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would seem that the epistle which he had ad- itance;" and the tenth verse of the epistle peals who, though monarchs of the intellect, were shut dressed directly to his flock at Ephesus should into their ears:
out from the veriest glimpses of true spiritual life! have failed to enlighten their minds and pacify “Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things
A society with slaves, who, though reduced to their consciences on the question of slavery, the which are written in the book of the law to do them.” their condition of bondage by the imperscrutable very first words of the last chapter of the former They would supply the silence of the Savior, I decrees of the Almighty mind, who, though in epistle show who are the “men-stealers" and who
or interpolate His Gospel, when they clamor that bonds of the body, under the law of man and of the" liars;” whether they who hold their slaves it condemns slavery; and the ninth verse of the God, had a soul for the promises and the inheriunder the very tenure of God's will, or they who | first chapter of the same epistle again meets them
tances of the Word! A society of masters, who, would lie away the law and the Gospel, which with the threat of God's wrath:
themselves initiated into the revelations and the bear witness to that will.
"If any man preach any other Gospel unto you than that
hopes of that Word, refused the communion of its Listen, sir, to the doctrine which the Apostle ye have received, let him be accursed!"
blessings to the slave! A society of males, who, delivers to Timothy, to teach and proclaim: " Let as many servants (doudos , slaves) as are under the misapplication of my remarks, so as to involve in | fall, wielded over woman the unchecked and irre
And here, Mr. Chairman, I protest against any l by virtue of the first disobedience and of the primal yoke count their own masters worthy of all honor, them the whole body of the clergy of the free sponsible authority of the household! A society that the name of God and his doctrines be not States. I am free to acknowledge, sir, that they
of females, who, secuded from all the concerns of blasphemed.”—(1 Timothy, chap. vi., verse 1.) number among their ranks men of whom, either life in atonement for the original agency in that I do not profess to be much versed in the knowl
as scholars or divines, any country might justly fall, and condemned to social inferiority, groaned edge of exegesis, but if it could ever easily be be proud; men to whose sterling piety and faith in solitude, and obeyed the authority. applied to the meaning of words, it must surely ful pastorates not even the duty which I owe to a
If the reading of the declaration of the Apostle be in this instance of a text which can leave no slandered and long-enduring people could induce be not thus-and it is proved to be so by the whole loop-hole for either quibble or doubt. The very me to do injustice or to deny ihe praise. I trust,
context of the chapter, which looks to the "subform of the mandate of the Apostle is one of great therefore, that these remarks shall not be under stance of things hoped for through the workings peculiarity. He not merely tells the slave, in stood, as they are not intended for any but those of the spirit of faith; proved to be so by a chapter another place, that the master has a right to his notorious disparagers of sacred functions who
in which opposition is set up between the works obedience, but he also charges Timothy, his vicar draggle the robes
of the priesthood in the sloughs of the flesh and the influences of the spirit of faith at Ephesus, to teach and proclaim that the mas of fanatical politics, and pervert the ministrations —then would the exegesis of our religious ideolter is entitled to honor at the hands of the slave. of their pulpits to dishonor their Master, traduce ogists, and especially of our Yankee theologians, The very words (idious contas, their own mas our people, and convulse our society. To those,
write St. Paul, the eminently practical man and ters) seem to convey a peculiar import. The sir, I mean my remarks to apply, who are truly pointedly keen logician, guilty of the veriest of slave, as such, is bound to obey him under whose
the representatives of that dissatisfied, incorrigi- absurd propositions and untenable doctrines. Jew authority he accidentally may be placed. But to ble race of medulers which the Religio Laïci so
and Greek, bond and free, male and female, he his own master, his master whose perpetual in- aptly illustrates:
knew to be living and substantial entities, which heritance” he is, he owes the tribute of honor as
“It is but dubbing themscives the saints of God, which
no work of his could speak or explain away. He well as duiy and obedience; and this for the rea it is the interest of their teachers to tell them and their own could not mean that the species Jew, or the species son assigned by the Apostle, that the master is to interest to believe; and after that, they cannot dip into the Greek, of the human family, could be fused into be counted worthy of such tribute. Now, sir, I
Bible but one text or another will turn up for their
something that was neither Greek nor Jew. He any possibility lead the mind astray, whether any manipulation, of texts to their purposes, is a not living entail of blood, protested against the idea man can for a moment reasonably admit that that inapposite illustration of the poetical dictum, ) of such a thing. He could not mean that the bond is abominable, that it is sinful, which the Apostle, 6 Cælum non animum mutant qui trans mare currunt." and the free could so cohere as to form a neutral speaking under the influence of the Holy Spirit, -a change of climate, but no change of spirit, I third. He knew that the laws of the code, the charges his disciple to teach and proclaim as from good Old England to good New England protection of which he himself had once invoked, worthy of honor in the master's person? But With us it seems to have put on all the appear and the obligations of which he fully understood, why should I gloss a text, the words of which ances of a disease of chronic character. The most repelled the obliteration of the distinction. He speak most eloquently for themselves ?
repulsive of its indications I find in the distortion did not mean that man and woman could lay down Read the text over, and see whether it be pos. of the text of St. Paul, in his Epistle to the Gala their peculiar characteristics, and realize the imsible for any one to mistake its import and force. tians, the only one which they could succeed, by possible androgynus of Plato, for he was no mean The slave, under the yoke of bondage, is bound such distortions, in tinkering into a condemna- | adept in the philosophies of the Grecian school; --not through compulsion, but “in singleness of tion of slavery, against the clear precepts of the and both the law of creation, and the intentions heart”-to obey his master in the flesh. He is Mosaic law, and ihe no less lucid injunctions of of God forbade the dream. Something firmer and bound not only to obey, but also to honor his the Apostle's charge. This condemnation of sla truer, therefore, than any Grecian tenet or Plamaster, who is accounted worthy of the honor ! very, sir, I find our good friends invariably at tonic dream, he knew to be in the declaration of And why, sir? Lest a contrary conduct, on the tempting to contrive, by a perversion of the text the Book, “male and female made he them;" and part of the slave, shall do violence to the teach of the epistle, in the face of the mandate of the he equally knew that he had received no authority ings of the Savior, and blaspheme the name of law, and of the teachings of the Savior, through and no power to undo the work of the Almighty God! Now, who are the perpetrators of sin, and the lips of His Apostle. He, sir, was besieged by hand. What he meant, and what is evident from the workers of iniquity We, who look to the questions from those foolish Galatians' of the the words of his lips, is, that fusion and absorp. name of God and to His law, for our rights, and East, whom I think I have not wronged by a tion in Christ, which belongs to a " kingdom not abide by the teachings which the Master taught? | comparison with our “Galatians” of the North. of this earth;'' but no change, even the slighest, Or they, who, by insolent repudiations, blaspheme And, sir, with the tartness-nay, with the fierce- in the various relations of life, which were sancHis name, and by false assumption, pervert His ness- which we know would sometimes stir the tioned by the spiritual teachings of his Master, doctrines ? Let ihe text answer for the South. great Apostle, he asks them what spirit of evil has and controlled by the temporal laws under which To thosc very conscientious deniers of the olden drawn them within its influence ? and exclaims:
he lived and taught. law, who strive to quibble out of its precepts and “ There is neither Jew nor Greek ; there is neither bond Have I, Mr. Chairman, committed the same abjure its institution of slavery, on the plea that nor free; there is neither male nor female : for ye are all wrong with which I charge these traducers of the it is efTete, I would commend the Epistle of Paul one in Christ Jesus.”—Galatians, chap. iv., 28.
