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and occupied by him been in the corner-house of ground" and its boundaries is identical with with windows to the East, and the sun pouring in that in the previous Deed, with the following adeach morning at its rising, brightening them and dition: “And Whereas the said Jacob Graff hath

“ cheering him with its early beams, would he have erected a Brick Messuage or Tenement on the

a described the house as “probably between Seventh said described Lot or piece of Ground.” The and Eighth streets" and would he have merely had consideration this time was the payment of “One "some idea that it was a corner house ?" Besides, thousand seven hundred and Seventy five Pounds if the main door was at the side on Seventh street, as lawful Money of Pennsylvania," besides the intimated in the paper before referred to [Monthly, assumption of the ground-rent. Mr. Hiltzheimer Vol. IV., p. 224], at which he was wont to pass in converted the first floor of this “ Brick Messuage and out repeatedly every day, would not the fact or Tenement” into a store, and herein he “kept that the house was on the west side of Seventh store" until his death, in 1801. His success is street have been more fixed in Mr. Jefferson's attested by numerous Deeds showing the subsemind than that it was on the south side of Market quent purchase of property in various localities, street? Thus we had doubted before we knew or and by the fact that he built on the corner a thought of the official records, which, as we have Brick Messuage or Tenement" to match his

" said, Mr. G. S. S. Richards discovered and Messuage or Store.” On June 14th, 1782, le brought to our notice, and which completely bought of Samuel Flowers the adjoining lots on

, destroy all supposed claims of the corner building, the south, adding thirty-four feet to the depth of by showing certainly that there was no house on his entire property, and erected other houses. the corner on the 24th of July, 1777-more than At his death, Jacob Hiltzheimer left two sons a year subsequent to the writing of the Declara- and three daughters to inherit a large estate, but tion.

left no will, and in Docket No. 19 of the Orphans' We need not cite the records of earlier date Court we find a full report of the partition, from than June 1st, 1775, when “Edmund Physick of which we quote so much as relates to the property the City of Philadelphia in the Province of Penn- under consideration : “One other equal fifth part sylvania Esquire and Abigail his wife" “Granted thereof in value to wit, All that three Story Tene

” Bargained Sold Released and Confirmed” unto ment or Store and Lot or piece of Ground thereto "* Jacob Graff jun" of the said City Bricklayer," belonging marked in the plan hereto annexed No

' " his heirs and assigns A Certain Lot or piece of 2 situate on the south side of High Street at the Ground situate lying and being on the South Side distance of 16 feet 8 inches Westward from Delaof High Street and on the West Side of the sev- ware Seventh Street in the said city containing in enth Street from delaware in the City of Philadel- breadth East and West fifteen feet and four inches phia aforesaid Containing in brea Ith on High and in length or depth North and South 90 feet Street aforesaid thirty two foot and in length or bounded Eastward by the Messuage and Ground depth on the West Side of Seventh Street afore- herein after allotted to Mary Rodgers Southward said One hundred and twenty four foot Bounded partly by a four feet wide Alley and partley by on the East by seventh street aforesaid on the ground herein after allotted to Catherine Cox," South by a Certain ten foot Alley extending one etc.; this was part of the share allotted to Thomas hundred and four feet in depth from Seventh W. Hiltzheimer. It will be observed that the Street aforesaid on the West by Ground of Han-original depth of one hundred and twenty-four nah Flower and on the North by High Street feet had been reduced to ninety feet, on the lot aforesaid." The consideration was

"the payment thus separated from the Seventh street front Mr. of the rent and performance of the Covenants Hiltzheimer had built the two story house which and agreements herein after mentioned and re- still stands there. “One other like equal fifth served," and the Deed provides for the collection part thereof in value to wit all that three story of the ground-rent by " distrein," if not paid Messuage or Tenement and Lot or piece of ground

thereto belonging marked in the aforesaid plan No On the 24th of July, 1977, Mr. Graff sold the I situate on the south side of High street and entire property to Jacob Hiltzheimer, Yeoman ; West side of Delaware Seventh Street in the said the description in this Deed of the “Lot or piece City containing in Breadth east & west 16 feet &


according to agreement.



