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on the above account, says, the appearances intellect of our people, and hence it affords it describes are by no means unfrequent, at important information as to our general nasea ; and adds,

tional condition and character. Thomas “ I have also observed this phenomenon in Moore's new poem is eagerly expected, and Holland and the north of Germany, where the booksellers, we believe, hold themselves the churches and spires are very lofty, and prepared to give two or three thousand generally covered with copper or lead (per- pounds for it.- Madame D'Arblay (late Miss fect conductors,) and where, in hot and dark Burney) is now living in France; she can denights, those fiery points and brushes fre. clare, we apprehend, that for her last povel, quently appear, sometimes only on the con- which was not her best, she did not receive doctors and weathercocks, but also often at less than fifteen hundred pounds. Mr. Cole. other projecting and elevated points of the ridge's caprice of Christabel procured him, building; and I should not at all be astonish- we are assured, a bank note for one hundred ed to find the same to be the case here in a pounds. The copy-right of the Rejected Addark night, at the approach of, and during, dresses, and of a few parodies of Horace, was a heavy thunder storm."

purchased for one thousand pounds of the He tells us that this electrical phenomenon authors,--and sixteen thousand copies, at is termed by the French seamen, feu saint least, have been sold. Lord Byron's poetelme.

ical works have procured one person or

another a sum that may fairly be described METEOROLOGICAL PHENOMENA. as forming a considerable fortune. Mr. SouFrom the period that spots have appeared they bas amassed a large and most valuable on the sun, 'phenomena' have continued to library, and lives in comfort and great res moltiply themselves. Without mentioning pectability, solely by his literary exertions. the disorder of the season and temperature,

The Edinburgh Review sells nearly twelve the sudden melting of the eternal snows of thousand copies four times a year :-it is a Tyrol, of Switzerland, and of Jura, the unex. splendid property to its editor and publishpected Spring, which has already clad those ers, while forty, fifty, sixty, and a hundred countries with verdure, and even brought pounds are given for each of the Essays of back the nightingales to their bowers, we

which it is composed." cannot refrain from pointing out as remarkable occurrences : Ist, The irregularities and

There are now published in this State, extraordinary contradictions of barometers. ninety Newspapers, including six published 2dly, The deviations of the needle. 3dly, semi-weekly from daily offices. Of these, The tide, which, according to intelligence eight are printed daily, eight seini-weekly, from Italy, is now felt for the first time in the and the residue once a week. Adriatic ; and, we may add, the northern lights, which have blazed over the French metropolis for a whole fortnight, in a manner

From the (British) Philosophical Magazine, attended with peculiarities never before ob.

for December, 1816. served. Let us also rank among the pheno.

Dr. Wilkinson lalely presented to the Bath mena of the times, the silence of the learned Philosophical Society, a letter he had receiv. on all these subjects.-French paper.

ed from a clergyman in Suffolk, relative to

two lizards being discovered by the reverFrom the European Magazine, for Dec. 1816. end gentleman in a chalk rock.

The clergyman in his letter says, “A pit ENCOURAGEMENT OF LETTERS.

having been opened in the summer of 1814, "A French journal states that letters in at Elden, Suffolk, for the purpose of raising England are without encouragement, public chalk, 1 deemed it a favourable opportunity or private. Now it is well known, that a for procuring specimens of fossils; and, acliving writer of poetry bas received a sum cordingly, commissioned the men employed, for his productions which it would startle a to search for and reserve whatever appeared Frenchman to name. We believe that we curious. In this search I sometimes assisted, may safely state that his gains for one year, and had the good fortune to be present at the by mere literature, have amounted to six discovery of iwo lizards imbedded in the sothousand pounds. In England, we know lid chalk, fifty-two feet below the surface. nothing of government encouragement of The following is the result of my observa. literature, with the exception of the Laure- tions :-30 completely devoid of life did the ate's shabby two hundred a year,-we keep lizards appear, on their first exposure to the the government to its proper business, and air, that I actually considered them in a fossil leave the remuneration of oar writers to the stale : judge then of my surprise, when, on booksellers, who very wisely buy nothing my attempting to take them up, I perceived that will not sell. What they can afford to them move! I immediately placed them in give, therefore, and do give to our authors, the sun, the heat of which soon restored is good and faithful proof of the means and them to animation. In this state I carried

