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A. parviflora of Pursh. The Veronica scu- very similar to H. nudiflorun of Michaux, tellata must form a new species, which Mr. &c. ; if it should be different, the name of R. calls V. uliginosa : the Nelumbium H. adpressum may be given to it. Diagspeciosum ought to have been called N. nosis. Stem upright, quadrangular leaves, luteum: the Cerastium Semidecandrum lanceolate, obtuse, smooth, uprightof the U. S. is a peculiar species, which branches opposite. The writer of this Mr. R. calls C. purnilum, &c.
article was informed verbally by the It is to be noticed with regret that Dr. author that it is herbaceous and trigyW. P. C. Barton has adopted the erroneous generic denomination Centaurella 4. Aster corymbosus, var 6. alatus,of Michaux, erroneous in a double view, page 81. Petiols winged, leaves deeply because that genus had been previously acuminated, deeply serrated, teeth acudedicated to his own uncle Dr. Benj. minate. Barton by Dr. Muhlenberg, published by 5. Aster philadelphicus,--page 81. Wildenow under that name in the Acts Branches horizontal, leaves , long linear. of the Berlin Society, and adopted by Next to A. tradescanti. Persoon, and because the name of Cen- 6. Aster tenuiculus,-page 81. Branchtaurella is defective, according to the wise es weak, leaves linear, or oblong-linear, rules of nomenclature established by Lin- slightly serrated in the middle
Next to næus, being a diminutive of Centaurea, A. fragilis. an old genus. His pretext is that the ge- We shall not dare to pronounce on nus Bartonia of Muhlenberg and Wilde. these three species of Aster; in such an now is obsolete, and another new genus extensive genus, when new species are has been named Bartonia by Nuttall and so imperfectly noticed, they cannot be Pursh; but unless a fourth name! and a considered as ascertained. better one be given to the Barlonia of 7. Malaris correana,-page 86. This Wildenow ; a third one likewise errone- species had been mistaken for the M. ous (Centaurium) having been given to loeseli by some American botanists, but it it by Persoon through an oversight, is perfectly distinct from the loeseli of (since he had adopted the Bartonia in the Europe. Pursh has omitted this plint. same volume), the Centaurella of Mi- Dr. Barton gives the following tolerable chaux must retain its old and good name description of it. Bulb round, scape two of Burtonin, and the Bartonia of Nuttall leaved, leaves broad-lanceolate, spike must be called .Nuttallia ! as Mr. Rafines- oblong, labellum cordate concave canalique has named it in his Florula Missuri- culate shorter than the petals.-Obs.
Seven new species are introduced in Spike few flowered, flowers herbaceous, this Prodromus ; some remarks will be petals yellowish, scape quadrangular, offered on each of them.
leaves scarcely plicated; blossoms in 1. Potamogeton diversifolium-page June, grows in shady woods. 27. It happens that ever since the year 1811, Mr. C. S. Rafinesque has given the
The author of the Prodromus professvery same name to another species of this found by himself, or his friends ; he does
es to mention only such species as were genus, which was the P. hybridum var 6. of Michaux, but which is a peculiar spe- plete enumeration of the plants of Phila.
not assume, therefore, to give us a comcies, distinct likewise from the P. hetero delphia ; in fact a great many plants well phyllum of Europe, see Enumeratio of known by our botanists are omitted by Amer. Potamog. in Med. Rep. p. 46. her. 3, vol. 2, p. 409. The species of Dr. hin. We are acquainted with several W.P.C. Barton must therefore receive which were found by Mr. C. S. Rafinesanother naine. It is proposed to call it que in the neighbourhood of that city, P. dimorphum. Its characters are stated
and for the gratification of the student as follow. Minute, filiform,
we shall mention some of them, hoping upper
leaves flotting elliptic petiolated 'hall an inch that Dr. Barton will avail himself of these Inng, with 6 nerves, lower leaves sessile peal Flora Philadelphica. We shall use
additions, whenever he may publish the filiform, many minule axillar spikes. This species is the P. Setaceum of Pursh, the characters V. É. and A. for Vernal, page 120, but not of Wildenow, being
Estival, and Autumnal. different from the European.
Viola rotundifolia Mx. This is omit2. Pyrola convoluta--page 50. This ted by Pursh, and is very distinct from appears to be the P. asarifolia of Mi- bis 1. clandestina, found on the Vissahichaux, and therefore not new.
kor, rare, V. 3. Hypericum,-without a name! page Viola blanda. Wild, common, ncar 74. . Imperiectly described : it appears the Schuylkill, V.
