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others, that it contained this extraordinary pro- As I remarked in my speech, I had supposed striking, and imposing, he borrows the phrase

that the South had gained something by the prin- "unparalleled outrageto apply to the positions ** Sec. 1. Every male person of the age of twenty-one ciple settled in the Dred Scott decision, and that maintained by me. He turns me over to be deyears or upwards, belonging to either of the following southern men could go into the Territories with stroyed by my constituents. After all this, who classes, who shall have resided in the United States one year, and in this State for four months next preceding any

their slave property just as northern men go with would have believed that he, so shortly thereafter, election, shall be entitled to vote at such election, in the any other kind of property. But, according to would have come substantially on the same platelection district of which he shall at the time have been for his doctrine, as soon as the Territory becomes a form with me, and have embraced the self-game ten days a resident, for all officers that now are, or hereafter State, there is this difference between slave prop- unparalleled outrage,” and rejoiced with others may be, elective by the people:. "1. White citizens of the United States.

erty and other property, that the former is partic- over its success as a great triumph, a great measure “2. White persons of foreign birth, who shall have de- ularly liable to be abolished or confiscated. Both of peace and quiet to the country? Yes, sir; a clared their intentions to become citizens, conformably to went in constitutionally and legally. But as soon as great Adminisiration triumph, celebrated by muthe laws of the United States upon the subject of naturali

the Territory becomes a State, the rights in slaves sic and singing, speaking, banners, and the firing * 3. Persons of mixed white and Indian blood, who have enjoyed under the United States Constitution are of cannon. Now, sir, I am pained to see that, adopted the customs and habits of civilization.

gone. I was sorry to hear some of our northern among many politicians at the North, there is a 64. Persons of Indian blood residing in this State, who friends say that that was their construction of it, scuffling to have the impression created on the have adopted the language, customs, and habits of civilization, after an examination before any district court of the

and that it could be done without compensation country that there is not a submission of this conState in such manner as may be provided by law, and shall

to the owners. What service is the principle set- stitution to the decision of the people of Kansas. have been pronounced by said court capable of enjoying the

tled in the Dred Scott case to the South if that doc- And I discover the same thing among gentlemen " rights of citizenship within the State."

trine be true? I supposed that, to carry out that of the South, who are trying to cover up the fact My colleague may account to his constituents principle truly, southern men were entitled not that they came down to this very platform, " unfor his vote in favor of this constitutional provi- || only to go into the Territory with this species of paralleled outrage,to wit: that the people of KanEsion.

property, but that, when they came to form a State sas are substantially to have the privilege of My colleague not only voted for this, but, ac- constitution, the convention, or a subsequent Le- | deciding this very great quarrel among and for cording to his own doctrine, voted for a bill the gislature, could do no more with slave property themselves. Now I want to make this point as provisions of which give up millions of the pub- | that had been lawfully brought into the Territory, | plain as daylight-so plain, mark you, that these Tic lands.

than they could with any other species of prop- southern gentlemen who wouid charge me as being My colleague draws a picture, and gives his erty. The right to prohibit the further introduc- | inconsistent, who supported the principle of the statement as to how northern people got to Kan- tion of slaves is one thing; the right to legislate for submission of the constitution of Kansas to the sas. He says nothing about how or for what the gradual emancipation of the issue born after- | people, must apply inconsistency to themselves. our southern friends also went there. As to this wards is another thing; and the right to abolish I do it by reading the act itself; there is no getI had said nothing. It was not my purpose to slavery, allowing compensation to the owners, is a ting around that. It reads as follows: justify scuffling to get people into Kansas un- third thing. All these might be reasonably con

Be it enacted, &c., That the State of Kansas be, and is naturally and prematurely by either. My pur- sistent with the principle settled in the Dred Scott hereby, admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the pose here and elsewhere has been to do all in my case; but to go the fourth degree, and say that the original states in all respects whatever, but upon this funpower to allay excitement on the inflammable convention assembled to form a State constitution

damental cîndition precedent, namely: that the question of

admission, with the following proposition in lieu of the ordisubject of slavery, and induce the country, in all can give the Legislature power to emancipate or nance frained at Lecompton, be submitted to a vote of the sections, to leave this whole question to the re- confiscate the slaves that had gone in there right- i people of Kansas, and assented to by them or a majority of sult of the usual and natural immigration, and fully, without compensation to the owners, is going the voters voting at an eleciion to he held for that purpose, the citizens of the United States—those actually far indeed, and is entirely a different thing. If

namely: that the following propositions be, and the same

are hereby, offered to the people of Kansas for acceptance settled in the Territory-fairly and peaceably to southern men defend that, I am willing to meet my

or rejection, which, if accepted, shall be obligatory on the decide this question at the proper time and in the colleague on that issue in North Carolina or any- United States and upon the said State of Kansas, io wit.” proper way. where else.

Here follows what the people of Kansas are to My colleague says that I based my opposition My colleague tells the story of Pat McGowan.

vote for or against. to the admission of Kansas, under the Lecomp- He uses an offensive term for a very clever Irish- And what is that, pray? Why, simply whether on constitution," in other words, to her ailinission man in North Carolina, whose true name is Pat

she would accept the quantity of land which she is a slave State," upon three points, and so forth. rick McGowan, and is a gentleman who was door

would get any waythe same that Minnesota reBased my opposition to the admission of Kansas, under | keeper to the Senate of North Carolina for a num- ceives--the same ihat she would get whether she he Lecompton constitution, “IN OTHER WORDS, TO ber of years, a poor but, as I believe, an honest

comes in under the Lecompton constitution or any IER ADMISSION AS A SLAVE State!” Now, I ask man; a Roman Catholic; but he discharges his other constitution. Yet gentlemen undertake to any candid man to recur to all that I said upon duties promptly, faithfully, and industriously. argue before the people of the country that it is hat occasion, to read my speech, and then an- He was ever kind and attentive to me.

not submitting the constitution to the people of zwer for himself what is the fair dealing of one personal partiality for this little industrious man, Kansas. It is true, it is indirect; but it is the same who, in a reply to it, would say that? Did I not who had a house full of children, and not the principle, in fact, advocated by those who suplvow that, so far as I was concerned, I was well wherewithal to clothe and feed them easily. He l ported the Crittenden-Montgomery bill. They pleased with the Lecompton constitution, in sub- asked me to sign a recommendation to get him come as near to my bill as they could, considerstance; that I would be pleased to have Kansas the appointment of mail agent of the Raleigh and ing that we are all creatures of human pride. Why, is a slave State, should the people of Kansas be Gaston railroad. I; he received the ap- Mr. Chairman, you might as well have said, "you satisfied with it; and that I would be satisfied if pointment, and has filled it with ability and faith- shall not vote for Lecompton, or against Lecomp-. we could acquire Kansas as a slave State prop- fulness ever since. I might say that all this took


but you may do this: all those who are for rly, fairly, and peaceably?

