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length of the envelope is passed under the most curious sort nation; and a huge mass of copper ore attracts much attenof knives, which cut the paper to the required width, and tion. chip the ends, then the pieces are passed on and the ends Egypt has a splendid specimen of a stuffed crocodile, are folded, pasted and turned in, when the folding edges are with numerous articles of modern clothing and decoration. pasted and sent along turning around a lot of great iron wheels Turkey's exhibit was late in getting itself arranged, and is to dry, and presently they come out on the other side of not noted for any special features, except the general richthe wheels all folded and packed into packages of twenty- ness of its robes and fine dry.goods. The exhibit looks not five, ready for wrapping and for sale. John A. Roblin & unlike Turkey itself in these days, broken, faded, and Son's exhibit of wire-roping is one of the special attractions somewhat jumbled up. in the hardware sections of the building. There are specimens In marked contrast with these last three-is the exhibit of of wire rope from the thinnest thread up to a splendid rope Russia, notable at once for its general completeness and made of six thousand cast-steel wires, measuring fifteen largeness-a really good expression of the great rising power inches in diameter, intended for the new high bridge over of the Old World; notable in particular for its superlspecithe East River, between New York and Brooklyn. The mens of malachite marble and the exquisiteness of its workexhibit of fine and elaborate steel and brass manufacture, manship therein. The beautiful malachite mantel-piece on seamless drawn tubes and copper and Muntz metal bolts and the cast side of Russia's exhibit is considered one of the richest rods of the Bridgewater (Massachusetts) Iron Company is pieces of stonework ever made, its uprights being of malaworthy of special mention, not only by virtue of the excel- chite, with inlaid pieces and bunches of fruit composed of lence of the goods, but also on account of the originality of rhodonite, amethyst, jasper and other precious stones. The design in the display.
cases of costly furs, of all shades and of the softest finish On entering the Main Exhibition Building by the central and texture, are also a special feature of this exhibit, as are entrance at the west end, keep to the right and systematically the two stuffed bears on either side of them. Russia's exhi. go through the exhibits occupying the southern half of the bits of Bohemian glassware and of Bohemian jewelry are building. And then, coming back, treat the northern half alsó notable and beautiful in the extreme. in the same way. By this plan, rigidly adhered to, you will Germany's exhibit is wonderfully perfect in all the departsee more in a single day than in six days of aimless and ments of modern manufacture. Its cases of elaborately planless rambling, and sellom go past an exhibit a second carved Meerschaum pipes are quite characteristic, as is time unless you purpose doing so.
the exhibit of Swiss clocks of rare design and execution To the right as you enter, the exhibits of the Orange Free placed near the southern centre of the south side of the Stale and Peru will not detain you long. There is an inter Main Building. All the ladies and children stop to examine esting exhibit of minerals and some good embroidery: and and admire the enormous case of doll babies in the German in the centre of Peru's exhibit a case of " diamonds in the Department, and the most royal looking exhibit in the buildrough," which attract considerable attention. But, as is by ing is a large glass case of German velvets of the richest some power of unknown magic, the visitor is hurried along shades and most perfect manufacture. The relative superiority to the really captivating exhibits of China and Japan. The of modern German culture and the many-sided variety of marvelous bronze and porcelain vases, so exquisite and its ingenious skill are very palpable, after a few examinadelicate in their workmanship, so unique and in some cases tions of the exhibits in this southwestern quarter of the Main sn amusingly grotesque in their design, the very symbols of Building reverence and age-the ruling characteristics of the nations
On entering the southeastern half of the exhibits in the exhibiting them- sairly enchain the attention and capture Main Building-the American Department—a different methe admiration of the modern heart and mind. Then the
chanical atmosphere at once surrounds the visitor. There Japanese carving in wood and ivory, so chaste and elaborate has been evident labor for striking external effects. The and quaint and droll, demands a full share of our eyes and cases are more costly and the goods placed in a sort of showy our praise. The styles of the carving of the two nations
way. But the American Department is really a magnificent are at first sight quite similar, but on closer examination it expression of the wealth, industry and multiplied genius of will be found that the Chinese is more sancisul and intricate, our people. The jewelry exhibits of Messrs. Tiffany & Co., and the humor of it more complex ; that the Japanese is New York, with sets of diamonds valued at $111,000, and simpler and more solid, dealing with the primal forms and
many rich and original designs in solid silver-ware; of creatures of nature. The embroidered silk screens in these Messrs. Start & Marcus, New York, really the uniquest and 'exhibits are unequaled by anything else in this line in the most select and tastefully gotten up exhibit in the Exhibition, entire exhibition. Some of China's vases are said to be
with its richly carpeted floors and its three dainty little over two thousand years old, and the most elaborate of pyramidal stands and cases filled with the finest cameos them are valued at $4,000 per pair-preity good work for and coral work one has seen for many a day; and the equally old barbarians.