Viola bicolor, Pursh. V. tenella, Raf. Polygala spathulata, Raf. near Mount near Woodbury, V.
Holly. E. Viola pupilionacea, Pursh. In Pern- @nothera uniflora, Raf. in New-Jersylvania. V.
Viola concolor, Forster. At the falls Callitriche terrestre, Raf. (and Mg.) of the Schuylkill. V.
above Cooper's Ferry. V. Viola Striata, wild. V. asarifolia, Mg. Callitriche cruciata, Raf. at GermanDitto. V.
town. E. Eschynomene aspera, Mx. near Glo- Hyacinthus botryoides, L. near Germancester point. E.
town, naturalized. v. Florkea uliginosa, Mg. below the falls
Narcissus pseudonarcissus, L. naturalof Schuylkill. v.
ized, near Gray's Ferry. Arabis rotundifolia, Raf. At Camh- Lechea můcronota, Raf. in New-Jersey. den. This species is intermediate between E. the A. reptans and the Draba arabisans. Epilobium divaricatum, Raf.nearChesV.
nut Hill. E. Arabis parvislora, Raf. and Athaliana, Leiophyllum thymifolium, Pursh, (AmBart, Ditto. V.
myrisine buxifolia, Pursh; abominable Carer acuta, Mg. common in woods ; name!) between Cambden and Mount many other species of this extensive Holly. E. genus are omitted in the Prodromus. V. Pyridanthera barbulata, Mx.
Sedum ternatum, Mx. near Darby. V. Woodbury. V.
Chærophyllum procumbens, Mg. Ditto &c. &c.
We have been induced to notice this Dentaria diphylla, Mg. Ditto. V. Prodromus at some length, because it is
Cerastium nutans, Raf. near Gray's the first work of its kind published in the Ferry. V.
United States, and as botanical knowCerastium tenuifolium, Pursh, at the ledge is increasing fast in our country, it falls. V.
might be taken for a model of some simiRanunculus debilis, Raf. German- lar future production. But as it would town. E. Lithospermum tenellum, Raf. rather be an improper one, let us hope at Cambden, common. V.
that our botanists will avoid the fa u lts i Festuca tenella, Mg. wild. Ditto. V. has been needful to point out. Dr. Bige
Gentiana crinita, wild, near Frank- low's Florula Bostoniensis, which shall ford. A.
be noticed hereafter, would be a better Scripus acicularis, L. in New-Jersey, model, although it bears a different naine. common. E.
It is particularly expected that the gentle. Quercus obtusiloba, Mx. Ditto. Am- men now engaged in framing a Prodromus brosia elatior, L. in Pennsylvania, near Flora Noveboracensis, will compile it and
Asclepias "viridiflora Raf. (and Pursh) will do honour to themselves, and escape near Darby. E.
the most severe criticism, Asele pias cuteu, Raf. Ditto, rare. E. C. S. R.
Ant. 5. MUSEUM OF NATURAL SCIENCES.
BY C.S. RAFINESQUE, ESQUIRE.
1. Description of the Tubipora Striatulæ, hope he will soon give us. I shall at pre
a new species of Fossil from the State sent merely, give the description of one of New-York.