place before we had any controversy about the Lecomptón may throw into a hat blue beans, but Mr. Chairman, the object and design of this 1 principles of the American party; but I do not all those who are opposed to Lecompton may annot but say (and I do so in all becoming re- want to plead off on any such ground as that. throw in black beans; then, when all have thrown spect) is illustrated by the fable of the boy who God forbid that there should be anything in the in their beans, count, and if the blue beans are the ried to conceal the fish, which he had acquired principles of the American party to prohibit me, most in number, Kansas is in with Lecompton; by stealth, under his waistcoat, but staid in mar- or others, from lending my name or influence in but if the black beans are the most numerous, set, the tail sticking out below. (Laughter.] He a work of that kind ! I think my colleague, if he then there is no State of Kansas, and no Lecompsays there was nothing in the Green amendment, had searched closely into my public acts, could ton constitution." but that he regretted to see it in the bill. He have found something that would have operated But it does not stop there; the act goes further, quotes it in his speech; he defends, as I under- more to my prejudice than this little aid which I and shows what is to be done if they thus reject stand him, the position taken on that subject by gave to one, poor and clever, but whom he con- this constitution. It reads as follows: he Executive in his special message; he professes | temptuously calls “ Pat McGowan.” All that he

"At the said election the voting shall be by ballot, and by o take ground for the Executive against me; and can make out of that little circumstance he is wel

indorsing on his ballot, as each voter may please, - Propoipon that I am ready to go with him before the

sition accepted' or · Proposition rejected. Should a mapeople of North Carolina, or the people of the But my colleague says that I have supported jority of the votes cast be for • Proposition accepted, the

President of the United States, as soon as the fact is duly South everywhere. Pray what is the doctrine in the doctrine of alien suffrage. What does he m’an

made known to him, shall announce the same by proclaended to be covered by that Green amendment? by that? If this charge had the least semblance mation; and thereafter, and without any further proceedt is that the readiest and quickest way to get sla- of truth in it, it would be no fault with him. The ings on the part of Congress, the admission of the State of rery out of Kansas is to adopt the Lecompton Senate bill and the Crittenden bill contained sub

Kansas into the Union upon an equal footing with the ori.

ginal States, in all respects whatever, shall be complete and constitution; for that, irrespective of the checks | stanually the same provisions and safe guards as absolute; and said State shall be entitled to one member in und limitations in the constitution, the majority to this.

the House of Representatives in the Congress of the United of the people can elect a Legislature; and that Le- My colleague goes into a long history of the States until the next census be taken by the Federal Govislature can call a convention. The convention | Missouri compromise, and winds up with this

But should a majority of the votes cast be for

Proposition rejected,' it shall be deemed and held that hus called can alter the constitution, and give at reason for the repeal thereof, to wit: “ That north

the people of Kansas do not desire adnussion into the Union -nce power to the Legislature to abolish and con- ern men opposed the extension of it to the Pacific." with said constitution under the conditions set forth in the iscate slave property, nothing being said about I would reply to this, by asking whether the same

said proposition; and in that event the people of said Terompensation to the owners who, according to majority that repealed the said compromise, could

ritory are hereby authorized and empowered to form for

themselves a constitution and State government, by the he Dred Scott decision, bad gone as rightfully noi, by the very same vote, and with the same name of the State of Kanxas, according to the Federal Conto the Territory with their property as others

have extended it to the Pacific?

stitution, and may eleei delegates for that purpose wienwith other property. Is that a doctrine which is My colleague says he has no complaint to make ever, and not before, it is ascertained by a censiis duly and » be defended by southern men, or that is likely of my votes on Kansas, but believes they are in acel the ratio of representation required for a mounter

legally taken that the population of said Territory equils or advance the interests of the States interested direct opposition to the interests of his constitu- ofihe Jouse of Representatives of the Congress of the UniI the institution of slavery?

ents and mine; and, to be the more emphatic, li ted States; and whenever thereafter such delegates shall

I had a

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assemble in convention, they shall first determine by a vote with me indifference, at the effects and results he within that State as in other States of the Union, and the whether it is the wish of the people of the proposed State

said State is hereby constituted a judicial district of the has so lamely and feebly attempted. to be admitted into the Union at that time ; and, if so, shall

United States, within which a district court, with the like proceed to form a constitution, and take all necessary steps

Then he attempts still further to prejudice me powers and jurisdiction as the district court of the United for the establishment of a State governinent, in conformity | by saying that the member from Ohio (Mr. Gid States for the district of Iowa, shall be established. The with the Federal Constitution, subject to such limitations

DINGS] congratulated me on the speech that I made judge, attorney, and marshal of the United States, for the and restrictions as to the mode and manner of its approval

said district of Minnesota, shall reside within the same, and or ratification by the people of the proposed State as they

on that occasion. When my colleague was upon shall be entitled to the same compensation as the judge, may have prescribed by law, and shall be entitled to admis. the floor, and gentlemen who were near me at the attorney, and marshal of the district of Iowa; and in all sion into the Union, as a Stále under such constitution thus time assured him that what was alleged did not cases of appeal or writ of error heretofore prosecuted, and fairly and legally inade, with or without slavery, as said

take place, I should have expected, at least it now pending in the Supreme Court of the United States, constitution may prescribe.”

upon any record from the supreme court of Minnesota Ter would be expected, that he would have acknowl

ritory, the niandate of execution or order of further proceedI tell you, sir, there is, substantially, the princi- edged that he had been mistaken; but not so. He ings shall be directed by the Supreme Court of the United ple of the Crittenden-Montgomery bill, this “ un had risen to make the speech, and his speech he States to the district court of the United States for the disparalleled outrage,"supported by the friends, who made as he had fixed it up. What in my speech

trict of Minnesota, or to the supreme court of the State of set out with the Senate bill and the Green amend

Minnesota, as the nature of such appeal or writ of error was there that Mr. GIDDINGS could congratulate may require; and each of thoxe courts shall be the sucment, that is the identical thing that has been me on?

cessor of the supreme court of Minnesota Territory as to all passed, and is now glorified all over the country And I would say here, with all submission, euch cases, with full power to hear and determine the same, with shouts and songs and feastings, by the very that if we could bring about a state of things in

and to award mesne or final process therein. men who denounced it so bitterly in the begin- | this country, when Mr. Giddings, or all others, ning; North or South, would be willing to congratulate

ORIGIN OF SLAVERY. In reference to the allusion I made to the test themselves upon the platform laid down in that oaths imposed by the first Territorial Legislature, speech, it would be a better state of things than my colleague mentions an oath to support the con now exists, or I fear will soon exist. I say, in SPEECH OF HON. L. M. KEITT, stitution, and an oath to enforce the fugitive slave reference to my colleague's statement, however, law. There he stops.