8 inches and in length or depth North and South 26th, 1802, it was sold to Simon Gratz, who had 90 feet Bounded westward by the Store and Lot already acquired by marriage the corner-lot and marked N° 2 hereinbefore assigned to Thomas W. “ messuage.And Hiltzheimer's Store" now Hiltzheimer," etc. ; this is part of the share became “Gratz's Store," afterwards so famous. allotted to Mary Rodgers.

Thus we have incontrovertible evidence that the Now we see that the “Brick Messuage or Tene- house now designated No. 702 Market street was, ment” erected and occupied by Jacob Graff and at the time of the writing of the Declaration and sold by him to Jacob Hiltzheimer, and by the for more than a year afterwards, the only building latter converted into a “ Tenement or Store,” in upon the thirty-two foot lot at the southwest corwhich he successfully carried on business for ner of Market and Seventh streets, and hence nearly a quarter of a century, was allotted at his that it was in this house, and not in the cornerdeath to Thomas W. Hiltzheimer, Jacob's second house, Mr. Jefferson wrote the Declaration. son, while the corner-lot of sixteen feet eight in Anil now let us see how exactly this house, 702 front with a "three story Messuage or Tenement," Market street, fits Mr. Jefferson's letter: ist. It erected by Jacob Hiltzheimer when his success in was “the house of a Mr. Graaf;" 2d. It was “a the adjoining store had made its erection feasible, new brick house, three stories high ;' 3d. It was was allotted to Mary Rodgers, his second daugh- “ on the south side of Market street,' “ between ter. Thomas W. Hiltzheimer evidently lacked his Seventh and Eighth streets;" 4th. It was “the father's business qualities, for scarcely had he been only house on that part of the street;" and 5th. in possession of the store eight months, when we There being no house on the corner, and it being find him a bankrupt, and his property, described on the corner-lot, he could reasonably “ have an as “A Certain Three Story Messuage or Store and idea that it was a corner house." Lot or piece of ground Situate on the South side The diagram of Mr. Hyman Gratz, given by of High Street in the City of Philadelphia Con Miss McAllister, no doubt correctly exhibits the taining in breadth fifteen feet four inches and in plan of No. 702 before the corner-house was length or depth Ninety feet Bounded Eastward by erected, as, the front being a store, there may a Messuage and Lot of Ground belonging to the well have been a side entrance to the dwelling to said Simon Gratz,” in the hands of assignees, Ro- permit entrance and exit without the necessity of bert Erwin and Hugh Roberts, by whorn, March passing through the store.


By WILLIAM A. WHITEHEAD. Dr. Lossing,' in his notice of the circumstances The connection between the Billopp and Farwhich gave to this old mansion a historic interest, mar families is adverted to by Dr. Lossing, and refers to the “genealogical puzzle” presented by also in my “Contributions to the Early History an old headstone, which must have a solution of Perth Amboy," as Thomas Farmar who mar. before it can be definitely determined who was ried a Billopp, was a leading citizen of that old the Christopher Billopp in possession at the period city in the early part of the eighteenth century. of the Revolution. Having recently secured a He had eight sons. Their names and the order copy of the will of the first Christopher, who of their birth were as follows: 1. Jasper ; 2. Chrisfigures in the early annals of New York from 1674 topher; 3. Thomas; 4. Brook; 5. Robert; 6. Sadown, executed by him on the 25th of April, 1724, muel; 7. William; 8. John; and only through while he was a prisoner in that noted receptacle the recent discovery of the will I have mentioned of broken-down gentry and undischarged debtors, have their number been ascertainable. It is stated the Fleet Prison, in London, I have ventured, in the " Contributions” that the Colonel Christofrom the facts it presents, to deduce a theory that pher Billopp of the Revolution was the son of the I think gives the key to the puzzle.

