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from which to most readers they cal inaccuracies. His materials appear will derive no inconsiderable accession 10 be complete, and be has abundantly of interest, we have been debarred fortified bimself with documents. Some from entering into a minute investiga of these are equally vovel and curions. tion of their merils. We cannot, how. A part of them were preserved by bis cver, conclude our' brief and cursory own vigilance ; but for a considerable potice of this work without recoin proportion of the more important pa. mending it, if duc allowance be made pers relating to the revolutionary war, for the prejudices under which it was lie is indebted to the New-York evidently written, as a copious source Historical Society, who allowed him both of information and amusement. If every facility of access to their valuthe first volume were republished, sepa. able collections, although the General, rately, a considerable edition of it with an ingratiludle he would not might readily be sold.
have failed to condemn in another, General Wilkinson's style is bold and has orniited an acknowledgment of this fluent, but marred by many grammaii- courtesy.
Ant. 8. LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE.
Iccount and Proceedings of the New York Ilistorical Society. A MONG the literary institutions poses, the Society, on ihe 11th of March
which do honour to this city, (of last, resolved to establish lecture-hips all of which we propose, as opportunity on the various branches of Natural lliswill admit, to publish an account.) the fory, and appointed the following genHistorical Society, especially since the tlemen lecturers : extension of its plan, occupies a distin- Saml. L. Mitchill, M. D. on Zoology guished rank. Its utility is suficiently and Geology. evinced by the volumes of its collec- David Hosack, M. D. on Botany and tions already given to the world ;-in Vegetable Physiology. cmbracing the animal, mineral, and ve- George Gibbs, E«q. on Mineralogy. getable kingdoms within the range of Mr. John Griscom, on Chemistry and its researches, we may expect from its Natural Philosophy. investigations results proportionably im- The reports made to the Society by portant to the wider scope indulged to the Committees, to whose consideration inquiry.
these several suljects were referred, are This Society was incorporated in the subjoined. They will serve to exhibit year 1804. The objects of the as. the spirit in which the Society propose sociation, as defined in tbe charter, are to prosecute their design, and will, we
the collection and preservation of what. trust, excite a correspondent zeal in the ever may relate to the natural, civil, public. The reports are accompanied Jiterary, and ecclesiastical bistory of the by circular letters from the Chairmen United States, and of this State in par- of the respective Conmittees, intended ticular. To carry into effect these pur: to be addressed to gentlemen who might
probably be able to contribute speci- on a board, it is desirable that at least all mens to their cabinets, or facts to their new species should be brought forward for
examination ansi description. Important ad. archives.
ditions may las be made to our ICHTHYOLO. REPORT ON ZOOLOGY.
Gy. To a people, who already consider their
FISHERIES of the utmost importance, both to Pursuant to a resolre of the Historical Socie. die States, and to the nation, no additional
ty, ai the meeting held in the New York In- recommendation is necessary, further than stitution, on the Ilh dney of March, 1817, to ask of our fellow.citizens all manner of the Conmiller on Zoulugy offered a Report communications. concerning the mounts of promoting that Among the amphibious orders, tortoises, Department of Naural Science.
frogs, serpents, and lizards, are so easily preFor carrying into estrel llie design of the served, that individuals of this kind are soli. Society, ineasies onlit to be adopted to cited from such persons as feel a generous form a cabinet of Zooley. Some of the ardour to favour the views of the Society. leading olijects are compeliended in the fol- Contributions towards ihe history of ilie lowing summary; from which it will appear, Mammaliti
, may be expected from the fur that the collection of facts, specimens, draw merchants, furriers, and bunters. Almost ings, and books, may he commenced imme. every thing known under the titles of rung diately; that all the citizens may be solicited and PELIRES, passes tbrough our city, or is to exert themselves, and that much may be contained within it By application to the accomplished with very little cost.
proper sources of intelligence, there is a con. From the class of Polypres, inhabiting the fident expectation of a rich return of all the depths of the ocean, are derived the produc- matters comprised in their respective provin. tions called Zoophytes and Lithopliyles - It is not generally understood, what Every article belonging to the Gorgonias and extensive and important knowledge, on these Corais, to the Maurepores and flostras, and subjects, is in store within a great cily, ready to each of the kindred families, is worthy of to be imparted to those who will seek it
. a place in the Museum.