OF SOUTH CAROLINA, with a solemn regard to truth, that there is not a Why does he stop there? To impress, I pre word of truth in it. I do recollect that the mem In The House of REPRESENTATIVES, sume, the southern people falsely that in my ber from Ohio, in passing up the aisle, some disspeech I complained that the people of Kansas tance from me, on the conclusion of my speech,

May 24, 1858. were required to take an oath to support the Con- stopped and made some such remarks as he has

The llouse being in the Commiuce of the Whole on the stitution, and an oath to enforce the fugitive slave stated in his reported reply to my colleague,

state of the Union law ? Did he not know and well understand me about my having connected his name with that Mr. KEITT said: to be referring to the extraordinary oaths which of Mr. Buchanan. That I believe to be true; no Mr. CHAIRMAN: On a past occasion I made an prohibited the people from conversing on and de

endeavor, and did not, I trust, entirely fail, to bating the question which, by the terms of the I will conclude with an additional remark in prove that, with the diffusion of the human race Kansas-Nebraska act, was left for them to decide reference to the vote I gave for the compromise upon earth, in the customs of savage hordes and among and for themselves? Why did he pot bill. It was not such a bill as I fully approved. the legislation of early nations--at the origins of then go on and argue fairly, and not so unkindly | I should have vastly preferred the Critienden human societies and under the precepts of God, strive to fix odium on me, as he well understood Montgomery bill. It was an honest bill. It left directly revealed to his people, slavery, domestic that I was referring to these oaths ?

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room for no double construction. It did not leave slavery, stood as a constant, primitive, and univer. He quotes from northern speeches, from those room for southern men to say that there was no sal fact, before which the speculations of schools, whose sentiments are unpopular in the South. submission, and for the northern wing of the the reluctance of prejudice, or the whine of hy. Then, he asks,“ suppose the name of the member | Democratic party to say that there was a submis- | pocrisy are compelled to sink into either silence from Ohio (Mr. GIDDINGS] was attached?”' &c. | sion. It came forward plainly, honestly, squarely, or acknowledgment. I have appealed to the earWhy did he not copy from what was said in the and did the very thing it professed. True, the liest traditions of mankind; I have gone under South as well as in the North? I read from the bill which passed in substance was the same; only the tent of the patriarch, when he spoke face to Richmond Enquirer. Speaking of Kansas and the leaving room for this double construction. face“ with the Lord out of heaven,' and received Lecompton constitution, the Editor says:

But, inasmuch as this odious Green amend the promises of the first covenant; I have entered “ We still believe that the constitutional convention, al ment, indorsing the objectionable doctrine which the precinct of the household which contained the though legitimately assembled, resorted to a ineans of a sub it was intended to cover, was out of it; and inas father of the family and the master of the bond. mission of the constitution entirely at variance with repub much as it left this question to be settled, where lican principle and sanctioned by no precedent of republic perhaps it is best that it should be settled, the questioned the usages of nomadic tribes and the

man merged in one and the same person; I have can history. We cannot recognize that this constitution has been either formally or virtually adopted, either by the

South having nothing to gain, I deemed it best to legislation of civilized States-nay, I have interconvention at Lecoinpton or by the people of Kansas. We vote for it. I said to my gallant southern comrades rogated the sanctioner of all earthly legislation; consider that the mode of submission resorted to was ini

who had fought the battle, that they had, in subtended to defeat, and did defeat, all fair expression of that

I have, not irreverently, interrogated the law of popular will to which the schedule of submission professed

stance, all that they had been contending for. But God himself, and each and all of them have armed to defer. Under these circumstances we agreed, with a

my gallant friends considered it their duty to pro my postulate with defiant proof that slavery, far large number of the Democratic party, by insisting that a ceed further; and, as their bill was in such a fair, constitution legally framed should also be legally adopted, | plain, and unquestionable form, they thought

from being the work of violence and of wrong, is before it could be imposed by congressional action upon a

alike ratified by Divine wisdom and demanded sovereign people ; that the Lecompton constitution should

ihemselves justified in pursuing those who had by social requirements. be subinitted io a full, fair, free submission in the people,

abused and opposed them, until they should bring This, I repeat it, the traditional voices of manwho should thus be enabled to elect its ratification or re them to their very terms, word for word and let- | kind; the usages of the patriarchal days; the jection.”

ter for letter; and had they been successful, I am cycles of popular poetry; the enactments of man; That paper, it will be seen, holds that the con now well satisfied that the bill would have ob and the higher sanctions of the law of God-all vention was legitimate, yet believes that it re tained the sanction of the other wing of this Cap- of them amply, unerringly, and irreversibly consorted to means for the submission of the consti- | itol, and would have given to the country a better verge to establish. tution entirely at variance with the original design adjustment and secured the prospect of greater It does not belong to me, sir, to inquire how and spirit of the Kansas bill and the wishes of satisfaction than the bill which finally received those who have foregone the manlier attitude of the people. He might have added the views of the sanction of both Houses.

the antagonist to skulk under the more conge the Richmond Enquirer in the same connection.

nial infamies of the traducer, can ever succeed in What views did I take, or opinions express, in my


scaling this battlement of proof. For my part, speech, that could call for congratulation from any An act for the admission of the State of Minnesota into the

aside from all human authority and legal defense, Abolitionist? He pointed to none-he could not

I am content impregnably to intrench the rights do it. But he interpolates and adds extracts from Whereas, an'act of Congress was passed February 26, of the South behind the muniments which the the views and speeches of others, and then adds, | 1857, entitled " An act to authorize the people of the Ter? hand of the Almighty has reared; or, if for as I have already said, " Suppose the name of

ritory of Minnesota to form a constitution and State gov-
ernment, preparatory to their admission into the Union on

greater security, to plant them upon the summit the member from Ohio (Mr. GiddingS] was at

of the rock where the law was proclaimed; tached,'&c. I admit there is a great deal of cun the people of said Territory did, on the 29th day of August, where, with the proclamation of the law was also ning here. Why did he not select some portion 1857, by delegates elected for that purpose, form for them uttered the fiat which sanctioned slavery, and of my speech, and then ask the question whether

selves a constitution and State governinent, which is re-
publican in forin, and was ratified and adopted by the peo.