LIZARDS FOUND IN A CHALK ROCK.

them home, and immerged one in water, is regularly changed, thrice a week, and kept keeping the other in a dry place. You may, in a room, at a distance from the fire. In perhaps, consider it worthy your observa- fair and frosty weather it lies motionless, and tion, that the mouths of the lizards were rolled up in a spiral form at the bottom of closed up with a glutinous substance. This the glass, but prior to rain or snow, it creeps obstruction seemed to cause them great in- up to the top, where, if the rain will be convenience, which was evident from the heavy, or of some continuance, it remains a agitation perceptible in their throats, and considerable time; if tridling, it quickly de. from the frequent distention of their jaws, scends ; should the rain or snow he likely to or rather, around their jaws and head ; inbe accompanied with wind, it darts about deed, they seemed in a state little short of with amazing celerity, and seldom ceases suffocation. The newt which had been im- until it begins to blow bard. If a storm of merged in water, after many violent strug- thunder and lightwing be approaching, it is gles, was at length enabled to open its mouth: exceedingly agitated, and expresses its feel. this afforded instant relief, and it evidently ings in violent convulsive starts, at the top or derived much satisfaction and comfort from bottom of the glass. It is remarkable that, its new element. The other lizard, notwith however fine and screne the weather may standing its repeated endeavours, was unable be, and when not the least indication of a to open its mouth, and it died in the course change appears, either from the sky, the baof the night, probably from being debarred rometer, or any other cause whatever, yet the use of its proper element. The remain- if the animal ever quit the water, or move in ing lizard continued alive in the water for a desultory manner, so certainly, and I have several weeks, during which it appeared to never once been deceived, will the coinci. increase in size. It disliked confinement; dent results occur in 36, 24, or even in 12 and after many attempts, at length, to my hours, though its motions, as I have before great mortification, effected its escape, nor stated, chiefly depend on the fall and duracould I ever after find it."

tion of the wet, and the strength of the wind,

as in many cases I have known it give above FROM THE ANNALS OF PHILOSOPHY, a week's warning.

FOR DECEMBER, 1816. On the Horse Leech, as a Prognosticalor of the weather. By James Stockton.

Professor Silliman, of Yale College, in a Mr. S. after noticing the opinions that have letter to the editor of the Daily Advertiser of long been, entertained, that certain animals this city, bas sufficiently proved that the have an instinctive intimation of approach. honour of inventing the chemical blow-pipe, ing changes in the weather, which ihey ex• which by uniting a stream of oxygen and hy. hibit by various signs, and adverting to the drogen gases, produces so intense a beat as to hints, on this subject, in tbe Georgics of Vir- fuse immediately the most refractory substangil, where it is observed that cows are un ces; and the experiments with which have,recommonly affected before rain, proceeds, cently, excited so much attention in Europe,

“ But that (animal) to which I have chiefly is due to our countryman, Mr. Robert Hare, confined my notice, and that, in fact, which of Philadelphia, who made the discovery in appears, from a long series of regular and 1801, and communicated it in 1802, to the diligent observations, best entitled to notice, Chemical Society of Philadelphia. The cs. is the horse leecb, and it is the intention of periments with this apparatus bave since been this article to record a few remarks on its pursued without intermission, by Mr. Hare peculiarities, as exbibited by one kept in a and Professor Silliman, and have been pubJarge phial covered with a piece of linen rag, licly exhibited by the latter, for years, in his three parts full of clear spring water, which Academical Leciiues.

CHEMICAL BLOW-PIPE.

THE

AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE

AND

CRITICAL REVIEW.

No. II........VOL. I.

JUNE, 1817.

Ant. I. An Extract from a Journal kept on board H. M. S. Bellerophon, Cap.

tain F. L. Maitland, from Saturday, July 15, 1815, to Monday, August 7, 1815; being the period during which Napoleon Bonaparte was on board that ship. By Lieutenant John Bowerbank, R. N. (late of the Bellerophon.)