Anatomy is the basis of improved Zoolo. The Redliary animals furnish productions gy. The olassification of arimals is founded no less interesting. In particular, the Aste. upon their organization. This can be ascer. rias with its constellation of sea-stars, and lained only by dissection. The use of the the Eclipus with its brood of sea urchins, knife is recon: mended for the purpose of ac. will furnish many species, easy to be guther: quiring acquaintance with the structure of ed, transmitted, and preserved.
animals. It is proposed, that the members So little has hitherto been done in rela- avail themselves of all opportunities to cultition to our Insects, that almost the whole field vate COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, and to commuof ENTOMOLOGY remains to be cultivated. In nicate the result of their labours and rean effort to form a collection of these numer. searches to the Society. There is, perhaps, ogs swarms, all hands may be einvloyed. no department of the science more replete There being no particular dillicully either in will novelly and instruction, and with the procuring and preserving these creatures, it means of conferring wide and lasting reputamay be expected, tbat in a few years, all tbe tion to those who skilfully engage in it. larger animals of this class may be possessed To exhibit and perpetuate the researches by the Society, and disposed according to of the gentlemen who undertake the arduous the most approved of the modern systems.
task of anatomical examination, the accomThe Crustaceous class will also furnish plishment of SKETCAING and Drawing is an specimens, easy to be preserved and trans. indispensable qualification. Beyond the reported. From the extensive families of Crabs, presentation of internal appearances, wheLobsters, and their congeners, a becoming iher bealthy or morbid, this art applies to all diligence will gather abundant supplies.
outavard forms ibat stand in peed of delineaMolluscous animals make important and tion. It is recommended to the members to elegant contributions to Naturalists. Their procure plates and pictures of natural obunivalve, bivalve, and mutivalve shiells, jects, and bring them for safe keeping and commonly sorvive their authors. Their ar popular utility, to be placedhin the portfolios rangement into genera and species, forms the of the Society. science of CONCHOLOGY. It is recommended There would be an inexcusable omission that early and persevering pains be bestowed in passing over unnoticed, the VETEKINARY upon 1bis subject, and that these heautiful Art or PROFESSION. The diseases of domesproductions be inethodized after the most tie animals are deeply and intimately conexcellent of the plans that have been propos. nected with the property and comfort of man. ed.
Every thing that can illustrate or cure the Considering the facility with which fishes distempers of sheep, neat catile, horses, may be preserved, by drying their half skins swine, dogs, poultry, and of quadrupeds and birds generally, will be highly acceptable. Remarks on the more elaborate and expen. This valuable branch of knowledge, knowo sive preparations of Zoology, are reserved for by the name of Episoolic, deserves more a future report. In the mean time, it is supparticular cultivation than it has hitherto re. posed the matters herein suggested, will, for ceived among us.