settled the relations between the master and the this man or that man's name attached to it would

ple, at an election held on the 13th day of October, 1857, for slave. And here, sir, I cannot, in this connection, reflect on me as a southern man? With all this that purpose : Therefore,

omit reference to a fact which struck me with pecunning and all this device, I must say, with all Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That

culiar force, in the sequel of my inquiries

. It is respect, that in the nursing and fixing up of this

the State of Minnesota shall be one, and is hereby declared å strange thing, yet no less true than strange, particular part of his speech, my colleague must to be one, of the United States of America, and admitted that in this consecration of the Divine will, the into the Union on an equal footing with the original States commandments themselves, given

in the voice of light.

in all respects whatever.
Sec. 2. Anul be it further enacted, That said State shall

the thunder and the flash of ihe lightning; those
After showing, as I have already done, so much
be entitled to two Representatives in Congress until the

commandments which recognized and confirmed unfairness, and so many errors, and misstate next apportionment of Representatives amongst the several the previously existing rights (Exodus, chapter ment in my colleagues speech, I will now say States.

xx., verses 10-17) should, without any interpo, hat is almost unnecessary, that the attempt he

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That from and after the admission of the State of Minnesota, as hereinbefore

sition of other matter, be'immediately followed generously and improperly makes to preju- provided, all the laws of the United States, which are not by precepts settling and regulating the character

e in the eyes of my countrymen, excites locally inapplicable, shall have the same force and effect and status of slavery.

councin 1 secon ciest re

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lacs ar ons of truth Te have to delivered it alized in tal hare Lie blasph ence on His teachi Dortments fit, ehall w Tuty recor Huiler mugation brunomy. want the Bli fals every line

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(Exodus, chapter XXI,

10 TC

35th Cong....1st Sess.

Origin of Slavery-Mr. Keitt.

Ho. of Reps.

from the prosecution of this duty to the South,

verses 2, 4, 6, 7, 20, 26, 27, 32.) Yes, turn to be content to abide by its precepts, and cling to god, in a Yankee heaven. I am satisfied, sir, to that Book, which, in all the things of human life, its securities. We cannot, therefore, consent that give wide berth to this horrid idol of northern conis one of perpetual relevancy, because it is the it shall be so lacerated as to pluck away from its irivance-horrid indeed, sir, if we are to judge Book of eternal wisdom and truth, and any think- || prohibitions, not a denunciation of slavery, but of its character by the madness and impiety to ing and honest man must also be struck with this that command which should forbid them“to bear which its baleful spirit is driving its fanatical peculiarity in this question of slavery, which the false witness against their neighbor.” Hence, worshipers. I give it wide berth to cling to the Almighty, in his decrees, has seen fit to conse- sir, respecting that law, in all its bearings, we re- God whom we acknowledge in reverence and crate, but which some of his miserable, pre- spect it in its bearing upon slavery, where its rec- truth, the God of ou: fathers; who has smiled, sumptuous creatures, in their superior wisdom ognition by man is corroborated by the sanction and who continues to smile, in kindness and proand holier claims, would damn inio an abomina- of Heaven. It has the authority of covenant and tection, upon both master and slave; the God of tion and a sin. As in our organic law its crea- time for its applications in human societies. It our fathers in the trial times of our struggle, whose tors, after the declaration of the objects and has the authority of apostolic instructions, and of light they invoked in the deliberations of the counprinciples of government, gave the most promi- | Christiar practice. It has the authority of the can- cil-room, and to whose might they appealed in nent place to the duties and inhibitions-marked, ons and decretals of the Church, when there was the arbitrament of the battle-field; the God who in a specific form for the framers, the expounders, but one Church on the face of the earth. It has the breathed wisdom in their councils, and gave and the executives of the supreme law; so in the authority of imperial rescripts and royal decrees, | power to their arms; the God who, in the day of Divine constitution, after the declaration of the not condemned by the spiritualdicta ofihe Church. I ordeal, with the scales of justice in His hand, moral law and of the requirements of Divine It has the authority of parliamentary statutes, of swayed the beam on the side of victory and right. worship, out of the multiplicity of precepts which colonial regulations and State laws, which rec- This, sir, is our God—the God whose paths we He had to impose, and which He did impose upon ognize its concordance and fitness with slavery. I have striven to pursue, and whose mandates we His people, God seems specially to have selected Slavery, sir, under that law, has claimed and ob- have labored to obey. This God the very broththis question of slavery io make it the subject oftained the essent of universal custom and right; || erly spirit of our northern friends has differenced a particular determination of duties and delega- and we contend that a disinterested renunciation, or from theirs.

tion of powers, enjoined and conferred on Moses, | pious non-user of a right, on the part of any inI the organ and exponent of His law.

individual, community, or State, can never dis- and in vindication of its traduced and slandered That law, Mr. Chairman, endured in its full

parage the authority of that law, affect the sanc- people, to Him and to His law, its permissions ness, as the expressed will of the Maker, until it

lity of our rights, or pervert their exercise into and its guarantees, I confidently appeal to shake pleased Him again to reveal that will to His crea- an imputation of wrong No, sir; we cannot allow off the responsibility which the repeated asser: tures and to send His Messiah as the witness of

those men, unmasked and unrebuked, to mutilate tion that slavery is a sin, because it is an assumed that revelation. It remained in vigor, unmodified the record for purposes of malice, of falsehood, violation of the justice of God, seeks to impute to and unchanged, save in the necessities of the new and of strife. The municipal law of modern times us as breakers of the Christian law in the mainscheme, among which slavery was not reckoned, is but the binomial affirmation of the Divine law tenance of the institution in our political and doby Him who emphatically declared, “I am not of ancient days; and upon both we stand, and mestic society. Why, sir, the news current upon come to destroy, but to fulfill” the law, which He shall ever stand, as a tower of impregnable your streets but yesterday tells you that a relicommitted to His ministers in their proses ution strength.

