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The second being the Lora's Day, the regular Centennial music all sounded as if the old battle of Liberty was being
By eight o'clock on the morning of the Fourth the proIn our Churches of every name, alinost without exception, minent thoroughfares were again crowded with tens of thouthe Songs of Praise, the Prayers, the Scripture selections, sands of enthusiastic people anxious to see the great military the Sermons and indeed the services throughout, were in parade which took place between the hours of eight and ten harmony with the Nation's Natal Day, and the fervor with There were in the ranks representative companies which the clergy and the people bore their respective parts from the South and West and East as well as from the in these services proved most conclusively that the truest the Middle States, and really this was the first notable reare the Christian patriots, who love God the more heartily union of Northern and Southern soldiers since the war; the because He has given them so goodly a land to dwell in. first peace-offering of the army, and a pledge of an undiOn the third it had been wisely arranged to have no regru
vided union for another hundred years. As the companies lar celebrations during the day time, but to have a grand marched down Chestnut street past the old State-House, evening parade. Still the day was by no means a quiet one, General Sherman reviewed the troops and explained their as the people were all earnestly engaged in divers indepen- movements to Prince Oscar of Sweden, who stood at his dent celebrations of Independence, in visiting the Great side. The grand Centennial ceremonies of the day began Centennial Exhibition, and in preparations for the evening in Independence square at ten o'clock A.M. The incidents and the ensuing day of days. The most noteworthy public of that day, the opening remarks of President Hawley, of the demonstration of the Third was a fine parade of the Grand Centennial Commission, the address of Hon. T. W. Ferry, Army of the Republic, which was in all respects worthy of Vice-President of the United States, the Poem of Bayard the noble organization and of the time.
Taylor, the oration of Hon. William M. Evarts, as well as The streets through which the Grand Army passed, nota- the splendid music of the occasion, have all become part of bly Broad and Chestnut streets, were thronged with enthu- the nation's history and treasure. The crowds were simply siastic spectators. And as company after company, bearing immense, and the enthusiasm unbounded, notwithstanding the old war-worn bullet-riddled banners, about two o'clock the terrible heat of the day. in the afternoon marched through Independence Square,
In the Centennial Grounds the representatives of the from Sixth to Fifth street, close by the walls of the old American Catholic Total Abstinence Societies dedicated, State-House, under the shadows of the old trees, and on the with imposing ceremonies, their beautiful white marble ground where Washington and Jefferson and Franklin talked fountain at the west end of Machinery Hall. The conceptogether and helped to settle the destinies of the nation a tion and execution of this fountain are alike beautiful and hundred years before, the shouts of the multitude drowned | worthy of the highest praise. And the ceremonies on the the patriotic music of military bands, and all hearts were occasion of the dedication were all worthy the object that full of the spirit of the hour.
called them forth. The addresses were broad, Catholic in The great event of the 3d was the combined International the best sense, and elevating, and the music rich, choice and and Industrial parade, in which many prominent representa- inspiring, such as the Catholics alone know how to sing. tives of foreign nations united with numerous industrial so- Deginning at noon and continuing through the asternoon cieties and corporations from all parts of the Union in com
of the Centennial Fourth, the National Women's Suffrage memorating the Nation's struggles and victory. The parade
Association, held their Centennial meeting in the Unitarinn formed on south Broad street, and was about two hours and Church, corner of Tenth and Locust streets. They had a half passing any given point. The streets of Philadelphia, prepared their Declaration of Rights or Independence, which especially Broad and Chestnut streets, were seldom before so they think as good as, or better than the old Declaration thronged as on this occasion. All through the evening and and had, during preceding days, made strenuous efforts for until after midnight Independence Square was a dense mass permission to read it at the great meeting in Independence of people. Just before midnight hundreds were sleeping on Square, but were refused that privilege. Miss Susan B. the ground, undisturbed by the shouting of others or by Anthony, however, read the document in the presence of a the patriotic music that was played on the platform within crowd in front of the old State-House, and Vice President few yards of them. But as the new Independence bell Ferry received it in silence at the great meeting. At their struck the first tones of the new century the sleepers all
own celebration in the old church, Mrs. Stanton read the awoke, and from every corner of the square and from all
document, which contained ten articles of Impeachment, the neighboring streets the racket and rattle of musketry and blaming the American Government because it will not allow fireworks and the shoutings of the people and the military the women to save the Nation from destruction by allowin,
them to vote on election days. Perhaps theevils are too the decisive vote of 30 to 9, the Commission resolved 10 deep for that remedy, and the next hundred years may adhere to their former determination, to keep the Exhibition change somewhat the theory of natural rights in the matter closed on Sundays. The discussion was ably conducted on of the governments of nations by women as well as by men. both sides; several strong speeches were delivered, one by There will doubtless be suggestions enough on the subject President Hawley being especially excellent; of course our from all parts of the world.
