being in the became an expert and rapid workman, generally sixty-fourth year of his age. His ancestors were working sixteen hours a day, and often all night. originally from Argylshire, Scotland, but they Notwithstanding his severe toil at his trade, he settled in New Hampshire in the eighteenth cen- still kept up the practice of reading. tury, having then come directly from the north of “On the 19th of April, 1835, he went to LexIreland. His father was poor and in humble life. ington to hear Edward Everett deliver his celebrated Henry Wilson had very much such a career in oration on that battle; and he walked to Boston early life as Andrew Johnson and Abraham Lin- to hear Daniel Webster's address on the occasion coln. When a boy he was ambitious, and so of the presentation of the Vase in the Odeon. The industriously and persistently improved his very aspiration to be an orator, able to instruct, perlimited opportunities as to learn to “read, write suade and sway large audiences, was then strong and cipher," before he was ten years old. At in his breast.” During the winter of 1835-36, that age he was apprenticed for eleven years to a thirteen young men, one of them being Henry hard working farmer. This was done on account Wilson, organized a debating club in Natick. His of the poverty and sometimes destitution of his extensive reading and fine memory made him a father's family. In his youth he endured much I conspicuous debater and efficient member. His

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