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charming summer home, Madame de Reidesel could he should pay them a visit. They reached Quebec not say enough, though anxiety was to meet her in September 1781, and here they remained, lead here in a different form. Her husband was at- a busy, happy and peaceful life, after all the tacked by a malignant fever which prevailed in hardships they had undergone, until the death of the neighborhood, and was for some time danger. General Reidesel's father, in the summer of 1783, ously ill. He had scarcely recovered, when early recalled them to Europe. They were received in the autumn, he and General Phillips were everywhere, but especially in their native land exchanged, though the rest of the army that sur- with great enthusiasm, and a few more happy rendered at Saratoga still remained prisoners, years passed over our heroine's head. But General General Clinton wished to replace the Baron in Reidesel who had never entirely recovered his active service, appointed him Lieutenant-General, health, died early in 1800, leaving his devoted wife and gave him the command at Long Island. Here broken hearted. She removed, after his death, to a second attack of fever so impaired his health, Berlin, where she spent her time and ample means that his physicians warned him that it was not in the exercise of the most judicious charity. She safe for him to remain in that climate. But he established in Berlin an Asylum for Soldier's Orwas so glad to be once more free, and in active phans, and in Brunswick, an Almshouse for the service, that he would neither ask for a furlough, poor. On the 29th of March, 1808, she peacefully

| nor leave the army.

closed her eyes in death, surrounded by her chilBy the spring his health had slowly mended, dren, leaving to them and to the world in general, a and being very anxious to rejoin the remnant of his record, which for patient and cheerful endurance of late German regiments which had remained in hardships, heroism in danger, and conjugal and maCanada, General Clinton finally consented that ternal affection and devotion cannot be surpassed.


The following autobiographical sketch was Secretary, to Europe, from March, 1863, to No. written August 28, 1867, in my presence, by Mr. vember, 1864, when I returned home, having Walker, who died, in Washington, November 11, completed my mission by causing to be taken and 1869. It exhibits, so comprehensively and suc- bought there $250,000,000 of Mr. Chase's United cinctly, the chief facts in his personal and official States 5-20 six per cent. bonds, and defeated the career, soine of which are of historical interest, second Consederate loan of $75,000,000; cothat I thought it might be an acceptable contribu- operated with others, during the same period, in tion to your MONTHLY.

S. Y. A L. various important transactions for the Federal R. J. Walker: born at the town of Northuin Government, under special letter from Mr. Seward, berland, Pennsylvania, July 19, 1801; graduated Secretary of State, written by express sanction of at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, President Lincoln. July, 1819; appointed Judge of the Supreme The above is written by request of my

excellent Court of Mississippi about 1828, declined ; United and much valued friend, Samuel Yorke At Lee. States Senator from Mississippi from January 8, 1836, to March 10, 1845 ; Secretary of the Trea

REMARKS.–We have inserted the above very sury from March 10, 1845, to March 5, 1849— concise autobiography or autosketch, just as reresigned; Commissioner to China, June, 1853— ceived, with thanks to our kind friend, Mr. At resigned because a steamer could not be furnished | Lee; but Mr. Walker's distinguished career de. me, as promised ; Governor of Kansas from April serves a fuller biography, and we shall be obliged to to December, 1857-—resigned because I would not Mr. A L., or any other ready writer who will sup. aid in forcing slavery on Kansas by fraud and ply one, and if the writer will favor us with an forgery; Financial Agent of the United States authentic portrait, we shall be happy to have au Government, by appointment of Mr. Chase, then engraving made to accompany the paper.






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CHARLES THOMSON, the famous Secretary of through life he maintained that character, so that, the Continental Congress throughout the entire according to the Rev. Dr. Ashbel Green, it was a “Revolutionary'' or Transition Period, from popular mode of asseverating the truth of anythe first organization of the First Congress, Sep thing to say “It's as true as if Charles Thomson's tember 5th, 1774, until the ratification of the name were to it." Constitution of the United States transformed the In the official Journal of the Congress, we find: Congress from a single crude, provisional House

Mon:lay, September 5, 1774. into two well-constituted Houses, with clearly defined duties, prerogatives and authority, was The Congress proceeded to the choice of a one of the most remarkable men of his time. A President, when the Hon. Peyton Randolph, Esq, poor Irish orphan, eleven years old, in 1741, his was unanimously elected.

