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115 B43

1832

A SYSTEM

110727
GEOGRAPHY,

POPULAR AND SCIENTIFIC,

OR

A PHYSICAL, POLITICAL, AND STATISTICAL ACCOUNT

OF THE

WORLD AND ITS VARIOUS DIVISIONS.

BY JAMES BELL,

AUTHOR OF CRITICAL RESEARCHES IN GEOGRAPHY, EDITOR OF ROLLIN'S ANCIENT HISTORY,

&c. &c.

ILLUSTRATED BY A COMPLETE series OF MAPS, AND

OTHER ENGRAVINGS.

VOLUME V.

GLASGOW:
ARCHIBALD FULLARTON AND CO.;
W. TAIT, EDINBURGH; W. CURRY, JUN., & CO., DUBLIN;

SIMPKIN & MARSHALL, AND W. S. ORR, LONDON.

MDCCCXXXII.

:lay

GLASGOW: PULLARTON AND CO., PRINTERS, VILLAFIELD.

CONTENTS OF VOLUME FIFTH.

CHINESE EMPIRE.

CHINESE TARTARY.

CHINA PROPER-Name-Boundaries and Extent, 1. MANDSHOORIA, OR EASTERN TARTARY-Divisions.
l-Divisions, 2.

CHAP. I. PHYSICAL FEATURES-CLIMATE-PRODUC-

CHAP. I. HISTORY, 3.

TIONS, 79— Mountains, 80–Rivers—The Am-

CHAP. II. PHYSICAL FEATURES-CLIMATE-PRODUC oor, 81-Climate, 82-Soil and Productions, 83.

TIONS- Mountains-Rivers, 5-Lakey - Ca CHAP. II. INHABITANTS AND POPULATION, 86-Lan-

nals, 6-Climate - Vegetable Productions-

guage, 89.

Tea Plant, 7--Animals-Minerals, 9.

CHAP. 111. CITIES AND TOWNS, 90-U. CENTRAL ASIA

CHAP. III. AGRICULTURE - MANUFACTURES AND - Boundaries and Extent, 91-1. MONGOLIA,

COMMERCE-MONEY-WEIGHTS AND MEASURES 92—Physical Aspect, 93.

--Agriculture, 10_Ornamental Gardening CHAP. I. NORTHERN MONGOLIA, 93-Boundaries--

Manufactures-Engraving and Printing, 12-

Mountains, 94Rivers, 95- Lakes_Climate,

Paper-Ink-Hair Pencils--Porcelain, 13-

Soil, and Produce, 96-Mineralogy and Zoo.

Silk Manufactures - Nankeens --Trade and logy, 97-Inhabitants, 98-Religion, 101-

Commerce, 14—Money-Weights and Mea Language and Literature, 101-Manners and

sures, 16.

Customs, 106-Cities, 108-History, 109.

CHAP. IV. POPULATION MANNERS AND CUSTOMS— CHAP. U. SOUTHERN MONGOLIA, OR TAE COUNTRY

RELIGION-LANGUAGE, LITERATURE, AND SCI OF THE SHARRA OR YELLOW MONGOLS, 117-

ENCE-Population, 16-Manners and Customs II. SOONGARIA, OR COUNTRY OF THE ELUTAS,

General appearance of the Country and its 120-Name--Climate, 121- Mountains, 122–

Inhabitants, 17-Physical Constitution, 20-

Lakes, 123–Rivers, 124–Cities, &c.--Inhabi.
Ranks-Dress, 21-Houses, 22Marriages, tants, 125.-111 LESSER BUKHARIA, OR EASTERN
23- Marriage of the Dead-Births, 21-Edu-

TOORKISTAUN ---Name Boundaries - Super-
cation, 25-Domestic Life and Diet-Chinese ficial Extent, 128-Historical Notice-Physi-
Inns, 20-Amusements and Festivals --Cere cal Aspect-Mountains, 129-Rivers-Lakes,

monies, 27-Funerals, 29-General Character 130_Deserts-Climate-Soil and Produce--

of the Chinese, 30- Religion, 31--Tao-tse, 32 Divisions-Ist. Province of Khashghar, 131-

--Confucius, 33 - Fo, 31- Christians, 40 - Yarkund -- Khotan, &c. 132 - Province of

Language and Literature, 43-Arts and Sci Auksoo, 133- Toorfaun, 131 - Province of

ences - Astronomy - Architecture - Great Hami, 135-Inhabitants, 136-SOUTHERN PART

Wall, 47-Arithmetic -Optics-Chemistry - · OF CENTRAL ASIA-1. WESTERN DIVISION, 137.

Medicine, 48- Music, 49.

CHAP. I. UPPER BASIN OF THE INDUS-Upper

CHAP. V. GOVERNMENT-LAWS--REVENUE-ARMY Kaushkaur, 137-Little Thibet-Khofalun-

AND NAVY-Emperor's Council-Public Tri. PRINCIPALITY OF LADAUK, 138 - District of

bunals, 49 - Corruption and Oppression-

Changthang, 145.

Causes of its permanency, 51-Chinese Court, Cuap. II. UPPER BASIN OF THE SUTLUJ-Speetee

52_Law, 53_Revenue, 56— Military Force, of Ladauk-District of Khoonawoor, 147-

57-Navy, 58-Fortifications, 59.

Oondes, or highest vailey of the Sutluj, 149–

CHAP. VI. TOPOGRAPHY, 59-KING-SE OR PE-CHE-LI Subdivisions and places of note, 153-11. EAS-
- Peking, 60-KYANG-NAN, 61-Nan-king-

TERN DIVISION, OR THIBET PROPER-Extent

Su-chen-fu, 62_SHAN-SI, 63-SHAN-TONG-HO and Boundaries, 151- Names and Divisions,

NAN, 61SHEN-SI-CHE-KYANC, 65-KYANG-

150-Physical Features, 157- Mountains, 158

SEE-HOO-KWANG, 67-9E-CHWEN-FO-KYEN,

Topography, 159-Lakes-Rivers, 160—Cli.

68_CANTON, 69-Fo-kan-Chao-cheu-fu, 70-

mate-Soil and Productions-Inhabitants, 162

Lyen-cheu-fu - KWANG-SI, 71 - YUN-NAN — -Language and Literature, 163-Commerce

KWEI-CHEU, 72-Authorities, 73

and Manufactures - Religion-Government,

161_Manners and Customs, 165-Cities, 166

PENINSULA OF KOREA.

-Historical Notice--TANGOOT OR SECFAUN,

167-I. SEEFAUN OR TOOFAUN, 168-II. THE

Extent and Boundaries, 71Historical Remarks ELUTHS OF KOKONOOR, 170_NU. DISTRICT ON

- Name, &c.—Divisions, 75–Mountains-Ri. SHACHEW, 172.

vers - Climate - Productions, 76- Manufac-
tures and Commerce - Miscellaneous Re-

THE ASIATIC ISLANDS
marks, 77- Population, 78.

| CHAP. I. THE JAPANESE ISLANDS.-Historical No.

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