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ereeted against that river, its waters four engineers on other parts of the may be admitted into the canal, with. line of the western canal, and one on oat additional expense.

the northern, neither of whom had time • There are required on the route to level and survey that part of the between Rome and Schoharie creek, line above mentioned; nor could they 45 bridges.

find a sixth engineer, who would un• The aggregate of all expenses on dertake to finish the Mohawk route. this section, is

$1,090,603 But although they are prevented from It may here be remarked, as a fed. submitting to the Legislature a report ture of the country traversed by this of this part of the line, with all that canal, not less favourable than the even- minuteness of detail which is exhibited ness of its surface, that, from three in relation to other parts, yet they posmiles above the Little Falls of the Mo- sess information which, for all general hawk, westward for 240 miles, the purposes, is equally satisfactory. This route will not require the excavation part of the line was formerly examined of a single yard of any kind of rock. by Mr. Weston, an English engineer,

Mr. Broadhead's level approaches and pronounced to be practicable withthe Schoharie creek on its west side, out a very serious expense. It has at an elevation of about 22 feet above also been heretofore twice levelled and its surface. There are two modes of surveyed by Mr. Benjamin Wright, in crossing ihis creek, either of which various ways, with the same result. might be adopted. A dam may be The commissioners, therefore, confimade across the creek at A, (on Mr. dently state, that the navigation may Broadhead's map,) which shall raise be continued from the Schoharie creek the water 10 feet, when the canal may to the Hudson, by a canal along the be let down by a lock, into the pond, valley of the Mohawk. which this dam will create, and a float- • This route, from Schoharie creek ing bridge may be stretched across it to the city of Albany, will comprehend for a towing path. But it is believed, a distance of 42 miles. It is proposed from the examinations and levels here. to give tbe canal on this route a fall of tofore made between this creek and the one inch in a mile. The whole deHudson river, that it would be the bet- scent in this route will be 286 feet. ter mode to cross the creek on an aque- • The expense, by a liberal calculaduct bridge, in order to keep up the tion, may be estimated at $1,106,087 line of leyel, with a view of passing the RECAPITULATION OF EXPENSES. more easily two slaty ridges, four or From Lake Erie to a point 11 fire miles below Schenectady, near miles up the TonnewanAlexander's mills. Should this plan be ta,

$205,877

5,877 adopted, the bed of the creek, which

Tonnewanta,

to the Seis about 400 feet wide, should be in- neca river,

1,550,985 creased to a width of 700 feet, so as to Seneca river to Rome, 853,186 give the water an unobstructed passage

Rome to the Schoharie creek, under the aqueduct. This aqueduct

1,090,603 may be composed of wood, supported Schoharie creek to Albany, by two abutments and sixteen piers of

1,106,087

6,089 stone, each of which piers would oc- Add for general expenses, 75,000 cupy'about 10 feet of the width of the stream.

In the aggregate,

$4,831,738 • The commissioners have not been But if the route south of the able to procure a level and survey to mountain ridge, in the country be made froin Schoharie creek to the west of the Genesee river, is Hudson.. They had in their employ, adopted, in preference to the

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OF DISTANCES.

OF RISE AND PALL.

northern route, then deducting that it has been deemed unnecessary

$309,325 to enumerate them. But presuming

that the benefits to be derived from a The aggregate of expense will similar communication with Lake

$4,571,813 Champlain, are not fully understood or

duly appreciated, the commissioners

Miles. Chains. ask the indulgence of briefly pointing From Lake Erie to the

out a few of the most prominent of point up the Tonnewan

these benefits. ta,

27

•That part of this State which is Topnewanta to Seneca river,136 2 contiguous to Lakes George and Seneca river to Rome, 77

Champlain, abounds in wood, timber, Rome to Schoharie creek, 71 27 masts, spars, and lumber of all kinds, Schoharie creek to Albany, 42 which, transported by the Northern

Canal, would find a profitable sale The aggregate distance is

353 29} along the Hudson and in the city of

New-York, instead of being driven, as

much of those articles have heretoforo From Lake Erie to Seneca river, been, to a precarious market, by a long a fall of

194 ft. by 25 locks. and hazardous navigation to Quebec. Seneca river to Rome, a rise "Some idea may be formed of the of 48.50 6

immense quantity of lumber which Rome to Schoharie creek, a would be conveyed on the contempla

fall of 132.85 16 ted canal, from the following state. Schoharie creek to Albany, ment, made on the best authority, a fall of 186

30 and which embraces only that small

section of the northern part of this The aggregate of rise and fall, in State, from whence the transportation, feet is

661.35 by 77 locks. is carried ou to the city of New York, • Lake Erie is 564.85 feet higher or to intermediate markets. than the Hudson, and 145 1-2 feet Within that tract of country, emhigher than Rome.

bracing the borders of Lake George, • The average expense, per mile, of and the timber land north and west of this canal, according to the foregoing the great falls in Luzerne, there are estimates, taking the north route be- annually made, and transported to the yond the Genesee river, is a little south, two millions of boards and more than

$13,800' plank : one million feet of square timThe above is a mere outline of the her, consisting of oak, white and yel. results at which the commissioners ar. low pine, besides dock logs, scantling, rived, by processes of calculation which and other timber to a great amount. we have no room to exhibit.

