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12. At Leith, Jane Kirkwood, aged 66, wife of At Eye, Thomas Wayth, Esq, solicitor. He was William Dods, smith there.

attending the election ball given in honour of the - At Edinburgh, Mrs Mary Mansfield, wife of newly elected members for the burgh of Eye, and William Mackenzie, Esq. writer to the signet. partaking of the amusement of dancing, when he

At Glasgow, Hamilton Macfarlane, merchant. in a moment fell motionless, and instantly expired. 13. At Boroughmuirhead, near Edinburgh, Miss At Portobell), rear Sheffield, Mr Joseph voule, Christian Campbell, only daughter of the late John a self-taught mathematician of some eminence in Campbell, Esq. Perth.

that neighbourhood, and an able instructor His Mary Jane, aged 11, youngest daughter of death was caused by keeping the windows of his John Thomson, Esq. Forth-street, Edinburgh. school-room open during the whole of the Wednes

Sarah Firth of Bradley, Yorkshire, aged 75, day preceding, to avoid as much as possible the inwho, within the last 16 years, had been persecuted convenience of the intense heat of that day, by as a witch by an illiterate set of people.

which he caught an inflammatory fever, which ce14: At Edinburgh, Mr James Welsh, late baker casioned his death. there.

At Ferney Gre n, on the banks of Windemere, At Edinburgh, Miss Jane Campbell, daughter Westmorland, the seat of the late Mr Pringle, of the late John Campbell, Esq. cashier of the royal Robert Allan, Esq. banker, Edinburghi, aged 72. bank of Scotland.

At Greenhill, in the parish of Ruthwell, Andrew - At Leith, Alexander Shirreff, Esq. merchant Rome, in the 76th year of his age. This old man, there, aged 08.

with his brother, who still survives, and is about 10 At Maryfield, near Edinburgh, aged 19, Ag- years older, is among the last of a daring and ennes, only daughter of Mr William Elder, Leith. terprisii g race of smugglers, who carried on an ex

16. At 134, George-street, Edinburgh, Mrs Eli- tensive contraband trade in Annandale, before the zabeth Constable, wife of Mr Robert Cadell, book- exclusive privileges of the Isle of Man were bought seller.

up and regulated by government. He was a native 17. Of a fit of apoplexy, at the house of the Rev. of the border parish of Dornock, but for the last 10 Christopher Bird, High Hoyland, where he was or 50 years resided in the parish of luthwell, where receiving his education, Richard Henry Liulphus he rented farm under the Earl of Mansfield. The Lumley, third son of the Hon. and Rev. John character of this old smuggler was strongly marked Lumley Savile of Rufford, Notts. He was born with the peculiar features of his illicit occupation, September 16, 1800. His remains were deposited and would have formed a fine subject for the grain the vault of the Savile family, at Thornhill. phic pen of the author of Guy Mannering.

18. At her house, 3, Roxburgh-place, virs Ann Count Kalkreuth, the governor of that city. Allan, relict of Mr William Dick, attorney at law This distinguished officer lived to his 83d year, in Gibraltar.

having spent no less than 67 yer.rs in the Prussian At the Manse of Buncle, the Rev. John service, and been actively employed during the Campbell, minister of that parish.

whole military career of his great friend and in. 19. Christina Dorothea ilamilton, infant daugh- structor, Frederick II. ter of Thomas Ewing, teacher, 41, North Hanover- At Calcutta, Sir John Hadley D'Oyly, Bart. street.

At Bombay, David White, Esq. second member - At Ayr, aged 13, Mary Riddel, daughter of of the medical board of the Bombay presidency. the late Dr David Linton, physician in the island Richard Miles Wynne, Esq. of Eyart-house, of Grenada.

many years governor of Cape Coast Castle, Africa. 20. At Edinburgh, aged 16, John Henderson, At Leamington Spa, Sir Thomas Bernard, Bart. only child of Mr Henderson of Johnson's-court, D. C. L. long and deservedly celebrated for his phiFleet-street, London.

lanthropic labours and writings for promoting the 21. At Edinburgh, aged 19, Agnes, second daugh- public charities and other useful institutions of the ter of Dr William Farquharson, physician.

kingdom. 21. At his house, in the Canongate, Mr John At Pisa, where she went for the recovery of her Henderson, tailor, aged 76.

health, the Hon. Charlotte Plunkett. She was 23. At Bellwood, Henrietta Anna Jane, only sister to Lord Cloncurry, and married, in 1803, daughter of John Young, jun. Esq.

Edward, eldest son of Lord Dunsany, by whom she 24. At Argyle house, London, the Right Hon. has left two sons and one daughter. Lady Caroline ('atherine Gordon, second daughter At Dundee, in the 100th year of his age, John of the Earl of Aberdeen.