rich exhibits of Messrs. Bailey & Co., and Caldwell & Co., of In the Spanish exhibit the visitor is struck on entering Philadelphia, are really dazzling in their expensive splendor. with the elaborateness of the workmanship in the manufac- The exhibits of gas fixtures of Messrs. Thackara, Buck & ture of certain bronze shields and pistols that occupy the Co., and Cornelius & Sons, of Philadelphia, make a very most prominent place to the right as you enter; also with brilliant show, and the workmanship in design and finish the costly nature of certain cathedral altar decorations, both are worthy of real praise. A little nearer the south side of very expressive of the ruling characteristics of Spain as a
this central section of the Main Building, are some very
handsome and extremely interesting exhibits of drugs, chemi- | handled, requiring little strength or skill.
In fact any cals and chemical liquids, made from woods that are there ordinary Bridget can handle it, as can any delicate maiden on exhibition, and two or three very attractive and pretty | lady who wishes to set up perpetual housekeeping on her cxhibits of persumery, with their little bowls and sprays of own account, and of course a moderately good-looking and delicious odors waiting to bless the weary visitors on their capable bachelor would find no difficulty in manipulating tiresome way.
the arrangement provided he could get the bedclothes well In this part of the building Miss Bloodgood's exhibit of smoothed out and snugly tucked in at the sides, as some wax fruits and flowers is as perfect and exquisite a thing as bachelors can do, to our personal knowledge. Number two we have ever seen produced by human hands; and if we may shows the Champion Bedstead open ready to welcome the presume to select from an exhibit so full of rare skill and most tired sleeper, and number three shows it closed, looking delicate beauty, we should say that the little white cross, so like a handsome wardrobe with every vestige of sleepiness fine and stainless, emblem of the finest thought of God and gone clear out of the house. Number four illustrates the man, entwined with that spotless and perfect little branch of same idea applied to the baby's crib, so that you can keep honeysuckle, is a veritable gem of gems, a piece of true art, the little one sase and snug all night long, and during the a thing of beauty and a joy as long as it may live.
In the same vicinity are some very choice exhibits of marbles, and marble mantelpieces of American manufacture, notable among which, for its persection of design and cutting as well as for the royalty of its purchaser, is a mantelpiece of Mexican marble, manufactured by Messrs. A. L. Vanchcre & Co., New York, and bought by the Emperor William of Germany. If we made a criticism of this beautiful piece of work it would be that the little bands of nickle or silver-moulding decoration near the bases of the uprights, though they are chaste and pretty enough in themselves and would nicely adorn almost any iron or metal work, look tame and weak and impure beside and in contrast with the very delicate and fine-grained, polished Mexican marble.
Of a lighter character, but not less artistic or beautiful, are the American exhibits of gilt frames and fine looking-glasses, the one of Messrs. Earle & Sons, of Philadelphia, attracting special attention as well for the extreme delicacy of the work displayed as for the good taste with which the exhibit has been arranged. Some choice Rogers's groups, and other similar clay modeling have been placed in such order as to give double effect to the general exhibit, making it, like the store and gallery of this popular house, an enjoyment to all true lovers of artistic work.
Keeping on our way to the east we are soon in the midst of the furniture exhibits. There are drawing-rooms and bed rooms, and parlors all furnished elaborately, and with furniture costly enough to satisfy the most extravagant
FIG. No. I. politician of these days. A specialty in this line is the exhibit of Messrs. Hale, Kilburn & Co., Philadelphia. The day show no signs that there is a smitch of a baby in the materials and general mechanical finish of their work is not
house at all. And there have been cases where arrangements finer than those of many other furniture exhibits,ostill their of this sort might have played very practical as well as goods attract much more than an ordinary share of attention, very sentimental parts in the domestic dramas of the ages. simply from the fact that they have conceived and applied an In the same locality are sofa beds and lounge beds, but the economical idea in a department where economy is so seldom Champion Bed comes in for the largest share of attention and practiced and where extravagant outlay is the usual order of admiration. The bedstead is worked by means of a patent the house. It is not the wood or the carving, therefore, but the circular spring and an arrangement of heavy iron bars laid idea of the “ Champion Folding Bedstead," and the changes in grooves along the base of what is usually called the head and economies in domestic arrangements suggested thereby, of the bedstead. Before going further east you had better that lead visitors to stop and examine these articles and ques. stroll into the mineral annex and take a hasty peep at its tion the parties in charge. The bachelor sees that he can have treasures, then return, and in the same general locality of a parlor and bedroom all in one with mirrors included in his the Main Building the piano exhibits and exhibitors keep bedstead, a place to sleep and dance, and entertain his friends, up a perpetual concert of sweet sounds, and occasionally of all without suits of rooms and extra looking-glasses.