Mr. Charles Thomson was unanimously chosen eager thirst for knowledge and steadfastness in

Secretary." pursuit thereof, made him one of the most thor

The first Congress adjourned on the 26th of ough scholars of America's unscholarly age, es: October, and the second convened: pecially conspicuous for his classical attainments.?

Wednesday, May 10, 1775. His father had died on the passage to the new world, and an elder brother, who had preceded “Upon motion, The Hon. Peyton Randola, Charles and his father in the exode from the old was unanimously chosen President. country, assisted the lad to secure admission to

After the President was seated, the “classical academy” of Rev. Francis Alison

Mr. Charles Thomson, was unanimously chosen (afterwards D.D., Glasgow University, 1758),


And continuously until the United States was where “ he learned Greek, Latin and Mathematics enough to undertake a Friend's Academy in completely established under the Constitution, Philadelphia, which he conducted with credit,” Mr. Thomson was unremittingly at his post as

' —at least so says Mr. Simpson, but the Friend's Secretary. John Adams speaks of him, in his

Diary, as "the Sam. Adams of Philadelphia-the Academy was at New Castle, Delaware.

life of the cause of liberty.” And he commanded Early in the controversy between the Colonies and the British Government, Mr. Thomson be

the confidence, respect and unfaltering esteem of canie known as a pronounced champion of the

the patriot leaders and masses by his earnest and former. Long years before this he had won so

faithful self-devotion to the cause, and his disgreat a reputation for integrity that the Delaware charge of all the onerous duties of the SecretaryIndians had distinguished him with an Indian ship. His strict regard to truth and fidelity in name signifying "the man of truth,” and all the most trivial matt 5, were so conspicuous that we

do not doubt the exact truthfulness in spirit as weil I Concluded from the March MONTHLY.

as word, of his reply to Mr. Laurens's accusations 2 Among the evidences of his scholarship, we may note his translation of the Scriptures, which he entitled: "The Holy

Mr. Thomson's personal appearance was as reBible, containing the Old and New Covenant, commonly | markable as his attainments, his character and his called the Old and New Testaments, translated from the Greek (the Old Covenant from the Septuagint]" etc., which labors; the Abbé Claude C. Robin, Chaplain in was commended by both Horne and Ome. His “Synopsis the army of the Comte de Rochanbeau, thus of the Four Evangelists” was also commended by Dr. Horne. speaks of Thomson : "Among others, Claries

3 According to Henry Simpson (" Lives of Eminent Phila. delphians now deceased,” Philadelphia, Wm. Brotherhead, Thomson, Secretary of Congress, the soul of that 1859, page 912), this academy was at “ Thunder Hill," political body, came also to receive and present Maryland. But Dr. Sprague (" Annals of the American his compliments. Pulpit," Vol. III., page 73) places the academy at “ New

His meagre figure, furrowed London, Chester County, Pa." We can discover no evi. countenance, his hollow, sparkling eyes, his white, dence that Mr. Alison ever lived in Maryland; he lived at straight hair, that did not hang quite so low as New London, Chester County, for fifteen years, from 1737 to May, 1752, when he came to Philadelphia, and took his ears, fixed our thorough attention, and filled charge of the Philadelphia Academy," and, in 1755, be us with surprise and admiration." The following came Vice Provost and Professor of Moral Philosophy in the College of Philadelphia," and this he held until his engraving, from a portrait by Charles Wilson death in 1779.

Peale, is said to be a very truthful likeness.