a season, occupy all the industry of the memBooks on the various branches of Natural bers and their friends. History, are eminently desirable. They will The Committee, however, cannot close, constitute the Library which the Society in- without an earnest recommendation to the tends to form. There can be no doubt that study of Man. The migrations of human many important volumes from Aristotle up beings from Tartary, Scandinavia, and Poto Lamarck, might be collected from their lynesia, to the north western, north-eastern, scatiered sources, if proper pains were taken. and south-western regions of America, merit It is recommended, that every exertion be extraordinary attention. There is nothing made to effectuate this object. Proprietors extravagant in the belief, that colonies, or and authors may frequently be found, will. bands of adventurers, by the way of the ing to be liberal, as soon as they are satisfied Aleutian Islands, the shores of Greenland, and that a worthy occasion presents
the Pacific Ocean, penetrated our Continent Fossils ought to be collected with particu. at an early day; and that their descendants lar care. The organic remains of vegetables settled, by bloodshed and exterminating wars, and animals, imbedded in stone, or buried in their respective claims to the country situa. the other strata of the earth, are frequent in ted south of the middle Lakes, four or five our region. Some of them resemble living spe. hundred years before the voyage of Columbus. cies; while others are not known, at present, All which is respectfully submitted. to be inbabitants of this globe. From the SAMUEL L. MITCHILL, Chairman. Ocean to the Lakes, they present themselves New York, 11th March, 1817. to the eye of the Geologist Let them be gathered into one body. Let the Mastodons, REPORT ON BOTANY AND VEGETABLE Crocodiles, Encrinites, Pectinites, Ammo.
PHYSIOLOGY, nites, Belemnites, and other reliques of the Read at a Meeling of the Historical Society, extinct races, be assembled and classed, and
held at the New York Instilution, on the 8th then let the philosopher survey the wbole, and draw wise and pious conclusions. The oity
day of April, 1817. of New York may be considered as a centre The Committee, to whom these subjects surrounded by wonders of this sort; and the have been referred by the Historical Society, great Lakes, with their tributary streams, reportexbibit testimonials no less surprising and That they have given the necessary direccharacteristic.
tions to have the apartments, assigned them Zoological research is promoted in several for the branches of Natural History commitways by foreign commerce. Living animals ted to their care. fitted up in such a manner are frequently imported; and these, when. as will be best calculated io display to advan. ever circumstances are favourable, ought to lage the various vegetable productions wbich be examined, and if necessary to be described tbey may be enabled to collect. and figured. Cargoes, and even ballast, often That, pursuant to the resolutions passed contain excellent specimens, boib of the at the last meeting of the Society, an applicaanimal and fossil kind. Peculiar creatures lion has been made to the Governors of the are known to inhabit the outer bottoms of New York Hospital, soliciting the use of the vessels, where they may be seen before they Herbarium in ibeir possession, and to have are disturbed for the purpose of cleaning and the same placed in the apartments of the repairing. Sometimes, too, fishes, not usually Historical Society, as a basis upon which to visiters of our harbours, follow the track of erect a similar cabinet in this Institution. ships from the Ocean, and offer themselves The Committee bave great pleasure in to the curiosity of the Naturalist. All these acknowledging the promptitude and liberalisources of knowledge deserve to be carefully ty with which the governors of the Hospital explored
have complied with the request of this soPersons who favour the Society with ciety. donations, will be honourably noticed and The Committee also, with great satisfaction, remembered: their offerings shall be duly observe, that the Horlus Siccus referred to, registered and labelled. As, from its act of consists of several thousand plants in a very incorporation, it possesses succession and good state of preservation, and well calcuperpetuity, the contributions of public spirited Inted to illustrate both the generic and specific individuals are exempted from the fate too characters of the plants which it contains. often incidental to private establishinents. Some of these, too, they perceive, have been They will endure for a great length of years, preserved and designated by the hands of the and descend to future generations.
illustrious Swede bimsoll, being duplicates
taken from the original collection now in the eminent station in the cultivation of this depossession of Sir James Edward Smith, by partment of Natural History: looking 100, to whom they were presented to the Chairman our climate and the advantages of our local of tbis Committee. Others agaio, were col situation as peculiarly favourable to the lected and preserved by the late celebrated cultivation of this branch of knowledge, Professor Vahl, of Copenhagen, and are they have most liberally sent us large colnamed by the hand of tbat • Prince of Bolalections of seeds, particularly of such plants as nists.' Some of bis original letters accom- they conceived would be most useful, either pany the plants, wbich be from time to time as articles employed in the healing art, which transmitted. Since his death, bis successor, enter into the diet of mankind, are cultivated Professor Hornemann. and Mr Hoffman as food for cattle, or are made use of in agri. Bang, of that city, have kindly continued culture, or in the various arts and manufactheir correspondence and contributions of tures which contribute to the comfort of man. dried plants.