readers must know that the Honorable gentleman warmly The closing ceremonies of the Centennial Fourth in Phila- defended the American Sabbath, as his high-toned Christiaa delphia, consisted of a grand pyrotechnic display in old character is well known. The vote was by States (and Fairmount Park, at the foot of Lemon Hill, near the base Territories), and was as follows: Yeas-Arizona, California, of the Lincoln Monument, under the direction of Professor Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, IlJackson, of Philadelphia. It is estimated that at least linois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, three hundred thousand people witnessed this fine display Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nebraska, of fireworks on the evening of the Centennial Fourth, and Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, hy common consent it was the grandest exhibition of Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisthe kind ever seen in the United States.
consin, and Wyoming-30. Nays-Alabama, Arkansas, Meanwhile, the city generally was persec:ly ablaze with Dakota, Georgia, Idaho, Missouri, Oregon, South Carolina, fireworks; every avenue, street, alley and court contribu- and Washington Territory-9. ted to the noisy glory. And such a display of bunting, silk We cannot but hope this just and righteous decision of and other suitable or ad.ıptable material, made up into the questio.. will be final, and that there will be no farther fags of all nations, and of every conceivable size, shape and attempts to coerce the Commission into a reversal of it. style of detail, interspersed with shields, eagles and devices Even conceding the respectability and high character of innumerable, no city has perhaps ever rivaled—the more many of the advocates of the Sunday opening, we have no affluent had their triumphal arches and costly conceptions, doubt whatever that a vast majority of the moral, and ninety while the poorest were no less patriotic in proportion to their per cent. of the Christian people of our Christian Republic
The Centennial grounds and the other parts of the are heartily in accord with the Commission in their noble grand Park were full of men, women and children, and yet stand for the sanctity of the Lord's Day, there were many, many thousands of people in every street, During this session of four days, closing on the 8th, the so that it seemed almost as if the whole country and a large Commission transacted much important business besides part of the world beyond were in Philadelphia, converting deciding the Sunday question. the quiet Quaker City into a cosmopolitan Babel.
But let us close our brief synoptical notes of the obserThe concentration of so many celebrations in the city vances commemorative of the Centennial Birthday of our of Philadelphia did not, it would seem, lessen the patriotic Nation, with a single remark upon the weather, which bas enthusiasm and the earnest and brilliant expression of the itself been one of the most remarkable features of the ume: same in other parts of the country. But in all sections East, throughout the entire period of the celebrative ceremonies, West, North and South, the American people seemed to vie for days before and without abatement until now, with slight with each other in showing the strength and vigor of their prospect of an early change for the better, the temperature appreciation of the work of their fathers, and in expressions has been excessively warm, the thermometer ranging daily of their determination that the second century of American above ninety degrees; the “oldest inhabitant" cannot recail Independence should be more successful and glorious than a heated term of so long duration or of so trying a degree the first.
of heat. Even our visitors from the warmer latitudes have The Centennial Fourth did not, in the Centennial City, suffered, and how much more our own people and those end with the Fourth proper, and indeed it does not appear from cooler climes! Truly, the temptation is almost overto have ended yet. On the Fifth, the number of visitors to powering to organize a voyage in quest of the North Pole! the Centennial Exhibition far exceeded any day since the opening, May, 10th, and the grounds presented a gay and The Centennial City. The pressure of special Cenlively spectacle throughout the day. The city itself was tennial matter upon our space has compelled us seriously to scarcely less thronged than the day before.