IT

T has been the fortune of this gene- power, and the subversion of his Tita.

ration to witness, if not the greatest nian projects of ambition. Reason has political revolutions that ever agitated not yet accustomed herself to regard as the world, at least, the greatest number a man, whom imagination is so reluctant of political vicissitudes that were ever to relinquish as a hero. We still view crowded into so narrow a compass. him in fancy, as the sun shorn of his The spasms of the convulsion, which beams,' and almost wait for the instant has so lately shaken Europe to its when he shall emerge from the eclipse, centre, and which threatened, at one and dazzle again with his effulgence. moment the dissolution of civilized so- From the mutability of the past we are ciety, have indeed subsided, but the ready to argue the instability of the seeds of the disease are still lurking present ; and, as the probable has been in the morbid systems of its govern- so far exceeded by experience, it seems ments. The virus of rebellion may, hardly an extravagant stride, in anticiperhaps, be expelled by alteratives, but pation, to overstep possibility. can never be extirpated by CAUTERY, To whatever it may be ascribed, it

Amor, the prodigies of these porten- is undeniable that Bonaparte is still an tous times, the elevation of an obscure object of general interest;—the causes Corsican to the throne of France, and are probably various, but the effect is the virtual dominion of the continent, the same. The hopes of some, the fears may be esteemed not the least wonder- of others, are alive to his fate; whilst ful; though surprise at the rapidity of the philosopher finds a field for curious his rise has been lost in astonishment at speculation in the study of his characthe suddenness of his fall, and admira- ter. To gratify this craving for information of the splendour of his victories is tion in every thing that concerns this absorbed in the contemplation of the extraordinary man, we shall exhibit magnitude of his defeat. We have two portraits of him, in this number, scarcely recovered from our amaze- limned by different hands. The Jourment at the precipitation of Bonaparte nal of Lieutenant Bowerbank, which from the pernicious height of his we shall make the subject of this article, VOL. J.-No. Ir.

L

is a manly and unadorned statement them ranked. When they were about of his observations on the conduct of to leave tbe cabin, he said to them in Bonaparie, whilst on board the Belle- French, “ Well, gentlemen, you have the rophon; in which ship he took refuge honour of belonging to the bravest and in his hopeless flight from Waterloo most fortunate nation in the world." and Paris. This narrative bears inter- Ilaving arranged his dress, he shortly nal evidence of veracity. We have se- afterwards came upon deck; I had then lected those parts of it that relate im- an opportunity of viewing him more mediately to Bonaparte, and shall offer, attentively. without comment, what appears to be Napoleon Bonaparte is about five written with frankness.

feet seven inches high, rather corpulent, Saturday, July 15, 1815. but remarkably well made. His hair

Early in the morning, the Bellero- is very black, cut close; whiskers shaved phon being then at anchor in Basque off; large eye-brows; grey eyes, (the Roads, about four miles distant from the most piercing I ever saw ;) rather full French squadron, a brig, under a flag of face; dark, but peculiar complexion ; truce, was discovered working out. At his nose and mouth proportionate, six A. M. the boats of the Bellerophon broad shoulders, and apparently strongwere despatched to her, and shortly ly built. Upon the whole he is a goodafter, on their quitting her, the crew of looking man, and, when young, must the brig cheered, shouting“ Vive l'Em- have been handsome. He appears about pereur.” At seven, the barge with Bo- forty-five or forty-six, his real age, and naparte and several officers came along- greatly resembles the different prints I side. Marshal Bertrand first came on have seen of him in London. His walk board, informing captain Maitland that is a march, or (as far as a sailor may be the Emperor was in the boat;-Napo- allowed to judge) very like one; and Jeon immediately followed. He bowed to complete the portrait, I must add low, and said in French, “ Sir, I am that, in walking, he generally carries come on board, and I claim the protection his hands in the pockets of his pantaof your Prince and of your laws." These loons, or folded behind his back. Whilst words were delivered with a dignified on the quarter deck he asked several air-tben bowing to the officers, he was questions of the officers, took particular conducted to the cabin by captain Mait- notice of the sights on the guns, begged land. The marines of the ship were the boatswain might be sent to him, of drawn up under arms, but did not pay whom he made some inquiries respecto any honours. Bonaparte was dressed ing the ship and his length of service. in a short green surtout, military boots, The honest fellow, surprised at the unand a plain cocked hat. There came expectedness of the message, and his with him in the boat, lieutenants-gene- sudden introduction to one of whom he ral count Bertrand, grand marshal of the had heard so much, to our very great palace; count Routholon-Semonville, amusement was determined to have the and Baron L'Allemand, two of his aids- first word; and therefore, with cap in de-camp; Sarary, duke of Rovigo, mi- hand, a scrape of the foot, and a head nister of police; the countesses Ber- almost bowed to the ground, in true trand and Moutholon-Semonville, with sailor-like style saluted him with “I four children. He had scarcely been hope your honour's well.Shortly afterfive minutes on board before he sent ward, visiting the other decks, Napohis compliments, and requested that the leon's inquiries were renewed, particuoficers of the ship might be introduced larly respecting the marines. Noticing to him. This was done by captain an old serjeant who had been reduced Maitland. He bowed severally to each, to the ranks for bad behaviour, he and smilingly, inquired how each of asked why that man was not better pro