first Thomas Farmar, and took the name with the

estate from his having married into the Billopp ? See April number of the MONTHLY.

family; but this statement, as Dr. Lossing says, is

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demolished by the old headstone referred to above, died in giving him birth. Sabine, in his “ Roythe inscription on which is as follows:

alists, says he died in 1827, “in the ninetieth " HERE Lyes ye Body of

year of his age, " but does not name the month. THOMAS BILLOPP Esor

If it occurred prior to the 22d of March, such a

statement would be literally correct, and conforın 2D 1750. In ye 39th

to the theory I have broached, his mother having YEAR OF HIS AGE." And as it will have some influence in settling the died March 22d, 1736. No brothers or sisters are vexed question, I give the inscription on another: mentioned anywhere. Until some facts are dis* HERE LYES ve BODY OF

covered at variance with this theory, Colonel EVJENIA

Christopher Billopp may be considered as having Ye WIFE OF THOMAS

inherited Bentley Manor through his father, ThoBILLOPP AGED 23 YEARS. DECD MARCH

mas Farmar Billopp, by whom it was received by Y® 220 1735-6."

the will of the original Christopher. Here the will of the original Christopher comes Allow me to encroach somewhat farther upon in to enlighten us a little. In it the manor of your space with an extract from the first ChristoBentley was left to his daughter Mary, then the pher's will, containing some provisions which wife of the Rev. William Skinner, of Perth Am- sound strangely, penned as they were within the boy, the rector of old St. Peter's Church; during walls of a debtor's prison. They refer to the conher life only, and at her decease, to her heirs dition in which his daughter, Mrs. Skinner, had male, according to primogeniture ; but should she inherited the property, would have been she die without such heirs, then the property obliged to leave it to her successor : should be inherited by Chistopher Farmar, the “All the Messuages, Out Houses, Fences and second son of his daughter Anne, the wife of Thoother appurtenances in good and sufficient Repaimas Farmar, and to his heirs male. Failing such rations, and shall leave in the said Mansion house issue, it was to descend in regular order to his of Bentley five Good feather beds, with Sheets, brothers in succession, with like restrictions. Blanketts, Pillows, Curtains, Vallances, and other They are all named excepting the eldest and the furniture thereinto Belonging, with such Brass, youngest. John, the latter, was probably born Pewter and Wooden Ware as are Requisite for a after the will was drawn, and Jasper, the first son, family of six people, with Table Linnen and all for some reason not stated, was cut off with only Manner of Necessaries for the Kitchen fit and £20. Should the Fates prove so against him as Convenient with five pair of Iron Doggs and five not to favor him with an heir from among the tongs and 5 shovels for the Chambers, with a Farmars, the property was to go to his “Right table for each Room, Such Seats as are used in Heirs Male of the surname of Billopp," which that Country; and also proper Utensils for a name was to be assumed by such one of the Far. Dairy, ten Cows, and sufficient Casks in the Cellar mars as might become his heir.

for Cyder, and all other Convenienceys for MakMrs. Skinner having died shortly after the willing of Cyder, and shall also Leave four horses and was made-perhaps before the death of the testa- six oxen fitt for the plough, with Carts, Plows and tor, for the Rev. William had another wife in Harrows and all other implements of Husbandry March, 1727—the property, according to the thereunto belonging and in that County used, of terms of the will, went to the Farmars. Which Axes, Shovels and the like with ten Milch Cows of them got it? There is nothing to indicate that and Calves, that same Spring of Year falling and Christopher, the second son, entered into posses- Rearing, and three steers of two years old ; four sion. He had probably died also ; but if he did | Heifers of two years old, and ten yearlings and a inherit, he died without male issue, and hence the Bull of two years old, two sows and a Boar and accession of his brother Thomas, whose headstone, one hundred Ewes and a Ram, fifty Lambs, ten as we have seen, gives his parentage as well as his Weathers of two years old, with what fowle shall

shall be at the House." Now the most rational theory is, that the Chris- To those who have been accustomed to seeing topher in possession at the period of the Revolu- the old house standing for so many years in its tion was the son, the only son probably, of Tho- decrepitude, it is difficult to imagine it furnished mas and Eugenia Billopp, and that his mother and surrounded as this extract pictures it to us.

assumed name.


