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the engines and boilers designed by C. W. Cope- year another light-boat, called the Martin's Indusland and built by Messrs. Murray and Hazlehurst | try, was launched at the Yard, and on the 24th of Baltimore, at a cost of $307,405; total cost of the same month the screw-propeller Wabash when fully armed and equipped for sea, $710,408; was launched ; attached first (1857-58) to the length between perpendiculars, 247.6 feet; over Home squadron as the flag-ship of Commodore all, from taffrail to billet head, 276.6; breadth of Hiram Paulding, afterward (1859-60) the flag. beam 45 feet, and 26.6 feet depth of hold; average ship of flag-officer E. A. F. Lavallette in the draught, 18.6 feet; live-oak frame planked with Mediterranean ; in 1864, flag-ship of Rear-Admiral white oak and braced with wrought iron ; speed | John A. Dahlgren, South Atlantic squadron, and from 8 to 107 knots. She sailed June 8th, 1851, on her last foreign cruise (1872–73) attached to on her first cruise, to the East Indies, bearing the European squadron as the flag-ship of Rear-Admiflag of Commodore J. H. Aulick, carrying out the ral James Alden ; now employed as receiving-ship Chevalier S. De Macedo, Brazilian Minister, Hon. at the Boston Navy Yard. R. C. Schenck, J. S. Pendleton and others to August 8th, 1857, the side-wheel steamer ShuRio. On her return from the East India squadron brick was put into the water, and also on the in 1856, she was repaired at the Philadelphia 9th of January, 1858, the light-boat Second Class. Yard, and in 1857 we find her in the Mediter. On the 20th of October, 1858, the screw-proranean, thence in 1858 attached to the Home peller Lancaster, 22 guns, was launched. The squadron, after which performing good service on launching of this fine vessel was an event which various foreign and home stations until the year excited considerable public interest and curiosity, 1868, when she arrived at New York; since then, drawing a large number of persons from their repairing and in ordinary at the Brooklyn Navy homes to witness it; Miss Harriet Lane, who Yard.

dispensed the hospitalities of the White House At the close of 1853 Captain Charles Stewart during the administration of James Buchanan, perwas once more ordered to the Yard, and we give formed the christening. From 1862 to 1866 the the list of officers attached previous to his taking vessel was attached to the Pacific squadron, under command.

Commodore Henry K. Hoff and Joseph Lanman, Captain George C. Read, Commandant; Com- and Acting Rear-Admirals Charles H. Bell and modore, John Marston ; Lieutenants, William George F. Pearson ; returning from that station to McBlair and E. L. Handy; Surgeon, G. R. B. Norfolk in 1867; remained at Norfolk undergoing Horner; Passed-Assistant Surgeon, J. O'C. Bar- repairs until 1869. From 1870 to 1873, attached

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clay; Purser, F. P. McBlair; Chaplain, N. Frost; to South Atlantic squadron as the flag-ship respec-
Master, John Quinn; Boatswain, James Walker; tively of Rear-Admirals Joseph Lanman and Wil-
Gunner, William Craig ; Sailmaker, James Fergu- liam R. Taylor; she is now laid up at the Ports;
son ; Naval Constructor, Francis Grice.

mouth, New Hampshire, Navy Yard.
Marine Guard.-Major, John Harris ; First- The screw-propeller Wyoming, 7 guns, was
Lieutenant, A. Garland; Second-Lieutenants, c.launched on the 19th of January, 1859; made her
G. McCawley and William S. Boyd.

first cruise to the East Indies 1861-64, under
Receiving Ship United States Steamer Union. - Commander David McDougal; in 1865 underwent
Commander, F. Engle ; Lieutenants, J. Madison repairs at Baltimore, and in 1866–67 again in the
Frailey and S. D. Trenchard ; Master, Pierce East Indies, in charge of Commander John P.
Crosby; Passed-Midshipmen, T. W. Brodhead and Bankhead ; 1868–71, Portsmouth, New Hampshire,
Earl English

undergoing repairs ; 1872, Hampton Roads, ComOn the ist of May, 1855, was launched the mander, John Lee Davis; 1873, North Atlantic, steam-propeller Arctic, built originally for a light- Commander, F. H. Baker; now laid up at boat, she was afterward altered and strengthened Washington Navy Yard. to fit her for the celebrated Polar Expedition Screw-propeller Pawnee, 11 guns, launched Oc. under Dr. Kane, the history of which expedition tober 8th, 1859. This vessel was built for the is no doubt familiar to all our readers; since her government by Mr. John M. Griffith, a private return from that expedition she has been used as constructor; owing to certain peculiarities in her a light-ship. On the inth of October of the same construction, it led to much criticism both adverse