species, which I found in my tour, in the Fo TOSSIL Tubipores, although not un
summer of 1816. common in nature, have been al- Tubipora striatula. Tubes connivent, most unnoticed by methodical writers. fastigiated, compact, thicker above, nearRemains of this genus, or rather family of ly straight, hexagonal, unequal, minutely Polyps, are not scarce in North America, striated, outside and inside. and in particular in the northern and west- The specimen upon which this species ern parts of the state of New-York. I is ascertained, and which is deposited at have seen many species in the possession the Lyceum of Natural History, was of Dr. Saml, Ľ. Mitchill, which appear found at Glen's falls on the Hudson river, altogether new, and whose descriptions I imbedded in a calcareous sand-stone many
feet below the surface of the ground, and highly interesting. It is one of the first nearer to the bed of the river. The stratum which cannot fail to attract the notice of had been permeated in the lapse of ages the Botanist; all its species being parasitiby the waters, and the specimen left ex- cal on plants, and often highly injurious, posed, although it was disengaged with deserve to he studied even by those who some difficulty. It is itself nearly chang- do not cultivate Entomology. It appears ed into the same sand-stone, very heavy that this genus is one of the most extenand of a gray colour. It is nearly cubical, sive in nature, and if it is supposed that one about five inches long, two or three broad, third of all plants nourish them, and that irregular on the sides, truncated at both every such plant breeds a peculiar species, ends. The tubes are all compactly con- we could hardly conceive such a prodinected, through the whole length instead gious multiplication of species: it is howof being only connected by transverse di- ever highly probable, that many species aphragms, as in the majority of other can live on different plants, and that a less species ; these tubes diverge a little from number of plants affords them. As yet their base, by growing gradually thicker scarcely less than 100 species have been towards the top, where their broadest enumerated, and very few of them dediameter reaches two lines sometimes : scribed, the authors having followed Linthey are slightly flexuous and rather un- næus in the practice of conceiving that equal in breadth and length, although the specific name derived from the plant their majority forms at the top a trunca- on which they feed, was sufficient to chated plane, not quite even however. The racterize them, which implied the errogreatest number are hexagonal, with the peous belief of their being found thereon sides nearly equal, but many have un- exclusively. These little insects have also equal sides, some are pentagonal
, and a attracted the attention of philosophers, few heptagonal, either with equal or un- and the experiments made upon them by equal sides. The little furrows are slight- Bonnet and Hubert, have revealed two ly flexuous and visible inside as well as wonderful secrets of nature ; Bonnet disoutside. They are articulated hy inter- covered that the females separated from nal cells, very visible where the inside is the males could breed, and that their febroken and not petrified ; it is even some- male posterity to the seventh generation, times visible outside by slight transverse fur- could likewise breed without intercourse rows, and lower cells are shorter vertically with the other sex! and Hubert has lately than horizontally; the upperones are gene- ascertained that the ants use them as their rally equal in height and diameter, but some cattle, carrying their eggs and young on of the uppermost are longer than broad. the plants suiting each species, in order
This production, as well as the other to feed on the honied liquor they exude. fossil tubipores, are vulgarly known in These facts fill us with admiration, and the United States under the appellation account for the rapid propagation of of pelrified Wusp-nests, a faint similarity those insects, and their sudden appearwith some nests of wasps being perceive ance on many plants. ed in many; which has led the ignorant to I shall endeavour to study all the spe. believe that they are petrifications of such cies of this genus found in the United bodies, of which their stratum and their States, and invite the attention of the geological position preclude the possibili- Botanists and Entomologists to this interty.
esting subject, begging them to distinguish All the species of Tubipores now liv- particularly those which feed on difering are found in the sea ; but the local po- ent species of plants, those which breed on sition of my specimen of Tubipora stria- a single exclusive species, and the few tula, is not demonstrative of the geological species which may feed on a common fact that the place where it was found, species of plants. Meantime, I shall was once the bed of the sea: from many enumerate and describe concisely about circumstances, I conclude that it rather 12. species, which I observed in the state was the bed of the large lake of the Hud- of New York, last year, (many on rare son, and the species might (with some plants), the whole of which are probably others) have inhabited lakes instead of new or yet indescribed. the ocean, or have lived in such lakes at a 1. Aphis Diervilla-lutea. Body nearly period when it had a communication with rounded, annulated, whitish rufous, length the ocean,
1 line ; antens very short bent, one third
the length of the body, appendages long 2. Specimens of several new .3merican truncated two thirds the length of the
species of the genus Aphis. body. This genus has always appeared to me 2. Aphis Aralia-hispida. Body pale
green or rufous, obovate 1 1-2 line ; head venture on proposing this new genus untruncated ; antens longer than the body der the name of Lorerates, i. e. bent and straight ; appendages 1-2 line. horns.
3. Aphis Aquilegia-camadensis. Body But my 12th species, must certainly pale rufous ; acute posteriorly, without form a new genus, differing widely from appendages, 1 line; antens of same length. the Aphis, by the flattened body, the mis
4. Aphis Hieracium-venosum. Body sing appendages, the antens bent and ferruginous red, oboval about 1 line long'; club-shaped, and I shall give to it the antens two thirds of that length, appen- name of Cladorus, i. e. Pent-club. dages very short.
