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where they lodged," though I do not recollect it, there had been just before a charge in the news. I adınit in its fullest extent. Because for some papers, that some papers which had been deposited time after Congress returned to Philadelphia the in the office were missing, and an insinuation, that office was kept in a room of the hon ble doct Ship- they were removed or secreted for sinister purposes, pen's house.

MB P. Smith and M' Edison at I had given strict charge to the young gentlemen, tended the office and in the evening one or other the clerks in the office to observe, in delivering of them locked up the room and kept the key and out papers, the orders of Congress, which were hatt for some time I did not know where they lodged. no paper should be delivered out, without leave The mentioning these circumstances which were first obtained from Congress and then leaving a true, to M' Young when frequently sent, as is receipt for the same. Lest the present might serve charged, for attested copies of resolves proves that as a precedent for the young gentlemen to dispense I was not accustomed to give short answers, and with the strict line of rule, I rose and went to the that I was willing to stand excused to the president desk and finding as I suspected that the paper, for not instantly complying with his request, as I which the honorable member had delivered to was wont to do, when the office was kept in the M' Bond was a receipt, I told M' Laurens, tha: house where I lived.

was not sufficient : that previous to a members That my answers were given “ abruptly and un- taking a paper out of the office the order of Con. mannerly" I must take leave with all deference to gress was that leave be obtained of the house and MYoung's opinion, to deny. I think I might then a receipt given. When he doubled there safely rest it with M' Young to testify, whether on there being such a rule or order of Congress, I all occasions, as well when he was clerk in the called for the journal and pointed it out to him. secretary's office, as afterward, when secretary to He then endeavoured to distinguish between that the president of Congress, I did not treat him he had taken and an office paper and mentioned with politeness and respect. I cannot say that I that there was a duplicate in the office. But as I shewed the same marks of personal attention to could not see the distinction and was not satisfied M' Custer. I treated him with the civility due to that there being duplicates would warrant me in M' Lauren's' servant. I did not ask him to sit dispensing with the rule and delivering out one of down and enter into conversation with him, but them, I told him I could not consent. He then dispatched the business on which he came and said he would speak to the president and afterward, sent him back with it or with an answer to the that he would take the consequences, and walked message he brought as speedily as possible, which towards the door. But turned and asked if he I thought was shewing the greater respect to his might not have a copy, I replied yes, every memmaster. And even after I understood that he was ber has a right to a copy of every paper he pleases employed in the office of secretary as well as to demand, unless there is a special order to the coachman, steward and butler to the president of contrary. Afterwards he sat down, made as I Congress and entrusted with their most secret dis suppose an extract, called for his receipt, left the patches, I could not readily accommodate myself bill & withdrew. I had returned to the table to the principles of despotic monarchies, where and sat down, being in great pain. When lie had the favour of the prince ensures honor and his got as far as the door, he returned towards me and pleasures levels all distinctions.

with a formal bow thanked me for my politeness As to the affair of the fishery bill the circum- with a view as I supposed to provoke a reply. stances as I remember are as follow. That morn- However I only returnnd the bow and kept siing being afflicted with a nervous headach, I went lence. These are the circumstances as near as I into the office before Congress met and was sitting, can recollect. M' Bond and M' Edison were both my head reclined on my hands, when M' Laurens in the office at the time and may if necessary be came in and asked for the bill. M' Bond gave examined. What epithet the committeee will be him a bundle of acts and bills. He took out the pleased to affix to this conduct I must subnuit 10 one he wanted and having written something on a their judgment. As to the information that since piece of paper delivered it across the Desk to M that time I have suffered papers to be taken even Bond, then took up the bill which he had taken out of the secret depository and carried away with out of the bundle and was about to withdraw. As out the permission of Congress."' I can only say


that I never refused any member the free liberty of myself as only to put myself in an attitude of of taking, without permission asked of Congress defence and say "you dare not." or receipt given, any paper he asked for down into I have now lived fifty years, and this is the first the Congress room or into the chamber adjoining time I ever received such an insult. and there reading or making extracts as he pleased After I had gone round the room and delivered till the adjournment, at which time I expected the one to each member present, he came up and paper would be returned. I will also confess that asked for anoiher which I then gave him out of at the adjournment several members have through the few that remained. However the event shewed inadvertence or not attending to the rule carried that I was right in my first conjecture that there papers away, for which I have expressed uneasiness was not more than one for each member attend& dissatisfaction; but that I have knowingly and de. ing ; For as I continued to distribute to the members signedly violated the rule will rest with him to as they came in I found that M'McKean had the last prove.

and that there was not one left for M' Matthews. As to the late unhappy affair, which constitutes Upon the whole, gentlemen, I submit myself to the last charge, I solemnly declare I had not the your judgment and am most distant thought or intention of giving the with the sincerest respect, Gentlemen honorable member or any other the least offence.

