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tells his

death.

17

20

and cautions

ambition.

SO CHAP.
XXI.

them. But let it not be
among you, but whosoever desir
eth to be greatest among you, let
him be your minister; and whoso-27
ever desireth to be chief among
you, let him be your servant: even 28
as the son of man came not to be
ministered unto, but to minister,
and to give his life a ransom for
many.

two blind

And as Jesus was going up to Jesus fore- Jerusalem, he took unto him the twelve disciples privately on the way, and said unto them," Behold 18 we are going up to Jerusalem, and the son of man will be delivered up to the chief priests and scribes, who 19 will sentence him to death, and deliver him up to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him; and the third day he will rise again." Then the mother of the sons of Answers Zebedee came to him, together Salome, with her sons, doing him obeisance, his disciples and asking something of him. And against he said unto her," What dost" What do you wish me to do for thou desire?" She saith unto him, "Grant that these my two sons may sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on the left in 22 thy kingdom." But Jesus answered, addressing himself to the two brothers, "Ye know not what ye ask. Can ye drink of the cup that I am going to drink of?" They say unto him, "We can." 23 Then he saith unto them, "Ye will indeed drink of my cup; but to sit on my right hand, and on my left is not mine to give, unless to those for whom it is prepared by my Father." 24

And as they were going from 29 Jericho, a great multitude accom- Jesus cures panied him. And behold! two men. blind men sitting by the road, when they heard that Jesus was 30 passing by, cried out, "Have pity on us, Sír, thou son of David." And the multitude charged them to 31 keep silence, but they cried the more, saying, "Have pity on us, Sir, thou son of David." And Je- 32 sus stopt, and called them, and said,

you?" They say unto him, 33
Master, that our eyes may be
opened." And Jesus took pity on 34
them, and touched their eyes, and
immediately their eyes received
sight, and they went with him.

3

XXI.

And when they drew near to Je- CHAP. rusalem, and were come to Bethphage, to the mount of olives, Enters into then Jesus sent two disciples, say-riding on Jerusalem, ing unto them, "Go into that an ass. village over against you, and imme- 2 diately you will find an ass tied, and a colt with her, loose them and bring them unto me. And if 3 any one say ought unto you, tell And when the ten heard this, him that the master hath need of they were moved with indignation them, and immediately he will send 25 against the two brethren. But them. Thus was fulfilled the word 4 Jesus called them to him, and said, of the prophet, saying, "Tell ye 5 "Ye know that the rulers of the the daughter of Sion; behold! thy Gentiles exercise an harsh autho-king cometh unto thee, meek, and rity, and their princes lord it overriding upon an ass, even a colt, the

Zech. ix. 9.

I Thus the Gentiles will be first, and the Jews who will reject the gospel, because its benefits are proposed to the Gentiles will

be last.

pression, for suffering death or affliction:

3 The usual substitute for the horse in

Judea. Exod. xx. 17. and on which magistrates, and those of the royal household To drink of a cup is a figurative ex-formerly rode, Judg. v. 10,

CHAP. foal of an ass.
XXI.

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XXI.

wither on

As he was returning to the city 18 early in the morning, he was hun- Causes a gry, and seeing a fig-tree by the tree to road, he went to it, and found no- account of thing upon it but leaves. Upon its unfruit which he saith to it, "Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever; and immediately it withered away. And when the disciples 20

66

fulness.

And the disci- | them, and went out of the city to CHAP. ples went and did as Jesus com- Bethany, and lodged there. 7 manded them; and brought the ass and colt, and put on one of them their clothes and set him 8 thereon. And the greater part of the multitude spread their garments in the road, and others cut down branches from the trees, and 9 strewed them in the road. And the multitudes that went before and behind, kept crying out, "Ho-saw it, they were amazed, and said, sanna to the son of David! "How soon hath the fig-tree wiblessed is he that cometh in the thered away!" Jesus answered, 21 name of the Lord! Hosanna in Verily I say unto you, if ye have 10 the highest heavens." And when faith and doubt not, ye shall not come into Jerusalem, the only do what hath been done to whole city was moved, saying, the fig-tree, but even if ye say to 11 "Who is this?" And the multi-this mountain, 'Be thou removed tudes said, "This is the prophet, Jesus of Nazareth in Galilee." And Jesus went into the temple Drives the of God, and drove out all that were buyers and sellers out selling and buying in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the money-changers, and the seats of 13 those that sold doves, and saith Įsa. Ivi. 7. unto them, "It is written, "This house of mine shall be a house of prayer, but ye have made it a den of robbers'."

of the

temple.