circumscribe our Centennial Exposition Memoranda, and to At 12 o'clock on the Fifth the United States Centennial
defer nearly all of our illustrations and much valuable Commission convened in the Judges' Pavilion, in the matter to the next month. This series of notices of the grounds, President Hawley occupying the chair. The recep- Centennial City has proved more popular than anything we tion of the report of the Executive Committee was the main have before given in the Monthly, and it is a source of business of this day. The President announced that he had
no slight gratification to know that the immense labor they received a communication from the secretary of a Philadel. have required in the seeking for reliable data, the verifying phia committee desiring the Commission to name a time of supposed facts, and securing of confidence in the rejcction when they would receive a petition and hear arguments of historic errata, has not been Jabor lost. favoring the opening of the Exhibition on Sundays; a Several friends of the Monthly have inquired why we motion by Mr. McCormick prevailed assigning 2 o'clock of have thus far omitted, among the points of historic interest
, the 6th for a hearing of arguments for and against the the famous “ Penn's Treaty Monument;" and we must be Sunday cpening. Accordingly, the discussion was had on
candid in replying: the people generally implicitly believe the 6:1, but no action was reached until the 7th, when, by in the verity of the traditions relating to a Treaty made by
William Penn under an old Elm which formerly stood upon the spot occupied by the Monument; and he who fails to agree with this almost universal belief will no doubt be deemed a heretic. Now, could we have positively disproved these traditions and thus compelled the reversal of public opinion thereupon, we should not have hesitated to produce aur prools; but we could not do this, and felt some reluctance to express our disent from the received traditions. We simply do not believe such a treaty was ever made between Penn and the Indians as that tradition claims to have been made at this spot—that is, one of
PENN'S TREATY MONUMENT. amity and friendship alone. And our rea son for not believing is simply this: so important an event guard here to protect the tree from injury. In 1827 a society could scarcely have transpired and no documentary evidence, was organized which erected the Monument marking the site no copy of the treaty, no record of any sort, remain to attest it, of the old Elm. This monument is 'a' point of interest and no assured evidence has ever been produced of this sup- whether one accepts or rejects the traditions—in the former posed treaty; no allusion to it is found in any letter, report, case, as an important historic landmark and a testimonial to or document written by William Penn himself or by any | Penn's well-known honesty and fair-dealing; in the latter cotemporary, or even by any one writing within a few years case, as a token of how widely an error may be disseminated afterwards. The old Elm stood nearly in front of the resi- and how implicitly credited by intelligent men. The monudence of a celebrated English surveyor, Thomas Fairman, at ment stands within a small enclosure, on Beach street, north Shackamaxon, until it was blown down in 1811. In 1777, of Hanover street, and may be reached by taking a car of the while the British held Philadelphia, General Simcoe placed a Richmond branch of the Second and Third Street Railway.
Among the other points of peculiar interest connected | Leamy, in 1852, and the mansion was at once fitted up temwith Philadelphia's Revolutionary history is the well-known porarily and occupied in December of that year. The lot Germantown battle-ground, but we omit it here because the embraced five and a half acres, and additional ground was eminent historian of Philadelphia, Thompson Westcott, purchased the next year. The corner-stone of the noble Esq., has savored us with an admirable paper covering the Norman structure shown in our engraving, was laid on May entire subject--this paper will be found at the commence- the 24th, 1860; the chapel was consecrated just one year ment of this number of the MONTHLY, and it will well and four days later, and the hospital building proper occurepay careful perusal.
