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July, the Memorable Month of the Memorable Year. against any person without being able fully to establish it-Our present number is appropriately devoted largely to and apply the same severe remedy to every slander.producing history and biography of the events and men most intimately or slander.circulating newspaper. Let no man or paper connected with our Nation's Birth, and we feel a pleasing guilty of originating or circulating an unsubstantiated accusaassurance that each paper will be read with special interest tion against either an official or a candidate be received or during the Centennial Month. We have a large number of supported or savored among honorable and upright peo; leexceedingly valuable papers awaiting space, among them let all such be spurned by truly worthy people, and their some from our well-known and prized contributors, Isaac devilish work will stop, for slander-breeders and mongers Smucker, W. T. R. Saffell, Charles A. Campbell, William are the meanest and most despicable of cowards, and may Wirt Henry, H. K. W. Wilcox, and others equally esteemed, most readily be silenced in their shameless and infamous and some from new contributors. We have been inuch practices. gratified to hear during the past month from our friend, E. Once close the floodgates of malicious slander, and we may H. Goss, whose admirable pen has been missed for some hope to secure in all grades of public stations men fit and months from our pages. We doubt if any Editor in the land worthy to fill them. The people of our land are responsible, has more cause than we to be grateful for a goodly array of as they alone can stop this worst of evils, and open the way writers of marked ability and " masterly pens." We assure to the securing of capable and honest officials. It is time each and all of them that their contributions are highly that this terrible mania for slander were stopped when it prized by us as well as by our readers, and beg them to lose actually calls into being and sustains newspapers expressly no good opportunity to increase our obligations.
devoted to this crime of crimes, newspapers with no prin.
ciples and no vocation except to defame office holders and Crime in Official Circles.-One of the most distressing candidates. We need not name any of this class of indeconsequences of the occasional discovery of wrong-doing fendent papers, as they are well known, and those who do among government officials is the suspicion which imme- not know them cannot fail to discover the cloven foot or the diately arises of the integrity of even the most discreet and adder-sting, if they but look closely into their columns. That upright (fficers. This suspicion is not slow to assail men we are not wrong in charging the people with the responsi. who have preserved pure, spotless records during long terms bility for the prevalence of the slander pestilence, we can of public service. For instance, no sooner was the crime show by simply noting the fact that some of these independof Secretary Belknap discovered than Secretary Robeson, ent papers boast larger circulations than their respectable Attorney-General Pierrepont, and others of their associate neighbors. officials were assailed by entirely baseless suspicion, and But, in this series of articles, we have undertaken to show their political foes forthwith set on foot, to run with lightning how we, the people, are directly responsible for the wrong. speed o'er land and sea, all sorts of mean, insamous rumors doings among our town, city, county, state and national against them. It matters not to slander-mongers how pure officials; and we have adduced two specifications: first, and unimpeachable the public life of a man, or how unselfish the permission or encouragement of too rigid an appli. and disinterested his attention to the public welfare—to come cation of the party test in the selection of officials, and, within range of their despicable missiles, he needs but be secondly, the permission or encouragement of slander an office holder of opposite party affiliations, and if he but against officials and candidates. There is, however, another adds to this an ambition for other and higher office he must and more widespread evil, fostered among the people, which indeed possess a brave and heroic soul to let that ambition we believe has more agency in inducing criminality in official be known to or suspected by the scandel-mongers of the circles than any other one cause. It is the almost universal opposite party. Thus we have recently seen every aspirant extravagance which has grown terribly of late years and to the Presidency made the victim of the grossest slanders, involves all classes of the community—the lower and middle until the public confidence is well-nigh unable to centre no less, if not actually more, than the upper classes. We see upon any man of more than insignificant ability. The worst this and we criticise it, and too often we go and do likewise, consequence of this wicked slander-breeding, is that many emulating the very fault we condenın. worthy men who would be valuable and highly useful in Go into our streets, and behold the wives and daughters public stations are deterred from permitting themselves to of clerks and journeyman mechanics arrayed to vie with become candidates, and thus, too often, inferior men alone those of their employers, and the wives and daughters of the can be found to place in positions wherein superior men are employers to vie with those of the merchant princes and needed.
retired business men. Go into our markets, and behold the There is a remedy, and only one, for this slander-breeding purchasers of a pound of beef or a quarter-peck of potatoes, nuisance, and the people alone can apply it: it is to make arrayed in alpaca or other costly fabrics instead of the calico infamous every man, whoever or whatever he be, who or cheap delaine which sufficed their mothers. Go even into
our churches, and behold the “ beauties" of bonnets and originates or circulates a charge of crime or wrong.doing
dresses which are indispensable to the worship of the God to meet their expenditures; the salary is ample for all proper who in Paul's time delighted in the “adornment of a meek expenses, but entirely inadequate to satisfy the demands of and quiet spirit” as distinguished from the showy or self- society—thus, the legitimate income being insufficient, the exalting spirit that seeks fine feathers” in the desire to be deficiency must be made up by illegal and criminal practices.