gious conference-a religious conference !-at the of His divine mission. By them it was transmite Painfully aware am I, Mr. Chairman, that this North, following scores of other conferences of ted to their successors, and by these, in an un- is not the place where the question of slavery, in the kind, by a vote of fifty-one against thirty-five, broken line, to the succeeding agents who con- this view—1 mean in the religious vicw-should passed resolutions-affirmed resolutions, decreetinued that work. And thus, sir, down the steep be discussed. But when the assault is not con- ing us and our people of the South to be violators of ages, until our days of new lights and modern fined to the declarations of conferences, and the of the law of God, and of the teachings of His Son. improvements, when it is sought to substitute a decrees of synod; to the rabid vituperations of the The duties of the headsman, performed on some of sickly philanthropy for the salutary precepts of rostra, and ihe scurrilous amenities of the pulpit; the more distinguished felons, were wont, in times the Creator, our days of fanatical innovations and when the trained and prompted retailers of secu- past, to borrow a relative dignity from the characdissolving doctrines, in which the voice of the larslanders and holy falsehoods come here, where ter of the criminals. But the office of an execuRomillies, the Wilberforces, and the Clarksons, || all meet upon an equality of political rights, what- || tioner, discharged even on these saintly culprits of denouncing the law of God, found an echo in our ever distinction may be marked by a sense of per- ours, can be but loathsome at best. Hence, sir, I own second-handed Abolition conferences, in our sonal dignity, and ihe despotism of gentlemanly shrink from branding these pious perverters of modest revisers of the olden creed, and northern nurture-come here, and upon this floor, "like truth with the stigma due to the falsehoods which editors of a new code of Christianity. From ne- hounds let loose from leash,' day after day howl | they, with fiendish malice and unstinted breath, gation to negation they have gone on repudiating in our ears that we are "men stealers;” that we daily drivel against the institutions, the morals, and the traditions of the original code; repudiating the are breakers of the Divine law; that slavery has the religion of the South. Were it not for the obligacustoms of the past which it sanctioned; repudi- || the curse of God upon its head; and that our tion incumbent on this discussion to pluck the mask ating the formal instructions of the earliest apos- maintenance of the system is a sin in His eyes; from the face of error, and to champion the sanctles; repudiating, when they did not actually we may be pardoned for overlooking the propri- tities of truth, I would scarcely waste the breath to criminaie, the silence of the Savior himself; they eties of place, and even “wer 't in a church,” not ask them to point out to us where Christ taught, have gone on thus, until, in one crowning act of refrain from repelling the assault where it is made, where Chrisi hinted, that slavery, as He found it impious insolence, howling for “an anti-slavery and the falsehood where advanced. Why, sir, 1 established by the will of His Father, uttered on Bible and an anti-slavery God,"they have repudi- even those who profess to stand by our rights | the heights of Sinai—that slavery, as He found it ated the written law of the divine Legislator, and modify the admission by the salvo that slavery, under the derivative authority of human legislaer cathedra declared his own institution and con

thoughi a shocking thing, is our own business and tion, is a violation and a breaking of His Divine secration of slavery to be a defilement and a crime.

concern. They justify their gingerly advocacy | precepts? Humbly and reverently, sir, have I If we, sir, who claim a twofold guarantee for the of what they call ihe rights of slavery, as existing scanned those precepts; not to falsify, not to warp, rights of the slaveholder, in the legal sanction and in the States, by the complimentary avowal that but to understand and respect; and nowhere yet the Divine injunctions, which I take to be the

our people are not their people, and our God have I been able to find a line that will either very duramen of the institution and its growth, | their God.” That our people and our God are screen our slanderers from the guilt of willful obare tainted by such defilement and guilty of such not their people and their God, we have abundant liquity from the paths, which, in this respect, He crime; if these men, instead of being impious and satisfactory proof. The burning sense of has marked for our feet, or subject us to the charge maniacs and malicious slanderers, are the assert- wrong that kindles the southern heart; every of a departure from His intents in the same reors of truth and the vindicators of right; then shall || pulse which, in the southern bosom, beats in an- spect. It is our sincere acknowledgment, on the we have to reverse the injunctions of the apostles swer to the voice of justice, tells us that our people || contrary, that His teachings, without conceit of delivered in the prosecution of their ministry, and cannot be their people. That their God is not, ourselves, or disparagement of others, are a guide baptized in the holy spirit of knowledge and truth; and cannot be our God, we have the evidence in to our lives, and a sacrament to our hopes; and shall have to load our souls with the guilt of their persistent repudiation of His law, and their we keep them sacred and free from the thousand the blasphemer and condemn the Savior for his willful perversion of its precepts.

worldly stains by which, through their prostitusilence on this question of slavery, or interpolate For the delicate allotment in the former case, tion of religion to political and secular ends, our His teachings dispensed to those apostles as the of the suum cuique, Mr. Chairman, and the proper traducers blur the holiness and deform the beauty muniments of their approaching ministry. Then, I discrimination between our people and theirs, they | of His worship, in persistent contempt of His adsir, shall we be compelled to rend asunder the sla

have the due acknowledgmenis of one, at least, monition, “ My kingdom is not of this world." very record of Exodus, extended over the chap- who would regret to find misconception or con- Much as the fact may exercise the incredulity ters of Leviticus, and reafirmed in the second pro- fusion existing on that score. For the duality of of our northern friends-credulous in all else that mulgation of the law through the precepts of Deu- the godship, in the latter instance, I am not other- | promises full scope for the pursuit of serious folteronomy. Compelled, sir, if these men are to

wise prepared, nor is it quite my province to ac- lies and fanatical aims-lassert this, in the name escape the stigma which should attach to them as count. I am, however, reminded of the congrat- of a high-thoughted and generous people, whose willful falsifiers of the word of God, to pervert ulations of the Roman poet:

only guilt is blindness to the refined civilization, every line of Scripture, and blot out the decalogue O! sanctas gentes, quibus hæc nascuntur, in hortis and rebellion against the self-seeking morality of itself; which, embodying the sum of our moral Numina”

a self-righteous North. I do it in the name and duties and religious obligations, embodies also a congratulations addressed to “ that holy race on behalf of the mothers of the South, before the recognition of slavery.

whose gods in gardens grow;" whilst mine may mora! splendors of whose home-virtues and exBut we of the South, with no claim to self-sus- not be withheld from the people; not ours, whose emplary lives the fame of the Roman matrons taining godliness and with no impudent preten- | inventive genius, among others of its achieve- | dwindles into an empty boast. I assert it in the sions to reform or amend the word of God, must ments, has secured for them a patent northern name and on behalf of the daughters of the South,

35Th Cong....1st Sess.

Origin of Slavery-Mr. Keitt.



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who, rich in every endowment that adorns the entrance into Capernaum, he heals the slave of up against his lawful authority. In that Divine female character, give assurance that this pat the centurion, and has no rebuke for slavery, but foresight of the dissensions which the adoption of rimony of quiet and purifying virtues shall long praises for the officer's faith.*

His creed by some, and its rejection by others, continue untiawed by the rude contact of the pub No, sir, nothing of condemnation, nothing of would introduce in the family and the Stare, He lic rostrums, or unshamed by dabbling in the va even reproof from the Savior's lips, for the “ vile told His disciples He had come to bring, not peace garies of women's rights. lassert it in the name wretch,”—the“ man stealer;''who, according to but the sword. But, sir, I am yet to find that He of the younger sons of the South, the spes altera the approved Yankee formula, "held his brother ever commended that sword to the band of the Romer, the future hope of our Republic, held to man in bondage,If ever, Mr. Chairman, an slave, with the invitation--nay, with the injuncthe memory of lofty deeds, and sworn to patriotic opportunity was offered to stamp with reproba- tion—to sheath it in the master's throat. If there service. But especially do I assert it in the name tion, this lately devised curse, and ungodliness of be a record of it, it must be in some precepts of and in vindication of a pure and enlightened cler- slavery, surely this healing of the centurion's the “anti-slavery god," and written down in gy, who sustain high purposes with high dignity, slave held out that most golden opportunity. Had some edition of the "anti-slavery bible," which and justify their ministry by the teachings which one of our pious go-betweens--one of our reli- | northern fanatics have created for their rule of their Master taught.