pied the 31st of July, 1861, the first patients received therein We can give but one additional IIospital and one “Home” being two hundred wounded soldiers from the Union army. this month, hoping to secure the necessary information intel. The buildings, as they now stand, were completed in 1874. ligently to sketch the other important establishments of these It is built of brownstone, and comprises a central building noble classes, with which the warm charity of our people of all and three wings; the whole frontage is 258 feet, the depth denominations have made Philadelphia peculiarly to abound. of the central building is 256 fect, and of the wings 200 feet
The Hospital of the Protestant Episcopal Church is only cach. The capacity is 300 beds. The Lehigh Avenue a quarter of a century old, but is one of the most admirably branch of the Filth and Sixth Streets Railway passes the equipped and furnished, liberally sustained, and most benefi- front. cent of our institutions. The large-hearted Christian and
Among the many admirable charitable institutions, there energetic Dishop, Alonzo Potter, assembled a meeting of the are none more deserving of notice than the Asylums and clergy and laity of his Denomination on the 15th of March, Homes for Children, for the Aged, for the Blind, the Deaf 1851, in St. Andrew's Church, and it was unanimously re- and Dumb, and other unfortunate persons demanding specific solved to found a hospital, to be conducted upon the broad care and atrention; no city has more or better institutions of basis of Christlike charity, denominational only in control and this description than ours, as we hope to show in due time. in the provisions for its support, absolutely catholic in its of one of these we have an excellent view in the engraving loving care of all of cvery creed, color, and clime who on page 153. The Baptist Home is a fine stone structure of might need kind nursing and skillful treatment. The pres- imposing appearance, and is perfectly planned and fitted for ent site, with an old commodious mansion thereon, was prc its noble purpose, the providing of a home for the aged poor sented to the corporation by the daughters of Mrs. Elizabeth of the church. The Eighteenth and Twentieth Streets linc
(running west on Sansom an east on Filbert) runs within | trip, the full trip indeed. An easy ascent, a walk that does one square of the Ilome, and is the best route direct from not tax the weakest who can walk at all, brings us to the the centre of the city, though the Seventeenth and Nine- Horticultural Hall Entrance to the International City; or, if teenth Streets, the Broad Street branch of the Thirteenth we preser we may go to the Lansdowne Ravine Entrance, and and Fifteenth Streets, and the Columbia Avenue branch of just within the gate we shall see a dozen or more standing the Union Railway (up Ninth street) pass each within a around a spot a little to the left-we shall find the attraction short distance of Seventeenth and Norris streets, the location a spring of cool, sweet, delicious water; awaiting our turn, a of the Home,
draught refreshes us, and we make way for “ the next.”
If our friend or friends accompanying us in this tour of The Centennial Grounds.—Desiring to go once more
the world, be of the hurrying, pushing sort of people who to the great Exhibition, we find the various Street Railway imagine that they have no time to enjoy natural luxury, or lines “ Direct to the Centennial Grounds and Buildings” if they really are compelled to economize time, we have no crowded to a degree that would scarcely permit comfort in business to take the Lansdowne Ravine Entrance, for the cool weather, and in the midst of a torrid term is not even beauties and delights which meet us are so agreeably in. endurable. So we take one of the north and south railways, fluential that it requires a distressing effort of positive will to connecting with the Reading Railroad, and thus secure a resist the temptation to linger in the Ravine, even if the quick trip and one as nearly approximating comfort as the paviliun be not occupied by a band discoursing music, weather will allow, unless we prefer a part-water route, charming in itself, absolutely ravishing amid the surroundwhich offers advantages peculiarly its own; in this case, we ings. If we can persuade our “no-time-to-spare” companions take a green car on Eighth street (the Green Street and that we are “ so tired that we must sit down just a minute, Fairmount Avenue line), or a yellow car on Ninih street (the you know," we are fortunate—otherwise we painfully shut Union line), or a Fairmount Park car on Pine street, procure our eyes and ears to the allurements of the Ravine and go from the conductor an exchange ticket for the Fairmount up and are soon in the midst of a cosmopolitan throng in the Steamboat
, paying fisteen cents therefor; and arriving at the cosmopolitan city. Now comes the trouble and perplexity, Park we shall find one of the pleasant little steamers at the unless we have wisely and peremptorily decided upon our landing or not far away, as the trips are not more than eight route before starting out. If we have not been this wise, or ten minutes apart—and going aboard the little model we find ourselves sadly perplexed in deciding now which steamer, the lit:le model engine puffs out a few impatient way we shall go—we may not relieve ourselves by going little puffs, the bell rings, the boat stops ; “Zoological" with the crowd,” or seek to “escape from the crowd" by Garden!" shouts the Captain ; a few more puffs, the going another way; for there is a crowd going in every bell again, and we hear with regret the Captain's call
, direction. We hear an intelligent looking group discussing "Centennial Exhibition"—this is our destination, and we
the question, “ Which is the most attractive building in the alight, resolved at a more convenient season to take a longer | Exhibition ?” and we listen eagerly, hoping our eavesdrop