fine birds.” Go to our homes, and behold the style of Now, note: the officials could not establish the false standard house that is now required for comfort—the man with an of respectability and create the demands of society-the income of $1000, or $1200, must have a house in a street and people must do this. Hence, the people are responsible for of a size and sort better suited to an income of $2500 or the existence of this false standard and the influence of these $3000; and then step inside and see the luxurious furniture extravagant demands of society, and thus in a degree for their that is demanded to meet his and his family's views. It evil results. mat:ers not what disparity there may be in their respective Let us, as a Nation of reasoning men and women, frown means, Mr. and Mrs. A. must have house and furniture and down every attempt to live extravagantly, and treat with live in a style equal to Mr. and Mrs. 2.
scorn every man and woman who dares to live beyond his or And so it goes on in all quarters : nine out of ten of the her properly, honestly acquired means; but first, let us people are living beyond their legitimate means; if dishonest ordain as the standard of respectability, true, stern integrity they must make up the deficiency at others' cost; if honest, and the moral courage that dares circumscribe expenditures the debts incurred, or the struggles to avoid debt, harass the by the honest limit of ability to pay, and let us shape the man, and possibly his wife, and shorten their days it may be. laws and the demands of society on the immutable principle Still, they “must live, you know," and it “won't do, you of truth and justice. We shall, each and all, be the happier know," to appear mean or to be thought not so well off as and we shall strip from our public servants the last pretext their neighbors and friends.
for dishonesty or wrong-doing. Now, the immediate effect of all this is to establish a false Possibly, we have not written as clearly as we could wish, and base standard of respectability and social rank. Do our and what we seek to enforce may not be as clear to our readers require that we point out how all this bears upon reader's as to our own mind. But, to state our position in a criminality in official circles ? Take an illustration from the word, and in conclusion of this part of our subject : painful case of the late fall in our National Capital: a If we, as a people, are unisormly economical and honest, gentleman of limited means receives an appointment to a and judge all our neighbors by the standard of true worth position of great honor and-distinction; he and his must instead of by the standard of display and pretence, we shall accommodate their style of living to the popular notion of insure greater happiness for ourselves and our kindred and what is required of them, rather than be guided and con- friends and lessen the temptations in the way of our officials trolled by the amount of money they can honestly command and indeed of all whose means are limited.
RECORDS OF THE SOCIETIES.
New Jersey Historical Society. We are indebted to painting on panel, four feet by three, representing an entire Mr. William A. Whitehead, Corresponding Secretary, for a family of husband, wife, mother, and seven children-five report of the last regular meeting of the Society, held in sons and two daughters—in the costume of the beginning of Newark, on the 18th of May, which we condense as follows: the seventeenth century. This painting was considered by The meeting, notwithstanding a heavy rain, was numer
the late Mr. Day, who purchased it nearly half a century ously attended by gentlemen from various parts of the State. ago in New York, as representing Hendrick Hudson and Rev. Samuel M. Hamill, D.D., the President, and Mr. his family, but the committee regretted that they had not Peter S. Duryee, one of the Vice-Presidents, presided. After been able to confirm this traditionary belief. The picture is the reading of the minutes of the last meeting, the Corres- evidently of Dutch origin, the ages of the different person. ponding Secretary made his report on the correspondence ages represented being given in this language; but there is since January, and submitted a large number of letters nothing whereby the name of the artist or the age of the received referring to the operations of the Society and picture can be ascertained. evincing the interest taken in them, hy kindred associations The Committee on Publications reported the issue of and gentlemen engaged in historical researches. Colonel another of the Society's “ Proceedings,” bringing down the Swords , the Treasurer
, reported that the legacy of the late printed record of its operations to the present time. Thomas C. Barron of $5,000 had been received and tem
Rev. Marshall B. Smith, with some remarks verifying its porarily invested, and that the balance of cash in the treasury identity, presented a fragment of the keel of the notable
frigate “Royal George," of 100 guns, which was sunk off The Committee on the Library reported considerable Spithead, in August, 1782, through mismanagement, with accessions of books, pamphlets, manuscripts, and especially eight hundred souls on board, and raised in 1839. Mr. a bequest of the late Mrs. Matthias W. Day, of a valuable Ernest E. Coe presented an original copy of the Boston marble mantel clock, cöeval with the French Revolution Gazette of March 12, 1770, containing an account of the and bearing devices incidental to that period, which adds funeral services of those who fell in the affray with the not a little to the completeness of the library, and an oil. English soldiers on the 5th of March, 1770. Rev. Dr. Abeel
presented an autograph letter from Charles Pettit to Colonel following short record of the proceedings of our Society at James Abeel, Deputy Quartermaster-General, at Morristown, the last meeting : dated Philadelphia, January 6, 1779, and a large Atlas, of The regular meeting for April was held on the 3d, at great interest, printed during the last century.. President 8 o'clock in the evening, Dr. Arnold, a curator, in the chair. Hamill read an interesting sketch of Lawrenceville, Mercer Four new members were elected, and a number of books County.