Fraser, a native of Strathspey, and one of the few William Hutton, engraver in Edinburgh. remaining adherents of Prince Charles Stuart, hav- At Edinburgh, Patrick, the infant son of John ing fought under that unfortunate Prince during Campbell, Esq. of Achalader.

the whole of the rebellion in 1745 and 1746. He At Goodrich-house, near Ross, Herefordshire, was buried at the church-yard of Logie; and the Miss Ann Colquhoun Bruce, eldest daughter of Sir company who attended his remains to the grave William Bruce of Stenhouse, Bart.

followed the ancient Highland custom of drinking 25. At Edinburgh, Marion, daughter of Mr John some bottles of whisky before leaving the buryingNicol, Buceleuch-street.

ground. 26. At Edinburgh, William Jeffrey, Esq.

On his passage home from Jamaica, the celebrat28. At Edinburgh, Alex nder Hamilton More- ed author, M. G. Lewis, Esq. well known by the head, youngest son of the Rev. Robert Morehead. name of Monk Lewis.

29. At Ormsary, Miss Katherine Campbell, At Lynn Regis, Mr Gavin Mitchell, son of the daughter of the deceased William Campbell, of deceased Dr Mitchell, minister of Kinellar. Orinsary

At Newport, in this county, after a lingering ill30. At No 2, Mound-place, Eliza Orr, relict of ness, the Hon. Andrew Fole;, M. P. for Droitwich, William Raeburn, perfuiner, Edinburgh.

in Worcestershire, brother of the late Lord Foley, - At Drumsheugh, Jemiina Barbara, youngest and father of Colonel Foley, one of the county daughter of Sir John Hay of Smithfield and Hays- members in the last parliament. town, Bart.

At Trinidad, in the end of March last, Thomas Lately-Mr Henry Richardson of Northallerton, Bogue, eldest son of Jacob Bogue, lieutenant of Yorkshire, well known to the sporting gentlemen police, Edinburgh. as an extensive breeder of game dogs.

At Trieste, a Greek, at the great age of 125. He In Barcelona, Captain-General Castanos, the com- lived in three centuries. mander-in-chief at the celebrated battle of Baylen.

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EDINBURGH:
WILLIAM BLACKWOOD, NO 17, PRINCE'S STREET, EDINBURGH ;
AND JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET, LONDON ;

To whom Communications (post paid ) may be addressed ;
SOLD ALSO BY ALL THE BOOKSELLERS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.

(OLIVER & BOYD, Printers.]

BLACKWOOD'S

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No XVIII.

SEPTEMBER 1818.

VOL. III.

OBSERVATIONS ON MADAME DE The lamentations of her devoted STAEL'S POSTHUMOUS WORK.* friends and worshippers arose loudly

from every region of Europe ; nor in The long dreaded but at last very truth can those who have studied the sudden death of Madame de Stael, has remarkable works of her genius be recently taken one of its brightest or- supposed to find much difficulty in naments from the literature of Eu- lending, at the least, a very large share rope, and the idol and centre of at- of sympathy to their affliction. We tachment from a circle of personal know of no author whose personal friends and admirers, wide beyond all character may be guessed from his example since the days of Ferney. writings more safely than that of Ma Her birth, her family connexions, her dame de Stael from her Life of her residence, and the objects of her liter- Father, her book De l'Allemagne, and агу.

labours, had rendered this extra- her Corinne. “ Femina pectore, vir ordinary woman almost equally the ingenio," she displays everywhere in denizen of France, Switzerland, Italy, her works, and in her own person she Germany, and Sweden. Even we, embodied, a most rare and graceful the most jealous of all nations, had re- amalgamation of many of the best laxed our rules in her favour. Many qualities of both the sexes,-the of her greatest works were first pub- warmth, the tenderness, the submise lished in England, and she was uni- sive veneration of woman,-adorna versally regarded among us with a ing, not weakening, a depth, energy, feeling of partiality, which, laying and refinement of intellect, such as every other reason out of the question, have been possessed by few men of might not insufficiently be accounted any age, certainly surpassed by none for by the uniform and intelligent of ours. Uniting within herself so zeal, with which she was accustomed many sources of attraction ; bearing to hold up to the admiration and imi- firmly but meekly the highest hontation of foreigners the severe beauty ours of genius ; adorning and deof our institutions, the consequent lighting every society with her wit, firmness, dignity, and generosity of grace, and elegance; the most pious the English character, as well as the of daughters ; the most tender of moe varied strength and splendour of that thers; the most faithful of friends; literature which has been one of the the most generous of patrons ; is it noblest effects, and which is still one strange that she should have excited of the most powerful supports of that in all that approached her a mingled character and those institutions. feeling, made up in different propora

tions, no doubt, but still the same in its elements

à mingled feeling of Considerations sur les Principaux Eve- love, wonder, and reverence ?-Her nemens de la Revolution Françoise. Ou. vrage Posthume de Mad. La Baronne De faults, for faults she had, were unoba Staël, Publié par M. Le Duc de Broglie et trusive ; and they who were best able M. Le Baron A. De Staël. 3 vol. 8vo. to comprehend her, never suspected Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy, London. 1818. that they touched her heart. She was VOL. III.