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and favorable among nautical men hereabout. She Overton Carr; Commander, E. R. Thomson, certainly has attained historic celebrity by being (ordnance duty); Lieutenants, L. C. Sartori and the Fire Bug that kindled a flame which startled Earl English; Surgeon, Thomas Dillard; Assistantthe good people of Norfolk and Portsmouth. Surgeon, J. E. Sample; Purser, George H. White; Entering Gosport harbor on the night of April | Chaplain, Rodman Lewis; Boatswain, Charles 20th, 1861, the citizens did not expect nor were Woodland; Gunner, Moses A. Lane; Carpenter, , they prepared for her arrival ; thinking she had Jonas Dibble; Sailmaker, Theodore C. Herbert; come along with the Cumberland and Pennsylvania Naval Constructor, Francis Grice. for the purpose of bombarding the town, as a

a Marine Guard.—Major, Thomas S. English;

-; matter of retaliation, because they had on the Captains, Abraham N. Brevoort and William A. previous night rifled the United States magazine T. Maddox; First-Lieutenants, John C. Grayson, of about 4,000 kegs of powder. Her coming was Thomas Y. Field and William Stokes Boyd. no: unexpected, however, by the several hundred Receiving Ship Princeton.-Commander, H. K. men on the vessels mentioned, and they greeted Hoff; Lieutenants, John C. Howell, Paul Shirley

, her arrival with a volley of cheers. The Com- and S. P. Quackenbush; Surgeon, Joseph Beale. modore, G. J. Pendergrast, ordered the marines On the 24th of August, 1861, the screw-profrom the vessels and in the Yard to commence the peller Tuscarora was launched. This vessel was work of destruction. All the books, papers and a duplicate of the Wyoming, and was built in sixty valuable archives of the Yard were transferred to days from the time of laying her keel. 1862–63, the Pawnee, and by 4 o'clock on Sunday morning attached to Potomac flotilla; 1864-65, North she passed out of the harbor with the Cumberland Atlantic squadron; 1866-67, Pacific; 1868, at Mare

, in tow, every soul from the other ships and from Island Navy Yard undergoing repairs; 1870, North the Navy Yard, save two, were aboard of the Atlantic ; 1871–72, in ordinary at Portsmouth New two vessels. Just as they left their moorings a Hampshire Navy Yard ; 1873–74, South Pacific; rocket was sent up from the deck of the Pawnee; 1875–76, North Pacific. at that instant the ship-houses and the old New November 16th of the same year, was launched York, a ship that had been thirty years on the the side wheel steamer Miami (built in less than stocks; the Pennsylvania, Merrimac, Germantown, ninety days); in 1862 she was cruising in the West Plymouth, Raritan, Columbia and Dolphin, all shot Gulf, and from 1863 to 1865- attached to the forth great tongues of fire that lit up both sea and North Atlantic squadron; finally sold at Philadel. heaven with a lurid glare, joining both as though phia, August roth, 1865. . they were one undivided molten lake. The scene At the time of Captain Dupont's detachment was terribly grand; and so in truth it should have from duty at the Yard (1861), the list of officers been, for was it not the most expensive exhibition was as follows: Captain Samuel F. Dupont, of fireworks ever attempted by Uncle Sam ? But

But Commandant; (Commander, Percival Drayton, whilst admiring the grandeur of that destructive ordnance duty); Surgeon, James M. Greene; Asscene, the heart of each and every loyal man sistant Surgeon, John Wilson; Paymaster, James standing upon the decks of those departing vessels H. Watmough ; Chaplain, E. C. Bittenger; Boatfelt a deep pang of sorrow, as one after another swain, Charles Woodland; Gunner, J. M. Ballard; of those gallant ships went swiftly down to their Carpenter, Jonas Dibble ; Sailmaker, James Feroozy beds.

1862–65 the Pawnee was attached to guson; Chief Engineer, Kobert Danby; Naval the South Atlantic squadron ; 1866, repairing at Constructor, Henry Hoover. Portsmouth, New Hampshire ; 1867-69, South At- Marine Guard.-Captains, William A. T. Mad. lantic ; 1870, at Norfolk, in ordinary ; 1871-73, dox and Jacob Zeilin. North Atlantic squadron, and since that time Receiving Ship Princeton.Commander, Wilemployed as a store ship.