recommended by the Library Committee were ordered to be A number of old and interesting documents, referring to purchased. A motion to change the hours for keeping the business transactions in Essex county in the early part of the Library open was referred to the Board of Managers. Some last century were received from Mr. William John Potts, of resolutions in regard to delinquent members were also reCamden, and Mr. Henry Congor presented a large collection ferred to the Board. The President announced the following of deeds and surveys and other papers relating to early Standing Committees : On the Library: Dr. R. D. Arnold, transfers of property in this part of the State.
W. S. Bogart, R. Falligant, W. G. Mann, J. S. F. Lancaster. The Society adjourned to meet at Trenton on the third On Finance: Gen. A. R. Lawton, Hon. T. M. Norwood, Thursday of January, 1877.
Dr. R. D. Arnold, Dr. W. M. Charters, Col. C. H. Olmstead.
On Printing and Publishing: Dr. W. M. Charters, Gen. Georgia Historical Society. – Mr. William Harden, Lawton, W. D. Harden, Dr. J. Harris, Dr. E. Yonge, W. Librarian, writes us : " I take pleasure in sending you the S. Bogart. The Society then adjourned.
LITERARY AND ART MEMORANDA.
A Century After: Picturesque Glimpses of Philadelphia | the search for the lost boy, the discovery of other lost
and Pennsylvania, including Fairmount, the Wissahickon, children etc., with fac-similes of letters from the abductors. and other Romantic Localities, with the Cities and Land- | The whole carefully prepared from his own potes and scapes of the State : A Pictorial Representation of Scenery, memoranda, and from information obtained from the detecArchitecture, Life, Manners and Character. Edited by tive police and others engaged in the search, by Christian K. EDWARD STRAHAN. Illustrated with Engravings by Ross, of Germantown (Philadelphia). With portraits of Lauderbach, from Designs by Thomas Moran, F. 0. C. Charley and his brother Walter, and of other boys mistaken Darley, J. D. Woodward, James Hamilton, F. B. Schell, for Charley ; views of his parents' home, etc. E. B. Bensell, W. L. Sheppard, and other eminent artists. Philadelphia : Allen, Lane & Scott, and 7. W. Lau. Magee's Illustrated Guide to Philadelphia and the derbach, 233 South Fifth Street.
Centennial Exhibition; a Guide and Description to all “ Part Fifteen" is devoted to the great Centennial Exposi- Places of Interest in or about Philadelphia, to the Centention; the illustrations comprise, The Main Exhibition nial Grounds and Buildings and to Fairmount Park. Building,” “Machinery Hall,” “ Memorial Hall, or the Art Philadelphia: Richard Magee & Son. Gallery," " Horticultural Hall” (the exterior), “ The Inte. This is a work of real value, evidently compiled, as it 15 rior of Horticultural Hall," " Agricultural Hall,” The published, with exceptional care. The illustrations, an im. United States Building," “ The British and New York portant feature of such books, are far above the average and Buildings," “The Swedish Schoolhouse," "The Japanese better throughout than those in any Guide Book we have Dwelling," “ The New Jersey Building and Women's Pa- seen, while the descriptions of buildings and localities are vilion," “ The Connecticut, New Hampshire and Massachu- accurate and complete, though properly condensed. The setts Buildings,” “The Ohio, Indiana and Illinois Build quality of the engravings may be seen by turning to pages 34
“ The Pennsylvania Building;" and besides 8, 67 and 72 of this number of the Monthly, the Messrs. these, a grand“ View from Belmont.” After all we have Magee having kindly supplied us electrotype duplicates from said of former numbers, we need scarcely say more of this four of their engravings. We cordially commend this handthan that it is equal in every respect to the fourteen that some volume to citizens of, and strangers visiting, Philadelcame before. Among the many and different engravings phia, desiring a neat, compact and accurate Guide Book to the Centennial Buildings, the greater and the lesser, that our city and to the Exhibition. have been published, none that we have seen compare with these in "A Century Aster” for picturesque effect, while
An autograph letter of Charles Dickens, written in reply none excel them in accuracy or workmanship.
to a request that he would offer himself as a candidate
for Parliament, was recently shown at an art exhibition in John E. Potter & Co., have in press, and will shortly England. It is as follows: “I beg to assure you that I issue, The Father's Story of Charley Ross, the Kidnapped satisfied myself long ago that I am much better and much Child, containing a full and complete account of the ab- more usefully employed in my own calling than I could hope duction of Charles Brewster Ross from the home of his to be in the House of Commons. I believe no consideration parents in Germantown, with the pursuit of the abductors on earth would induce me to become a member of that and their tragic death; the various incidents connected with | incoherent assembly."
CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION MEMORANDA.
The pressure of “Independence" matter specially appropriate for the July MONTHLY so circumscribes the space we can devote to this department, that we are compelled to confine our Centennial City and Exhibition to fourteen pages this month, and hence must defer a number of hand. some engravings and much interesting letter-press.
The Centennial City.Dr. Lossing, at the commencement of this number, relates briefly the history of the "Historic Building of America," and we have given therewith some capita? illustrations; but the Doctor does not tell of the wonderful transformation which has been effected in old Inde. pendence Square-how it has been made beautiful with broad, well-made walks, intersecting a gor. geous carpet of green richly ornamented with numerous superb beds of flowers; but a few months ago it was a desert and now it is a bloom
ON ing garden. We give here a fine engraving' of a grand collossal monument to Liberty which will ere long appropriately embellish this historic " Square." The design is by William W. Story, our famous Yankee sculptor, and it will be a noble, majestic work of Art, worthy to stand in the hallowed “State House Garden." The height is sixty feet, width twenty feet; the figure of " Liberty" is beautifully and fittingly draped and
LIBERTY MONUMENT. equipped, and the procession of States and Territories upon the upper pedestal is a happy , conception well carried out; beneath this, upon the front is
the emblematic eagle and the thirteen stars, and upon the We are under obligations to Richard Magee & Son for other three sides are the symbols of Agriculture, Commerce, permitting us to copy this from their new “ Illustrated and Art. It is to be regretted that this magnificent work of Guide," noticed on page 66.
Art is not already in position.
Before passing to a notice of some of the important edi- vania Hospital, and expected in this to give like notices of fices of interest still standing in Philadelphia, it may not be some of the other noble charities of this class in and around amiss, by way of reply to a correspondent, to remark that the Philadelphia, but our engravings of these are rather larger " house occupied by Washington on High street” was on than we can afford space to in this number; hence we shall Market (then High) street, east of Sixth street, as shown in notice but one, the oldest hospital in America, the Philadel. our engraving, the corner house being the city mansion of phia Hospital, an outgrowth of the Almshouse and forming Robert Morris, and that on the left once the property of a part of it. In 1731 the first almshouse was erected upon Richard Penn, later occupied by Howe during the stay of the square bounded by Pine, Fourth, Spruce, and Third of the British army in this city, and still later hallowed in streets; and, as many of the poor inmates were sick, maimed American eyes by the great Washington's making his home or otherwise required the attention of physicians, a hospital therein. The property is now a place of interest
, inde. was organized during 1732. In 1776, the number of inmates pendent of its historic associations, as upon it stands a vast having increased beyond the capacity of the buildings, and bazaar illustrating the marvelous changes of a century—at the corporation of the city being unable or unwilling to the same time, the proportions of the establishment and its erect larger and more suitable buildings, a voluntary associaimmense business afford a notable illustration not only of the tion was organized under the name of "The Contributors to success which attends enterprise controlled by judgment and the Relief and Employment of the Poor in the City of Philaintegrity, but as well of the value of well-considered adver- delphia,” to coöperate with the city managers; the two worktising on a most extended scale. Contrary to our usual prac- ing in harmony purchased the square from Pine to Spruce tice, and notwithstand
and Tenth to Eleventh ing we have no thought of attempting to picture
streets, upon which or notice business
they erected two large
edifices, well adapted houses, we insert herewith engravings of two
to the purposes of em of Mr. Wanamaker's
ploying those able to ihree immense estab
work and caring kindly lishments, because one
for the sick and infirm. is that noticed above,
Until after the Revolu and the other is so
tionary War, the Alms.
house, or novel and different
• Bettering from all other edifices
House," was managed devoted to business
by a corporation cre. that it merits mention
ated by the City, but
HATTA and a visit as one of
this wa's dissolved Philadelphia's places
about 1785 or 1786, of interest.
and the Board of Guar
dians of the Poor sucIn our Junc issue we
ceeded it in the control gave an illustrated notice of the Pennsyl.
of the alms house and hospital, besides hav.
SOY DEPARTMENT MENS DEPARTMENT
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