AL

worshipped and loved by all ; but by first of all her writings, her Essay on few, very few, was she understood. the character of Rousseau, shews how The expression of one of her heroines early she had seized the full scope was suggested, we doubt not, by her and tendency of those fervent declaknowledge of herself ; « il est des mations which first incited, not the choses qui ne s'expliquent pas; et je light and the sarcastic, but the media suis peut-etre une de ces choses la.” tative and enthusiastic spirits of the

A Treatise on the Life and Writ- world to a crusade of Change.* Her ings of Madame de Stael has already celebrated Defense de Marie Antoibeen promised to the world by her nette, which appeared a few years afillustrious friend William Augustus terwards, is filled with the expressions Schlegel, whose kindred genius and of a wise and thoughtful generosity, attainments, and long domestic inti- and-where could higher praise be macy with the family of Copet, may found ?—is worthy of being read and certainly well entitle us to expect from admired, even by those who are famihim a most interesting as well as mas- liar with the still more energetic masterly specimen of biography and criti- terpiece of Burke. The same may be cism. During the expectation of a said of her Reflexions sur la pair work such as this is likely to prove, adressees a M. Pitt et aux Francais," there would be presumption, as well which were published in the year as idleness, in any elaborate investiga- 1795. Neither is the bent of her tion which we might institute, either spirit, the main and centre point of all into the personal or the literary his- her thoughts, less distinguishable even tory of its subject. In the mean time, in those of her works which are not however, we cannot deny ourselves the professedly or formally political. In pleasure of devoting a few pages to Delphine, the agitation of generous the consideration of her posthumous souls deprived of the star and compass work on the French Revolution—a of principle and religion, and abanperformance less finished indeed in its doned to the mingling winds and style, but containing, we imagine, more waves of scepticism and passion, is true wisdoin than any of its predeces- depicted with a power which can nesors-composed during the intervals ver be undervalued but by the obtuse, of disease, -in great part under the and a purpose which has never been near expectation of death,--and forming, indeed, a legacy worthy of being * In this work, which is not much read bequeathed by Madame de Stael, and in our country, but which, when regarded of being received with the admiration as the first effort of a female author of twen. of England, and the gratitude of ty, must always be worthy of much attenFrance.

tion, we find the character of Jean Jacques This book, by whomsoever it might pourtrayed at least as well as it has ever have been written, must always have

since been by more mature critics.“ Rousbeen a most valuable present to the

seau,” says she, “ devoit avoir une figure

qu'on ner emarquoit point, quand on le voyworld; for it embodies, we think, oit passer, mais qu'on ne pouvoit jamais more good observation and practical oublier quand on l'avoit regardé parler ; de sense, in regard to the events of the petits yeux qui n'avoient pas un caractère à revolutionary period, than we have eux, mais recevoient successivement celui elsewhere met with. But it is doubly des divers mouvemens de son âme. Il porinteresting, and doubly instructive toit presque toujours, la tête baissée ; mais withal, when considered as the last

ce n'étoit point la fatterie ni la crainte qui work of this remarkable person, the colie l'avoient fait pencher comme une

l'avoit courbée ; la méditation et la mélan. whole of whose feelings and thoughts fleur que son propre poids ou les orages ont had been developed or tinged by the inclinée. Ses traits étoient communs ; mais incidents of that strange time--whose quand il parloit, ils étinceloient tous. Son life and genius bear vividly the stamp esprit étoit lent, et son âme ardente : à of that unequalled convulsion, which force de penser, il se passionnoit ; il n'avoit has run first like a fever, and then like pas de mouvemens subits du moins en apa palsy, through the whole moral and parence, mais tous ses sentimens s'accroisintellectual circulation of her country.

soient par la réflexion. Je crois que l'imaInto whichsoever of the works of gination étoit la première de ses facultés,

et qu'elle absorboit même toutes les autres. Madame de Stael we may look, we Il révoit plutôt qu'il n'existoit, et les événe. shall be at no loss to detect the traces

mens de sa vie se passoient dans sa tête, of this great presiding influence. The plutôt qu'au-dehors de lui, &c.”

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