The Committee acknowledge, with great Another valuable part of this Herbarium, pleasure, the reception of a large collection more especially consisting of the gramineous of seeds from Monsieur Thouin, the Proand herbaceous plants growing in the neigh. fessor of Agriculture and Botany at the Jarbourhood of London, has been communica- din des Plantes, of Paris, and another from ted by the late Mr. William Curtis, the au. our learned countryman, Mr. Jefferson, as thor of the Flora Londinensis.
lately received by him from bis European Mr. James Dickson, the celebrated British correspondents. Those seeds bave all been Cryptogamist, has also enriched this collec. conveyed to the Botanic Garden, where, in tion by a most valuable assemblage of the the hands of the present curator, Mr Andrew Musci. and some of the other orders of the Gentle, they will doubtless be cultivated with Cryptogamous class.
great care and fidelity. The collection of the plants of Scotland, The Committee cannot conclude this report made by the President of the College of without earnestly expressing the hope, that Physicians and Surgeons of this city, Doctor the Legislature inay extend to this infant estab Samuel Bard. wben a student at the Univer- lishmeut a portion of that unexampled munifisity of Edinburgh. and for which he received cence and liberality with which they have the honorary medal conferred by Professor fostered most of the literary institutions of Hope*, constitutes a part of our cabinet. this State.
Many of tbe plants of tbis and the neigh. A small annual appropriation added to the bouring states, preserved and arranged by present proceeds of the Garden, and judicious Cadwallader Colden, formerly Lieutenant ly expended under the direction of the Goverror of New York, have also been re. Historical Society or of the College of Phycently added by bis grandson, Cadwallader sicians and Surgeons, it is confidently believD. Colden, Esq. of this city.
ed would, in a few years, render the Botanic Much also has been done in collecting the Garden one of the most useful establishments, vegetable products of this island, more parti. at the same time that it would prove one of cularly those plants which grow in the vicin. the most distinguished ornaments of our State ity of this city. The names of our learned and country : for, in the language of a late coadjutor, Dr. Samuel L. Mirchill, the Pro. British writer",—"No region of the earth fessor of Natural History, Frederick Pursh, seems more appropriate to the improvement the author of the North American Flora, of botany, by the collecting and cultivating lately published, Mr. Andrew Michaux, the of plants, than that where the Elgin Botanic historian of the American woods, Caspar Garden is seated. Nearly midway between Wistar Eddy, M. D. John Le Conte, Esq. the northern and southern extremities of the Dr. Rafineau Alire Delile, the learned editor vast American continent, and not more tban of the Flora of Egypt, and who, while finish. forty degrees to the north of the equator, it ing his course of education at the Medical commands resources of incalculable extent; School of this city, industriously collected and the European botanist will look to it for the native plants of our island, frequently ap- additions to his catalogue of the highest in. pear as tbe contributors to this collection. terest.
The Committee also take this occasion to “ The indigenous botany of America posobserve, that since the purchase made of the sess most important qualities, and to that we Elgio Botanic Garden has become extensively trust the cultivators of this science will par. known, many persons distioguished for their ticularly turn their attention. It can hardly knowledge and love of botanical science, be considered as an act of the imagination, bave directed their attention to the State of (so far does what has already been discovered New-York, as taking a decided and pre- countenance the most sanguine expectations,)
* See Life of Mr William Smellie, by Robert * See the London Medical and Physical Jour. Kerr, F.R.S. Ed. sol. I. p. 94.
to conjecture, that in the unexplored wilder. They beg leare also to state, that it would ness of mountain, forest, and marsh, which be extremely useful to the Society to have composes so much of the Western World, lie the exact localities of the minerals determined, hidden plants of extraordinary forms and and such further information of the neighpotent qualities.
bouring country, as the donor can procure. All which is respectfully submitted.