South? Have I suppressed anything? have I disto the Galatians, in which it is written:
Well, sir, what does this mean? And, with its torted anything: have I misapplied anything, " Curacd is every one that continueth not in all things meaning, what does it prove against the direct pre- which the law of man, or, higher still, the law of which are writien in the book of the law to do them." cepts of the old covenant and the repeated injunc- God, has written down in relation to this misanChapter ini, verse 10.
tion of the new dispensation, both of which rec derstood or perverted question of slavery Have To others, our excellent amenders of the new ognize the rule of bondage, and settle the relations I not, sir, shown that they of the North, who dispensation, who would foist the sin of slavery between the master and the slave? St. Paul, in have causelessly taken up this question of slain ihe Gospel-law, I would equally submit the the act of explaining away the doubts and scru very-what have they to do, sir, with a sin which gentle warnings given to their predecessors, the ples of his converts, in the sense of the words does not attach to their skirts?-have I not shown, * foolish Galatians,"
which he addresses to them, evidently realizes sir, that they cannot make slavery the subject of " If any man preach any other Gospel unto you than the words of his Divine Master, to show them how their denunciations and falsehoods without desethat ye lave received, let him be accursed!"
, and civilizing, are those spiritual cration of the law of God and falsification of the Indeed, sir, I wish our kind friends joy of the doctrines which overstepped the antagonism of precepts of His Gospel? Under what conditions pleasant position in which their regard 'for the races, disregarded the distinctions of political so stand we now under which the same New Eng. welfare, ihe morality, and the godliness of the ciety, and even overlooked the natural differences and has not stood? As ourselves now,New Eng South, has placed them before the world. I sce of sex, to gather every human infirmity to their land, the whole of New England, once bought
, them, in the self-seeking of their pride and the solace, and call every human condition to their sold, and held slaves. Having, within the last perversity of their heart, contrive false and anti- hopes; to raise up every grade of lowliness to the seventy-five years, had slaves as general adjunes Christian doctrines to delude ignorance and prop- supernal glories of heaven, and to abate into hu of their communities, the possession of slaves agate mischief. In their crusade against the sla- | mility every excess of inordinate pride, even to must have then been deemed no violation of the very institution of the South, I see them, like the very abjections of earth. They were doc law of God, which they now charitably impute their compeers, the Galatians, compelled to face | trines, sir, which tended to dispel cvery vestige of to the South. the twofold horns of the scriptural dilemma. what had, up to the time when they were pro But, sir, from the moment that their slaves were They would discard, in their call for an " anti claimed, been witnessed in the pagan world-a emancipated, or from the moment when, from slavery Bible," the dispensation of the old law, society of incongruent contrasts! A society of which, in the word of God, establishes and sanc- Jews, exclusively claiming for themselves the
what cause soever, they ceased to have any upon tions the tenure of slaves as a “ perpetual inher. I heavenly promises of God!" A society of Greeks, ll or forçe the blessings of their religion, they dipped
whom to exercise the scruples of their conscience
ist us by
Pt. I find and Lik
to the hea
care the lay
35th Cong....1st Sess.
Admission of Kansas Mr. Gilman.
Ho, or Reps.
ADMISSION OF KANSAS.
into that repository of texts to which Dryden ad- more thrifty Yankee brethren have gone for us- Save where it has pleased the Maker to modify verts, and they discovered that slavery is a god- to the dark places of this earth-gone to the hea- it, it stands as the expression of His unchanged less abomination and a heinous crime. Having then and inferior races of Africa for our slaves; will
. It rings, as it has rung through the lapse no slaves of their own, they immediately, under whilst those who have consented to be " of ages. It speaks, as it has spoken across the the auspices of Old England hypocrites, who boast stealers" for our uses and our dollars, have also chasms of revolutions, above the tramp of genof no mean representatives in New England, || followed, and in their way, the mandate of that erations steadily treading on their pilgrimage to turned to the South to apply their late discovered law. Some of their menial labor, sir, unless I the grave; it speaks, even now, with the most Gospel doctrine of the abomination and sinsulness | mistake, is drawn from Israel itself. Their free appalling denunciations which it may be given to
of slavery. Sir, sir, will these people compel us paupers and vagabonds are, like Joseph, not un- the mind of man to conceive. It is useless for our to believe that they are fools as well as hypo- | frequently cast into the pit;" whilst the Simeons, politico-religious theologians to shriek out, - old crites? What! they who were the special saints the Zabulons, and the Ashers of godly New Eng. || dispensation and old law; it had its time, and it ind agents of God in the motherland; they who, | land—or American Israel-show themselves noth- has passed away for a betier and a higher law." Iriven away from Old England through the ing loath to chaffer away their white brethren on What, sir, higher and better law coming from narshes of Holland, to the eternal Plymouth time to the “Midianite merchantmen."