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that no gentleman ever came to Congress in It gives me the most sensible whose favour I was more prejudiced and whose pain, that anything relating to me should at any friendship I more sincerely desired to cultivate. time and more especially at the present draw aside At his first arrival and during the time Congress your attention from public concerns. However continued at Philadelphia in the year 1777 I think since even one member has thought it necessary I gave him full proofs of this by every mark of

my public conduct and character ought to be respect & and attention in my power, not only as examined into and tried, I find some consolation a delegate, but as a man I wished to convince of that after a service of five years, two of them my regard. When by the approach of the enemy under the eye of a gentleman, my present accuser, Congress were forced to quit Philadelphia & rewho it seems has kept a strict watch over me and move to Yorktown, I carried with me the same minuted my failings, he has nothing more cri- disposition; And when he was elected to the minal to lay to my charge than what is before you. chair, I called upon him several times to pay my

Of five presidents, under whom, during that respects; but the alteration I perceived in his period, I have had the honor to serve Congress, I conduct towards me & the manner in which he flatter myself I enjoyed the confidence esteem and received my visits soon convinced me that they friendship of four. And I deem it unfortunate were not welcome and that I must for the future that I cannot boast the same of the one who is the decline them. present complainant, especially when I recollect, To whal cause this was to be imputed I was at a loss to guess. To ascribe it to the effects of his Turning about 1 happened to see one of the gennew dignity would have been to disparage his tlemen, who had given me the information. I understanding. I was sometimes induced to think told him what had passed. We walked out 10it might be owing to his having, soon after his gether. The night was dark. As we passed the election, failed to make an impression on me by end of the house conversing on the subject, M' his attempts to vilify & lessen in my opinion the Laurens had stopped and hearing our conversa. character of the late honble M' Lynch, of whosetion, though we did not see him, he repeated understanding virtue and patriotism I entertained aloud. It is a damned lie. I cannot say which the highest opinion and for whom I had had the was greatest, my wonder or resentment. Hir. sincerest friendship and affection; and that he ever we passed on without making any reply; as was not more successful in his endeavours to per- I determined not to take any farther step until I suade me that Moses, the man of God & deliverer had advised with my friends. But in a short time of Israel, was an imposter and that he deceived after my resentment was lost in grief and astonishthe Israelites at Mount Sinai by his having had ment, when, in the midst of public distress, I saw the knowledge of the use of gun powder. But him at the afternoon sessions so far unnindful of whatever the cause might be, I confess freely that his station and dignity as to rise and debate quesI was of too proud a spirit to brook indignities tions as a delegate, then sit down and as president, and that I scorned to court any man however high hear himself replied to, and at one time in one of in office, by fawning, cringing or servility. I such debates so far forget himself as, to answer therefore declined any farther attendance. This from the chair an honourable member from North I presume gave mortal offence.

Carolina, by singing aloud “Poor little Penny, Soon after, when by a severe attack of the poor little penny, sing tan-tarra-ra-ra"'--and at cholera morbus, a disorder, to which my constitu- another time when he was reading a report tion is incident, I was prevented from attending brought in by an honorable member from MassaCongress, he seized the opportunity, and at the chusetts bay, which was under debate, to stop, in afternoon meeting pronounced a furious invective the middle of a sentence, & exclaim “Solomon against me, endeavouring to persuade Congress, gundy! did you ever see such a Solomon gundy" that by some act, which he was pleased to con- which raised such indignation, that the honorable strue into disrespectful behaviour to him, I meant member left the room, and soon after Congress to insult the dignity of that body. Of this I was adjourned. informed the same evening by some members, After this I took no farther notice of what had who did me the honor to call and visit me in my passed respecting myself; determining to be upon chamber. As I was conscious I had given no just my guard and to give as little cause for complaint cause, and as I could not then bring myself to as possible. This I found the more necessary, as think this proceeded from a malicious intention to he continued by a thousand indescribable ways to injure me, I imagined there must be some mis- teaze, irritate and provoke me. understanding. As soon, therefore, as I recovered During that winter I enjoyed but a very indifstrength sufficient to walk, I went to Congress and ferent state of health and had very little assistance waited impatiently the whole morning, expecting in the office, while at the same time, by the critihe would have called upon me for an explanation cal state of public affairs and occurrences which of my conduct. As he did not condescend to do happened, the business of the office was accumu. this, I took an opportunity after the adjournment, lated to a very great degree, and the sitting twice at night, to mention my surprize at what I had a day allowed me less time to dispatch it. This been informed of and desired him to let me know, gave him many favourable opportunities which he in what I had so highly offended as to oblige him studiously embraced to teaze me with messages to complain of me to Congress. He denied his and sending for papers which he must be con: having made any complaint and asked, who in vinced it was not in my power to have ready and formed me. I told him some members of Con- which he must have known would be sent to him gress. He replied, it is a damned lie, they are as soon as finished. These messages were gener. damned liars that informed. The expressions ally sent by his coachman when I was at dinner of stuck me dumb with surprize. He left the room. supper and sometimes when I was going to bed.