The sounds not so sweet. But the instruments of all our pianoaccompanying cuts will show, number one, the bedstead makers are, of course, the best and handsomest that they getting into shape as a bed, and the ease with which it is could produce, and the performers thereon are usually at
home with their work. There are upright, grand and square of old and new crucipianos; the first piano made in America, and some of the bles made of East Inlast.
dia lead, ground clay The various makes of cottage organs and Harmoniums and common sand, that are also well represented and frequently attuned; and their are worth looking at, nasal, reedy, and what some would call squeaky, but what the new ones for what others would call soft and sweet sounds, supply a kind of they are expected to religious undertone or alto to the clearer treble of the do, and the old ones pianos, and the louder bursts of the great organs at the north for what they have alside and east end of the building. In the same locality are ready done; one parthe convex and concave mirrors, some of which make a man ticularly noticed look as big as a house, and others the size of a fence rail, that had gone through creating considerable amusement.
thirty-four heats, and Out of the music and mirrors we pass into the hardware exhibits; and swords and axes, and hatchets and butchers' knives, and carving knives, and house knives and barber and jack-knives, and penknives, and ladies' little fancy knives, of all sorts and sizes, bristle and sparkle, and look fiercely at one from all sides, making the aisles seem like cutlery shops, and giving the visitor a sort of shrinking sensation as of a throat cut and a slaughter-house; but every. thing is very clean, and as sharp as clean. There are knives there that would cut a politician's head off as
Fig. No. 2. soon as look at it, and no one the worse or poorer. Along the means, as we all know, burning red and white heats, the southeast side of the building there are some exhibits and had melted ten thousand pounds of copper.
One of the greatest curiosities in the American Department and in this region of the building is a huge fossilized trec-Stump, about five feet in diameter, brought from the coal measures at Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania. Quite near and in the same vicinity, is the superb exhibit of the Hindsdale, Indiana, Granite Company, with solid shafts of polished granite rising to the height of thirty or forty feet. These monuments naturally belonged to the departments of Art, but no room in the Art Building was high enough to hold them.
There is a splendid exhibit of sales, any one of which looks strong enough to keep out the most muscular and ingenious robber, and some of them the size of a molerate house; but the new Corliss Safe, patented by Mr. Corliss, of Providence, a brother or cousin of the Corliss engine man, attracts most attention and inquiry. It has, in the first place
, struck the lines of the world and the universe as to its shape. It is globular instead of square, and in the second place it is all safe, and no door and no lock, so you can't blow the lock out or the door off. It is a sort of double safe, the inside of which revolves on and fits by a series of grooves
, into the inner surface of the outside; and the outside claims to be so thick that you can't cut through it or fire through it or burst through it in any way; that, in fact, it is the Eureka of sasemaking and safe-keeping, against which the hardest-headed thief even if a negro, may run his brains, and hurt only himself in the undertaking.
In the southeast corner of the building are the exħibits of the American book-houses, all arranged with taste and skill and showing a very general and widespread efficiency in
a Fig. No. 3
of American bock making. The exhibit of Messrs.
J. B. Lippincott & Co. has the best position and presents the last six thousand years, and that have set new wheels into most commanding appearance. We think the book-houses iis machinery, caught the starlight in their lamps and brought generally made a great mistake in making a two-story exhibit the infinite forces of nature generally down to the practical instead of one. Less space on the ground foor would have human work of making seamless stockings by steam, and all been better for all parties concerned.
works in this line, have somehow pitched their tents and run Passing over to the northeast side of the building the rich up their machinery along the temperate belt of the planet. carpet exhibits command much admiration. It struck us So Mexico has some excuse for a comparatively meagre that the styles of manufacture were very indicative of the exhibit. It is the best that nature, not the Mexicans, could sections of the country whence the fine goods came; as do at this hour of the day. The fence work of the departevery man's nose not only marks his face pretty prominently ment is characteristic, and tastefully done. On the northern but really gets into whatever work he does and tells the real side of the exhibit is a huge root of a Mexican mahogany story of the soil out of which the man grew, and the bread he eats, and the air he breathes. Without attempting to criticise or mention them all, we would say that the exhibit of John and James Dobson, of Philadelphia, seems the most profuse and brilliant, and that of the Bigelow Mills, of Clinton, Massachusetts, the richest and finest, all the other exhibits ranging at various grades between these points, and the total display being a fine tribute to the growing industrial skill of our country.