God? This is impious, sir, beyond utterance. This Pock, to become the saints and agents of God in I claim, Mr. Chairman, that both South and is lending to unerring wisdom the failings and imNew England, upon this continent, where, unless North are obedient to the law of God. We of the perfections of the human mind. Man may grope Li mistake, God had made a lodgment some cen- South, sir, derive our slaves from the very regions away at higher and better laws; but God intuiury and a half before their fathers’ears had been which the Lord has designed. They of the North tively and ever wills the highest and the best. cropped and their fathers' tongues had been slit, have no particular aversion, now and then, to man- I admit, sir, the fulfilling law; but I deny, from
the tithings and market-places of the land over ufacture a few out of their own kindred and blood. pole to pole, that that which was fulfilled hus he waters, for their headstrong, pragmatic, and But here much of the similitude must cease. You, passed away! It is still living, and in our midst, neddlesome intrusions, which we of the South and I, Mr. Chairman, know of more than one in touching us at every point of our existence, abre not spared at the hands of their descendants ! stance in which, when freedom was extended to sorbed through every fiber of your legislations Vhat! they who claimed to be the depositaries the slave as a reward for faithful services, the gift and codes. Some of the minor regulations of the nd the custodians of both new and old covenant was declined; the beneficiary has preferred to re- civil and religious law may have been dropped natched away from the "scarlet woman and the main in bondage under the roof where he had —some ritual ceremonies and external forms, van of sin;" they who claimed to be the saints grown, perchance, with the master and the chil. adapted to other purposes, may have lapsed with y excellence, and the expounders, ex professo, of dren around him. Yet I think that you and I, the changes of circumstances and of time; but the he true doctrines of the Gospel of Christ; they, sir, have yet to learn that any of the sold white law which, deny it as they may, contains the recrith the pretended cordemnations of that Gospel | slaves of the North has ever shown himself so ognition of slavery, and, therefore, the rights of ressing upon their consciences and their souls, much in love with the “ peculiar institution" of the South, is a living, binding law. It is the handemained with slavery in their midst as a con- that North, as to refuse the boon of freedom when book of our duties and the sum of our hopes; it is tant general fact and right recognized by Church his period of involuntary servitude had expired, the moral law which the Savior has perfected; and nu State, without their consciousness of its vio- much less to offer remaining under the salutary that cannot pass away, because the moral law, tion of the Gospel law with which we of the blessings of this Yankee pattern of white, Chris- | like God himself, is an eternal essence ! outh are charged at the eleventh hour of these tian slavery! odly workers in the vineyard of the Lord! Wliy, Thus sir, have I traced, and, I think, not unr, not satisfied with holding and maintaining fairly, the law as delivered by our Savior, and avery in their midst, not satisfied with owning as applied by His Apostles. In either form, Mr.
SPEECH OF HON. C. J. GILMAN, aves themselves-though, with us, they are Chairman, it is plain and unmistakable. Into the eased to call it violation of the law of God- | supposed tendencies of its doctrines it is not my
OP MAINE, ey must even look for accomplices in the viola- business to inquire, nor yet to look into what
IN THE HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES, on of that law; and, sending their ships over the channels of action they may have been forced by eans, go in quest of slaves, to import them, and the errors of human judgment or the warpings of
May 24, 1858. sell them where they were wanted, or where | fanatical passions. I am satisfied to take ihat law The House heing in the Committee of the Whole on the ey had not yet been introduced. Would they, as it reads, and to stand by what it allows or for
state of the Union 1: Chairman, have us understand that their bids in its relation to slavery. The Constitution Mr. GILMAN said: thers, not we, are the “men-stealers" and deal- of the United States, sir, by the essence of crea- Mr. CHAIRMAN: The President of the United s in human flesh? Or else, would they have us, tion, by its reservation of the rights of the States, States sent a message to Congress, on the 24 day order to save the memory of those impeccable recognizes the sovereignty of those States, whilst of February last, with this statement: that KanPuritan fathers" from the deep damnation of it discards the idea of a supreme authority. This, sas was as much a slave State as Georgia or South ing the original patentees of anti-Christian sla- sir, is an essence of our organic law. Yet, sir, || Carolina. It was then taken for granted, as a ry, believe that those worthies, with all their is there a soundly-thinking statesman but will || proposition self-evident, that there would be no aims to sanctimonious purity and evangelical admit that, by the contrivance of tendencies, by violent opposition, on the part of northern Demace, were but dolts, who had not yet groped the process of construction, and by the fatality of ocrats, to the admission of Kansas as a Slate into eir way over the threshold of the New Jerusa. precedents, it is not rapidly putting on, if it have the Union under the Lecompton constitution. It m which their descendants have since reared ? not already put on, all the substantial forms of a was anticipated that there would be an appahat their fathers were as guiltless of knowledge consolidated government? Even so, sir, with the rent reluctance at once and with facility to take the Scriptures, especially in regard of slavery, institutes of Christianity. The theory oftendencies the Lecompton dose. Shrewd politicians in the
they themselves are of the precepts of God and has been developed so far beyond the intents of the House, in the Senate, and in the Cabinet, know e sanctities of truth? Would they have us law.giver that the result of man's speculations have how to touch the weak points ot' northern Demlieve, in one word, that to them, and to their been grafted upon his statute as parts of the law ocrats. They know how to remove scruples and ighter lighis, kindled at the shrines of Exeter itself. Itis under this mania oftendencies, not the doubts from the minds of their northern associall, was reserved, once for all, the signal priv- i spirit of truth, that the modern improvers of a Di- ates. They have been successful in this kind of -ge of correcting all the unscemly errors of the vine code have, from the height of their perverted | diplomacy heretofore. Some of them have grown convenient law of God?
pulpits, and from the bosom of their unholy con- gray in the service. They well knew, during the Is the South, sir, to be damned into a change venticles, been shrieking their denunciations of past half century, how often northern men had its institutions by virtue of pseudo-Scriptures, 1 slavery as a sin and a curse, laid at the door of the yielded to southern solicitation, southern arts, and ited with notes, and exegeses tacked to them | South. The law, sir, as given out by its founder, southern manipulation. They knew full well that
Yankee exponents of bogus Gospel law? Sir, will hold in the hollow of the hand.' Its precepts | heretofore, measures, sectional, obnoxious, inPre is a promise of the Master, “My word shall are written with the perspicuity of the light which | volving in danger and doubt the peace and welfare t pass away,'' which sustains our hopes through blazes on the frontlet of the stars. I read the law, of the country, had been sanctioned by northern
these assaults of prejudice wedded to malevo- | I ponder its precepts, and I find nothing in it votes secured by southern agency. The Presice. Indeed, Mr. Chairman, I am even now against slavery, but what the hands of man would dent, therefore, with a confidence of success, preaid that this malevolence of our slanderers may i wickedly interpolate under the convenient guise sented the Lecompton fraud; and early in the sesve compelled me to be, in some measure, unjust of tendency. The law of God, Mr. Chairman, is sion it became evident that members from New them in the bearing of my remarks. I am afraid, an equation, full and complete, made up of the England and the middle States were ready and least, sir, that the persistent calumnies, studi, modern dispensation and the old covenant. They willing to vote for a measure most offensive' in its Bly contrived, and as zealously disseminated are both results of Divine counsels and expo. nature to the feelings and sentiments of their conainst us by our northern friends, may have led nents of Divine truth. You cannot touch any of | stituents.