For it seemed to me, he carefully attended to my as my memory serves he delivered in these words. hours of refreshment & rest and chose I should “ The president desires you will send him the reenjoy as little of either as possible. This however port, he wants to see it as it is” and added “M' I bore patiently without murmur or complaint, and Duer and the french gentleman are there waiting I think without shewing any marks of discontent and want to see it. or uneasiness. Though for months together scarce The reason of this demand I could not comprea day passed without a visit from his coachman at hend and the manner of it surprized me. improper times and often with messages and on I replied give my compliments to the president business, which with all due deference to his better and inform him I cannot send the report ; it is so judgment, I thought at the time, might as well erased (or scratched this term I may have possibly have been dispensed with. However I took not used) and interlined with amendments that it is the least notice of this nor did I keep minutes of not proper to be shewn to the gentleman. Pretransactions as they occurred. I wished to forget sently after he came back and knocked at the door, them, that I might preserve a respect for a man so I went into the entry, where he delivered the folhighly honoured by his country. And this would lowing message. “The president gives his comhave been the case, had I not, by the present occa- pliments, says he's much obliged and must subsion, been forced to this painful recollection which mit.” I said it is very well and made him a bow. I thought necessary, in order to convince you that Then returning into the room repeated by way of his present conduct is only the result of a pre-exclamation (for I was astonished at the proceedmeditated and long concocted plan to lessen me ing) that part of the message He must submit ! in the opinion of Congress.

M' Duer immediately after called on me and With regard to the affair of M' Lanenville, I told me the president was much incensed. I reremember the circumstances very particularly. A peated to him the whole transaction and shewed


! committee had brought in a report, to which many him the report and he expressed himself as per. objections were made in Congress. The debates fectly satisfied with the impropriety of sending it. were warm and interesting so as to occasion the That MCuster might have delivered as from calling for the yeas & nays which was then not me the answer set down in the paper of charges, I usual except on important questions. Congress will not dispute. But surely M' Laurens must have differed in many respects from their committee, known that “I have it only scrabbled on a piece which occasioned many amendments and interline of paper" bears no marks of my language. ations and prolonged the session till late in the As to what relates to the commission of the afternoon. As soon as I got home, which was hon ble John Adams, I cannot, with all my recollecsome time after Congress rose, as I had to stay & tion remember a single circumstance. But the take care of the public papers, I sat down to din- answers set down are so strange and to me so imner, and immediately after began to enter on the probable, especially that one who, for these five journal the proceedings & resolutions of Con- years passed or at least from the roth of May 1775 gress, when James his coachman “the young man has so wholly devoted himself to the business of who" as he informs you “acted as his secretary,' Congress as to deny himself all relaxation and called with the president's compliments and desire amusements, scarcely allowing time for refreshthat I would send him the resolutions that had ment and sleep, who in that time has written so passed respecting the french gentlemen. I desired many volumns and reams of paper and who by him to give my compliments to the president and that close attention & devotion to the service of inform him that they were not yet ready, that as Congress has impaired his constitution, sacrificed soon as they were, I would send him an attested his health and endangered his life, should without copy. With this message he went and returned good reason refuse to take the trouble of only immediately with the president's compliments & writing his name: This I say is so improbable, desire that I would send him the journal, as he that I cannot admit the charge until it is better only wanted to see the resolutions. I desired him supported. to return my compliments to the president and in- The next charge that I returned for answer form him, I had not yet quite finished the entry. “that I had not the key of the office—that it was Presently he returns with a message which, as far with one of the clerks and that I did not know

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