came

vided for, as he saw that he was an old some gold buckles. He wore a plain soldier? The reason was told him. He cocked hat with the tricoloured cock. soon after retired to the cabin, the after ade. part of which he occupied. Those of

Monday, July 17. the officers were resigned to the ladies • All this day the wind continued and generals who accompanied him. foul with very light airs. Bonaparte

· The Superb had now arrived, and rose soon after six, and had coffee Admiral Hotham on board. brought to him. Breakfast was carried Dinner was served up at five o'clock. in about eleven, during which the conThe ship’s boats were at this time em- versation turned upon Egypt. Tapployed in bringing Bonaparte's baggage ping captain Maitland on the head, he and the remainder of his suit on board. said, “ Had it not been for you English, After dinner he came upon deck for / should long ere this have been Emabout an hour, inquired the names of peror of the east; but wherever there is several ropes, asked how the wind water to float a ship, you are sure to be. was, and remarked it was not fair for

· Tuesday, July 18. England. He speaks French and lla- • During the last twenty-four hours lian remarkably well, but does not ap- we have had very light winds and frepear to understand a word of English. quent calms. Napoleon made his apAbout half past seven he retired for pearance about falf-past five in the afthe night. He appeared during the ternoon. The whole of his officers rewhole of this day very cheerful, fre- mained uncovered during his stay on quently playing with the children, &c. deck. His spirits appeared entirely Sunday, July 16.

gone. He was anxious about the wind, • Bonaparte rose between six and which continued contrary, and mutseven o'clock this morning, and short-tered Il firut avoir patience." At ly afterwards had coffee brought to a quarter past six dinner was sent up, him. About ten be appeared on deck; to which I was invited. Napoleon at half-past, with the ladies and his took his seat in the middle of the officers, he accompanied captain Mait- table, with captain Maitland on his land on board the Superb to breakfast. right hand. The whole dinner was Admiral Hotham attended him round dressed in the French style, and served the decks, and at his request introduce upon silver. Nothing was carved upon ed the officers of the ship to him. I the table; the servants removing each understand he expressed himself highly dish for the purpose. Napoleon was pleased with the Superb. Her yards very melancholy; he merely inquired were manned on his going on board, (addressing himself to captain Maitland and, on his return, the same compli. and me) if the beef was good in Engment was paid him by the Bellerophon. Jand, and whether we had there plenty His gratification was very visible; he of vegetables? He, however, made a bowed and smiled on all around him. very hearty dinner. On the removal He was this day dressed in a green of the dishes, a cup of very strong coffee uniform coat with red edging, red was served to each. It was poured collar and cuffs, very short waisted, the out by a servant of Napoleon's. Whilst lappels buttoned back-two goldepau- filling his master's cup, the poor felletts-the star and cross of the Legion low's hand slipped, and part of the of Honour, with the insignia of the coffee was spilt upon Bonaparte, who orders of the Iron Crown and the Re- said nothing--but gave such a look union on his left breast-waistcoat and full in the man's face, as not only consmall-clothes of white kerseymere, with silk stockings, shoes, and hand

We must be patient.

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