gious brokers here upon earth—but stood next faith. To the chapters of that bible of intrusive, When, therefore, Mr. Chairman, the attempt to the Savior, and found the chance of whisper- | meddlesome, and ever dissatisfied contrivers of is made, in the name of religion, to put our moral ing his puritanic suggestion, well might He have || isms, was reserved the high privilege of correcting and social character under the ban of the world's said to the Roman officer: “ you protess that this the laches of the Savior, and of putting, in His opinion; when made by the arm of fanaticism, slave is . endeared to you,' and yet you keep him holy name, the torch and the knife in the hands led by falsehood, to assail the institutions and en: in bondage against my Father's law and mine. of our slaves-pointing the former to our roofs, danger the peace of the South; it is neither out You have appealed to ibe power which He gave and the latter to our throats. of place, nor against propriety, for us to go even to me to raise him up from his bed of palsy, and Well, sir, if the Savior did not reprove, nay, to the armories of Christianity for a weapon of I have raised him up without money and without ! did not even mention legal or domestic slavery; defense. I trust, sir, that the same spirit of fair- 1 price; will you not alike evince your acknowl- | if He left no instructions and no charge to His disness which sustained my reference to the primi-edgment of my ministry, and your affection for ciples touching either its abolition or its sinfultive sources of unerring wisdom and truth, and your slave, and restore him to that freedom, of ness, let us see whether those disciples did not, guided the investigation into the other sources of which you deprived him, in defiance of nature, of upon the organization of the visible Church, and authority, will not fail me in further inquiries di man, and of God?" No, sir; wrapped in His its entwining with the offices of a new form of rected to the record of the Gospel, which time has own imperscrutable knowledge of all things-un- 1 society, either from their own authority, or from handed down to us as the voucher of the doctrines aided even by the lights of our modern improvers, | that of their Master, denounce the institution. of Christ.

li not a word of rebuke, not one of remonstrance, Open the book of eternal truth, and you will find On His advent, sir, slavery was a universal passes His Divine lips, but instead, come the that in His teachings He never went beyond the fact, growing out of the rights laid down in the words of culogy, that set up the soldier as a pat race of Abraham. original law, and acknowledged by every tribe tern for Israel, whilst the right of the master and To them the promise had been made, and to and nation, whether now lost in the darkness of the protection of the slave are sanctioned in the them He came in its fulfillment. When, therefore, ages, or once figuring in the geographies of the faitli of the believer. It is vain for these godly He had revealed himself in the form of humaninhabited earth. Neither He, as the promulger of expounders of ours to speculate upon ignorance, lity; when He had forced upon them the testimony the suppletory law, nor His apostles, as its sub or rely on fanaticism to distort the teachings of of His mission, and of His power, by a consequent heralds, ever denied the law in that par Christ to the support of their interested, malicious, cordance with prophecy, and by His working of ticular, or preached in condemnation of either the and selfish crusade against an institution devised miracles; when, in the prospect of His death, right or the fact. The founder of the new code by the will of God, and accepted by the law of which he knew to be impending, He gave the

low taught the unity of God in a trinity of persons. In the words of the Prætor, sir, non ita last of His charges to His immediate followers; He taught the fall of man and the regeneration scriptum legis carmen--this is not the sacramental among them was the injunction to preach the through His merits. He enforced the necessities language of either the Divine law, or of Him who Gospel to all the nations of the earth. In the disof meekness, justice, temperance, and charity. expounded its precepts, In the multitude of sub charge of their duty, that Gospel they did preach, He rebuked the pride of human will and of hu- | jects upon which He discoursed with His disci and preached it as its precepts had been orally man intellect, and sustained all orders of men by ples, you find no mention of slavery; in matters delivered to them. If, then, in His mandates the doctrine that the highest of the spiritual vir- upon which He gave them instruction and charge, He had enjoined them against slavery, or if, by tues can be linked with a lowly estate, a chastened never did He breathe the name of slave except in virtue of some grant of power not recorded, and

rend will, and a trusting faith. From the summit of the frequent use which He makes of the relations which might have been made to them, they had that mount, to which every sincere Christian looks between master and slave to illustrate those be.

found anything contrary to His instructions and for the law of his duty, He, in minutest details, tween God and His creatures.

His charge, in the fact and usage of slavery, inuttered all the offices of those who claim to be the I therefore challenge our detractors to point


questionably would they have recorded the fact followers of his Gospel, but in nothing, save the out to us where He condemned slavery, or de in His Gospel of truth; unquestionably would they

wits of redemption of marriage from the bond of the Mo nounced the master who owned the slave. In have raised their voice against the continuance of saic law, and in its consecration under a holier what passage of His conferences with His disci


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an institution of which they knew God Himself
form, did He enjoin any innovation in the social ples? In what line of His preachings to the mula to have been the founder, and warning a slave not
scheme. He provided ample means for the eman titudes? In what word of His mandates to His to obey a master who had neither religious por
cipation of his creatures from the spiritual bond: apostles, and in what last injunction, when He legal right over him; unquestionably would they
age; but nowhere did He proclaim the abolition of laid in their hands the destinies, not only of the have rebuked, or rather condemned the master,
legal or domestic slavery. He drew closer the world, but the destinies of the hereafter also of
family tie-stripped the husband of much of his that world? On the contrary, sir, you find Himing his brother man” in that condition which de

not merely for claiming obedience, but for hold-
irresponsible authority, and raised woman up in recognizing all the obligations of the social scheme manded obedience. Now, sir, we find nothing of
the scale of social influence. He inculcated good in the midst of which He lived, and moved; and the kind. Astheir Master had abstained in the case
works on all-each in his degree, and enjoined pu- ! taught all of them, down to the payment of tribute of the centurion, so they abstained in the general
rity of life and respect for the fraternal authority to Cæsar, recurring even to His power of miracle fact of relations between master and slave. Against
and the conjugal bond. This, and more, He has to provide the means of its payment. He recog. this no contrivance of malice and no refinement of
left to us as memorials of a mission still spread- nizes all the subordinations of political life, and sophistry can avail. The Savior taught for a pe-
ing through the civilized and uncivilized world. among these He specially recognizes the subjec- l riod of nearly three years, and of these teaching
But I ask to bo pointed to the record, where He tion of the slave to the master, when, warning His He left no record written by Himself. The task of
gave one word of mandate, where He uttered one followers of the duty of faith in Him, He ex embodying them in whal we now know as the
syllable of reprobation regarding the relations of pressly enforces His admonition by the dictum canon of the New Testament, devolved upon His
master and slave--relations recognized by the Gov- that " the disciple is not above his teacher, nor the ministers. As they received so must they have
ernment under which His gospel and its precepts slave (it is dovas in the original text) above his handed down to us. Now, sir, nowhere will you
were dispensed. It is, on the contrary, a singular master.” In His foresight of the influence of His
and noteworthy fact that Heuniversally abstained mission on all the relations of heathen life, He tells tion and a sin. They have not so handed it down