liam S. Ogden; Lieutenant, Charles E. Hawley; In 1859, previous to Captain Stewart being Surgeon, Jacob S. Dungan ; Carpenter, John T. relieved by Captain Samuel F. Dupont, the list Rustic. of officers attached to the Yard was as follows: March 20th, 1862, Commodore G. J. PenderCaptain Charles Stewart, Commandant; Captain grast, being in command of the Yard, the screw F. Engle (temporary Commandant); Commander, propeller Juniata, 9 guns, was launched ; 1863,

lying in Hampton Roads; 1864, underwent ex- September 29th, 1863, launched propeller Kar tensive repairs and alterations at Philadelphia; sas, 8 guns; 1864-65, attached to North 1. 1865, North Atlantic squadron; 1866, Brazil; 1867, lantic squadron ; 1866, Brazil ; 1867-69. South South Atlantic; 1868-69, laid up at Philadelphia Atlantic ; 1870, undergoing repairs at Washi::ztus Navy Yard ; 1870–72, European squadron ; 1873, Navy Yard ; 1871, enployed on the Tehuante;ex fitting out at Boston ; 1875–76, European squadron. Expedition in charge of Lieutenant-Command

July roth, 1862, the screw-propeller Monon. N. H. Farquhar; 1872, North Atlantic; 1873 gahela, 12 guns,

guns, was launched; 1863–66, at Nicaragua Survey ; 1875–76, North Atlantic tached to West Gulf squadron; 1867, North March 18th., 1864, launched the propeller Atlantic. In 1868 the vessel was lying high tic, 3 guns; 1865-66, attached to North Atlants and dry" at St. Croix, having been cast ashore by squadron; 1867, repairing at

repairing at Norfolk Nur the great tidal wave which caused so much de- Yard ; 1868–70, North Atlantic ; 1875-76, .As at: struction among the shipping at that port. To the squadron. skill and energy of the late Naval Constructor, March 31, 1864, the first and only iron-cle Thomas Davidson, Jr., and to Chief-Engineer, built at the Yard, the Tonawanda was launched, John Q. A. Ziegler, the government was indebted or rather forced into the water from the railway for getting this staunch vessel once more afloat; on which she was built, by means of a bydrauirz 1870, at New York, fitting out ; 1871–73, Ports- engine attached to the sectional dry-dock; the mouth, New Hampshire, undergoing repairs; only cruise the vessel madle was to Annapolis li 1874–76, South Atlantic.

1869 her name was changed to Amphitrite. Se December 8th, 1862, launched screw-propeller was finally broken up by order of the Government, Shenandoah ; ordered to Blockading squadron ; at the works of Harlan & Hollingsworth, W. after the war attached to European squadron ; mington, Delaware; that firm being now engaged now in ordinary at New London.

in the construction of another vessel of the sause Officers attached to the Yard in 1862.—Com- name and class to replace her. modore Garrett J. Pendergrast, Commandant; List of Officers in 1864. -Commodore C. & Commander, Henry Rolando; Lieutenant-Com- Stribling, Commandant; Commander, Recu Wc: manders, William N. Jeffers and Oscar C. Badger, den; Lieutenant-Commanders, John Irwin and ordnance duty ; Surgeons, James M. Greene and H. A. Adanis, Jr., ordnance duty; Paymaster, David Kindelberger ; Paymaster, James H. Wat- John S. Gulick; Paymaster John B. Rittenhouse, mough; Paymaster John B. Rittenhouse, inspector inspector of provisions and clothing ; Surgeon, of provisions and clothing; Chief-Engineer, Robert Thomas Dillard ; Passed Assistant Surgeon, kun Danby; Naval Constructor, Henry Hoover; Chap-C. Spear; Acting Assistant Surgeon, S. B. Keolain, E. C. Bittinger; Boatswain, Charles Wood. ney; Chaplain, E. C. Bittinger ; Acting Master, land ; Gunner, J. M. Ballard ; Carpenter, Jonas George Williams; Acting-Master's Mate, Richard Dibble ; Sailmaker, James Ferguson ; Acting Mas- Wilcox ; Chief Engineer, John P. Whippie: ters, A. Blanchard, George Ferris, William R. Acting First-Assistant Engineer, R. A. Davissut; Rude and R. Price Walter; Acting-Master's Mate, Acting Second-Assistant Engineer, William F James M. Forsyth.