A considerable portion of the - In regard to the canal from Lake northern part of this State is rough and Champlain to the Hudson, the Report mountainous, and, in a great measure, of the commissioners commences with unfit for agricultural improvements. observing, that

These broken tracts are covered with • The advantages which will result native forests, which, by the contemfrom the connexion of Lake Erie with plated canal, would surnish vast sup. the navigable waters of the Hudson by plies of wood and lumber for many means of a canal, have been so frequent years ; and thus the great and inly elucidated, and are indeed so obvious creasing population which occupies to every one wbo possesses a correct the margin of the Hudson, would be geographical knowledge of the west, supplied with boards, plank, timber,

fencing materials, and even fuel, with of a canal, would greatly enhance the less expense, than from any other value of the northern lands; it would quarter; while, at the same time, the save vast sums in the price of transporlands to the north, considerable tracts of tation; it would open new and increaswhich belong to the people of this State, ing sources of wealth ; it would divert would be greatly increased in value. from the province of Lower Canada,

• The mountains in the vicinity of and turn to the south, the profits of the Lakes George and Champlain produce trade of Lake Champlain ; and, by a variety of minerals ; among which are imparting activity and enterprize to found, in inexhaustible quantities, the agricultural, commercial, and merichest of iron ores. Several forges are chanical pursuits, it would add to our in operation in the counties of Wash industry and resources, and thereby ington, Warren, Essex, and Clinton, augment the substantial wealth and the number of which may be inde- prosperity of the state.' finitely increased : and the iron which The route of this canal will be seen they produce is very little, if at all, from the recapitulation of expenses, inferior in quality to the best iron which is all we can venture to extract manufactured in the United States : in relation to it. por can it be doubted that, after the RECAPITULATION OF EXPENSES. completion of the contemplated canals, From Whitehall to the Hudthe middle and western part of this son,

$250,000 State would be furnished with this Dam, side cut, and other works necessary article, on more advanta- at Fort Miller falls,

50,000 geous terms than it can at present be Do. at Saratoga falls,

35,000 procured.

To Stillwater including dam &c. 50,000 • The ivhabitants of a large tract of From Stillwater to Waterford incountry on both sides of Lake Cham- cluding lockage,

436,000 plain, embracing a considerable portion Add for contingencies, engineers, of the state of Vermont, would find, and superintendence, 50,000 by the northern canal, a permanent market in the city of New-York, or at

Total, $871,000 intermediate places, for their pot and • Whether the canal from Lake pearl ashes, and also for their surplus Champlain enters the Hudson at Fort agricultural productions, from whence Edward creek or at Moses' kiln, is not they would also be cheaply supplied very material in the estimate of ex. with all the necessary articles of fo. pense ; and the commissioners wish to reign growth.

be explicitely understood, that they • The iron of the northern part of consider this question as still open, this State, which at present is un- and as one which will require mature wrought in the mine, and the fine deliberation. It is ascertained that marble of Vermont, which now lies both routes are equally practicable.' useless in the quarry, would be con- An Act of the Legislature, passed verted to useful and ornamental pur- on the 15th of April last, authorizes poses in the west in exchange for salt the immediate commencement of both and gypsum; and thus the large sums these canals, under the direction of the which are annually sent abroad for the commissioners ;—the operations, on purchase of iron, of salt, and of gyp- that towards Lake Erie, to be comsum, would be retained among our menced by opening communications citizens, and added to the permanent by canals and locks between the Mowealth of the State.

hawk and Seneca rivers. The Act *In short, the connexion of Lake pledges certain funds to the compleChamplain with the Hudson, by means tion of these objects, empowers the commissioners to borrow money on in 1808, was $7,000, in 1809, 89,000, the credit thereof, and to impose and in 1810, $14,000, in 1811, $17,000,-Jevy assessments on lands and rral es- in 1815, $25,000, and in 1816, exceedtate lying along the rout of the canal; ed $30,000. Should its receipts, contaxes steam boat passengers; and lays tinue to increase in the same ratio, for an excise upon the salt manufactured a few years, it will become a very lu. in the county of Onondaga ; and ap- crative stock. But no comparison can propriates the proceeds of these duties exist between the Middlesex canal, to the fund, &c. &c.

and either of those about to be con. The commissioners have, in conse- structed in this State. The canal from quence, issued proposals for a loan of Erie to the Hudson will be the tho$200,000, and announced their inten- rough-fare of a Continent. The tion of proceeding with the works dur- countries bordering on that inland sexy ing the ensuing summer. They have and the waters which flow into it, also solicited donations towards these would amply sustain more than ten objects, from those who are more im- times the present population of the mediately interested in their execution. Union; and the very section which These appeals to individual liberality, the canal traverses in this State, is, inhave not been in vain. Among the do. trinsically, more valuable than all nations received and acknowledged, is New Eogland, exclusive of the Disone of 3000 acres of land in Steuben trict of Maine.* We should speak county, from John Greig, Esq. of with less confidence on this subject, Canandaigua, and one of 100,632 did we not speak from personal obser. acres, in the county of Cataraugus, ration. The people of America are from the Holland Land Company. but beginning to comprehend the

