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that it is one of the most extensive and important in the second street, the broad avenue along the side facing us is United States. It has its grand depot at No. 39 Beekman Columbia avenue, on the other side is Viola street, and Fifty. street, New York. Of their unexcelled presses we shall doubt first street intersects the hotel as shown in the view, giving a less speak in due time; but for the present we must be con- fine frontage to the dining-hall, which is upon the first floor tent to tell of their Centennial Hall. The engraving on page of the large building on the eastern side of Fifty-first street. 477 conveys a better idea than we can give in words of the This dining-hall is 208 by 160 feet. The dormitories are extent and plan of the edifice itself; within it the Company each 16 feet by 14, and are all upon two floors, the hotel will exhibit all their specialties in printing-presses, from the being divided off into 34 cottages, connected by a broad corimmense and wonder-working“ Rotary” to the smallest card ridor running down the centre from the main building, in presses. But it is not merely an exhibition of presses that which are the offices, parlors, etc., with additional guestthe Company design--within this edifice they are carrying chambers above. The plan of this hotel strikes us most on a great Printing Establishment: setting up the type, ste. favorably; the arrangement of the rooms in cottages with reotyping, electrotyping, printing, and binding are carried on intervening alleyways, insures privacy and an ample supply in all the details; a daily newspaper is edited, set-up and of light and air, while the connecting corridor affords easy printed—the most noticeable feature of the entire Exposition, intercommunication and makes one hotel out of 34 private and one that will be highly appreciated by the visitors, who homes; the guests thus secure home-comforts combined will doubtless prize the more a paper published as a part of with hotel-conveniences. There are in all 1500 separate the Grand Centennial. The Company have been granted the rooms,

and the establishment can accommodate 5000 guests. special privilege of printing anything, from business cards But the strongest claim of this hotel upon popular favor is and handbills up to Catalogues for exhibitors and others, and to be found in the fact that visitors can live here as well and guarantee perfect satisfaction on the part of their patrons. as cheaply as at their homes—the hotel is upon the “ European

There are many more buildings in the Centennial Grounds Plan," and the charges are marvelously low, the more espe. calling for honorable mention, and we expect to accord them cially when we bear in mind that the rooms are handsomely all ample space, but we must now pass outside the enclosure, and comfortably furnished and the table completely supplied to speak briefly of two vast structures which have been pro- with the best that the market affords, cooked and served in jected and built by one of Philadelphia's most successful the most tempting style; our readers will be surprised, as and enterprising builders, John Crump, Esq. Some of the we were, to learn that this admirably located, fitted and ma. noblest edifices in Philadelphia are the product of his skill naged hotel charges but one dollar per day for lodging and and labor--for instances, we will mention two which are twenty-five cents for a capital meal; the guest makes his elsewhere noticed in these Memoranda, namely, the Com- selection from very full bill of fare, and may exceed this mercial Exchange and the Union League. In approach. price, but he can enjoy a hearty breakfast, dinner or supper ing the Grounds along the noble Belmont avenue, on our left for twenty-five cents. As to the management, we need but we see the immense, extensive, imposing, and attractive to say that Mr. Crump, whose reputation is national, as the Palace, The Globe, which is one of the largest and most proprietor and director of The Colonnade Hotel, superincomplete Hotels in the world. The exterior, handsome and tends The Atlas Hotel personally, and has secured the assist. imposing as it is, we find much excelled by the interior, ance of the famous M. J. Riley as steward, while his headwhich fully justifies our calling it a palace; but beauty and cook acquired experience by long service as the head-cook

visitor as compared with of the

comfort and convenience, and in these respects the Globe is " One of the curiosities of the city which has grown up

positively perfect. It stands just outside the main entrance around the Centennial Grounds is a Temperance Hotel. to the Centennial Grounds, and at its western front is the The moral courage evinced by Messrs. George Brothers & new Centennial Depot of the Pennsylvania Railroad, while

Co. in establishing The Maryland Temperance Hotel at Nos. the Passenger Railways pass by the eastern front, and have 1214 and 1216 Belmont avenue, a little more than a square their terminus within a few steps of the hotel. The arrange

from the Main Entrance to the Centennial Grounds, merits ment of the interior is admirable, and the management is

and will doubtless receive the substantial endorsement and entrusted to Mr. John A. Rice, one of the most successful encouragement of Temperance men and women coming to and popular hotel-keepers of the country, who has secured the Centennial Exhibition. The hotel is not large, but it is the best assistants in every department, including a caterer neat and clean and well-kept, the table is well-provided, and who has no superior and cooks who cannot be excelled, every attention is paid to the comfort of guests. Altogether, the Globe is a grand hotel of the first class, and Two brothers named Jordan have also opened a capital we predict for it a full house beyond the roth of November Restaurant and Dining Room, on the Temperance plan, on next.

Elm avenue, directly opposite the southeastern corner of the But Mr. Crump’s peculiar genius as a hotel projector can.

