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seeking his own. The old-
fashioned brick stores have
almost disappeared, and in
their stead we see huge piles
of iron, marble, granite, brown-
stone, and every species of
building-stone; instead of the
rows just alike, we can seldom
find more than two or three
resembling each other at all,
while in many “squares" we
find no two alike.

In the more fashionable and
pretentious quarters of the city,
we find a similar departure
from the old-time plain rows
of plain brick dwelling-houses.
Some of us are, perforce, still
content to inhabit plain brick
houses in plain brick rows, but
our neighbors whose purses are
better supplied must have stone
mansions of unique styles of
architecture. The consequence

THE MERCHANTS' EXCHANGE.
of all this variety of architec-
ture in business- and dwelling-houses, is that the city's main | stood until quite recently on Second street north of Walnut,
streets afford a perfect panorama of almost every conceivable at the corner of Gothic street, and a curious structure it was
shape and style of buildings.

to modern eyes.
A monument of Philadelphia's mercantile life of years It was not de.
past is to be found upon the peculiar-shaped “piece of molished until
ground" formed by the intersection of Dock, Walnut, and 1868, when the
Third streets ; the Merchants’ Exchange it is called, built, Chamber of
1832–34, of Pennsylvania marble, and it is a strikingly Commerce pur-
handsome building, being designed after the famous Lantern chased it and
of Demosthenes at Athens. It is no longer used by the the adjoining
merchants, but the Grand Exchange Room is used by the properties
Board of Brokers, while the other portions of the building the south, for a
are occupied by offices.

site for a new
The quaint old “Slate-roofed House” of William Penn edifice for the

use of the Corn
Exchange; the
old house had
to come down.
with its neigh
bors on the
south, and upon
their site arose
the fine Com
mercial Ex-
change, which

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THE OLD MASONIC TEMPLE. was dedicated on the ist of March, 1869; on the 7th of the following De. cember all the interior was destroyed by fire; but it was soon restored by the energetic Chamber. It is admirably adapted to the purposes fot which it is designed, and altogether a handsome building, the sole blemish being the unsightly cupola on the top of the tower, perched up there for the

deputy of “ Old Probs" to make his observations for the HORTICULTURAL HALL.

United States Signal Service.

AUDI ARTE

UHURU

On the south side of Chestnut street west of Fourth street, stands the United States Custom-House and Sub-Treasury ; the building is conspicuous not only by its classic beauty but by its earlier associations, having been erected in 1819-24 for the famous United States Bank. It is of white marble, with porticoes on either front, is said to be “ one of the finest specimens of Doric architecture in the world,” and a capital imitation of the Parthenon of Athens; the admirer of classical elegance combined with massiveness in architecture cannot but be delighted with this noble building.

Directly to the west of the Custom-House stands the building occupied by the Post-Office and the United States Courts. It was built, or rather other buildings upon the site were reconstructed into this, in 1862–63, expressly for the purposes to which it is applied; but the population and business of Philadelphia soon outgrew the accommodations afforded by this property, and it was wisely determined to purchase 2 new site and erect a far more extensive building. The site of the University, on Ninth street, before mentioned in this sketch, was purchased, together with the properties to the

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THE COMMERCIAL EXCHANGE.

There are other commercial associations or guilds devoted to special branches of trade, having congregating centres in convenient places: such as the Grocers' Exchange, the Drug Exchange, the Coal Exchange, the Produce Exchange, the Tobacco Exchange, etc.

Directly opposite the Commercial Exchange, on the site of the old Pennsylvania Bank, the failure of which some years since occasioned so much distress and such intense excitement in our midst, is the United States Appraisers' Building, the warehouse for the reception and appraise

THE MI.T. ment of imported goods; it is five stories in height, and is south fronting on Chestnut, and to the north fronting on built only of iron and brick, nothing combustible being used Market Street, and a large, well-planned edifice is now in in its construction.

course of building.

Farther up Chestnut street, on the north side, at the corner of Juniper, we find the marble building occupied by the United States Mint, and no visitor to our city should fail to inspect this extensive establishment and its excellent appointments, especially as it is the foremost hard-money-making institution in the country. There are other United States buildings, which we shall notice in a later number.