Out of the carpet exhibits we pass into the rich displays of American dry-goods. There are elaborate and very costly show-cases, filled with every description of ladies' dress goods, some of them tastefully fitted on model forms to show how fine they look when you really get a natural model figure to fit on. It is the showiest and apparently the least studied portion of the Main Building. You step out of this section by way of the handsome clothing exhibits of Wanamaker & Brown, of Philadelphia, and Devlin & Co., of New York, the workmanship in each case being remarkably fine, one of the cases of the Wanamaker exhibit indicating the very finest style in cut and make up yet reached by any man in the tailoring line.
Fig. No. 4. In passing out of the fulness and luxuriance of the American Department and entering the Mexican exhibit, one re- tree apparently something over eight feet in diameter-a alizes in a moment the vast differences there are between our beautiful wood with a little finer and sunnier grain than any Northern Yankee aggressiveness and inventiveness and the of our Norlhern woods, and capable of a more brilliant comparatively easy-going ways of our Southern neighbors. polish. There are specimens of numerous varieties of woods It is not merely a difference of climate, though doubtless in the rough; some large blocks of the renowned Mexican that has a great deal to do with it; and by the way it is marble, and many slabs of the richest grain cut for table-tops worthy of notice, that the immense majority of our American and polished to perfection. Another exhibit attracting conexhibits are from the Northern and very few from the siderable attention in this department, is a very large mass Southern States of the Union—a majority out of all propor
or cake of silver, some six feet in diameter, and valued at tion to the majority of inhabitants in favor of the North; illus- $72,000. trating again the tyrannical sway of the tropical sunbeams The exhibit of the Netherlands demands time and careful over the brainal as well as the muscular energies of man. study. There are large, carefully-drawn diagrams, showing Then there is a vast difference in the urgency of the calls to the relation of the Netherlands to the surrounding seas, and labor where the earth with little tilling and a slight tickling illustrating the fights and struggles of the inhabitants with does seventy-five per cent. of the work needed to feed the the waters, their efforts to get a little more land to dwell on ; race living thereon. The sun and the soil of all Southern also several most painstaking specimens of the bridges and countries as well as the blood and muscle evolved from dikes and embankments used to hedge back the waters, and them all tend to stamp the inhabitants with a come-and-go keep them in place while the brave human work of tilling easy sort of nature and existence. When aroused, the the new soil goes on. It hardly seems worth while to tug Southern brain is as clear and keen as the Northern, and the and dive and build so much for a poor bit of European clay, heart perhaps deeper, tenderer and quite as true (for nature w Uncle Sam is rich enough to give every man in the is full of just compensations). But it cannot endure the Netherlands a good rich farm for the digging of it; but the sustained labor of the temperate zones.
And the races and struggles of our old Dutch neighbors are none the less heroic heads that have kept the world spinning on its axis for the for all. In this exhibit there are also some of the finest
specimens of inlaid pearl-work to be found in the exhibi. breezes, finer light and a keener air. He in respores tion ; several cases of cloths, showing a skill in weaving intensifies his life, knits his brow, and crowds the bese ni equal to that of the best English mills, and some royal-look him into smallest spaces and the briefest hours. The maring rugs, large and rich and soft enough for the best feet in velously ingenious music-boxes of the Switzerland exhibi: the world to walk over.
are a truly rich expression of all these forces combined. In the Brazilian exhibit the Southern contrast meets us They set these on their stands and tables, some plain, some again. There are indications, however, that modern tact rather finely carved, quiet, mute, like so many old walnut and industry and skill are working things into shape in or mahogany tool-boxes or family chests, as they used to be Brazil. It is not wholly Southern or languid. There are in the substantial good old days; and they are in very deed some fair specimens of the early stages of manufacture; there tool-boxes of the hidden forces of nature, family chests of is much ingenuity displayed in its fancy cases of bugs and ages, and the harmonies of the mountains, very Sphinxes of butterflies and beetles, and in the cases of gorgeous feather- lise, harmonized and still. On inquiry, the polite attendant flowers. Some of the crown jewels formerly worn by the takes a little key from his pocket, unlocks the Sphinx, lakes a Empress touch the hearts of the ladies, so tender on the larger crank or key and winds the inner bands and wheels subject of jewelry, and so fond of the atmosphere of aristo- and tools into proper position, pitches a tune, when the rollers cracy and royalty. But the Brazilian crown jewels are not roll around, striking the little brass burs against the appointed remarkably brilliant.