to disparage some of their merits, or to with- | its elements, you cannot add to or subtract from But it was early discovered that more northern d much of the acknowledgınent of their de- either of the terms without vitiating the result. votes were wanted. Week after week elapsed;
I find, sir, one thing which I had over- The curse is upon those who would do so. Did month after month. Who will write the history Ised. Like us, sir, I find that, in one respect I require any proof of the subsistence of that law of these weeks and months? The record of Conleast, they are conscientious observers of the and of the verity of the Book in which it is writ- | gress, the public proceedings, can be read by all.
of God in this question of slavery. That law, ten, I would find it in the character of the awful. The secret plotting, the silent and insidious pro. Chairman, if I have read it aright, established ly terrible language in which the penalties of in- ceedings of these memorable weeks and months,
species of servitude-the servitude of the chil- fraction are written out in every variety of form may not be portrayed to the public eye. Finally it n of Israel, and that of the bondmen purchased and for every vicissitude of time. It is not the becane evident that the Administration, with all n the heathens around them. Instead of vio- growth of human thought, nor yet the expres- its power and with all its patronage, could not ng the law, Mr. Chairman, we have adhered sion of human sprech. It has the unmistakable induce a few northern Democrats to succumb. is enactment. We have gone-or rather our stamp of Divine conception and Divine utterance. These few Democrats had manfully resisted the
35th Cong....lst Sess.
Admission of Kansas-Mr. Gilman.
Ho. OF Reps.
persuasion of the pro-slavery leaders. There had a full sense of responsibility both to their constit- zenship. Look ye out, gentlemen, upon the vase been too many test votes. To have abandoned uents and the country, they gave their votes and southern domain, and behold what has been done their position after making such a record would voice to vindicate the rights of American freemen. for the South by the accretion of new territory! have indicated a glaring want of principle and This rebuke from slave States was more keenly Behold a vast arca consecrated to African slavery! consistency. The intelligent mind of the country felt by the President than any and all opposition Consider, too, what political advantages you have seemed to be convinced that the Administration from the North. Estimating other men by his derived from territorial aggrandizement. The would be overwhelmed with defeat. So much own standard, he had conceived that any meas creation of slave States has given to you the firmness on the part of northern Democrats called ure, how base soever it might be, would readily sway in the Senate. The Senate can appropriate forth expressions of approbation and admiration be accepted by the southern mind; that his devo money without limit. The Senate controls the throughout the country. The Crittenden-Mont tion to the South, illustrated by a capricious po- Treasury. The Senate can add millions to apgomery bill passed the House, approved by Re- l litical career, would not be questioned; that his propriation bills. The House can add nothing publicans, Americans, and Democrats; a measure willingness to use and abuse his power and posi io an appropriation bill not provided by law. approved by northern and southern members; a tion to uphold a sectional policy, would naturally The Senate is under your control, and it genemeasure fraught with peace and good will to Kan-1) induce a unanimous southern support.
rally has been; and if you would realize your sas;
and its passage in the House was hailed with The President did not imagine that any south schemes of southern expansion, absorption, and pleasure and delight by the people of the United ern member, unaffected by geographical position, accretion, your dreams of a southern confedStates. The Senate refused to sanction the bill. could take a clear and comprehensive view of the eracy, then you must retain a pro-slavery sway The House voted to adhere. At last it became relations of the whole country; could so demean in the Senate. If you would have a balance of evident to the House, and to those who have the himself on this floor that his own constituents power, you must have that sway. The senticonfidence of the Administration, that the Lecomp- would sustain him, and honorable men every: ment of the civilized world is against you. All ton swindle could not be supported by a majority where applaud and admire his independence and those great agencies which have done so much to В of the members of the House of Representatives. | manliness. This blow from the South fell with supplant physical energies or muscular power, Some other scheme must be devised-something I great force upon the Administration; it annibilated give to freedom an advantage over slavery, enthat will save the honor and pride of the South the Lecompton monster. Grave Senators from able free men to move with great rapidity and great and will satisfy enough of the northern Demo the South and Senators from the North, southern facility; and, unless you are on the alert, will crats to insure success.
Representatives and northern Representatives, enable free men to occupy the Territories of the It had been said by southern gentlemen that if whose highest aspiration seems to be to render | Republic, and adorn them with all the arts of Kansas were not admitted under the Lecompton themselves more obnoxious to their constituents, civilized and enlightened communities. Let us, constitution, the South would resort to extreme to impose upon an unoffending people a measure then, have the scheme that will save the Demomeasures. The dissolution of the Union was
as fraught with danger to the peace and welfare of cratic party from dissolution, and enable the threatened. Sentiments were uttered well calcu the country-a measure sustained by traitors to southern Slates to control the Treasury of the Related to excite terror and alarm in minds unaccus their country and the enemies of free institutions; public.” The conference bill is produced; and the tomed to vehemence of manner and high-sound- traitors who have been upheld by the Army of sachems of the party, after a severe debate and a ing declamation-sentiments that might disturb the United States; by the patronage of the past thorough examination, determine to take the dose the equanimity of those who do not know and and present Administration; Grave Senators, I and also to commend it to the lips of such Doug. do not believe that the Union of the States is the say, distinguished members of this House, as las Democrats as would abandon the bold and security and protection of slavery. The dark, sembled to devise a new scheme that would save manly position which they had pledged themdismal, and murky cloud of disunion rose before the Hunker or Buchanan party from disintegra- || selves to maintain. Not one of the ninety-two Republicans lost tion or dissolution. It would be impossible and
I will now present, for the consideration of the
SEO the possession of his faculties; the South Amer even improper to portray too vividly the different House, my views in relation to this wonderful creicans were composed; the Douglas Democrats scenes and the appearance of the different actors. ation of artful politicians—the conference bill. I were calm and tranquil; the Lecompton monster To a favored few is known all that transpired will not call it the English bill, because it smacks med was slain; southerii members did not abandon | beneath the roof of the White House. It is not more of Virginia and Georgia than of Indiana. their seats. In no southern State was the flag of difficult to imagine what transpired there. The The people of Kansas, on the 4th day of January, disunion raised. But, sir, if something had not sachems of the party, with elongated visages, and 1858, rejected the Lecompton swindle by an over
th been done to relieve the pro-slavery lea ers from the President, whose countenance, as Byron hath | whelming majority; yet, by the conference bill