The real genus Aphis is distinguished 5. Aphis Melampyrum-latifolium. Body. by the following characters :-Body oval oboval, green, with a pale stripe along or oblong and thick, two appendages on the back, 1 line long; eyes black, antens the rump, and often a lengthened oviduchalf a line; appendages very short. tum, forming a third appendage; antens
6. Aphis Pleris-aquilinoides. (P. aqui- setaceous straight, but often recurved lina Amer. Auct.) Body pale green, obo- over the back; bill very short; wings val, one line long; eyes brown, antens longer than the body, obtuse, roofed, half a line long ; appendages very short. veined, and generally with an obiong spot
7. Aphis Campanula-riparia. (C. ro- on the lower edge, in the males; females tundifolia Amer. Auct.)Body oboval brick- without wings. C.S.Rafinesque red, two lines ; feet and antens reddish brown, antens shorter than the body; 3. New species of Mammifers, noticed in appendages very short.
the Notes to the (Tableau methodique 8. Aphis Chenophyllum-canadense. Bo- des Mammiferes) Methodical Picture dy oboval, acute, pale green, with two of the Mammifers, by D. Desmarels, in paler dorsal stripes, length 1 1-2 line, head the 24th and lust volume of the French truncated, antens shorter than the body; New Dictionary of Natural History. appendages very short.
Paris, 1804. Translated and improved, 9. Aphis Erigeron-philadelphicum. by C. S. Rfinesque. Body green, oblong oboval, length two 1. Galago minrius. Raf. Petit Galago lines ; antens bent, shorter than the body; Desm. Tabl. pag. 10. Lemur minutus appendages very short.
Cuvier-Dwarf galago. Def. Murine 10. Aphis verticolor. Body oblong, gray, ears very short. -Obs. from Seoboval, two lines long ; head truncated negal, as well as the Gulago Senegalensis brown, thorax fulvous, abdomen ferrugi- of Geoffroy, which differs hy being much nous, feet brown, but white near the body, larger, of the size of a cat, with long ears, antens nearly as long as the body and and a variegated colour. brown; appendages very short.—On 2. Pteropus pusillus. Geoffroy Cataseveral species of the order Glossanthia logue des Mammiferes du museum d'Hisor Cichoracevus, and ever on the Hiera- toire Naturelle. Pterope Olive, Desm. cium venosum along with the 4th species. Tabl. pag. 11.-Olivaceous Pterope.
11. Aphis furcipes. Body oblong obo- Des. Fur entirely of an olive colour. val, length one line, green,eyes black, an- Obs. It merely differs from the Ptcropus tens longer than the body, feet brown, as rufus hy the colour and smaller size, nawell as the tops of the appendages, which tive of the eastern tropics as well as all are one fourth the length of the body.- the other species of this gonus. On the Primula veris and Bellis perennis 3. Pteropus Straminčus. Geofir. Cat. in gardens.
Mus. Pterope jaune Desm. tabl. p. 11.12. Aphis firsciclava Body oboval, Yellow Pterope. Def. Fur entirely yel. depressed, dark fulvous, without appen- lowish.— Obs. Size of the following. dages, length one line ; antens shorter
4. Pteropus ruber. Geoffr. Cat. mus. than the body, bent, tips chvated and Pterope à cou rouge Desm. tabl. p. 11.browy.—On many garden plants. Redneck Pterope Def. Fur fallowish,
P.S. I have observed, this year, about neck rufous.—Obs. Desmarets thinks it twenty other different species of this may be a variety of the Pteropus rufus or wonderful genus, which shall be noticed the P. fuscus. and described hereafter.
5. Vespertilio borbonirus. Goeffr. cat. On further consideration, I suspect that mus. Chauve souris. de l'Ile Bourbon my first and oth species, with bent an- Desm. tabl. p. 12.- Bourbon Bat. Def. tens, like an elbow, ought to form a pe- Tip of the nose nearly split, a white spot culiar genus, to which probably many at the base of each wing. species will belong. It will be so desira
6. Phyllostoma crenulala. Geoffr. cat. ble to divide this extensive genus, that I mus. Phyllostome crenelé Desm. tabl. 12.
Crenulated Phyllostome. Def. Appen- p. 19. Dasyure gutte.--Dotted Dasyure. dage of the nose lengthened and crenu- Der. Grizzled gray, dotted with white. lated.
Obs. Native of Australia, along with 7. Phyllostoma emarginata. Geoffr. cat. the D. maculatus, of which it had been mus. Phyllostome échancré Desm. tabl. considered as the female ; this last is
-Notched Phyllostome. Def.- black. Appendage of the nose lengthened, lan- 15. Sciurus rufiventer. Geoffr. cat. ceolated, and denticulated, top truncated mus. Ecureuil à ventre roux Desm. tabl. and notched.
p. 21.-Fallow-belly Squirrel. Def. Back 8. Mustela rufu. Geoffr. cat. mus. n. fallowish brown, belly pale fallow, tail 217. Marte marron, Desm. tabl. p. 16.-- brown at the base, fallowish at the end. Red Weasel. Def. Fur very long, brown, Obs. Native of North America, rather variegated with little lines of a brownish larger than the Sc. vulgaris. L. fallow; tail black, ears very short.- 16. Sciurus erithopus. Geoffr. cat. mus. Obs. Size of Mustela foina, L.