Main Exhibition Building, where they furnish excellent not be fully appreciated until we inspect his wonderful cara- meals at city prices. vansary which he calls The Atlas Hotel. We have pur- We have mentioned these two Temperance establishments posely included in the view.on page 480, besides the Hotel, because we think their projectors deserve the patronage of only the Pennsylvania Railroad Depot and the principal Temperance people, and because such people coming to the Centennial Buildings, as our object is to convey an idea of

city will doubtless be gratified to know where to find con. the extent of this most extensive hotel and of its convenient genial accommodations. location. The wide street upon which it fronts is Fifty

We propose to continue these sketches in our next number.

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Potter's Complete Bible Encyclopedia; a Universal

The Episcopal Register, Philadelphia. Treasury of Religious Knowledge, embracing, in one con. This Encyclopedia is a very comprehensive one, practica secutive alphabetical order, a Bible Dictionary, an Eccle- and adapted to popular use. The editor, with his assical, siastical Dictionary, a Biographical Dictionary, and a Ge. has evidently availed himself of the rich resources which time ographical Dictionary, together with an Appendix contain- present time is bringing to light. Yet he employs thests is a ing much Valuable Matter, an Index to Subjects inci- manner, which will make results of study and involgada dentally Noticed, and an Index to the Engravings. Edited available for all who can read the English tongue. by the Rev. William Blackwood, D.D., LL.D., Author of “ Blackwood's Comprehensive Aids to the Study of the

The Sunday-School Times, Philadelphia. Holy Bible," etc., Editor of “ Brown's Self-Interpreting This is not only a complete Bible Dictionary but preseras Bible,” etc., with Valuable Contributions by Eminent Di- all available information on the related subject of Ecdes vines of the several Evangelical Denominations. Withology and General Religious Literature. I fills an ook nearly 3000 Illustrative Engravings.

cupied place among books of Reference. In this Department of the MONTHLY we cannot do better

American Christian Review, Cincinnati. than give extracts from some of the hundreds of admirable reviews of this noble work which have appeared in the

This great work is more than a mere Encyclopedia, huesides leading newspapers of this country.

embracing everything of use in understanding the Bible, it is

intended by the publishers to contains all the available The Baptist Union, New York.

formation in the entire range of biblical, ecclesiast. 2 ani The work aims to be both practical and popular. It is not general religious literature from the earliest times to de burdened with terms, or references that would be of no value present day.” It is not designed solely for ant:quara except to scholars. The pronunciation of words of doubtful scholars and highly educated ministers, but for practcai * or questionable orthoepy is given. As far as we have been

among the people. The information that has been locked up able to see, it is also free from partisan or sectarian bias, facts from the common people in numerous and costly becauses is being calmly and candidly stated. In the matter of illustra- here furnished in a form and at a price adapteri to all. The tions it is exceedingly profuse. The cuts, as a general thing, pictorial illustrations are all of the highest order. They art are well executed and pleasing. The paper, which is toned necessarily numerous, and are not only appropriate, dat and highly calendered, and the print, are all that could be beautiful embellishments. Everything needed to il patrate desired. They reflect credit on American workmanship. and clearly set forth the countries and peculiarites of the As a work of reference on all subjects pertaining to Biblical nations of the Old and New Testament times are resorted to literature it stands alone and foremost.

and introduced by the artist, beautiful landscapes, dilazı. The New York Observer.

dated temples, persons, animals, monuments and remains of We welcome every well-conceived and well-directed effort traffic and commercial influence.

cities that in the olden time were centres of wealth, ef great to elucidate the Holy Volume, and to make its teachings more familiar to the people. This new Enclyclopedia has a

The Central Baptist, St. Louis, Missouri. wide range, taking up the doctrines, history, biography, and We risk nothing in saying that this will prove an aovalegeneral Biblical literature, bringing to the illustration of the able aid to Bible students. It is not a mere dictionary, leta several subjects the results of the study and learning of the thesaurus of references in various departments of histtiry, by ages. We have examined many of the articles, and find ography, geography, and archæology, adapting it to family them judiciously and carefully prepared, and we have no and popular use, making it especially serviceable as an aid to doubt that the work will be an important addition to the lite the study of the International Sunday-school Senes. Every rature of the Bible. Dr. Blackwood, the editor, is a dis intelligent teacher and advanced scholar should possess this tinguished clergyman of the Presbyterian Church. The work treasury of religious knowledge. It is complete, omate, and is beautifully printed and profusely illustrated with good comprehensive, a splendid specimen of typography, engray engravings on every variety of topics presented.

ing, and paper.

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XIX. INDEPENDENCE HALL.