During the excitement that preceded the adop- Town Meetings on the 15 of April, we pray your tion of the Federal Constitution by Rhode Island, Benevolent & friendly advice pointing the Line and when every effort was made by the two nearly

which the Federalists of this State should pursue.

With the sincerest wishes that your interposition equally balanced parties for supremacy, the fol

at this crisis of affairs may restore our State to its lowing letter was addressed to General Washington

pristine rank in the Union & consequently to by a number of citizens of Providence:

Honor & Prosperity. “SIR:

We remain with every sentiment of Respect & Your Excellency by the unanimous vote of a unfeigned Regard, Your Excellency's most ObediFree People is now placed at the head of that ent & most humble Servants Honorable Body to whom the well disposed Citi- Jabez Bowen

JAMES MANNING zens of this unhappy State, can alone look for ad- NICH® BROWN

JOHN JENCKES vice or ask for such assistance which may extricate BROWN & FRANCIS WELCOME ARNOLD us from the fallen situation into which the mis- CLARKE & NIGHTINGALE Jos & W" RUSSELL taken policy of our present rulers have reduced us. BROWN, ROGERS & BROWN DANIEL TILLINGHAST Our application at a time when affairs of the

JEREMIAH OLNEY. greatest magnitude within our own particular ju- P. S. If your Excellency or Congress should risdiction demand attention, may be judged hasty form an Address please to order one directed to & premature & we should be silent on this occa.

Govt Collins, & a Duplicate to Gov' Bowen least sion, was there not a flattering prospect that your the former may not reach this part of the State in interposition by an address from Congress or your time for the desired purpose Gov' Bowen's son Excellency to the Freemen of this State to be will be desired to receive and forward them. distributed thro the several Towns at or previous Providence 27th March 1789. to their annual meeting on the 15th of April next His Excellency for the choice of the Governor & Council for one GEORGE WASHINGTON Esq.” year & Representatives for six months would have

The following letter, endorsed on the back a happy effect & may we conceive cause a majority

Signals from Count D'Estang' is without date, to elect such men as would agree to Call a Con.

and was addressed to Christopher Champlin, of vention at the meeting of the General Assembly the first Wednesday in May next & join their Sister

Newport : States in the adoption of the New Constitution. “CAPT CHAMPLIN, The Admiral Directs to

Incompetent as we are to determine what mea. Inform you that the Following Signals are to be sures would most effectually obtain this desirable observed & Duly attended to at Point Judith. object, we shall with the greatest cheerfulness & White flag. Enemy's ships in sight in the confidence a topt the advice your Excellency & Sound without Specifying their force or number. the Honorable Gentlemen of the Senate and Red Fag. Enemy's ships of war. Their number House of Representatives may give, assuring you will be assigned by Lowering & hoisting the same that it is our opinion that an address to the People Successively as many times as the number of ships will be productive of that Change in our next Election which every good Citizen must ardently Blue Flag. Transports or Merchantmen, LWwish & without which our Rulers may continue ered and hoisted so many times to Signify their their present system with a full confidence that number. some obstacles may be yet thrown in the way to im- Blue & Red, Hoisted together will signify that pede the operations of the Federal Government. they are Large men of war, & the Three Flags

Our vessels will be endangered abroad, our pro- together that the fleet is Composed of men of war perty is now insecure at home, in fact a detail of & Merchantmen mixed & in case of such you are our misfortunes is unnecessary when our Paper as soon as the Admiral Gives you his Signals in Money now purchased at Twelve for one is still ten- answer to yours to Hall yours down. And hoist the dered for special debts at par, which with the addi- above mentioned Signals to Ascertain the Number tion of the prohibitory laws of the two neighbour- of men of war & and the number of men of war & ing States will sufficiently convey an idea of our

the number of Merchantmen or Transports. deplorable situation.

