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Removal of pub- For the removal of the public green-house and the botanical
collection thereat, to some suitable site on the public grounds,
ing from the grounds attached to the Navy Department build:
For completing the improvement of Indiana avenue in the
missioner of Public Buildings. Public grounds. For continuing the improvement of the public grounds west
of Seventh street, designated as the mall, five thousand dollars. Enclosing, grad- For enclosing with a substantial wooden fence, grading, and ing, and planting
planting with trees, the low grounds on the canal, between grounds.
Third and Sixth streets, two thousand five hundred dollars. Twenty-lwo ad- Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Postinaster
clerks each at an annual salary of fourteen hundred dollars,
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the salaries propaid out of
the vided for in the second section of this act, and payable for the
remainder of the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen priated.
hundred and fifty, and for the whole year ending June thir-
Approved May 15, 1850.
Salaries to be
money in Treasury not otherwise appro
CHAP. 11.-AN ACT providing for the taking of the seventh and subsequent
censuses of the United States, and to fix the number of the members of the · House of Representatives, and provide for their future apportionment among
the several States,
Marshals take a census.
1.-OF THE DUTIES, LIABILITIES, AND COMPENSATION OF
ted States, including the District of Columbia and the Terri-
Form of oath or affirmation.
for in this act, and specified in the instructions which shall be
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That each of said mar- Marshals requir-
marshal of the district of
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That each marshal shall
in each, unless the limitation to that into subdivisions
and shall also estimate from the best
to appoint and
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That each marshal shall seasonably supply each assistant with the instructions issued by quired to supply the Department of the Interior, the blanks provided for the needful instruc
Each marshal is required to separate his district
- Each marshal
tions, and blanks
Marshal's duties defined.
enumeration of the population, and the collection of other statistheir tics, and give to him from time to time all such information
and directions as may be necessary to enable him to discharge his duty. He shall carefully examine whether the returns of each assistant marshal be made in conformity with the terms of this act, and where discrepancies are detected, require the same to be corrected. He shall dispose of the two sets of the returns required from the assistant marshals as hereinafter provided for, as follows: one set he shall transmit forth with to the Secretary of the Interior; and the other copy thereof he shall transmit to the office of the Secretary of the State or Territory to which his district belongs. He shall classify and determine the rate of compensation to be paid to each assistant marshal according to the provisions of this act, subject to the final approval of the Secretary of the Interior. He shall from time to time make himself acquainted with the progress made by each assistant marshal in the discharge of his duties, and in case of inability or neglect arising from sickness, or otherwise, appoint a substitute.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That if any marshal reward, or com shall, by any arrangement or understanding whatever, secure pensation, from
to himself any fee, reward, or compensation for the appointment of an assistant, or shall in any way secure to himself any part of the compensation provided by this act for the services of assistants, or if he shall knowingly neglect or refuse to perform the duties herein assigned to him, he shall, in any such case, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and if convicted in any such case, shall for such offence, forfeit and pay not less than one thousand dollars.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That any marshal of appoint deputies. the United States may, for any purposes not inconsistent with
the duties of the assistants herein provided for, appoint a deputy or deputies, to act in his behalf, but for all official acts of such deputy or deputies, the marshal shall be responsible: Provided, however, An appointment to collect the social statistics shall not be deemed an interference with the duties of the assistants.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That whenever the population returned in any district shall exceed one million, the marshal thereof shall be entitled to receive as a compensation for all his services in executing this act, after the rate of one dollar for each thousand persons; but if the number returned shall be less than a million in any district, the marshal thereof shall be allowed for his services at the rate of one dollar and twenty-five cents for each thousand persons: Provided, houever, That no marshal shall receive less than two hundred and fifty dollars: and when the compensation does not in the whole exceed the sum of five hundred dollars, a reasonable allowance
for clerk hire shall be made, the amount whereof shall be deterFurther provi- mined by the Secretary of the Interior. And provided, further,
That the marshal of any district may at his discretion perform the duties of an assistant in any subdivision in which he may reside, and when he shall personally perform the duties assigned
by this act to assistants, he shall receive therefor the compensa-
IÍ.-OF ASSISTANTS, THEIR 'DUTIES, LIABILITIES, AND COM
Assistant to be commissioned.
Form of oath or affirmation.
1 Duties of assis
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That no assistant shall
an assistant to the marshal of the district of
do solemnly swear (or affirin) 'that I will make a true and exact enunieration of all the inhabitants within the district assigned to me and will also faithfully collect the other statistics therein, in the manner provided for in the act for taking the seventh census, and in conformity with all lawful instructions which I'may receive, and will make due and correct returns thereof as required in said act.
(Signed.), Which said oath, or affirmation, may be administered by any judge of a court of record, or any justice of the peace empow. ered to administer oaths, and a copy thereof duly authenticated shall be forwarded to the marshal by such assistant, before he proceeds to the business of the appointment.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That each -assistant, when duly qualified in manner aforesaid, shall perform the tants defined. service required of him by a personal visit to each dwelling, house, and to each family, in the sub-division assigned to him, and shall 'ascertain, by inquiries made of some member of each family, if any one can be found capable of giving the information, but if not, then of the agent of such family, the name of each member thereof, the age and place of birth of each, and all the other particulars specified in this act, the tables thereto subjoined, and the instructions of the Secretary of the Interior; and shall also visit persohally the farms, mills, shops, mines, and other places respecting which information is required as above specified, in his district, and shall obtain all such information from the best'and most reliable sources; and when in either case the information is obtained and entered on the tables,'as obtained, till the same is complete, then such memoranda shall be immediately read to the person or persons furnishing the facts, to correct errors and supply omissions if any shall exist.
Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That each assistant shall within one month after the time specified for the comple- within one month lion of the enumeration, furnish the original census returns to specified. the clerk of the county court of their respective counties, and two copies, duly compared and corrected, to the marshal of the district. He'shall affix his signature to each page of the schedules before he returns theni to his marshal, and on the last page thereof, shall state the whole number of pages in each re
Each assistant to furnish returns
ance of duties de
turn, and certify that they were well and truly made according
Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That each assistant
of two cents for each person enumerated; and ten cents a mile
Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That in addition to
the compensation allowed for the enumeration of the inhabi-
preceding the first of June next.
ble cause, neglect, or refuse to perform the duties enjoined on
Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That each and every
of the heads and other members of any such family, then any
Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That all fines and pen-
United States within the States or Territories where such of-
Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That the marshals and
Fines and penalties en
Marsbals and assistants