find slavery mentioned by them as an abomina-
from any reproving allusion to them. He talked His disciples that He has come to set the father to us; they therefore did not thus receive it from
to the doctors and of the doctors, never loath to against the son, the daughter against the mother, the Savior's lips. But if not thus laid down,
wrest the law to their own purposes, whether clad the friend against the friend. But I nowhere find either from the oral declarations of the Savior or
in the Jewish gabardine, or the New England that He told them that He had come to overthrow the written record of His words, slavery cannot,
cloak. He talked to Pharisees, and of the Phar- the standing order of things, that He had come to therefore, without perversion, be called an abom-
isees, whose self-righteousness has lost no pre stir the untutored passions of the slave, to break ination and a sin. And yet we are seriously


, sumption by grafting on the Puritan stock. He the tie that bound him to his master, and set him within the last three weeks we have heard it sanetalked to hypocrites, and of hypocrites, whose

timoniously repeated, that slavery is a damning unbroken lineage has run through time, and con *Once, for all, the fact is mentioned that, in sin against the Divine law; a hot-bed of corrupquered space from the shores of Genesareth to Greek, avdpárodov is a slave by captivity in war;

tion, tainting everything within its atmosphere; the base of Plymouth rock. But I call for the do ūdos, a slave by birth; Depátwv, a servant, a Yand everything, even to the most sacred relations of allegation of a single instance, when, in the midst kee" help;'' oixérns, a domestic, whether menial or the domestic circle. Whence, would I ask, do those of Galilee, a conquered Jewish province, ruled by servile; and lastly podwrós, one that serves for kind men of the North, who are not touched by a Roman procurator, with slavery existing under wages or pay. The word “servant," as a ver

the blight or cursed by the sin of slavery, derire the Mosaic law, and slavery existing under the sion of doudos, in King James's translation, is a their peculiar contributions to the stock of mor. heathen law, He once spoke to slaves or against refinement of language; for dovos means “slave” ality ? From what quarter of this Confederacy, slavery. I find, on the other hand, that, on His l) and nothing but slave, so born.

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35TH CONG....1st Sess.

Origin of Slavery-Mr. Keitt.

Ho. of REPS.

sence were

hourly revelations of crime which appal the coun. not destroy. I go further, and I find that, of the conditions been carried out and maintained, when try, and blur its history with the darkest record | apostles, some, in the discharge of their ministry, il the Savior came with the supplemental law ? of social corruption and social guilt? Why, sir, | confined it to their immediate neighborhood, whilst Had not the Savior, when he proclaimed that from the pure, saintly, and immaculate regions others traveled into remoter lands in prosecution supplemental law, declared that its object and esof the land not tainted by this abomination of of their missionary task. Paul was the most

to fulfill-not to destroy ?". Did He slavery! There the most complicated theory of zealous and active. Bearing the word to the in- destroy? Did He mention the portion of the oricrime finds the meet representative, often the ready | habitants of many provinces, in various countries, ginal law which instituted slavery? No, sir; 'no! agent to carry it into practice; and this not in the he had found them pagans, and he left them Chris- Well enough did the Apostle know that He had sentina Reipublicæ; not in the drains and sewers tians in practice and faith. Deeply versed in the not. That His Divine lips had been sealed into siwhich swelter with immorality and vice, but in || law of the covenant, divinely inspired with the lence as to an institution which His Father, in His the high places of society, where the corruption spirit of the gospel, not unacquainted with the pre- wisdom, had sanctioned, and which He had not, and the vice-not begotten by our curse of sla- cepts of the code, he had occasion, in his mis- in His eternal council, missioned him to abrogate. very, nor induced by the influence of its blight | sions, to approach and decide many of the most Hence, sir, no hesitation, and no doubt; and unmove and live unpunished and unchecked. It | intricate questions growing out of the doctrines der the inspired pen of the Apostle, the duty and were barely doing justice to the better claims of of the new creed, and the institutes of political so- the obligation are sheerly defined. “ Slaves,' our section to institute comparison between the ciety. The conditions of Christianity, embraced (I restore the perversions of King James's transmorality of the South and North. The very slaves by a wife and repudiated by a husband, adopted | lators,) "slaves-dovdoc-be obedient to them that whom they hold up to us as reacting causes of cor- by a mother and refused by the children, preached are your masters; doing the will of God.” ruption, in retribution of the condition in which to a slave and rejected by the master, suggested But this question of slavery, under the dispenthe law of man and of God has placed them, might || new ideas, and startled many scruples in many a sation of the Gospel, was one which touched every well challenge comparison with any laboring class, || mind.

man at almost every point of his existence. Unnor shrink from their standard, whether in the Hence, sir, we find that after he had left them, like our pragmatic advisers of the North-whose moral or religious scale.