, a most disagreeable dilemma, and the Administra- it, “ was a tablet of unutterable thoughis,"
you propose to the people of Kansas to accept ze th tion from disgrace, how could the southern mem without doubt assembled. And had the President the swindle or not to enjoy the advantages of a bers go back to their constituents with any hope of expressed himself in a truthful manner, he could State government until ihere is a population in their approbation and support? James Buchanan, i with propriety have said: “I, James Buchanan, the Territory of ninety-three or a hundred and President of the United States, presented a consti have done all that I could do to cheat the people of twenty thousand. By what article, or section, or tution to the House of Representatives, which he Kansas out of their rights and privileges? I' have clause, of the Constitution of the United States
, placed knew to be a fraud. He had brought down dis sent to the House of Representatives the Lecomp can Congress present such an issue as this to the grace upon himself, upon his Administration, ton swindle, a gigantic fraud, gentlemen, which, people of Kansas ? Where do you find a preceupon the Republic, by this base attempt to impose I had it been approved by the House, would have deni for such a mode of procedure? Turn to your rence b upon the people of Kansas a constitution which done more than anything that I can conceive or congressional proceedings; turn to the records of of K they spurned and hated-a constitution present- | suggest to degrade American labor, to tarnish the the past; examine the annals of your country. ed at Lecompton by men who had no higher sense honor of the Republic, and to involve the Govern You will search in vain. If the people of Kansas of duty and justice than to uphold and sustain ment in disgrace before the civilized world; but will do that which is repugnant to them; if they murderers of innocent citizens and destroyers of the House, a most obstinate, inflexible, and incor will do that which they believe to be dishonora: property, without cause or provocation. The rigible body, will not take this Lecompton dose. ble and unjust; if they will do that which would
there i President of the United States must be preserved Now, ye gentlemen who love slavery more than
expose them to the contempt and ridicule of enfrom a lower depth of disgrace. His deep-laid i you love liberty, ye men whose conception of the lightened men; if they will yield up their sense plots, his ingenious plans, the skill, the dexterity growth and grandeur of the Republic is derived of self-respect and humiliate themselves before the of his officials in Kansas, availed nothing. The from the servility and degradation of the African, civilized world, and will lick the dirt at the feet of crimes, the outragés, committed under the sanc come forward and give us a plan. Give us the three hundred and fifty-seven thousand slave-holdtion of law, availed nothing: The Lecompton scheme to preserve the unity and indivisibility ers, then they need not wait until there are ninetymonster was slain. A majority of the House of of the pro-slavery party. This party, which we three or one hundred and twenty thousand popuRepresentatives, through weeks and months, all love so tenderly, so deeply, and which we all lation, but can at once have a State and live under withstood the pressure and policy of the Admin-worship with a more than oriental devotion, must a constitution which is not of their own creationistration, and resolutely and repeatedly refused be preserved. By this Democratic organization
a constitution, in all human probability, concocted to insult and degrade the people of a Territory, we have done much to cripple the industry of the here, in the city of Washington, and sent out 10 whose only crime had been that they preferred a free States. Much have we done to enable British
Kansas to be approved by a convention upheld constitution for freedom rather than for slavery. I capital and British power to control American and supported by United States bayonets. Resolutely and nobly did the majority refuse to markets, and to enervate the arm of American There is another consideration. It was aspresent to the intelligent but abused people of labor. By this Democratic organization we have serted, in the other wing of the Capitol, by the Kansas the terrible issue of lasting disgrace or given direction to the disposition and sale of the Senator from Missouri, (Mr. Green,] by the revolwionary resistance. The Lecompton mon public lands, and through the land offices of the Senator from Virginia, (Mr. Hunter, and in ster was slain. The desire and purpose of the western country have enabled prominent men of this House by the member from Georgia, (Mr. President to create civil discord, to impose sla our party to accumulate immense fortunes. By Stephens,] that the people can have no vote upon very upon an unwilling and reluctant people, was controlling the Government we have been able to not satisfied. Executive power, so potent, so maintain
a sectional policy; to array the North by all present, that the question was submitted to liable to be exerted beyond constitutional limits, against the South; and by the timely aid of the could not compel the House to sanction a crime Supreme Court have established the doctrine that
the gentleman from Georgia, and his reply was and call it a constitutiou. Members from slave the rights and privileges of a human being are to
prompt, and directly to the point. It will be noStates, with all the risks and hazards to which be acknowledged and determined, not according and cunningly drawn. It is in all its features, a
ticed that the bill is very carefully and adroidy they were exposed, gave their votes and their in- | to the self-evident truths of the human mind, not
foxy production; and, amid all the verbiage and Auence to uphold the honor of the Republic, to according to those qualities and faculties which all the periods contained in the five sections, there save the Territory of Kansas from the horrors of distinguish man from the brute, but according to civil war, and the Union from calamitics which color. If a man is very black he is not a citizen, Lecompton. It can be seen in the first section
is but one allusion to the swindle perpetrated at threatened to berall it. No man can attribute un- and has no rights. If a man is very white he can
and here is the language, or extract: worthy or unpatriotic motives to such men. With Il enjoy all that is comprehended in American citi
“Bui, should a majority of the votes cast be for ' proper
3514 CONG....1st Sess.
Admission of Kansas-Mr. Gilman.
Ho. OF Reps.
sition rejected,' it shall be deemed and held that the people In 1856, the delegates of the party termed Dem faith”of the Cincinnati platform; here we behold of Kansas do not desire admission into the Union with said
ocratic, assembled at Cincinnati to form a national the doctrine of “perfect equality," applied, illusconstitution under the conditions set forth in said proposi. tion; and in that event the people," &c. platform. Here is a resolution adopted by the trated, and demonstrated in the admission of
States. Here we behold the Punic faith of modern The purpose and the design are evidently to leave convention: the impression on the mind that there is only a “Resolved, That we recognize the right of the people of
Democracy! How long will the American people submission of a land ordinance. The words all the Territories, including Kansas and Nebraska, acting tolerate the supremacy of a class of men so faith
through the legally and fairly expressed will of a majority "said constitution," however, are entitled to a
less to their pledges, so capricious in their policy? of actual residents, and whenever the number of their in There is another feature in the conference bill, slight consideration. They have a significance. habitants justifies it, to form a constitution, with or without Leinot the people of Kansas be deceived ; let them domestic slavery, and be admitted into the Union upon terms the significance of which cannot be overlooked; look to the relation of " said constitution" to the of perfect equality with the other States."