Ecureuil fossoyeur. Desm. tabl. p. 21. 9. Cirella fasciata. Geoffr. cat. mus. -Burrowing Squirrel. Def. Back brownCivette à bandeau ou Genette de France, ish gray, feet fallow, tail brown with scatDesm. tabl. p. 17.-French Civet Def. tered yellowish hairs. Obs. Smaller than Fur rufous brown, back, feet, and tip of the Sc. vulgaris, long nails ; perhaps a the tail dark brown, breast light rufous, species of my genus Tenotis, which cona band across the eyes of a dirty white. tains all the squirrels with pouches like Obs. size of the Mustela foina, L.-nose the genus Cricetus, and who live under and lower jaw whitish, very distinct from ground, then it might be called Tenotis the Civettri genetta of Spain and Barbary; griseus. Raf. found in France.
17. Castor europeus Raf. C. galliæ. 10. Civetla indica. Geoffr. cat. mus. Geoffr. cat. mus. Castor de France Desm. Civette de L'Inde Desm. tabl. p. 17.- tabl. p. 25.-European Beaver. Def. Fur Indian Civet. Def. Fur yellowish gray, short, tail one fourth of total length. Obs. a collar of three rufous brown stripes, The Beaver of the eastern continent has back covered with parallel lines of same been ascertained by Geoffroy St. Hilaire colour, several rows of brown dots on to be different from the American Beaver; the sides, belly whitish-Obs. Larger he is much larger, and with a shorter tail than the Civetta fossana, and of a more in proportion ; his fur is not so long, but slender shape-native of the East Indies. the colour varies in both species, and this
11. Canis leucorurus. Raf. C. argen- species does not build dams and lodges, latus Geoffr. cat. mus. Renard argent
but burrows near the water. Desm. tabl. p. 18.-White tail fox. Def. 18. Cavia cristata. Geoffr. cat. mus. Fur entirely black, except the end of the Cavia huppe. Desm. tabl. p:
25.-Cresttail, which is white, and some white hairs ed Aguty. Def. Fallowish brown, belly on the forehead and cheeks.- Obs. yellowish, tail very short, a crest of long Size and shape of the Isatis or Canis la- hairs behind the head. 'Obs. Size and gopus, L. found in the north of the two shape of Cavia aguti ; native of South continents:
very different from the Sil- America. very Fox Canis cinereo argenteus, L.- 19. Lepus ecyplius. Geoffr. cat. mus. but as the name of C. argentatus, implied Lievre d'Egypte. Desm. tabl. p. 26.a similarity and did not apply corectly, Egyptian Hare Def. Fur pale grizzled, I have changed it to another more correct. legs brown, ears long, broad, and scarcely
12. Canis antarcticus. Geoffr cat. mus. involuted. Obs. Size and colour of comRenard antarctique Desm. tabl. mon Hare, but rather lighter on the back. Antarctic Fox. Def. Brownish feet, fal- From Egypt. low outside, tail shortened. Obs. Size 20. Echidna Setosa. Geoffr. cat. mus. of the common Fox, colour rather dark- Echidne soyeux Desm. tabl. p. 27.-Red er; lives at the Faikland Islands.
Echidna. Def. Hairs long, ears thick and 13. Canis cancrivorus. Geoffr. cat. mus. chestnut colour, stings weak and shorter, Renard crabier Desm. tabl. p. 18.--Crab- except on the back of the head, the sides eater Fox. Def. Fur dark grizzled on and the tail. Obs. From Australia, difthe back, fallowish white underneath, ferent from the Echidna hystrir, which anterior legs rufous brown, posterior ones has strong and long stings. black. Obs. Size of the common Fox, 21. Myrmecophaga nigra. Geoffr. cat. colour nearly similar to the common mus. Fourmilier noir Desm. tabl. p. 27. Hare, but darker ; native of South Ame- -Black Ant-eater. Def. Entirely of a rica.
dark black, tail prehensile. Obs Size 14. Dasyurus guttatus. Desm. table and shape of the M. tamandua of which