12

the chief

14

he was

And blind and lame people came Replies to to him in the temple, and he restored them. But when the chief priests. priests and scribes saw the wonders 15 which he did, and those who were with him, crying in the temple, Hosanna to the son of David,' they were moved with indignation, 16 and said unto him, "Dost thou hear what they say?" And Jesus saith unto them, "Yes. Have ye never read, "Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings thou hast prepared praise'." And he left

Psalm viii. 2.

and cast into the sea,' it shall be
done. And whatsoever ye shall ask 22
in prayer with faith, ye shall receive."

And when he was come into the 23

rect answer

temple, the chief priests and elders Refuses to
of the people came to him as he give a di-
was teaching, and said, " By what to those
authority doest thou these things, who asked
and who gave thee this authority?" by what au
thority he
Jesus answered, "I will ask you acted.
one thing, which if ye tell me, I
will also tell you by what authority
I do these things. Whence was 25
tlie baptism by John? from hea-
ven, or from men ?" And they
reasoned with themselves, saying,
If we

6

say, From heaven,' he will say, Why then did ye not believe him?' But if we say, 26 From men, we are afraid of the multitude; for all hold John as a prophet." And they answered Jesus, 27 "We cannot tell." Then he said unto them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things,

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the two

sons.

29

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CHAP. "But what think ye? A cerXXI. tain man had two sons, and he Parable of came to the first and said, Son, go work to-day in my vineyard.' And he answered, I will not;' but afterwards he changed his mind, 30 and went. And he came to the other, and said so to him. And he answered, I will, Sir,' but went 31 not which of these two did the will of his father?" They say unto him, "The first." Jesus saith unto them, "Verily I say unto you, the taxgatherers and harlots go before you into the kingdoin of 32 God. For John came to you who profess to walk in righteousness, and ye believed him not, but the taxgatherers and harlots did believe him. And, when ye saw this, ye did not afterwards change your mind, and believe him."

33

the vine

to hus

Hear another parable. "A cerParable of tain householder planted a vineyard let out yard, and put a fence about it, and dug a wine-vat in it, and built a bandmen, tower, and let it out to husband34 men, and went from home. And when the fruit-season was at hand, he sent his servants to the husband35 men to receive his fruit. And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and threw stones at an36 other, and killed another. Again he sent other servants more honourable than the first, and they did unto them in the same manner. 37 Last of all he sent unto them his son, saying, 'They will reverence 38 my son.' But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir, come, let us kill him, and seize his 39 inheritance.' And they took him and cast him out of the vineyard 40 and slew him. When therefore the owner of the vineyard cometh, what will he do to the husband

As the effects are less dreadful when a man falls on a large stone, than when the stone falls on him, so the punishment of

XXII.

41

men? He will miserably destroy CHAP those wicked men, and will let out the vineyard to other husbandmen who will render him the fruits in their seasons. When the people heard this, they said, "May no Luke such thing come to pass."

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xx. 16. And Jesus saith unto them, 42 "Have ye never read in the scrip- Danger of tures, rejecting The stone which the Christ, builders rejected is become the head of the corner. This was the Lord's doing, and it is wonderful in our eyes." And whosoever shall 44 fall on this stone will be broken, and on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder." And 45 when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he was speaking of them. But when they wished to 46 lay hold on him, they feared the multitudes, because they regarded him as a prophet.

XXII.

Jesus spake to them again in CHAP parables, saying; "The kingdom of heaven is like a king, who made Parable of a king who a marriage-feast for his son, and made a feast sent his servants to call them who at the marwho had been invited to the feast, riage of his and they would not come. Again Son he sent other servants, saying, tell them who were invited, Behold! I have prepared my dinner; my oxen and fatted beasts are killed, and all things are ready; come to the feast.' But they made light of 5 it, and went away, one to his farm and another to his merchandize, and the rest took the king's ser- 6. vants, and ill-treated them, and killed them. When the king heard 7 of it, he was enraged, and resolved to send his armies and destroy those murderers, and burn up their city. Then he saith to his ser- 8 vants, The feast is ready, but they who had been invited were not

those who now reject my preaching will be inferior to that which I shall inflict on your nation by the Romans.

CHAP, worthy go ye therefore into the XXII. bye-roads, and as many as ye find 10 invite to the feast.' So those servants went out into the roads, and gathered together all whom they found, both bad and good, and the 11 feast was filled with guests. Now, when the king came in to see the guests, he beheld there a man who had not on a wedding-garment; 12 and he said to him, Friend, how eamest thou in hither without a ' wedding-garment? And he could 13 not say a word for himself. Then said the king to his servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into the outer darkness, there will be 14 weeping and gnashing of teeth.' For many are called, but few

15

question of

S chosen.'