and that is, the constitution of the board of com
missioners: language of the preamble. Here is a part of the Has it not been urged on this floor, with great preamble: pertinacity and emphasis, that a body of men, as
“ Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, for the purpose "Whereas, the people of the Territory of Kansas did, by sembled at Lecompton on the 7th of November, by this aci'may be fair and free, the Governor, United States
of insuring, as far as possible, that the elections authorized a conventiou of delegates assembled at Lecompton, on the 1857, embodied the legally and fairly expressed district attorney, and Secretary of the Territory of Kansas, Tth day of November, 1857, for that purpose, form for themselves a constitution and State government, which consti
will of a majority of actual residents." The Ad and the presiding officers of the two branches of the Legiscution is republican," &c. ministration is compelled, by this submission of
lature, namely, the President of the Council, and Speaker The mind that conceived the conference bill a land ordinance with " said constitution,” to ac
of the House of Representatives, are hereby constituted a board of commissioners to carry into effect the provisions
of this act, and to use all the means necessary and proper knew well that the three words “said Lecompton knowledge before the world that the convention constitution" might awaken disagreeable associ
of the 7th of November, 1857, was a convention to that end." ations. But“ said constitution”
that did not indicate the “ will of the actual resi. are words that
Now, it is well known to the House that the might not arrest the attention. But let us be char- dents.” The Cincinnati resolution will not cover
Governor, United States attorney, and the Secilable. Certainly it was very kind and consider
the case; it is not equal to the emergency. The retary of the Territory, indicate and reflect the ate to avoid the use of language offensive to an
Administration, with all its power and patronage, will and purpose of the Administration. The honorable people. The skillful magician was un
has endeavored to convince the House that the President of the Council and the Speaker of the doubtedly actuated by the most honorable mo
“ Lecompton convention" indicated the “ will Territorial Assembly represent the sentiment of tives. Like a skillful and humane physician, he
of a majority, legally and fairly expressed.” If the would prepare a nauseating dose so that it could
to the Administration. be administered without disagreeable sensations.
consent to a submission of a land ordinance with section of the conference bill with the following Besides, there is a serpent in the grass; it would
" said constitution?” The Cincinnati platform third section of the Crittenden and Montgomery not be wise for the serpent to hiss to warn the
is repudiated; " the will of the people, legally and bill: victim, before the venom of his fangs permeates
fairly expressed,” is treated with contempt. And, “Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, for the purpose as the system. “Whereas the people of the Terri
by its own acknowledgment, the Administration of insuring, as far as possible, that the elections authorized med lory of Kansas did, by a convention of delegates
is held responsible for all the frauds and all the by this act may be fair and tree, the Governor and Secretary assembled at Lecompton, on the 7th day of Novillainy perpetrated by the pro-slavery, party in
of the Territory of Kansas, and the presiding officers of the vember, 1857, for that purpose, form for themKansas. The Lecompton swindle, undoubtedly
two branches of its Legislature, namely, the President of the
Council and Speaker of the blouse of Representatives, are selves a constitution and State government,"'&c.,
concocted in this city, the creature of fraud, of hereby constituted a board of commissioners to carry into is the language of the preamble. violence, and of Executive authority," the legally
effect the provisions of this act, and to use all the means The people having formed it, there can be no expressed will of a majority,” is associated with
necessary and proper to that end." doubt as to its validity, no doubt as to its vitala land ordinance! What a juxtaposition of ideas;
Had the Crittenden bill become a law, there so ity. There is no other constitution. As the peo
what a heterogeneous combination; what a har
would have been two members of the board reprel has ple formed it, there can be no other. It is the
monious relation is presented in the conference senting the Administration, and two representing an only embodiment of the will of the people. The
bills! What an admirable contrivance to shiver the people of Kansas. An arrangement so fair, so delegates have indicated the will of the people. scheme to expose the Administration to the ridi-tration, has been rejected by Congress. That class
and shatter the Democratic party!
What a just, and, I may say, so generous to the AdminisKansas is therefore a State, because it has a State the government. It will therefore be useless to sub
cule and sarcasm of intelligent minds! What an of politicians who proclaimed ai Cincinnati, and mit more than a "land ordinance;' and in order
illustration of the degeneracy of the times! What on the floor of the House of Representatives, the to render the ordinance as intelligible as possible; || Government! What a mournful evidence of the of non-intervention, and who profess to cherish a
a departure from the policy of the founders of the doctrine of "popular sovereignty," the doctrine 20 illustrate the subtilty and ledgerdemain of its decadence of American statesmanship! What policy that will leave the people perfectly free to authors, the two words“ said constitution” have
an example for the youth of the Republic that form and regulate their domestic institutions in been placed in the first section. That is indeed
trick and legerdemain are more essential in the their own way,"cannot permit the people of Kana profound statesmanship, and worthy of all ad
administration of public affairs than the exercise sas to have a majority of the board of commismiration, which has induced the authors of the
of the higher and nobler qualities and faculties of sioners. The President of the United States, Cabconference bill to inform the ignorant and deluded the mind and heart.
inet officers, shrewd and sagacious polititians, all people of Kansas, that on the 7th day of Novem
But, sir, the Cincinnati convention, by the res- | in the enjoyment of power, and gond round salaber, 1857, they did form for themselves a State olution to which I have referred, acknowledges ries, having no feelings in common with those
men who endure all the trials and all the labor ingovernment; and, in order more deeply to impress the right of the people of Kansas " to form a conthem with the fact, to offer four million acres of
stitution with or without domestic slavery, and be cident to the settlement of the western wilderness, admitted into the Union upon terms of perfect
must still continue to vex and harass that peoBut there is a consideration which will be equality with the other States.". Now, if the ordi- ple, who have received nothing from the past and urged by those who take another view of the bill,
nance with “said constitution;" if the bribe and present Administrations but intervention, circumthat the people of Kansas must take a pro-slavery the swindle are accepted; Kansas, by proclamation vention, insult, and injury. Another deep game constitution with the land bribe, or remain out of | although the population of the Territory
of the President, becomes a State of the Union, is to be played in Kansas, and a majority of the the Union. What an insult to an intelligent peo- l exceed thirty or forty thousand. If, according to
board of commissioners is essential to “ designate ple! An American Congress has no higher stand
and establish such precincts for voting,”?" to cause ard of honor or propriety than to offer four milthe language of the conference bill, the proposi- polls to be opened at such places,” and “ to ap
point, as judges of election,” such men as will lion acres of land for a pro-slavery constitution. tion, or the bribe, is rejected, then Grave Senators and enlightened Representatives
“ The people of said Territory are hereby authorized and
best conserve the purpose and design of the cendeern it to be the part of wisdom to bestow four empowered to form for themselves a constitution and State tral power at Washington.