Your obedient and most humble serve I had frequently heard M.Lovell who has had a principal direction and management in printing the weekly journals and ordering the distribution, for as to myself I never before took any concern

Monday Sept 6. 1779. in the matter as I did not consider it any part of In attempting to form an opinion of the causes my business, I say I had frequently heard him of this controversy, we must bear in mind that mention that there was only one for each member both the parties were gentlemen of high standing, printed upon a fine paper and brought into Con- and steadfast patriots throughout the war.

It gress-that if any member wanted to send copies seems that they had been perfectly friendly until to their state they might be supplied with others Mr. Laurens's elevation to the Presidency, and printed on a common paper. I had heard him that very soon thereafter began the estrangement likewise complain that by some members taking which culminated in this written war; we infer more than one of those brought to Congress others from this that Mr. Laurens had a full share of were deprived and by that means their setts were that arbitrary, super-authoritative manner which broken and if they had a mind to have them at the so often characterizes Southern gentlemen of reend of the year bound into a volumn, they must cognized ability.' He doubtless betrayed this, supply the deficiency with those on common paper inadvertently it may be, in his intercourse as Presiwhich would disfigure the volumn. For this rea- dent with the Secretary, and thus challenged the latson when I took up the bundle, as M' Lovell was ter's sensitive dignity to resent the apparent affront. absent, I determined to oblige all and as I imagined As to the action of the Congress in the preinoffend none by delivering each member one. Acises, may we not surmise that, recognizing the incordingly I opened the bundle and as there were trinsic worth of both parties and comprehending several members at the table I distinguished M' the merits of the dispute as well, they sought to Laurens by delivering him one first. When he reconcile them and to allay the mutual irritation ? asked for another, I desired him to stay till I had Whether such was the course of Congress, and delivered one to each member. When he repeated whether successful or not, we cannot know, as the his demand, he did it in a tone and manner, that whole matter was wisely excluded from the JourI confess gave me offence, and at the instant de nal—to publish it at that time could serve no termined me to pursue the resolution I had first good purpose, and might bring reproach on the taken. When he persisted and seized the bundle cause which was supposed to engross the minds and in my left hand and endeavouring to take it by hearts of all true men in and out of the Congress. force, I wrenched it from him. But afterward, when he used abusive language and threatened to

1An inference which appears to derive support from the

fact that, in the case of Mr. Laurens, the Congress failed to I felt my indignation kindled to that tender the thanks it was wont to tender upon the retirement degree

, that I am glad, I had so far the command of a President.






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MARQUIS DE LAFAYETTE. The American of to-day who reads of the over and help our patriot ancestors in achieving Revolutionary period of his country cannot but the independence of the American States. The marvel that in the midst of those most trying times true-hearted American of to-day cannot but regard there could have been Americans who actually with fervent gratitude and ardent affection the sympathized with and actively sustained and as- memory of Kosciuszko, of Pulaski, of De Kalb, of sisted their country's oppressors. We can view Steuben; but that gratitude becomes yet more the tories of the Revolution only with contempt fervent, that affection becomes love, as we cotiand loathing. But how different, how intensely template the Marquis de Lafayette. the opposite, is the sentiment of our hearts when The representative of a noble French family, we read of the noble-bearted foreigners whose love an idol of French society, a favorite of the French of the cause of popular liberty was so strong as to court, with ample wealth and every inducement induce them to leave their native climes, their to remain at home and enjoy the comforts, the homes and their kindred and friends, and to come luxuries, the joys, the pleasures of life in the

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highest circles of his native France-above and the warm opposition of his kindred, the positive beyond all else, with a charming, sweet young interdict of his sovereign, nay, even the dissuasion wife to bind him to his home with the ties of holy of America's representative in France, could not happy love-his devotion to the cause of mankind damp his ardor, could not check his zeal, could the cause of human freedom, the cause of true not shake his resolution. He loved the great liberty, was the sole inducement, the sole impell. principles for which the American patriots were ing motive to offer his services to the American fighting, and he was immovable in his determinapatriots; so enthusiastic was that devotion that I tion to attest that love by enlisting his sword in

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