By order of the Mineralogical Committee, DAVID HOSACK, Chairman.
GEORGE GIBBS, Chairmar. REPORT ON MINERALOGY.
FOREIGN LITERATURE. THE Mineralogical Committee of the
GREAT BRITAIN. New-York Historical Society, having by their order prepared an apartment for the
A SELECTION of Biblical Criticisms on purpose of receiving and displaying a co the Books of the Old Testament, Translalection of the minerals and fossils of the tions from the Sacred Songs, with notes, United States, beg leave 10 communicate to
from the papers of the late Bishop HORSLEY, the public the arrangements that have been is preparing for publication. made, and the further claims of the Society Correctious and Additions to Rces Cyclope.
Mr Churchil is preparing for the press, to the patronage of the friends of science. The progress of the science of mineralogy voluminous work, and he printed
dia, irhich will extend to the whole of shat in the United States has been very satisfactory to its friends in this country, and the labours size and type, so as to form a proper and neof American minigralogists have met with cessary companion to it. great applause in Europe.
The Memoirs of the Life and Writings of
Several new species, and many varieties of minerals, have DR. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, comprising his puri. been discovered here, and the increasing printed from the original manuscripts be.
vate and familiar correspondence, now first attention to this science, proinises many greathed to his grandson Wm. Temple Frauke interesting and valuable discoveries. But in a couniry so vast and so recently settled as
Jim, Ese. have been issued from the press.
We understand that a series of lellers is the United States, we can hardly expect to find many who have visited, for mineralogical preparing for publication, written by the
celebrated Earl of Chesterfield to Mr. Arthur objects, any very large portion of its territory. The researches of most of them have been Stanbope, relative to the education of his son limited to their own state or the district in Philip, the late Earl. which they live. A great number of valuable this country, bas published a new work, en
Dr. Mason, of New York, who is now in specimens remain in the hands of persons titled, A Plea for Catholic Communion, in who, either ignorant of tbeir value, preserve them only for temporary gratification, or, who one vol. 8vo. This has already reached a having no object in making a collection, would second edition. be very happy to place them where they
Walter Scott, Esq. has announced a new would become useful, in a public Institution. History of Scotland, from the earliest re"To collect these scattered materials of our na: cords to the year 1745, in 3 vols. 8vo. tural history, to display ibe riches of the mi.
A new novel may soon be expected neral kingdom of each of our states; to in from the pen of Mr. Godwin, under the title form the scientific traveller and citizen; to of Mandeville, a domestic story of the se
venteenth century. encourage the growing taste of this science in our country ; to communicate discoveries and
A History of the late war in Spain and invite researches; are objects so useful, so Laureate, is preparing, in 2 vols. quario.
Portugal, hy Robert Southey, Esq. Poet important, that it would be impossible to doubt of the public favour being shown to
Mr. Leigh Hunt has in the press a new this undertaking,
volume of poems. The Corporation of the city of New York
FRANCE. having, with characteristic liberality, ac- Literary and Philosophical Institution. commodated the Historical Society with a suite of apartments for this purpose, they et á Genes, which Mr. Millen, Keeper of the
The Voyage en Savoie, en Piemont, à Nice have now been fitted up with cases with glass doors, one case being devoted to each Royal Cabinet of Medals and Antiques, has state, after the manner
adopted in the nation. just published, in 2 vols. 8vo. forming the first al collection at the Ecole des Mines at Paris
. part of his Tour in Italy, contains niany parThe Committee beg leave, therefore, to visited by the Author.
ticulars respecting the antiquities of the cities *request donations of minerals and fossils for their collection, from the scientific and
GERMANY patriotic in every part of the Union. They The King of Bavaria has, in a rescript to will be received with grateful acknowledg. the academy of sciences, ordered the erecments, and displayed to the best advantage. tion of a new observatory, for which be bas,