note or key, making even alone the choicest melody, but in In the exhibit of Belgium are some interesting cases of addition, there is a chime of silver bells skillsully played to paper and cloth, rags and shreds, showing the materials out enrich the music; in another part of the box, run by the of which the finer and coarser qualities of Belgian and same wheel, arranged by the same good head to begin with, other papers are made. The mode of glass-making is illus- and to add another element to the sound and pleasure, is a trated, and the Belgian laces, here on exhibition, fully justily veritable drum and drummer, beating his martial strokes the world-wide renown which they have already attair.ed. into the tune, and a castanet finely played. It is a piang, A prominent feature of the Belgian exhibit is a new and military band, church music and the rich and crisp old very elaborately carved pulpit according to the old style. chimes, or the mountain air and sunlight of genius all in There is not a finer, more painstaking or accurate piece of The Switzerland clocks and watches in the exhibit are wood carving in the exhibition, but being new, and we also of note and worthy of admiration, especially the little Americans being so used to fine new things, this splendid gems of gold watches, scarcely larger or thicker than a specimen of the wood-cutter's art does not impress us as do silver quarter-dollar, and one enormous clock, which, needthe older exhibits of the same character in the departments ing some attention as to its pendulum, we noticed one day, of China and Japan. The far-famed glass works of Belgium the man in attendance got into and moved around among are also strongly represented both in the shape of enormous the cogs and wheels with apparent comfort, safely and ease. cases of unframed glass and in the line of large and hand- The impression one gets on entering the French Departsomely framed mirrors. The exhibit is simply a fair ex. ment is that there is everything in it, and that all is very pression of the average best European civilization of this beautiful. Taste the most varied, refined, and sometimes century, without any specially marked seatures expressive of sanciful, rules the section and the hour. The display, as a Belgium alone.
whole, is not as commanding or harmonious as that of Russia, The exhibit of Switzerland has very definitely marked nor as strong and complete as that of Germany—the two excharacteristics. It not only has good and elaborate wood- hibits of modern nations which it most resembles in dimencarving, equal in mechanical execution to the best in other sions and style ; but it has a greater variety than either one of national departments, and cases of fine woolen and silk
After you have strolled through it time and again, manufacture, with delicately wrought laces and kindred the first impressions return with renewed force. It is the fabrics; its genius has taken another and well-marked turn. diamonds, the fine lace shawls, the millinery marvels, in the The air of the mountains is the best air in the world, and the shape of feathers and ribbons, that take the preponderance. snap given to the atmosphere where the surrounding sum- The diamonds-one set, or part set, valued at $40,000—are, mits are clothed and glorified with perpetual crowns of perhaps, the richest in the exhibition, though this point snow, and the strength and brilliancy that come from the might be contested, and the palm born off by Messrs. Tiffany pure hearts and shining faces of the Alpine glaciers as they & Company, already mentioned. The French lace shawls melt and scatter under the rays of the noon-day sun, all have are the most costly in the show, and very exquisitely fine. their beautiful effects on the inner and inmcst being of the The ladies' dress goods surpass in elegance anything ever inhabitants living in the midst of them. There the econo- seen on this side the ocean.
It is, too, quite amusing and mies of the mountain are perpetual and sure. The soil is interesting to see how the French could not help expressing not as deep or broad as that of the lowlands and prairies. such notions of religion as the majority of them have. It is Man of necessity strikes the minimum of expenditure; not a religion of doctrine, like the Scotch ; or of law, like determines to live, to feed, and at the same time enjoy the the German ; or of principle, like the English. It is a reli
. exquisite pleasures of the extravagant without incurring the gion of sentiment-dreamy, light and playful, such as is usual immense costs of the same. Nature has crowded him prettily enough exhibited in the wax and other groups, illus into a small angle of the planet, and shortened and con- trative of the early life of the child Jesus, and old and new densed his days by the height of the hills which obstruct the expressions of worship towards the same. sun, and in return has brightened his brain by the freshest group of Jesus in the Manger hardly conveys the idea of the
But the French