Such is the information we have capabilities of their situation, and to gleaned from the valuable documents understand the extent of their re. contained in this publication which we recommend to the attentive investiga- So obvious, however, is the utility tion of those who doubt the practicabi- of these canals, that one of them was lity, or profit, of the projected improve. agitated by the British government ments. We will add one fact more, whilst we were colonies, and Canada collected from the same source, which was in the possession of the French. will tend to corroborate the faith of the Let us mete out to Great Britain the wavering. The Middlesex canal, the same policy, that she would have most extensive artificial navigation in measured to France. Fas est ab hoste this country, which has so long disap- doceri. pointed the hopes of the sanguine, and which has been quoted by the timid as an example to deter from similar under- * So litile is generally known of this fine takings, is about to repay

the perseve

and flourishing territory. (the District of rance of those who have adhered to its nish the reader, that we speak seriously.

Maine,) ibat we think it necessary to admófortunes. The income from this canal

sources.

ART. 4. Irish Melodies, Gospel Melodies, and other Songs. By Thomas

Moore. 12mo. pp. 185. Philadelphia, Published by Harrison Hall.

THE

THERE is a natural affinity he- resistible in their combination. At

tween music and poetry. In first, poetry was content to admit mutheir infancy they were inseparable ; sic as an accompaniment, but the latter, but as in many other alliances, a strise not satisfied with ihis condescension, for mastery, has weakened powers, ir- began, at length, to look upon poetry

as an appendage. Such contradicto- style as of sentiment. It is this banery pretensions, necessarily, produced ful coalition which renders them so disunion; and for some centuries they dangerous. Stripped of his witcheries have rarely met. Advances have, of manner, the wantonness of his love however, gradually been making, of would seem gross, and the dissolutelate years, towards a reconciliation. ness of his conviviality become disAmong those who have contributed to gusting. Aware of this, he has availbring about a 'consummation so de- ed hinself of the suggestion of his voutly to be wished,' no one is so own beautiful simile, and wreathed eminently entitled to our gratitude as bis shaft, like the sword of HarmoBuros.

He has adapted with such dius, with myrtles. exquisite felicity his varied strains to But his ambition has not been satisthe characteristic airs of his country, fied with conferring an adventitious as to make the ó sound an echo to the dignity upon the lowest themes-- he sense.' When, in his despondent has aspired to degrade the most exaltmood, he strikes the deep sorrows ed. He has attempted to mimic the of his lyre,' a chord, in every breast, timbrel of Miriam, with the tinkling vibrates in unison. There is that pa- of the harp of Tara. A sarcastic thos in his tenderness, which fancy as- critic has remarked upon the singular cribes to the tones of melancholy her- convenience of this melange, in enaself, when she pours through the bling such of our young ladies as are mellow horn, her pensive soul.' He charmed with these edifying strains, knows equally, how to dispel the sad. after melting in amorous ditties all ness he has created, when he address- a summer's day,' to cool their fancies es himself to the brisk awakening with a sacred song or two, fresh from viol.'

the'versatile muse of this disciple of Moore has adopted the hint from David and Anacreon:' Burns, and applyed his plan to Ireland. But, however qualified He is, however, inferior, in every natu- * To sport with Amaryllis in the shade, ral endowment, to his prototype. His Or with the tangles of Naara's hair, gasety wants heart, and his grief the our poet cannot rise to the height of • natural touch. To this general re- this great argument.' He woos a God mark there are, nevertheless, couspicu- of ineffable perfections, in the same ous exceptions. Noore's first intro- meritricious numbers with which he duction to the public, was in a volume might hope to win an earthly fair. of licentious poems; which he had There is as broad a line of distinction yet the grace to publish under a feign- between sacred and amatory poetry, ed name,-unhappily, the only evi- as there is between devotion and lust; dence of his modesty we can collect and however, or by whomsoever, it from them. His next appearance, as may have been transgressed, it can we remember, was in the capacity of never be effaced. Yet there seems a translator of Anacreon. In his ver- strange disposition in the metre-balsion, or rather paraphrase, of this Jad-mongers' of the day, to intrench prince of amatory bards, he has caught upon Sternhold and Hopkins, and all the poetry, and quite too much Tate and Brady. We are willing to of the philosophy of the original. He hail this as an evidence of an increashas since published, at intervals, the ing relish among them for the poetry pieces which compose this collection. of the Bible ; and sincerely hope they One character pervades all his com- may at last contract a fondness for its positions, of whatever class, and in- religion. But when we meet with deed constitutes their essence, we al- such theology as is contained in Litile? Jude to their voluptuousness, as well of Moore's 'Gospel Melodies, Childe' Vol. 1, No. 11.

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