On the south side of Chestnut street, bet ween tolled on the occasion of the funeral of Chief Fifth and Sixth streets, in the City of Philadelphia, Justice Marshall, who died in Philadelphia a may be seen, in a state of excellent preservation, July, 1835, the bell was cracked, and it became the venerable Pennsylvania State House, the erec- useless after being tried on Washington's birthday

tion of which was begun in 1732, and was fully

in 1843

It was afterwards taken from the tore completed in 1741. It was made after architec- and placed upon a temporary pedestal in the room tural plans furnished by Andrew Hamilton, who in the State-House known as Independence Hall was Speaker of the Assembly, and chairman of the It was afterwards placed upon a handsomel: i committee entrusted with the construction of the decorated pedestal, where it remained until 1873, building. The State-House was so far advanced when it was placed in the passage between ittoward completion that it was occupied by the dependence Hall and the room opposite occupied Legislature of Pennsylvania in 1735.

as a National Museum. In 1750 the Legislature authorized the erection of a tower on the south side of the State-House, in which to place a great bell, and the Speaker of the Assembly, Isaac Norris, in a letter to Robert Charles, of London, authorized the latter to purchase for the use of the Province a good bell of about a ton weight. In that order Mr. Norris directed the following words to be cast upon the bell:

“BY ORDER OF THE ASSEMBLY OF THE PROVINCE OF PENNSYLVANIA, FOR THE STATE HOUSE IN THE City of PHILADELPHIA, 1752."

And underneath, “PROCLAIM LIBERTY THROUGHOUT ALL THE LAND TO ALL THE INHABITANTS THEREOF. LEV. xxv. 10."

THE OLD BELL. The bell was cast according to directions, and weighed 2,080 pounds. It reached Philadelphia

In 1735 or 1736, when the Assembly of Pennlate in August, 1752, was set up, and in trying its sylvania first occupied the State-House, they cho tone it was cracked. Pass and Stow of Philadel. for their hall the east room on the first floor, and phia recast it twice, when its tone was pronounced the west room, now occupied by the National satisfactory, and it was placed in the tower early Museum, was afterwards used as a hall of justice in the summer of 1753. On the 8th of July, 1776, by the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. when John Nixon, a member of the Committee of The First Continental Congress, as is wil Safety of Pennsylvania, read the Declaration of known, occupied the Carpenters' Hall; the Second Independence from an observatory in State House Congress met in the Assembly room of the StateSquare, this bell, in the spirit of the injunction House on the oth of May 1775, and it was use? given in Leviticus, pealed out in sonorous lan- for that purpose by that body during its existence guage the great fact that Liberty had been pro. until 1789, whenever its sessions were held in Phil. claimed.

adelphia. In that room the resolution that declared When, in 1777, the British army approached the Independence of the colonies, and the form of Philadelphia from the head of Elk, this bell was the declaration of that independence were debatei taken down and transported to Bethlehem for in the summer of 1776; and then the resolution safety. In the summer of 1778, when the British and the declaration were therein adopted by the evacuated Philadelphia, the bell was taken back unanimous vote of the colonies. There also it was and replaced in the tower, where it remained signed. Because of these circumstances it has evet until within the last thirty years. Whilst being since borne the name of Independence Hall.

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In that Hall two of the most important events in the life of our Republic occurred. There the adoption of the resolution for and Declaration of Independence took place in 1776; and there the formation and adoption of the National Constitution—the organic law of our land-was performed in 1787. It is difficult to determine which of these events was the most vitally important in the establishment of the Republic. The former was a bold and well-considered expression of an intention of the colonists to found an independent nation; the latter, after a trial of a weak form of national life in a League of States, bearing in its constitution the seeds of dissolution, established the solid foundations of a real and vigorous nation, investing it with power and the element of

INDEPENDENCE CHAMBER. sturdy growth. The former act decreed the establishment of a new empire in the did any considerable number of thinking men in world, the latter ratified that decree, and in the the colonies openly express opinions favorable to autumn of 1787 finished the great work began in independence. the summer of 1776.

When the imperial government sent great armies A desire for independence was not a common hither to enforce submission to injustice, and, in feeling in the hearts of the English-American the language of the Declaration of Independence, colonists twelve months before it was declared by “to plunder our seas, ravage our coasts, burn our their representatives in Congress assembled. In towns, harass our people, and eat out their suball their debates, petitions, remonstrances, and stance;" when that government became totally addresses, their representatives had steadily and deaf to the voice of justice and consanguinity," most sincerely disclaimed a desire for political in the people here were obliged to "acquiesce in the dependence of Great Britain. That a few in that necessity which compelled them to dissolve the body, and elsewhere among the people, did desire political bands which connected them with the such independence is true.

No doubt Samuel parent State, and to assume among the powers of Adams, and Christopher Gadsden, and a few the earth the separate and equal station to which others, had looked to such a result with exultant the laws of nature and of nature's God entitled faith for more than ten years, but the great body them." of their fellow-countrymen were most sincerely When, in the beginning of 1776, the King of loyal to the British crown; and not until England had proclaimed his American subjects to late in 1775, when the respectful petition of the be “rebels;" rejected their respectful petition Congress had been treated by the sovereign and with disdain, and was preparing to send a military legislature of Great Britain with scorn, and it was force hither, men of every station began to think known that there were negotiations on foot for the and speak out boldly in favor of a dissolution of hire of foreign troops to enslave the Americans, the political ties which bound the colonists to

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