What that purpose government, by the name of the State of Kansas, accord and design is, future events will unfold and indimillion acres upon forty thousand American free ing to the Federal Constitution, and may elect delegates for
cate. The conduct of the Administration in remen, the peers of us all, if they will only become that purpose whenever, and not before, it is ascertained, by the tools of Executive power and Executive tyra census duly and legally taken, that the population of said
lation to the affairs of Kansas; the consideration Territory equals or exceeds the ratio of representation re that the pro-slavery leaders have so much at stake, anny. Four million acres of land are offered for
quired for a member of the House of Representatives of so much at hazard, in the decision of the question; the degradation and humiliation of a brave and the Congress of the United States."
so much have the leaders to gain if the majority enterprising people. I will, in this connection,
What would be a census “duly and legally accept the bribe, and so much to lose if the majormake a quotation from the Kansas-Nebraska act, taken?" "A census taken by an aci of the Terri- liity reject the bribe, that no one will be surprised passed in the year 1854:
torial Legislature at any time; or a census taken if an apparent majority is found for the acceptance " It being the true intent and meaning of this act, not to legislate stavery into any Territory or State, nor to exclude
by act of Congress at some future period ? are of the bribe. it therefrom, but to leave the people thereof perfectly free
questions naturally suggested. But the consid The history of Kansas presents a dark and to form and regulate their domestic institutions in their own eration to which I desire to call the attention of | dismal picture; but there is no part of the picway," &c.
the House is that part of the Cincinnati resolution ture more offensive or repulsive than the frauds In 1858, the Congress of the United States de relating to Kansas, " and be admitted into the perpetrated at the ballot-box. Have we not reaclares to the people of Kansas: accept a land ordi Union
upon terms of perfect equality with other son to fear, from the organization of the board of nance with " said constitution," accept the Le States. That is, a glave State can be “ admitted commissioners, and from the experience of the compton swindle with African slavery, and the into the Union upon terms of perfect equality with past, that if fraudulent returns are wanted, fraudPresident will immediately proclaim that you are
other States," while a free State can only be ad- ulent returns will be fabricated ? The Governor, a State. This appeal to the cupidity and to the
upon terms of perfect” inequality. The as a member of the board, and in his official caavarice of men, rather than to their judgment and people of Kansas can have a State government in pacity, certifies and proclaims the returns; the common sense, is, I presume, leaving the people | 1858, if they will sanction a fraud; if they will not President, by the conference bill, has only to properfectly free to form and regulate their domestic sanction a fraud, they can have no State govern- ' claim Kansas a State of the Union, the Admininstitutions in their own way!
ment in 1858; and here we behold the “ plighted listration triumphant, the power of the South vin
35th Cong....1st Sess.
Admission of Kansas--Mr. Gilman.
Ho. of Reps.
dicated, and innumerable trials inflicted upon that with " said constitution, ” while the law of the blest faculties of the human mind only could be people, whose only crime is that they abhor sla- Territory only requires a residence of three brought into play. It has been lately discovered very, and desire to adorn their Territory with the months, unless the object to be attained is to that statesmanship does not consist in the appsarts of civilization, and the creations of free labor. | deprive the "white male inhabitants' who en cation of those virtues and those qualities which
If Kansas is made a State by proclamation of tered the Territory this spring of the right to vote. indicate the higher nature of man. the President, what mode or manner will the peo The emigrants that entered the Territory this The cause which has induced this decadence in ple adopt to relieve themselves of the incubus of spring with the purpose to settle in the Territory, the character of public men, has given a cast and a Lecompton constitution? Suppose the people and who shall have resided three successive months direction to the policy of the Government during of that Territory should appeal to an American prior to the day of election, would certainly be the past half century: Every department of the Senate: what relief could they find there? What ardent and desirous and competent to indicate Government is and has been under its control
. response has the Senate already made to their their opinion at the ballot-box upon questions of Territorial expansion has given to it consideration appeals? The Senate has been, and will be, deaf vital importance; and, among other questions, and power. African slavery is a condition of so. 10 their entreaties and indifferent to their wrongs. “ whether or not they will disgrace themselves ciety in fifteen States, affecting the social and poThe Supreme Court would not give to them an and their country and the cause of freedom by litical relations of the States. It is a condition of impartial hearing, but would delight in the im- giving their sanction to a land bribe, and an in- ! society which has passed from generation to genposition of new burdens. Even in this Assembly, famous swindle." It has been said in a certaineration. It is the labor of the South; it is the which ought to be the guardian of national honor quarter, " if the Lecompton constitution is ac wealth of the South. It has established a southand individual rights, the people of Kansas would cepted by the people of Kansas, that out of regard ern character; it was formerly considered by the meet with a cool reception and tardy justice. to the people of a sovereign State, the sale of pub- founders of the Government as a condition of ne
There is another feature of the conference billlic lands might be postponed." There are vari- || cessity, as an evil that had befallen the South. It which should not be overlooked:
ous rumors as to the postponement of the sale. is now vindicated and defended as a right founded “ Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, in the election How the public domain is to be made subserv. on principles of justice, sanctioned by Holy Writ, hereby authorized, all white male inhabitants of said Ter ient to realize the plan of the pro-slavery leaders, and essential to the welfare and prosperity of the ritory, over the age of twenty one years, who possess the qualitications which were required hy the laws of' said Tertime only can determine.