N.B. The Admiral will Signify to you In order If on the receipt of this it should be thought to Let you know that he observes your Signals. that an Address cannot arrive in time for the The fleet will Hoist at the Maintopgallant mast

head a flag & a Jack & Red Burjee altogether. 1 We are indebted to George C. Mason, Jr., of Newport,

From your Humb. Servt. Rhode Island, for these valuable documents.

WM WALL Colli."

that appear.




The following incident may have been casually selected for the purpose. The British party sucmentioned in history, but I believe a detailed ceeded in reaching and surrounding the house account of the skirmish has never appeared in without being discovered, and their presence was print. It is, however, one of the most bloody first known to the enemy when they demanded affairs of the kind that ever occurred in this part their immediate surrender. The commander of of the country, during the Revolution. Ward's the skinners, thinking resistance useless, consented house, which is still standing, is situated in the to the demand and asked for an interview with the town of East Chester, near the smail hamlet of officer commanding the British party to agree Tucahoe, and fronts upon the East Chester pike. upon the terms of capitulation. Lieutenant CampThe appearance of the place is very much the bell advanced at once, and the upper half of the same now as tradition represents it a hundred Dutch door was opened as if the party inside were years ago, except that the road has been altered preparing to admit him, when the report of a gun and runs somewhat nearer the building than it did was heard, and a puff of smoke obscured the enformerly. The house is of such a character as at trance for a moment. When it cleared away the once to pronounce it to have been built in the Lieutenant was lying dead at the door slep. Now days of the early Dutch settlers, and one may still a scene of horror commenced that can hardly be see in his imagination, a worthy Burgomaster, described. The British troops were so incensed dressed in the costume of the early part of the at the treachery that they burst open the door, eighteenth century, leaning over the half door of rushed into the house and bayoneted every living the old mansion, while the smoke from his pipe being they found. Some of the terror-stricken ascends gently, and half conceals his rubicund fugitives took refuge in the cellar and tried to visage; but it is not to picture these peaceful days hide themselves behind some barrels, where they that we have presumed to write. Bands of armed were discovered by the infuriated soldiers and men had already destroyed the quiet harmony of killed with as little mercy as though they had this rural district, and battles had been fought in been rats, only a very few escaped, and most of the neighborhood before our narrative opens. these were captured in a wood near by, but by this The adjoining country had long been infested with time the fury of the victors had subsided and their those partisan robbers, the skimmers and cowboys, lives were spared. They reported that Campbell when a party of about thirty of the former took had been killed by a mulatto, and that he had up their quarters in the old Dutch homestead. fired without the consent of their leader or any

The country although it had for some time other member of their party. After the troops been the foraging ground for these irregular troops had departed, and the place again became quiet, still contained sufficient riches to make their pre- several of the country people went into the house, datory excursions fruitful, and to enable them to and saw the bodies lying as the soldiers had left live more luxuriously than men of their class are them. They said the floors were perfectly flooded likely to in time of peace.

While these marau

with blood and the corpses were horribly mangled. ders were enjoying themselves as above stated, the But enough of this sanguinary tale ;. let us return English in some way became apprised of their to the quiet serenity of the Dutchman and his whereabouts and sent Lieutenant Campbell, a pipe, and imagine he has but been troubled with young Scotchman of the — Guards, with a party nightmare while taking his after-dinner nap. about equal in number to their opponents, to cap- Nevertheless, for the sake of truth we will have io ture or destroy the marauding party. Campbell's add that a large number of human bones have men, I believe, were not of his own regiment, but lately been dug up in the vicinity, which are unconsisted of a squad of marines, and other troops doubtedly those of the men who fell that day.

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