Warburton ; Acting Third-Assistant, P. J. Hulme, Marine Guard.—Major, Jacob Zeilen ; Captain, Naval Constructor, Henry Hoover; Boatswais, Thomas Y. Field ; Second-Lieutenants, William Charles Woodland; Gunner, William Cope; CarR. Brown, Alfred Devereux and James B. Young. penter, J. Dibble ; Sailmaker, J. Ferguson

Receiving Ship Princeton.--Commander, Edward Marine Guard.-Major, Isaac T. Doughty; Donaldson ; Surgeon, James MeClelland.

tains, William A. T. Maddox and Charles G. MIn 1863 Commodore Pendergrast was succeeded Cawley; First Lieutenant, James Forney ; secard by Commodore C. K. Stribling. May 7th of this Lieutenants, John C. Harris and Geo. B. Havcuk. year was launched the double-end side-wheel Receitung Shin Princeton.-Commander, John steamer, Taconey, 10 guns; 1864-66, attached to Colhoun ; Surgeon, James McClelland; Asistant North Atlantic squadron ; 1867-68, undergoing Surgeon, Walter B. Dick; Paymasiet, Herri repairs at Norfolk ; was afterwards sold to private Etting ; Acting Masters, Richard J. Hutiner, parties.

West, and William Thompson

Commodore Stribling was relieved by Commo- ler Pushmataha, 13 guns.

This took place on dore J. B. Hull, in 1865. On the 23d of May the 17th of July, 1867. The vessel was laid up of that year, the screw-propeller Swatara, 10 for some time in ordinary at League Island. Jn guns, was launched. In 1866, attached to the May, 1869, her name was changed to Cambridge, West India squadron ; 1867–69, European squad and in August, 1869, it was again changed to ron ; 1870, fitting out at Brooklyn Navy Yard; Congress. This vessel is considered by competent 1871, North Atlantic; 1872–73, repairing at Nor- judges to be the finest model in the service. She folk; afterward broken up, and an entire new was in June, 1876, at Philadelphia, where her vessel of same name built at New York; employed officers gave a series of receptions on board, that in taking out the scientific corps to observe the were attended by the elite of the city. She left transit of Venus; now attached to the North for Boston on the roth of July, for the purpose of Atlantic squadron.

being put out of commission at the Charlestown October 5th, 1865, launched the screw-propeller Navy Yard. Neshamony, 15 guns; sent to New York to re- At the time of turning the Yard over to Comceive her machinery. In May, 18

In May, 1869, her name modore Marchand 1868, the following was the was changed to Arizona, and in August of the list of officers doing duty there : Commodore, same year, her name was again changed to Ne- Thomas 0. Selfridge; Captain, William H. Ma

, vada; she was afterwards sold to private parties. comb; Commanders, T. C. Harris and H. A.

At the time of Commodore Hull's detachment Adams, Jr. (Captain, Thomas Turner; Gunners, in 1865, the following named officers were on duty J. M. Hogg and S. D. Hines, ordnance duty);

) at the Yard: Commodore J. B. Hull, Command- (Commander Bancroft Gherardi, navigation duty); ant; Captain, J. P. Gillis; Lieutenant-Com- Surgeon, J. S. Messersmith; Passed - Assistant Surmander, S. L. Breese; Commodore H. K. Hoff geon, E. C. Ver Meulen ; Paymasters, H. Etting and Lieutenant-Commander Oscar C. Badger, and H. M. Hieskill; Chief Engineer, Theodore ordnance duty; Surgeon, Thomas Dillard; Assis. Zeller; (Chief Engineer, George R. Johnson, in tant-Surgeon, George H. Cooke ; Paymaster, John charge of stores;) First-Assistant Engineer, John S. Gulick; Paymaster Robert Pettit, inspector of Roop; Third-Assistant Engineers, William G. provisions and clothing ; Chaplain, E. C. Bitin- McEwan and William Finn ; Chaplain, Robert ger; Chief-Engineer, Harman Newell; First-As-Given ; Naval Constructor, S. M. Pook; Assistant sistant Engineers, R. A. Davisson and George Naval Constructor, Theodore D. Wilson ; Acting D. Emmons; Second-Assistant Engineer, Walter Ensigns, W. H. Bryant, W. K. Engell and D. Smith; Third-Assistant Engineer, William G. Stephen Jones; Boatswains, Edward Kenney and McEwan; Naval Constructor, Edward Hartt; Charles Miller; Gunner, William Cope ; CarpenActing Master's Mate, William K. Engell; Boat- ter, H. M. Griffiths; Sailmaker, George Thomas; ; swain, J. C. Walton; Boatswain Thomas G. Bell, Carpenter, J. Dibble. equipment duty; Gunner, Charles Stewart; Car- Marine Guard.-Lieutenant-Colonel, M. R. penter, J. Dibble; Sailmaker, J. Ferguson. Kintzing; Captain, L. L. Dawson; First LieuMarine Guard.—Major, J. T. Doughty; Cap- tenants, L. E. Fagan, H. B. Lowry, William B.