South. The severity with which the peculiar in
ICI ritory for a legal voter at the last general election for the
It is well known that many of the settlers on stitution has been attacked, has called forth a cor. members of the Territorial Legislature, and none others, the public lands are at present unable to pay for responding -emphasis in its defense. Southern shall be allowed to vole."
their sections. It is for the President, and those men, conscious that they must encounter the opNow, what was one of the qualifications which who are possessed of authority, to say when the position of the free States, and, in truth, the oppo“all of the white male inhabitants” possessed lands shall be sold. If the Executive should resort sition of cnlighteneil men throughout the civil. who voted for members of the Territorial Legisla- ! to desperate measures, or present alluring propo- | ized world, have endeavored to render themselves ture in October, 1857? A residence of six months sitions, then let us cherish ihe hope and confidence i respected by the power that they can exert. A in the Territory prior to the day of election. This that the settlers, the squatters, the “popular sov common sense of what they deem a common danqualification, or act establishing such qualifica- ereigns,” will have the moral courage and the ger has impelled them to concentrate their efforts tion, was repealed by the Legislature elected in power of endurance to meet the emergency in a to preserve a supremacy in the administration of October, 1857; and an act in its stead passed the mode and manner becoming American freemen public affairs. Legislature, and was approved by the Governor, who know their rights and how to maintain them. Freedom can thrive and flourish and adrance radi which only requires " three months'" residence They have suffered much; they have endured without the aid of Government. Science, art, prior to the day of election. A majority of the much; and “ there is a point beyond which pa- | and religion, nourish and support it. It is the members of the board, by the conference bill, de tience ceases to be a virtue." Whatever may be natural condition of man. As you increase the termine the day on which ihe ordinance with “said the decision of the people of Kansas, whether the mastery of mind over matter; as you tame and constitution” is to be submitted to the people. If | land bribe is accepted by fair means or by foul subdue the great forces of nature and render then a majority fix upon a day in July or August next, means, whether it is reluctantly received or scorn subservient to the human will; as you give greater the entire spring emigration will be disqualified fully repelled, the conference bill never will be, l expansion to the realm of thought, so you are there will not be a lapse of time sufficient io enable and never can be approved by the American peo- giving to the cause of freedom increasing momenthe new Republican recruits to vote. Even if a ple. It is an insuli to the free States; it is a dis tum. Freedom wants no compromises and no conday in September should be preferred by a ma grace to the slave States; it is neither a measure ferences. It is slavery-that state of society which jority of the board, but few of "the white male of compromise nor of conciliation; it establishes involves the degradation of one class and the suinhabitants” who entered the Territory since the no principle which can command the confidence periority of another class-that invokes the coun1st of March could vote. But it was desirable to and regard of the intelligent mind of the Republic. tenance and support of the Government. And site, i render the conference bill as palatable as possible, | You cannot call it a compromise, because it is a the advocates and defenders of the peculiar instito keep from the eye as many obnoxious features trick; you cannot call it a safe precedent for the tution will ever be ready to urge upon the floor of as possible; and the bitter pill had to be sugared future, for the day is not remote when it may be the House and upon the public mind, measures over, that it might be swallowed without reluc more popular to discriminate in favor of freedom essential to shield and protect it. They will, in tance, and with manifestations of delight. That rather than in favor of slavery. It is a fit illus- time to come, give a tone and direction to the progreat relief was derived from the medicine, there tration and exponent of that power which con- i ceedings of Democratic conventions. The procan be no doubt, from the buoyant condition of trols the different departments of the Government; slavery leaders will not hesitate to violate the Con the patients on that eventful morning when the it is the creation of minds alike indifferent to the
stitution of the Republic; nor will they be governed experience of the distinguished converts was re lessons of history and the admonitions of expe- by any precedents of the past
. Between the sleve lated to the House. But it was exceedingly adroit rience; it is the production of men who deem it a Siates and the free States there is a struggle for to cover the qualification of time and residence matter of small concern to trifle with the feelings, power; and the pro-slavery party will become under the following verbiage:
to arouse the indignation of millions of freemen. “Who possess the qualifications which were required by A boldness and audacity has been manifested by strength diminishes. Doctrines will be advanced
more and more desperate as the confidence in their the laws of said Territory for a legal voter at the last general those who introduced and secured the passage of on this floor in time to come, as they have been election," &c.
the conference bill, which might well excite our in time past, that partake of the spirit and sent This third section clearly indicates that the Ad- admiration if the bill itself were only commensu ment of the dark and medieval ages. There will ministration desire the number of voters to be as rate with the magnitude of the question which it be in time to come, as there has been in time past, small as possible; the more formidable the num is proposed to settle.
the conflict of mind with mind; the antagonism of bers the greater the opposition, and the more nu If leading men in the Republican party would opinions and principles. Still there is a future merous the dificulties and obstacles that would present the same bold and fearless front in the sup for the cause of freedom. African slavery mas be encountered. Besides, it is important to have | port of a good cause; the same determined and yet be circumscribed by free institutions. The the real vote of the Territory as small as possible, i persistent will in the support of self-evident truths Republican party in 1860 will be triumphant; the if fraudulent voles are to be used. A small vote upon which the Government is founded, the day policy of the Republican administration should contrasted with a large population, considering would not be remote when the patronage and be to encourage the settlement of the western tezthe nature of the issue, fully illustrates the pure power of the Government would pass into other ritory. Let us have, as soon as we can have, and high-minded motives of that class of men who hands, and upon others the administration of pubcherish a devotion so ardent for “ popular sov. lic affairs devolve. The consideration, however,
ent umen renc
ins, 1 any i
preponderance of representation in the Senate and
the House, from free States. ereignty;" who entertain a regard so profound which most deeply affects all men who wish well It has been the fortune of the pro-slavery of for the popular will, that they could only permit for their country; all men who would preserve the Democratic leaders to render the Territories and those to vote who possess the qualifications Union of the States; who cherish the hope that new States subservient to their purposes. Let us which were required by the laws of the Territory | the Government may yet be administered in the for a legal voter at the last general election for spirit and sentiment of its founders, is this: that istration will not only maintain a liberal territorial
cherish the hope that the next Republican Admin members of the Territorial Legislature." I will distinguished men, whose genius and power might policy, but will also encourage and facilitate the call the attention of my Democratic friends to the be so potent to promote the prosperity of the coun creation of new States. When southern mea first resolution of the Cincinnati convention: try, and the harmony of the States, seem to take Resolved, That the American Democracy place their a pleasure and satisfaction in the suggestion and
and northern doughfaces become satisfied that sa
very cannot be extended on this continent, then, trust in the intelligence, the patriotism, and the discrirunat. adoption of those measures which tend the most ing justice of the American people.”' to awaken discordant and belligerent feelings, and material resources of the country receive that con
and not until then, can the development of the I will simply suggest that neither the "intelligent" nor“ patriotic” people of this country, nor ful and cunning the device the more acceptable ittion of the American people cannot be diverted those who ' discriminate justly,” can compre- becomes as a measure of public policy. li used to hend why a residence of six months is essential be thought that in the disposition of grave ques and not until that party is overwhelmed with in order to vote for or against the land ordinance tions of national importance the highest and no
defeat will it avail anything to commend to da