to pass on to other theaters of action, he is fre- forefathers, by a decision of their Supreme Court, The old law, sir, admitted the slave to a parti- || quently appealed to on some of the most delicate blundered into an abolition of slavery, and therecipation in the rites of the Jewish temple, but it of domestic questions-among them, this poor fore can have but an intrusive concern in this did not relieve him from the obligation of bond- one of slavery-arising between individuals, who, question-the Ephesians owned slaves in their age which it had itself imposed. Our usage, ac- bound together by the civil law of the land, were midst; and hence their anxiety to reconcile their cepting the law that institutes the slave, allows severed by religious differences of faith. Well, sir, municipal rights with their religious obligations. him to benefit by all the dispensations of the what lesson does his example supply to the inno- | But this anxiety was not experienced in Ephesus Christian Church. The initiatory rite which was vators of our holier days? 'In all cases, with the alone. Wherever slavery was found, and the administered to him in the peculiar form of the clearness and precision, which, had he not been master, or the slave, a convert to the new creed, Jewish creed, is now administered to him in the an inspired agent, would have marked him as one these very questions of faith and scruples of conwaters of baptism, which is the Christian substi- l) of the proudest of human intellects, he explains science arose. Hence you find the Colossians, to tute for the Hebrew "sign." The partaking by and resolves; he exhorts and enjoins; he permits whom the light of the Gospel had been dispensed; him of the ordinance of the Passover, which was and forbids. But in no instance on the question who claimed the honor of founding one of the the great Jewish remembrancer, is among us ex- of slavery, does he utter one reproving word. As seven primitive churches in Asia; the depositaries tended to him in the Christian communion which his Master had neither condemned nor rebuked, of the faith in its earlier purity, also appealing to supplanted the Jewish type. In one word, and so he abstains from condemnation and rebuke. the apostle on this all-pervading question of slafor all that our systematic traducers may utter in As his Master had not disclaimed, so he does very, which touched them in their dearest social falsehood, the marriage rite is free to the race, not breathe a word against Jewish slavery, con- and religious interests. As it was settled for the wherever their inclination or choice may tend. In- | secrated by the law of God; not a word against Ephesians, so was it settled for the Colossians. deed, sir, I do not know, that, even among our pagan slavery, sanctioned by the law of the code. Slaves obey, &c. The mandate is peremptory; it blacks, the bond is not held in greater sacredness The doctrine of the code, sir, on a past occasion, is one of obedience to the master, and it implies than it has sometimes seemed to be among their || I fully, and I trust unanswerably, explained. The his right to enforce it. It settles, therefore, the betters at the North; for, unless I greatly err, the doctrine of the Gospel, as delivered by the Savior right of the master in the tenure of the slave, dockets of more than one free State bear witness on this subject, I think that I have as fully and as within the limitations which the Apostle assigns, to the zeal with which some, at least, of our white unanswerably explained. But, besides the em- and which the statutes of the land have, in some reverend friends practically comment the precept, bodiment of precepts in the Gospel, the apostles form, recognized. And here it strikes me that the ** Whom God hath joined, let no man put asun- have left us, in the shape of acts, a record of their injunction of the Apostle is, that the slave shall der.” My high regard for the virtues of the sex ministerial functions, and under the form of “bide the ordinance of God" in singleness of forbids the supposition that the wives of our meek epistles, a transcript of their pastoral instructions heart. How long would that condition continue and charitable parsons can justify applications to to the flocks which they had gathered from the to exist, did those who have taken upon themcourts of justice for human decrees to reverse the various provinces of earth. In those instructions selves the patronage of the temporal and spiritual Divine injuction, and make twain what marriage || is embraced every variety of questions, social and welfare of our slaves, possess ihe power and the has made “ one flesh.” I am compelled, there- || domestic, which could arise in political societies, authority to carry out their very philanthropic fore, to think that, useful as these reverend lords || infinitely less ramified and complicated than are schemes? Why, sir, that

very singleness of may be to foster domestic agitation and kindle our systems of polity. To these instructions, heart," which is the appanage of our slaves, they civil feuds, they would be but sorry, if not dan- | therefore, I now proceed to appeal. A reference madly, ruthlessly, seek to destroy, or pervert into gerous exemplars, in this respect, for the morality to the first apostolic council, consigned in the an instrument of baleful malice. T preach reof our black preachers, for such we have among history of the Acts, shows that though various bellion, too, to the slave against the master, whom us, who are not yet trained to dexterous evasions questions of political life had been touched upon, the law and the will of God have placed over him. of the moral precepts.

that of slavery did not enter into debate. For It is well, sir, for the interest as well as the But, sir, recrimination is not within the scope such.a discussion, sir, the time had, no doubt, not character of the South, that the indefeasible Word of my remarks; and I resume my vindication of

yet come. But it did come, and come teeming of God has spoken a curse on those who preach the fact and right of slavery on purely religious with inquiries suggested by the conscience, or false gospel, or pervert the precepts of His law. grounds, and under purely religious authority. I urged by the faith of the new converts. Among Were any further proof needed of such preachhave laid down, sir, that neither from the decla- | those was this mysterious question of slavery, | ing of the Gospel, and such perversion of the law, rations of the Master, nor from the teachings of the solution of which baffles the most subtile in- || I know not where it can be looked for in its most the apostles, can slavery, without perversion of genuities of man, for the very reason, perchance, conclusive form, save in the epistle of Paul to both, be called an abomination and a sin. That | that it is not of his creation and his establishment. his favorite disciple. If no other muniment for it is not an abomination is an inconcussible fact, Well, sir, the question came up, and what does the rights of the slaveholder but that one could because it was instituted by the Almighty him- || the record show? Why, they go to the record of be found in the canon of Scripture, that alone self, and the institution has remained unrepealed; | that word which shall not pass away; they scru- were amply sufficient to fence them against the that it is not a sin is equally unshaken, because | tinize the rights which it allows; the duties which assaults of either fanatic or hypocrite. There is it has been sanctioned by the silence of the Sa- || it prescribes; the obligations which it imposes, authority from the Apostle of the Gentiles, which vior, and recognized by His apostles, speaking in | and instantly the question is settled in the mind commends itself with irreversible force and power His name. I find them in their own record of of the Aposile, and the adjustment is uttered, un- to the honesty of such of our northern friends as their acts holding a first council of the Church; I der the spirit of the Divine Master himself. “Ser- | are honest in this question of slavery; and that see them, by virtue of the power received from vants, (dovdar, slaves,) be obedient to them that are authority speaks unmistakably in his epistles to their Head, engaged in debates, and making de- | your masters, according to the flesh, with fear and Timothy. They embrace a variety of instructions cisions in matters of faith; I see them, among other trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto furnished to the missionary in his ministry to acts, after solemn deliberations, repudiating the Christ; not with eye-service, as men-pleasers, the Church of Ephesus. Almost every relation tenth verse of the seventeenth chapter of Genesis; || but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of of life the Apostle draws within the purview of and this, on essential grounds, because the bap- || God.” (Ephesians, chap. vi., verse 5.) And here, his sagacious mind, and makes the subject of his tism of water was one of those perfections of the || sir, will you notice that the inducement, nay, the pastoral charges to the young Levite. Among law substituted for the baptism of blood. But in reason for the obedience of the slave, is, that it ihem are those for the “men-stealers," and that that council, in those acts, I see no reversal, no is “ doing the will of God?” How else could it | northern comity would apply to us; but among mention, even, of the forty-sixth verse of the || be, sir? How else, that the Divine Spirit should them are those also for “liars," and that looks twenty-fifth chapter of Leviticus, which, in the breathe the words of Divine truth? Had not the unerringly to some of our good brethren of the words of God, and with the sanction of His will, I will of God been expressed in the original law? | North; but in the whole compages of those inmakes slavery " a perpetual inheritance" by the Had not that original law established and regu- structions and charges, I find not a single one precept of a law which the Messiah came to fulfill, Il lated the conditions of slavery? Had not those against slavery. On the contrary, for fear it

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