, lain, W. A. T. Maddox; First Lieutenants, McKean and H. C. Cochran, on receiving ship. William R. Brown, John C. Harris, and James B. Tug Duty.-Acting Ensigns, B. H. Chadwick

and John Daly; Second Assistant Engineer, C, Receiving Ship Princeton.-Commander, John A. Uber ; Acting Second Assistant Engineers, B. Colhoun ; Surgeon, J. D. Miller; Assistant Sur. Fowler, J. F. Buckley and W. F. Warburton. geon, Thomas N. Penrose ; Paymaster, J. D. Receiving Ship Potomac.-Captain, John De Murray; Acting Masters, William Thompson, Camp; Acting Master, John McGowan; Acting John West, John McDonald, and Albert C. Cook; Ensigns, A. McClary, John Greenhalgh, A. F. Acting Ensigns, J. P. Halstead and Richmond Ulmer and R. B. Elder; Surgeon, William Low

ber; Assistant Surgeon, Adam Frank; Paymaster, 1866–68, Commodore Thomas O. Selfridge in George Cochran. command of the Yard, and during that time there Previous to July 1st, 1867, some two or three was only one vessel launched, the screw-propel- of the departments were consolidated, and all,

Young.

Doggett.

Vol. VII.-12

with the exception of Medicine and Surgery and ington, from which report the various bureaus Provisions and Clothing, drew their respective made their settlements, and, beyond doubt, no stores from one common store-house, which was better system could be devised. under the supervision of a civilian, appointed by The departments were as follows: Yards and the President, who was termed Naval Storekeeper. Docks, Construction and Repair, Steam En. At the time mentioned, under the new order of gineering, Equipment and Recruiting, Ordnance, things, each department was separate, with a dis- Navigation, Medicine and Surgery, and Provisions tinct head, having a store-house of its own, and a and Clothing. The official acts of the heads of separate clerical force whose duty it was to keep these eight departments were of course subject to the books in manner and form almost the same the approval of the Commandant of the Yard, who as in private mercantile establishments, charging is always the supreme head, under authority from other departments for work done, or material the Navy Department at Washington; the de delivered by it for them, and crediting them for partments of Yards and Docks, Equipment and any labor or material received; having a monthly Recruiting, Ordnance and Navigation, being placed rendition of bilis from one to the other and a under the supervision of line officers, and the quarterly report of the same forwarded to Wash- others in charge of staff officers.

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JAMES F. MERCER, AND THE FALL OF

OSWEGO IN 1756.

By MORVEN M. Jones.

In the Monthly for November, 1875 (Vol. V., | ties of his superiors. It seems that the Governorpage 832), I furnished a short letter written by ship of Jamaica had been conditionally tendered Colonel James F. Mercer, who was killed at to him in 1751, but Governor Trelawney was not Oswego, August 14, 1756, with a few facts relating then quite ready to vacate. to the capture of Oswego by the French, closing Near the close of September, 1754, Lieutenantwith, “ Can any reader of this brief sketch afford Colonel Mercer was appointed to the Fifty-first or any information in reference to the antecedents of Pepperell's Regiment, and in the following month, Lieutenant-Colonel James F. Mercer?” It seems on his return to London from a tour in France, he that an American gentleman had forwarded the found orders from his government to hold himself MONTHLY with my article to a grand-nephew of in readiness to set out for America. His first start Colonel Mercer in Scotland. The result is that I was disastrous, for the vessel in which he sailed have been very kindly furnished with a biographi- was wrecked upon the coast of England. He cal sketch of Colonel Mercer, containing some thus writes his brother, William Mercer, at Perth, original information as to the capture of Oswego, under date of October 12, 1754: from the pen of another grand-nephew, late “ In case you should hear of it by some other acting-Governor of Hong Kong, and printed for means, I must tell you that last Wednesday morn. private circulation in 1873; and thus I am left to ing you had almost been a brother out of pocket. answer iny own question.

The packet I was on board of from Dieppe was Lieutenant-Colonel James Francis Mercer be lost on the coast of Sussex ; we struck a little after longed to a very old Scottish family, and, as his three in the morning, about an hour before high biographer says his age was about forty-eight years water." at the time of his death, he was probably born in They found they had run upon a beach instead 1708. He left a landed estate, which was in- of breakers, and when the tide was out they herited by his brother, William Mercer. His rise walked ashore.

On the 5th of November he set in the army had been rapid, and his friends have out for Portsmouth, and on the 9th embarked at ever asserted that he arose solely upon his own that place in the Gibraltar, a man-of-war carrying merits and not through court favor or the partiali- twenty guns. He landed in Virginia, and the

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