"Cesars." Then saith he unto CHAP.
them," Render therefore unto XXII.
Cesar the things which are" Cesar's,
and unto God the things which
are God's." When they heard 22
this, they wondered; and left him
and went away.

cees.

24

seven 25

The same day came to him the 23 Sadducees, who say, there is no Another by resurrection, and questioned him, the Saddusaying, "Master, Moses said, ‘If 6 a man die without children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up children to his brother! Now there were with us brethren, and the first married, and dying without issue, left his wife to his brother. In like manner 26 the second also, and the third to the seven. Last of all the woman 27 died also. At the resurrection, 28 therefore, whose wife shall she be of the seven; for they all married her?" Jesus answered them; " Ye 29 deceive yourselves, not considering the scriptures, and the power of God. For at the resurrection 30 persons will neither marry, nor be given in marriage, but be as the angels of God in heaven.

Then the Pharisees went out Insidious and consulted how they might enby questions. And the Phari Snare him sees and they sent out to him their disciples Herodians, with the Herodians, saying, "Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, and carest not for any man, for thou regardest not the person 17 of men. Tell us, therefore, what But concerning the resurrec-31 thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tion of the dead, have ye not read Argument 18 tribute to Cesar, or not?" But that which God spake unto you, in favour Jesus knowing their malice, said, saying, I am the God of Abra- of a resur "Why do ye try me, ye hypocrites? ham, and the God of Isaac, and rection. 19 Show me the tribute-money. the God of Jacob?' God is not a And they brought to him a dena- God of the dead, but of the liv20 rius. And he saith unto them, ing." And when the multitudes 33 "Whose is this image and this in-heard this, they were astonished at scription?" They say unto him, his doctrine.

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from Moses

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XXIII. A third question by

sees.

CHAP. When the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, they came together for the same the Phari purpose of making trial of him. Then one of them, a teacher of the law, asked this question 36" Master, which is the great com37 mandment in the law?" Jesus saith unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and 38 with all thy mind.' This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like unto it. Thou shalt love thy neighbour as 40 thyself.' On these two commandments depend all the law and the prophets.'

to them

answer.

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XXIII.

do to be seen by men; they make CHAP.
broad their phylacteries, and en-
large the borders of their garments,
and love the first place at feasts, 6
and the first seats in the synagogues,
and salutations in the streets, and 7
to be called by men, Teacher!'
Teacher!' But be not any of 8
you called Teacher;' for one is
your teacher, even Christ. And 9
call no man your father on earth;
for one is your Father who is in
heaven, and ye are all brethren.
Nor be ye called leaders; for one is 10
your leader, even Christ. But let 11
the greatest among you be your ser-
vant. For whosoever exalteth 12
himself shall be brought low, and
whosoever humbleth himself shall

41 Now while the Pharisees were Jesus puts together, Jesus asked them, say-be exalted. a question ing, "What think ye of the Christ? which they whose son is he?" They say unto could not him, "David's." He saith unto them, "Why then doth David in the spirit of prophecy call him 44 Lord, saying, Jehovah said to Psalm cx.1. my Lord, sit thou on my righthand till I make thy enemies 45 thy foot-stool.' Since therefore David calleth him Lord, how 46 can he be his son?" And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any one from that day ask him another insidious question.

CHAP.
XXIII.

bis disci

ples to observe the good doc

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Then said Jesus to the multitudes and to his disciples, "The Instructs scribes and Pharisees sit in the seat of Moses; whatsoever therefore they bid you observe that is agreeable to the law of God, observe and do, trine of the but do ye not according to their but to shun works: for they say, and do not. their ways For they bind on men's shoulders and practi- burdens heavy, and hard to bear, but refuse to touch them with a 5 finger. And all their works they

Pharisees,

ces.

I Jesus was the son of David, by natural descent from him, and his Lord by the office of Christ or Messiah, which made him by God's appointment King of Kings, and

the corrupt

"Alas! for you scribes and Pha- 13 risees, hypocrites! for ye shut the Laments kingdom of heaven against men; ye practices go not in yourselves, nor suffer of the those who are going in to enter. Pharisees ; Alas! for you scribes and Phari- 15 sees, hypocrites! for ye traverse sea and land to gain one proselyte, and then make him a child of hell, more deceitful than yourselves. Alas! for you, ye blind guides! 16 who say, whosoever sweareth by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever sweareth by the temple is bound by the oath. Ye blind 17 and foolish men! which is greater? the gold, or the temple which renders the gold sacred? And who- 18 soever swears by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever sweareth by the gift upon it, is bound by the oath. Ye blind and foolish men! which is greater, the gift, or the altar that renders the gift sacred? He, therefore, who sweareth by the 20 altar, sweareth not only by it, but also by every thing upon it. And 21

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