Walking up a half square to Broad street, and looking northward, we see the huge architectural mass in course of erection for the city. The city had long felt the need of better and more adequate accommodations for the different departments of the government. The Independence Hall (using the term in the popular way, of the entire State-House) and its

wings and annexes had at one time supThe SLATE-ROOFED HOUSE OF William PENN.

plied space sufficient; but in time, and with

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the growth of the city and the consequent increase of public | inconvenience of having the various departments separated, business, it was found necessary to lease room after room, in some instances by several squares, has long been seriously and several entire buildings; the most convenient localities felt by the officials and by the citizens. At last, in 1870, the that could be secured were of course thus leased, and yet the Legislature passed a bill authorizing the erection of new

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high. There are 520 rooms. The building extends around the four sides of the ground, enclosing a magnificent Courtyard 200 feet square. Every conve. nience will be provided in the way of broad stairways, four elevators, and the most approved apparatus for heating and ventilation, and for lighting every portion of the immense building, which

is supposed to be the largest single th

edifice on this continent.

From the north front we cannot fail to see the superb new Masonic Temple, on the corner of Broad and Filbert streets, an edifice which must be per. sonally inspected by any one who would satisfactorily judge of its extent, grandeur, and elegance; the exterior is imposing and exceedingly handsome, but the interior, in its decoration and

furnishing, is absolutely gorgeous, and CHAS

forms a perfect Masonic Palace.

The Hall of the Union League, at the corner of Broad and Sansom streets, is one of the most tastesul ornaments of our noble Broad street, and a complete, well-appointed club-house in its plan and equipment.

One of the handsomest and most

useful of our new edifices is the pa. HALL OF THE YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION.

latial Hall of the Young Men's Chris

tian Association, at the corner of FifPublic Buildings for the use of the city government. The teenth and Chestnut streets. The Association is in a most selection of the site was left to be determined by ballot by prosperous condition, as its noble work already accomplished the citizens, and after an exciting canvass a large majority well merits ; but this new Christian Temple, with its com: pronounced in favor of old Penn Square, which indented the forts and conveniences, must increase the prosperity as it will four corners at the intersection of Broad and Market streets. A hetter location could not have been found or made—ample in extent, it has the not unimportant advantage that the vast structure crosses our two broad central thoroughfares, affordling a fine view for miles along Market street from the east and west, and along Broad street from the north and south. It has four fronts, the eastern, southern and western on avenues each 135 feet wide, and the northern on a grand avenue 205 feet wide. The di. mensions of the building are 470 feet from east to west by 486% feet from north to south. The superstructure comprises a basement 18 feet high, a main story 36 feet, one above, 31 seet, and a top story 15 feet

HALL OF THE UNION LEAGUE.

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augment the usefulness of the Association by affording additional facilities for its labors for Christ and His Church and in behalf of those visiting as well as residing in the city who most need the loving care and kindly attention of the true disciples and servants of Christ. God has blessed and will, we hope and pray, continue abundantly to bless this noble Association of Christian workers.

Directly north of the Masonic Temple, on the southeast corner of Arch and Broad streets, is the Arch Street Methodist Episcopal Church, which is of white marble, in the decorated Gothic style of architecture, and with its graceful spire, rising to a height of 233 feet, is one of the most beautiful churches in the city; but for the galleries, which in a measure impair the grandeur of the interior, this church would be positively faultless in its architectural details. Two other corners at the intersection of Broad and Arch streets are occupied by churches. On the southeast corner is the new edifice of the Lutheran Church of the Holy Communion, one of the most strikingly imposing churches in Philadelphia ; the style is mainly the Florid Gothic, and the building strongly resembles the castellated structures of Germany; it is of stone of

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various colors, chiefly greenstone. On the northwest corner stands the First Baptist Church, a large, impəsing brown-stone edifice, of Norman-Gothic architecture, though not pure in its details. The three churches, so unlike in appearance, form a handsome picture as viewed from Broad, a short distance north of Arch street, or from the north

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THE MASONIC TEMPLE.

VOL. VI.—30

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